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to the health and vigor of the intellectual body. And it is as absurd to talk of systems of planets without suns, as to attempt the accomplishment of the proposed object, without these Institutions, these luminaries, as they have been aptly called, to give light and life and action."
“In the year 1806 Congress granted to two Colleges, one in East, and the other in West Tennessee, 100,000 acres of land, to be located by the Legislature, at a value of not less than two dollars per acre. After much legislation the claim was adjusted in 1837; the Legislature appropriating the proceeds of a township of land equally between East Tennessee College and Nashville University."
“Seminaries, founded exclusively for the education of common school teachers do not suit the present condition of this section of the country. If our population, like that of Prussia, were so numerous and employment so difficult, that multitudes would esteem it a favor to become teachers of this class for life, and at a moderate compensation, we might adopt her system, educate teachers and give them a pension for life, after a given length of service, as she has done. Her system, though beautiful, and perfect in its place, neither suits our circumstances, nor our form of government. Such seminaries for the other sex are highly useful and succeed well ; because they aspire to no higher employment than that for which they are educated. But a young man in this country, where so many attractive avocations present themselves, who aims at nothing further than to become a common school teacher for life, would seldom be worth having. How, then, can we possibly need seminaries, exclusively to train youth for professions which they will not follow ? The remarks of a New York editor of much experience and talent, in reply to the inquiries of a gentleman of the West, on the subject of teachers, give us the views wbich are there entertained. "The best teachers,' says the writer, for common schools, are young men, &c. who do not intend to pursue that business for life : but are preparing themselves for some higher station. The children whom they teach, catch something of their lofty hopes and intentions, and are the better for it. We never saw a professional cominoo school-master for life who was good for anything.'"
LETTERS To School CHILDREN. A work under this title has been published by Mr E. C. Wines, who is well known as an excellent and popular writer on education. The principal topics are their duties as school children ; the vecessity of government in schools; the dangers to which school children are exposed; the means of improevment in moral excellence ; the nature, objects, means, and advantages of education ; and the value of time,
CARSTEN Niebuhr's Travels.-Third Volume. The third volume of Carsten Niebuhr's Travels in Arabia bas
been published in Hamburg. The title is Reiseschreibung nach Arabien und andern Umliegenden Ländern. Von Carsten Niebuhr, 2d Bänd, 1837. 4to. [Carsten Niebuhr's Narrative of a journey to Arabia, and other contiguous countries.] About the middle of the last century, Frederick V. of Denmark, at the suggestion of Count Bernstorf, and aided by the celebrated Michaelis, who selected the individuals composing the expedition, sent four young men on a mission to Constantinople, Egypt and Arabia, for the purpose of obtaining accurate accounts of the geography, climate and productions of those countries, with their languages, and moral and physical condition of their inhabitants, with an especial view to the illustration of the Scriptures of the Old Testament. The travellers set sail January 7th, 1761. The association was composed of Niebuhr, a draughtsman, a physician, a linguist, and a naturalist, of whom all but the former sunk under the influence of the climate, soon after their arrival in Arabia. Niebuhr returned alone to Copenhagen in November, 1767. His description of Arabia was published in 1772, the first volume of his travels in 1774, an edition of the observations on the botany, &c. of Arabia, by Peter Forskal, was edited by him in 1775, and the second volume of his travels was given to the world in 1778. The present and third volume is divided into five chapters, containing the traveller's remarks on Aleppo; bis voyage to Cyprus, and thence to Jerusalem; his observations on those places; his return to Aleppo; his land journey thence to Constantinople ; and an abridged account of his journey thence to Denmark. No one of modern travellers has gained or merited a higher reputation for accuracy of observation then Carsten Niebuhr. He was father of the late excellent historian of Rome.
IntroductION TO THE GERMAN LANGUAGE : comprising a German
grammar, with an Appendix of important tables and other matters; and a German reader, consisting of selections from the classic literature of Germany, accompanied by a vocabulary. By David Fosdick, Jr. Andover: Gould, Newman & Saxton. 1838. pp. 271.
This Introduction satisfies a want which has long been felt, namely, a book fitted for beginners iu the study of the German. Mr Fosdick has had his eye constantly on the needs of the tyro. The advanced student may satisfy himself elsewhere. He may resort to Noebden's Grammar, or if a profound student, to the productions of Adelung and Grimm. Many individuals in this country must commence German, if at all, without a teacher. For such
Mr Fosdick's book would be an excellent help. It is also recommended by combining a large amount of matter of indispensable importance with cheapness in the price. For one dollar and twentyfive cents, a respectable volume may be procured, embracing a grammar, a valuable appendix, a selection of very interesting reading lessons, and a vocabulary of the words found in the selections. We cordially recommend the volume to all our readers who are beginning to study this interesting and very important language. The author is yet a young man, and he bids fair to do honor to himself and to his generation. A close examination of his volume, would doubtless, detect some deficiencies. We have observed several words in the selections which are not in the vocabulary. The definition of the fifth word on the left hand column of page 109 is a ludicrous one. The extract beginning on page 176 is too difficult for beginners, and it is besides, uninteresting. These maculæ can however, be easily removed in a subsequent edition.
