« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
English school was commenced in the autumn of 1830; it has an excellent building of stone, is furnished with various apparatus, and is altogether a very eligible place for acquiring an education ; a boarding establishment is connected with both institutions, with land and mechanical accommodations for manual labor; a student by laboring three hours in a day may pay a considerable portion of his expenses. A short distance from the two institutions just named, is the Abbot female academy, incorporated in 1829. At Woburn is the Warren academy, incorporated in 1830; funds, $8,000, and accommodations for manual labor. The South Reading academy was incorporated in 1828, and is 10 miles north of Boston ; the building cost 2,700 dollars, defrayed chiefly by the Baptist society of South Reading ; two departments, English and classical At Charlestown is a female seminary, incorporated in 1833.
In Weymouth, the Braintree and Weymouth academy, incorporated in 1828; Bridgewater academy, incorporated in 1799, with 5,000 dollars funds ; Bristol, at Taunton, incorporated in 1792 ; Chatham, 1829; Day's, at Wrentham, 1806 ; Derby, at Hingham, 1797, 25,000 dollars funds; Friends, at New Bedford, 1812, funds 5,000 dollars, library, 1,200 volumes ; Hanover, 1829; Kingston, 1816; Middleboro', 1829, Baptist ; Sherburne, 18:28; Sandwich, 1824; Plymouth, 1793; Nantucket, 1801; in the same town 89 scholars attend “ admiral Sir Isaac Coffin's school," the expense of which is 1,243 dollars, besides which 49 private schools are returned at an expense of 9,552 dollars; at Edgartown, there are two academies. “ Edgartown” and “Dukes county,” both incorporated in 1833–students in both, 100; expense of both, 1,000 dollars ; Patridge at Duxbury, 1829; Milton, 1798; Randolph, 1833 ; Franklin, 1833; Newton female ; Young ladies school in North Bridgewater.
MISCELLANEOUS LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
St Mary's Hall, BURLINGTON, N. J. Divine service is attended not only on the Lord's day, but on all the festivals and fasts of the Christian year, by all the pupils of St Mary's Hall, in the Parish Church, of which they are considered parishioners, and of which the bishop of the diocese is rector.
During the winter term, the family rise at half past six o'clock. Fortyfive minutes are allowed for the pupils to dress, make their beds, and arrange their wardrobes. The bell for silence is then rung, and fifteen minutes are spent in reading the Scriptures and in secret prayer. At half past seven o'clock the whole family assemble in the study hall, where the reverend chaplain conducts the morning services, reading a portion of Scripture, and using such a selection from the Liturgy as he considers appropriate. This service occupies fifteen or twenty minutes. A short interval is then allowed for recreation, and at eight o'clock breakfast is provided.
At nine o'clock the pupils again assemble in the study hall, when the “Word for the Day” is recited simultaneously, by the whole school, followed by a few observations, practical and expository, by the principal teacher. The word for the day consists of one or two verses of Scripture, selected at the commencement of the term, by Bishop Doane, and is intended to furnish subjects for devout and profitable meditation for each day. At the close of this exercise, wbich never exceeds five minutes, the word is announced for the following day; and the classes retire, with their respective teachers, to their appropriate recitation rooms. The forenoon, until twelve o'clock, is devoted exclusively to recitations in the English branches. An hour is then allowed for recreation and exercise, under the inspection of the teachers, either in the play-grounds or the hall, according to the state of the weather.
The family dine at one o'clock throughout the year ; but the hours for rising, for breakfast and tea, vary according to the seasons. The afternoons, from two to five o'clock, are given to study, to recitations in the ancient and modern languages, and to musical instruction and practice; drawing and other ornamental branches are taught exclusively on Saturdays.
A portion of the evening is devoted to study, and a part to recreation ; and at half past eight the reverend chaplain performs evening service, using, as at morning prayer, a selection from the Liturgy, and reading a portion of scripture, accompanied by suitable comments. At nine o'clock the young ladies, with their teachers, retire to their dormitories, where a portion of time is passed in private prayer, as in the morning; and at half past nine o'clock the lights are extinguished.
