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SCIENCE RESEARCH GRANTS Act of September 6, 1958, Public Law 85–934, 72 Stat. 1793, 42 U.S.C.
1891 et seq. AN ACT To authorize the expenditure of funds through grants for support of
scientific research, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the head of each agency of the Federal Government, authorized to enter into contracts for basic scientific research at nonprofit institutions of higher education, or at nonprofit organizations whose primary purpose is the conduct of scientific research, is hereby authorized, where it is deemed to be in furtherance of the objectives of the agency, to make grants to such institutions or organizations for the support of such basic scientific research.
SEC. 2.° Authority to make grants or contracts for the conduct of basic or applied scientific research at nonprofit institutions of higher education, or at nonprofit organizations whose primary purpose is the conduct of scientific research, shall include discretionary authority, where it is deemed to be in furtherance of the objectives of the agency, to vest in such institutions or organizations, without further obligation to the Government, or on such other terms and conditions as the agency deems appropriate, title to equipment purchased with such grant or contract funds.
SEC. 3.? (Repealed)
142 U.S.C. 1892.
242 U.S.C. 1893. Section 3 which required annual reports to the Congress was repealed by Public Law 93-608, section 1(1), 88 Stat. 1967.
COMPETITIVE, SPECIAL AND FACILITIES RESEARCH GRANTS
Act of August 4, 1965. Public Law 89-106, 79 Stat. 431, 7 U.S.C. 450i
AN ACT To facilitate the work of the Department of Agriculture, and for other
purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the l'nited States of America in Congress assembled,
Sec. 2.1 (a) In order to promote research in food, agriculture, and related areas, a research grants program is hereby established in the Department of Agriculture.
(b) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make competitive grants, for periods not to exceed five years, to State agricultural experiment stations, all colleges and universities, other research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies, private organizations or corporations, and individuals, for research to further the programs of the Department of Agriculture. To the greatest extent possible the Secretary shall allocate these grants to high priority research taking into consideration, when available, the determinations made by the Joint Council on Food and Agricultural Sciences identifying high priority research areas. In seeking research proposals and in performing peer review evaluations of such proposals under this subsection, the Secretary shall seek the widest participation of qualified scientists in the Federal Government, all colleges and universities, State agricultural experiment stations, and the private sector. The research grants shall be made without regard to matching funds by the recipient or recipients of such grants. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this subsection, $25,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, $30,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, $35,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1980, $40,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, and $50,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, and not in excess of such sums as may after the date of enactment of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 be authorized by law for any subsequent fiscal year.
(c) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make grants, for periods not to exceed five years in duration
(1) to land-grant colleges and universities, State agricultural experiment stations, and to all colleges and universities having a demonstrable capacity in food and agricultural research, as determined by the Secretary to carry out research to facilitate or expand promising breakthroughs in areas of the food and agricultural sciences of importance to the Nation; and
(2) to land-grant colleges and universities and State agricultural experiment stations, to facilitate or expand on-going StateFederal food and agricultural research programs that (A) proregional research centers, or (C) promote the research partnership between the Department of Agriculture and such colleges
moto excellence in research, (B) promote the development of 1 Amended by the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, Public Law 95-113, section 1414, 91 Stat. 991.
and universities or State agricultural experiment stations. These grants shall be made without regard to matching funds.
(d) The Secretary of Agriculture shall make annual grants to support the purchase of equipment, supplies, and land, and the construction, alteration, or renovation of buildings, necessary for the conduct of food and agricultural research, to
(1) each State agricultural experiment station in an amount of $100,000 or an amount which is equal to 10 per centum of the funds received by such station under the Act of March 2, 1887 (24 Stat. 440-442, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 361a-361i), and the Act of October 10, 1962 (76 Stat. 806-807, as amended; 16 U.S.C. 582a, 582a-1-582a-7), whichever is greater: Provided, That of any amount in excess of $50,000 made available under this paragraph during any year for allotment to a State agricultural experiment station, no payment thereof shall be made in excess of the amount which the station makes available during that year for the purposes for which grants under this paragraph are made available; and
(2) each accredited college of veterinary medicine and State agricultural experiment station which receives funds from the Federal Government for animal health research, in an amount which is equal to 10 per centum of the animal health research funds received by such college or experiment station from the Federal
Government during the previous fiscal year. Any college or State agricultural experiment station eligible for annual grants under this subsection may elect to defer the receipt of an annual grant for any fiscal year for up to five years: Provided, That the total amounts deferred may not exceed $1,000,000. Application may be made for receipt of deferred grants at any time during the five years, subject to the matching funds requirement of this subsection and the availability of appropriations under this subsection.
