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SELECT LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
The Rev. Wm. Hodgson, D. D., Master of St. Peter's College, has been elected Vice Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, for the year 1839.-The Seatonian Prize for the best English Poein upon a theological subject, has been adjudged to the Rev. T. Hankinson of Corpus Christi College; Subject, Ethiopia stretching out her hands unto God.--The theme for the Norrisjan Prize Essay for the year 1838 is, The Divine origin of the Holy Scriptures may be inferred from their perfect adaptation to the circumstances of Human Nature.—The Boarıl of Trinity College, Dublin, have established a Professorship of Biblical Greek, to which the Rev. G. Sydney Smith, one of the Fellows, has been appointed. This is auxiliary to the Divinity School, which of late years has made rapid improvement in the Dublin College. The course now extends through two years. one of which is devoted to the critical study of the Greek Testament. The proficiency of the student is tested by constant catechetical instruction, and periodical examinations. The Flaherty Scholarship recently established in University College, London, is worth £50 & year, to be held for four years.Count Carlo Pepoli is the successor of Dr Pannizi as Professor of the Italian language and literature in Universii y curiove, au M. T. S. Cu.cy, Profesor nf English ...W !!! the same.--Sir John Herschell has declined to allow himself to be put in nomination for the rectorship of the University of Glasgow. The Duke of Sussex will probably be nominated.--A history of Madagascar has been published by Fisher & Co. London, coinpiled chiefly from original documents, by Rev. Wm. Ellis, Secretary of the London Missionary Society, in 2 vols. 8vo.--Saunders & Oiley, London, have published in 3 vols, a work by Mrs Jameson, entitled Winter Studies and Summer Rambles in Canada.-A second edition of Lientenant Conolly's Overland Journey to India, has just been issued.
The source of the Oxus has been recently explored by Lieutenant Wood. It issues froin a sheet of water, encircled on all sides except the west, through which the infant river runs, commencing its course at the great elevation of 15,600 feet above the level of the sea, or within a few feet of the height of Mont Blanc. Lieutenant Wood was a companion of Capt. Burns in his mission to Caubul.-- Among the works recently published in England, we notice The Protectorate ot Oliver Cromwell, illustrated in a series of letters of Sir John Pell, &c. Edited by Robert Vaughan, D. D., 2 vols. 8vo.-Narrative of a voyage froni Alexandria to Jerusalem, by the Rev. N. Burton, L.L. D., 12mo.--Geraldine, a sequel to Coleridge's Christabel; and other poems. By M. F. Tupper.-A new collection of Haslitt's Sketches and Essays, by his son.-At a meeting of the Archäological Society of Roine, May 17th, the Secretary Visconti read an account of the recent discovery near the church of SS. Peter and Marcellinus, of a Mosaic pavement, seventytwo palms in length, and five in breadth. It is of the most elegant and varied design, and beside the figure of a dove, bearing an olive branch, coutains ornaments einblematic of the cross, repeated in different forms. It is supposed to be of the age of Constantine. A large basso relievo has also been found near the Porta Maggiore, which represents a Roman bakehouse, with all tbe operations of bread baking.
Ancient CarthAGE. Sir Grenville Temple has employed himself for the last six months in making excavations in the classic soil of Carthage. On the site of the temple of Ganath, or Juno Cælestis, the great protecting divinity of Carthage, he found upwards of 700 coins, and various articles of glass and earthenware. The most remarkable of his discoveries, is that of a villa, situated on the sea shore, and buried fifieen feet under the ground. Eight rooms have been completely cleared, and their size and decorations prove that the house belonged to a wealthy personage. The walls are beautifully painted, and the floor paved with Mosaic, in the saine manner as those at Herculaneum and Pompeii, representing marine deities and plants, a vessel with female figures dancing on the deck, and surrounded by admiring warriors, lions, leopards, herons, &c. Ten human skeletons were found in the different chambers. In another house, are mosaics, representing gladiators in the arena, contending with wild beasts, and over each man is written bis name. In another part are seen horse races, and men breaking in young horses. