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products for use as feedstocks for the production of alcohol and other forms of biomass energy. At least 25 per centum of the amount appropriated in any fiscal year for research under paragraph (2) shall be made available for grants under this subsection for research, relating to the production of alcohol to identify and develop agricultural commodities, including alfalfa, sweet sorghum, black locust, and cheese whey, which may be suitable for such production. At least 25 per centum of the amount appropriated in any fiscal year for research under paragraph (2) shall be made available for grants under this subsection for research relating to the development of technologies for increasing the energy efficiency and commercial feasibility of alcohol production, including processes of cellulose conversion and cell membrane technology.";

(4) by striking out "section" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "subsection";

(5) by inserting“(a)" after “Sec. 1419."; (6) by adding at the end of subsection (a), as so designated, the following new sentence: "In addition to the authorization of appropriations provided in the preceding sentence, there is authorized to be appropriated for grants to conduct research described in paragraph (2) and in the third sentence of this subsection $12,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1981; September 30, 1982; September 30, 1983; and September 30, 1984."; and

(7) by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: “(b) For purposes of subsection (a)

"(1) the term 'biomass' means any organic matter which is available on a renewable basis, including agricultural crops and agricultural wastes and residues, wood and wood wastes and residues, and animal wastes, except that such term does not include aquatic plants and municipal wastes;

“(2) the term 'biomass energy means any gaseous, liquid, or solid fuel produced by conversion of biomass, and energy or steam derived from the direct combustion of biomass for the generation of electricity, mechanical power, or industrial process

"(3) the term 'municipal wastes' means any organic matter, including sewage, sewage sludge, and industrial or commercial waste, and mixtures of such matter and inorganic refuse

"(i) from any publicly or privately operated municipal
waste collection or similar disposal system; or

"(ii) from similar waste flows (other than such flows which
constitute agricultural wastes or residues, or wood wastes or
residues from wood harvesting activities or production of

forest products).". APPLIED RESEARCH REGARDING ENERGY CONSERVATION AND BIOMASS

ENERGY PRODUCTION AND USE Sec

. 253. The third sentence of section 1 of the Act of June 29, 1935 (49 Stat. 436; 7 U.S.C. 427),

commonly known as the Bankhead-Jones

heat: and

Act, is amended ? by inserting "applied research to develop agricultural, forestry, and rural energy conservation and biomass energy production and use;" after "irrigation);".

FORESTRY ENERGY RESEARCH SEC. 254. Section 3(a) of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1642(a)) is amended

(1) in paragraph (1) by inserting "energy production, activities related to energy conservation." after “wilderness,"; and

(2) in paragraph (4) by inserting "producing and conserving energy;" after “wood fiber;".

BIOMASS ENERGY EDUCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

SEC. 255. (a) Subtitle B of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3121-3128) ishin amended * by adding at the end thereof the following new section:

“BIOMASS ENERGY EDUCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

“Sec. 1413A. (a) The Secretary, in cooperation with State directors of cooperative extension, administrators of extension for land-grant colleges and universities. State foresters or equivalent State officials, and the heads of other Federal departments and agencies, shall provide educational programs for producers of agricultural commodities, wood, and wood products to

“(1) inform such producers of the feasibility of using biomass for energy;

(2) disseminate to such producers information regarding the results of research regarding the use of biomass for energy;

“(3) in form such producers of the best available technology for the use of biomass for energy;

“(4) provide technical assistance to such producers to improve their ability to efficiently use biomass for energy; and

“(5) disseminate to such producers the results of research on energy conservation techniques and encourage such producers to

adopt such techniques. “(b) All appropriate educational methods, including meetings. short courses, workshops, tours, demonstrations, publications, news releases, and radio and television programs, may be used to carry out subsection (a).

"(c) The State director of cooperative extension in each State shall develop a single, comprehensive, and coordinated plan which includes every

biomass energy educational and technical assistance program in effect or proposed in such State, except that in those States which contain more than one land-grant college or university, such plan shall be jointly developed by the administrative heads of extension of such institutions. Such plan shall be developed with the full participation of the State forester or the equivalent State official of such State. Each State's plan shall be submitted to the Secretary annually for approval. The Advisory Board shall review and make recommendations to the

. See page 5.
. See page 226.
* See page 58.

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Secretary pertaining to programs conducted under this section. Each State shall submit an annual progress report on the operation of its plan to the Secretary before January 1 following the fiscal year for which such report is made.

"(d) Funds made available under this section shall be provided to the State director of cooperative extension and the administrators of extension for land-grant colleges and universities in each State in a manner consistent with the effective implementation of this section. “(e) For purposes of this section

"(1) the term 'biomass' means any organic matter which is
available on a renewable basis, including agricultural crops and
agricultural wastes and residues, wood and wood wastes and
residues, and animal wastes, except that such term does not include
aquatic plants and municipal wastes;

*" (2) the term 'biomass energy' means any gaseous, liquid, or
solid fuel produced by conversion of biomass, and energy or
steam derived from the direct combustion of biomass for the
generation of electricity, mechanical power, or industrial process
heat; and

“(3) the term 'municipal wastes' means any organic matter,
including sewage, sewage sludge, and industrial or commercial
waste, and mixtures of such matter and inorganic refuse-

"(i) from any publicly or privately operated municipal waste collection or similar disposal system; or

"(ii) from similar waste flows (other than such flows which constitute agricultural wastes or residues, or wood wastes or residues from wood harvesting activities or production of

forest products). "(f) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $10.000.000 for each of the fiscal years 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984.".

(b) The table of contents of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (91 Stat

. 913) is amended bv inserting after the item relating to section 1413 the following new item: “Sec. 1413A. Biomass energy educational and technical assistance

programs.

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RURAL ENERGY EXTENSION WORK

Sec. 256. The Act of May 14, 1914 (38 Stat. 372; 7 U.S.C. 341–349), commonly known as the Smith-Lever Act, is amended_5

(1) in section 1 by striking out and home economics,” and inserting in lieu thereof ", home economics, and rural energy,”; and

(2) in section 2 by striking out "and home economics" and inserting in lieu thereof", home economics, and rural energy".

COORDINATION OF RESEARCH AND EXTENSION ACTIVITIES SEC

. 257.6 (a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall coordinate the applied research and extension programs conducted under this subtitle

and under the amendments made by this subtitle to sertion 1419 ? and y de subtitle B of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and

See nagp 23. *42 0.8C 8852 17 U.N.C. 3134.

Teaching Policy Act of 1977, section 1 of the Bankhead-Jones Act," section 3 of the Forest and Rangeland and Renewable Resources Research Act of 1978,10 and sections 1 and 2 of the Smith-Lever Act" with the programs of the Department of Energy.

(b) In carrying out this subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle, the Secretary of Agriculture shall consult on a continuing basis with

(1) the Subcommittee on Food and Renewable Resources of the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology;

(2) the Joint Council on Food and Agricultural Sciences; and

(3) the National Agricultural Research and Extension Users Advisory Board; for the purpose of coordinating research and extension activities.

87 U.S.C. 3121-3128.
• 7 U.S.C. 427.
10 16 U.S.C. 1642.
17 U.S.C. 341. 342.

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