Lire of CARDINAL CHEVERUS. Mr Robert M. Walsh has translated from the French, tho Lifo of Cardinal Cheverus, Arcbbishop of Bordeaux, by the Rev. J. H. Dubourg, Ex-professor of Theology. M. Cheverus was many years bishop of Boston, Mass., and hy the purity of his life and the holi. ness of his charity won the praises of all.
The Family Visiter and Silk Culturist, Is the title of a weekly quarto paper, published in New York, by Theodore Dwight, Jr. and W. H. Allen. Each number is to contain several engravings, with literary selections, lessons for use at home or in schools, songs, and hymns with music, &c. One page, and a monthly extra sheet is to be deyoted to the Silk Culture, with engravings.
TEACHERS' SEMINARY AT ANDOVER.
The Trustees of Phillips'Academy, some years since, projected the plan of a Seminary as a branch of the Academy under their charge, the object of which was to afford the means of a thorough scientific and practical education, preparatory to the profession of Teaching, and to the various departnıents of business. The Seminary was opened in September, 1830.
The repeated calls from the South and West and from the public generally, for well educated teachers, have induced the Trustees from time to time to make large appropriations for increasing the advantages and, at the same time, diminishing the expenses of the students in the Seminary. They have erected a commodious and substantial stone building, sufficient to accommodate two hundred students. The basement story embraces a chemical laboratory furnished with apparatus for an extensive series of illustrations. In the second story is a large and convenient room, which is used as a chopol for morning and cvening devotions, and for all the general and public exercises of the Institution. In the third story are three lecture rooms, a library, and a room for philosophical apparatus. This apparatus is sufficient for illustrating most of the important principles in Mechanics, Hydrostatics, Pneumatics, Electricity, Magnetism, Galvanism, Optics, and Astronomy. The institution is also provided with an extensive cabinet of Minerals, and numerous specimens and drawings for illustrations in the science of Geology, together with a complete field set for Practical Surveying and Civil Engineering, the cost of all which, including the Chemical and Philosophical apparatus above mentioned, has been about two thousand and two hundred dollars. There is also a Library, containing eight hundred and fifty volumos, which is open to all the members of the Institution.
Connected with the Institution is a convenient Boarding-House, and a farm under good cultivation, affording to such as may desire it, an opportunity for manual labor, either as a means of preserving health and defraying, in part, the expenses of board, or, in connection with an experimental and practical study of the science of Aga riculture. To this important, but neglected part of education, special attention will be given, accompanied with a course of lectures by one of the officers of the Institution.
All who board at the Boarding-House are provided with neat and convenient rooms, duly furnished for study and lodgings. For the use of rooms and furniture, each occupant is charged one dollar a term.
The students are divided into three classes, styled Junior, Middle, and Senior. The course of study occupies three years, and is designed to be substantially the sanje as that of a collegiate education, with the exception of the ancient languages.-Those who wish to pursue any particular branches of study are permitted to attend any of the recitations in the regular classes for which they may be qualified. To such as wish to pursue a more extended course of study, opportunity is also afforded.
The following scheme gives a general view of the studies pursued in each term. Candidates for admission must pass a satisfactory examination in Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Grammar and Geography
JUNIOR CLASS. Fall Term.- Preparatory studies reviewed, Algebra, Rhetoric, Watts on the Mind.
Winter Term.-To such as may be qualified, opportunity is afforded to engage in the business of teaching ; and such studies are pursued as may be best adapted to the attainments and circumstances of the students.
Spring Term.-Geometry, Trigonometry, Book-keeping by Double Entry, Political Class Book, Evidences of Christianity.
MIDDLE CLASS. Fall Term.-Smellie's Pbilosophy of Natural History, Paley's Natural Theology, Mensuration, Surveying, Civil Engineering,
Winter Term.—As above.
Spring Term.-Olmsted's Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Botany.
SENIOR CLASS. Fall Term.—Mineralogy.—Geology.-Logic. Intellectual Philosophy.
Winter Term.-As above.
Spring Term.--Astronomy.-Moral Philosophy.-Political Economy.
Courses of lectures, experimental and theoretical, are given on Chemistry, Mineralogy, Geology, Natural Philosophy and Astronomy.-Weekly exercises in Composition, Declamation, and the general principles of Elocution are continued through the whole course ;