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the manufacturing world (as expressed in the publications,) is to enable mechanics and artisans, of whatever trade they may be, to become acquainted with such branches of science and art as are of practical application in the exercise of their trade. The means called into operation for the accomplishment of these results are lectures, classes, a library, a reading room, and preparatory schools. The lectures are on Monday and Friday evenings, and are on natural philosophy, natural history, literature and the useful arts; and it appears that in the year 1825, eightynine lectures were delivered. Their classes are for instruction in writing, grammar, elocution, and composition, arithmetic, algebra, and geometry, architectural, and mechanical drawing. There are other classes, for which additional payments are required, as for figure, landscape, and flower drawing, -geography, vocal music, French, Latin, German, and Chemistry. There is also, a mutual improvement society, which meets once a fortnigbt, when one of the members reads a paper on some subject of interest which has occupied his attention, and it is followed by general conversation on that subject. The library contains about 4000 volumes. One very interesting feature in this Institution is the use of day schools for the children of the members, who are thus educated under the eye of their parents, and of course with opportunities of instruction far beyond what a similar sum expended on their education could procure them in the small private schools adapted for their class. We hail this addition to the plan of such Institutions with great satisfaction. At the close of the year 1835, there were 1526 members.
Liverpool. The lecture room here will contain upwards of a thousand persons. There are also, it appears, an apparatus-room, a laboratory, and chemical class-room ; a class-room for students of grammar and the English language, of writing and arithmetic, of mathematics, music, figure-drawing, landscape, perspective, and architectural drawing; mechanical-drawing, geography, use of maps, globes, &c., French,—making eleven class-rooms, capable of containing about 1000 pupils. There are also, a library, a readingroom, a museum for each, models, &c., and a committee-room. The number of members is nearly 1300. Here too, is the valuable addition of the day-school for the children of members.
Birmingham. In this town, three different kinds of literary and scientific institutions exist, adapted for three various classes of persons; viz. the Philosophical Institution, for the gentry, and scientific objects; a Mechanics’ Institution, adapted for the artisans, where classes are at work for writing, arithmetic, drawing, mathematics, French, Latin, and English grammar, and where there is a library of 1000 volumes, and lectures have been delivered on a variety of most interesting subjects : and, lastly, the Athenæum, especially intended for young men engaged in the mercantile and manufacturing establishments of this important town. We have no doubt they will all harmonize together, and pursue their own independent way, but common object, with effect and mutual aid.
Sheffield. In this town there are two institutions peculiarly adapted to the mechanics, and perfectly independent of each other. The one is called the 'Mechanics Library ;' it contains upwards of 4000 volumes, and has 700 subscribers. The Institution, is also very flourishing; it consists of more than 500 members.
Leeds. "The Mechanics’ Institution here,' says Lord Brougham, • has been lately founded. The institution is a very promising one, and the number of ingenious and public spirited men in that neighborhood ensures its success, provided no impediment be thrown in the way of a cordial co-operation on the part of the men. The most exemplary spirit of union among men of all the different parties in religion and politics has been exbibited, and the liberality of the masters is sure to be appreciated by those in their service.'
The Russell and London Institutions (situate respectively in Coram Street and Finsbury Circus) are maintained by mernbers, who are proprietors or share-holders, although strangers are admitted to the privilege of attending the lectures on payment. The buildings of each of these Societies are very elegant and commodious, especially of the London Institution. But the provision which refuses their benefit to those who will not or cannot purchase shares, necessarily confines it to a limited body of persons. The Eastern Institution in the Commercial Road, has a splendid building, but it is also confined to shareholders.
In the year 1825, the Western Literary Institution was founded in Leicester Square. The house in which its proceedings are conducted is very appropriate, having been the residence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, and the place where the Literary Club of Burke and Johnson was wont to meet. The last report states the number of members to be 414, and the library to contain 6921 volumes. Classes exist for French, Italian, mathematics, vocal and instrumental music, drawing, natural and experimental philosophy, chemistry, and discussion of literary and scientific subjects. A new theatre, we understand, is in the course of erection for lectures delivered at this Institution. About the same time, the City of London Iustitution, in Aldersgate Street, was founded, and has continued ever since to flourish. The present Lord Chief Justice Denman delivered the inaugural discourse ; and a bust of that excellent magistrate adorns the theatre. The number of members is more than 900, and the library contains upwards of 7000 volumes. Very recently the premises of this Institution have been much enlarged. It maintains a high character.
In the year 1833, the Islington Institution was founded. It has upwards of 400 members, and a library of considerable extent and value. Lectures are delivered there weekly during the season, and classes (of which the favorite is the musical) exist for various departments of knowledge. The building of this Institution is one of the most elegant structures in the metropolis, and reflects great credit on the architect and the spirited gentlemen in that neighborhood who erected it.
In the year 1832, the Marylebone Institution (Edward Street, Portman Square) was founded. It is an excellent and flourishing one; and now has 430 members, and a library of more than 4000 books.