(e) Each recipient of assistance under this section shall keep such records as the Secretary of Agriculture shall, by regulation, prescribe, including records which fully disclose the amount and disposition by such recipient of the proceeds of such grants, the total cost of the project or undertaking in connection with which such funds are given or used, and the amount of that portion of the costs of the project or undertaking supplied by other sources, and such other records as will facilitate an effective audit. The Secretary of Agriculture and the Comptroller General of the United States or any of their duly authorized representatives shall have access for the purpose of audit and examination to any books, documents, papers, and records of the recipients that are pertinent to the grants received under this section.
(f) The Secretary of Agriculture shall limit allowable overhead costs, with respect to grants awarded under this section, to those necessary to carry out the purposes of the grants.
(g) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.
(h) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to issue such rules and regulations as the Secretary deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.
RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1972
Act of August 30, 1972, Public Law 92–419, 86 Stat. 670,
7 U.S.C. 2651 et seq.
AN ACT To provide for improving the economy and living conditions
in rural America
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress
assembled, fhat this Act may be cited as the “Rural Development Act of 1972".
TITLE V-RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND SMALL FARM
RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
Sec. 501. PURPOSES.—The purpose of this title is to encourage and foster a balanced national development that provides opportunities for increased numbers of Americans to work and enjoy a high quality of life dispersed throughout our Nation by providing the essential knowledge necessary for successful programs of rural development. It is further the purpose of this title
(a) to provide multistate regional agencies, States, counties, cities, multicounty planning and development of districts, businesses, industries, organizations, Indian tribes on Federal and State reservations or other federally recognized Indian tribal groups, and others involved with public services and investments in rural areas or that provide or may provide employment in these areas the best available scientific, technical, economic, organizational, environmental, and management information and knowledge useful to them, and to assist and encourage them in the interpretation and application of this information to practical problems and needs in rural development;
(b) to provide research and investigations in all fields that have as their purpose the development of useful knowledge and information to assist those planning, carrying out, managing, or investing in facilities, services, businesses, or other enterprises, public and private, that may contribute to rural development;
(c) to enhance the capabilities of colleges and universities to perform the vital public service role of research, transfer, and practical applícation of knowledge in support of rural development;
(d) to expand research on innovative approaches to small farm management and technology and extend training and technical assistance to small farmers so that they may fully utilize the best available knowledge on sound economic approaches to small farm
operations. Sec. 502.2 PROGRAMS AUTHORIZED.—The Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter referred to as the "Secretary”) is directed and authorized to conduct in cooperation and in coordination with colleges and universities the following programs to carry out the purposes of this title.
17 U.S.C. 2661. *7 C.S.C. 2662.
(a) RURAL DEVELOPMENT EXTENSION PROGRAMS. — Rural development extension programs shall consist of the collection, interpretation, and dissemination of useful information and knowledge from research and other sources to units of multistate regional agencies, State, county, municipal, and other units of government, multicounty planning and development districts, organizations of citizens contributing to rural development, business, Indian tribes on Federal or State reservations or other federally recognized Indian tribal groups, or industries that employ or may employ people in rural areas. These progams also shall include technical services and educational activity, including instruction for persons not enrolled as students in colleges or universities, to facilitate and encourage the use and practical application of this information. These programs also may include feasibility studies and planning assistance.
(b) RURAL DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH.—Rural development research shall consist of research, investigations, and basic feasibility studies in any field or discipline which may develop principles, facts, scientific and technical knowledge, new technology, and other information that may be useful to agencies of Federal, State, and local government, industries in rural areas, Indian tribes on Federal and State reservations or other federally recognized Indian tribal groups, and other organizations involved in rural development programs and activities in planning and carrying out such programs and activities or otherwise be practical and useful in achieving increased rural development.
(c): SMALL FARM RESEARCH PROGRAMS.-Small farm research programs shall consist of programs of research to develop new approaches for initiating and upgrading small farmer operations through management techniques, agricultural production techniques, farm machinery technology, new products, new marketing techniques, and small farm finance.
(d) SMALL FARM EXTENSION PROGRAMS.--Small farm extension programs shall consist of extension programs to improve operations of small farmers using, to the maximum extent practicable, paraprofessional personnel to work with small farmers on an intensive basis to initiate and improve management techniques, agricultural production techniques, farm machinery technology, marketing techniques, and small farm finance, and to increase utilization by small farmers of existing services offered by the United States Department of Agriculture and other public and private agencies and organizations.
SEC. 503.4 APPROPRIATION AND ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.—(a) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this title, except subsections (c) and (d) of section 502, not to exceed $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1974, not to exceed $15,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1976, not to
3 Amended by the National Agricultural Research Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 47 U.S.C. 2663. Amended by the Act of April 5, 1976, Public Law 94-259, section 1, 90 Stat. 314, and the National Agricultural Research, Extension. and Teaching Poilsy Act Development Policy Act of 1980. Public Law 96-355, section 4, 94 Stat. 1173, which extended the authorizations through fiscal year 1981.
1977. Public Law 95-113, section 1440, 91 Stat. 1005.
of 1977, Public Law 95-113, section 1441, 91 Stat. 1006. Further amended by the Rural