The religious instruction, in addition to what we have stated above, consists in biblical lectures by the bishop, once a week, (on Monday forenoon,) at which time the pupils recite, and are examined, upon a lesson previously assigned to them by the bishop. On Sunday morning, the pupils constitute a Sunday-school, under the superintendence of the principal teacher, with the assistance of the other teachers. The evenings of Sunday are devoted by the reverend chaplain to catechetical and other religious instruction.
We have thus given a detailed account of the distribution of exercises in St Mary's Hall, because it is from such that our readers will best perceive the admirable manner in which religious duties are intermixed with all the engagements and recreations of the week. Journal of Religious Education.
The Troy Episcopal INSTITUTE. Provision is made for thorough study in all departments of education. Pupils are prepared for college, for the counting-room, or any other position in life they may be called upon to assume. The nuniber of teachers is therefore large. No less than eight are enployed, seven of whom are of collegiate education.
Due care has been taken to furnish the laboratory with a chemical apparatus and other instruments useful in illustrating the natural sciences. The students have also access to a library consisting of several hundred volumes, selected with reference to the several courses of study, and proper literary recreation.
One feature of the institute deserves a separate and particular notice. It is the arrangement which is adopted for securing the undivided attention of the instructors and their pupils to the studies they are pursuing. The lessons of the pupils are acquired in an ample and cheerful apartment admirably arranged for the purpose, in which one of the instructors preside, whose sole care is to preserve the order of the room, and render such judicious assistance to the pupils as may stimulate their own exertions, without affording the least encouragement to idleness and negligence. These lessons
are recited to the different instructors in separate rooms, so that the only business of the teacher and the taught is, to attend to the subject immediately before them. The admirable result of this arragement was seen in the examination and exhibition which closed the recent session of the institute, in which the thorough proficiency of the pupils evinced the pains and care bestowed upon their training.
But the feature that especially commends this institution to the approbation of the religious world, and particularly to Episcopalians, is the imparting of all instruction upon Christian principles. From first to last there is a reference to the sublime truths and lessons of Christ and bis apostles; and no effort is spared to illustrate and enforce them in each department of knowledge.-Ib.
Common Schools in Ohio. Female education is, in Ohio, decidedly low; and is not generally adapted to the sphere of life in which women have to move.
School Houses. At least 1000 houses have been built or building during the year, mostly brick or frame. Many county towns have voted to raise from $3,000 to $6,000 for school houses, and are progressing on the best systems.
Corporate Towns. In Cleveland, Warren, Newark, Portsmouth, Dayton, Chillicothe, Lebanon, and other towns, the people have voted money to erect commodious school houses.
School Lands. The following is the amount of the proceeds of lands sold, and the estimated value of what remains unsold. 1. Capital of Virginia Military fund,
204,612 2. Capital of the U. S. Military School fund,
115,593 3. Capital of the Connecticut Western Reserve,
143,645 4. Proceeds of Section 16,
Total of Funded School Fund,
Aggregate of School Fund,
Townships - -
1,277 8,324 6,880 4,569 2,946
Whole number of youth in the State between 4 and 20,
Do. do. Fernale do.
186,000 263,379 78,975
Paid from Public Funds,
os Private Subscriptions,
200,000 201,179 87,000
$488,179 Average amount of income to each youth between 4 and 20 is only 82 cents.
Such is an abstract of the facts collected by the Superintendent, on the subject of common school education.
Normal Schools in MASSACHUSETTS. The most material point, in regard to the Normal Schools, relates to the course of instruction to be therein pursued. The elements for a decision of this question are found in the existing wants of our community. We want improved teachers for the Common Schools, where the mass of the children must look for all the aids of education, they will ever enjoy. In the Common School, whether it be better or poorer, the great majority of the future members of the State,-those who are to form its society and uphold or overthrow its institutions,—are to obtain the principal part of all the education, they will ever receive. Otbers, of different fortunes, will have superior advantages. But whosoever cares most for the greatest number will look first to the welfare of the Common Schools, In establishing the regulations for the Normal Schools, and the course of studies to be pursued therein, the idea has not for a moment been lost sight of by the Board, that they are designed to improve the education of the great body of the people. We proceed to state some of the leading rules in the code, by which they will be governed.
Admission.— As a prerequisite to admission, candidates must declare it to be their intention to qualify themselves to become school teachers. If males, they must have attained the age of seventeen