School-Counsellor Dinter. Gustavus Frederic Dinter, was born at a village near Leipsic in 1760. He first distinguished himself as principal of a teachers' seminary in Saxony, whence he was invited by the Prussian government to the station of School-Counsellor for Eastern Prussia. He resides at Konigsberg, and about 90 days in the year he spends in visiting the schools of his province, and is incessantly employed nearly 13 hours a day for the rest of his time, in the active duties of his office: and that he may devote himself the more exclusively to his work, he lives unmarried. He complains that his laborious occupation prevents his writing as much as he wishes for the public, yet in addition to his official duties, he lectures several times a week during term time in the university at Konigsberg, and always has in his house a number of indigent boys, whose education he superintends, and, though poor himself, gives them board and clothing. He has made it a rule to spend every Wednesday afternoon, and, if possible, one whole day in the week besides, in writing for the press; and thus, by making the best use of every moment of time, though he was nearly 40 years old before his career as an author commenced, he has contrived to publish more than 60 original works, some of them
extending to several volumes, and all of them popular. Of one book, a school Catechism, 50,000 copies were sold previous to 1830; and of his large work, the School-Teacher's Bible, in 9 vols. 8vo., 30,000 copies were sold in less than 10 years.
He is often interrupted by persons who are attracted by his fame, or desire his advice, and while conversing with his visiters, that no time may be lost, he employs himself in knitting ; and thus not only supplies himself with stockings and mittens, suited to that cold climate, but always has some to give away to the indigent students and other poor people. His disinterestedness is quite equal to his activity, and of the income of his publications he devotes annually nearly $500 to benevolent purposes. Unweariedly industrious, and rigidly economical as he is, he lays up nothing for himself. He says, “ I am one of those happy ones, who when the question is put to them, Lack ye any thing ? (Luke xxii. 35,) can answer with joy, “Lord, nothing.' To have more than one can use is superfluity, and I do not see how this can make any one happy. People often laugh at me, because I do not wear richer clothing, and live in a more costly style. Laugh away, good people ; the poor boys also, whose education I pay for, and for whom besides I can spare a few dollars for Christmas gifts, and New Year's presents, they have their laugh too."
Towards the close of his auto-biography, he says respecting the King of Prussia, “ I live happily under Frederic William ; he has just given me 130,000 dollars to build churches with in destitute places; he has established a new Teachers' Seminary for my poor Polanders, and he has so fulfilled my every wish for the good of posterity, that I can myself hope to live to see the time when there shall be no schoolmaster in Prussia more poorly paid than a common laborer. He has never hesitated, during the whole term of my office, to grant me any reasonable request for the helping forward of the school system. God bless him. I am with all my heart a Prussian. And now, my friends, when ye hear that old Dinter is dead, say, • May he rest in peace; he was a laborious, good-hearted, religious man; he was a Christian.'"
A few such men in the United States would effect a wonderful change in the general tone of our educational efforts.-Professor Stowe, Bib. Repository.
Sandwich Islands. [Abridged from the Hawaiian Spectator, Oct. 1838.) Central Female Boarding Seminary, Wailuka, Maui. For the information of friends at a distance, and for the encour
agement of the patrons of the institution, it may be proper to make a brief report of the state of the school at the close of the first year of its existence. They have been merciful. God has greatly blessed the pupils by giving them a docile temper. They have been contented, happy, and easily governed. Indeed, a single case only of discipline has occurred during the quarter, and that was attended with favorable results. In no school that we have ever taught, have wejhad less occasion for administering reproof.
At the annual examination, July 10th, there were present thirtyfour children who sustained an honorable examination in reading, arithmetic, mental and written, history, natural and Hawaiian, and vocal music. Sacred geography and chronology will be introduced early in the next term. The study of the Bible with frequent appeals to the conscience, will be made prominent in communicating instruction.
In addition to the manual labor performed by the children the past year, viz: braiding, sewing, washing, ironing and mending their own clothes, etc., we are making preparation for the spinning of cotton. A few only of the girls are large enough to engage in this employment; but we wish to habituate them to this kind of labor, that they may, in their turn assist in teaching others. We are also cultivating the mulberry, and shall, as soon as possible, commence feeding the silk worm. We hope at no very distant day, if spared, and put in possession of a piece of land of which we have the promise, to be able to sustain the school, independent of foreign aid. The little girls have been decently clad during the year, in blue cotton by day, and wbite cotton by night ; have been regularly and comfortably fed on native produce, at less expense than was anticipated, probably something less than twenty dollars each. No effort on our part shall be wanting to enable these daughters of Hawaii, by seeking“ wool and fax, and working willingly with their hands," to sustain and perpetuate this rising institution.
London Hibernian Society. The London Hibernian Society has under its care 1157 day schools, containing 91,074 scholars, of whom 34,068 are Roman Catholics, and 57,006 Protestants. The Sunday and Adult schools are in number 1084, scholars in attendance 26,048; making a total of 2241 schools, and 117,122 scholars. The number of scholars in the day schools was 5559 greater this year than the last, and of the increase more than half were Roman Catholics. 49 Scripture Read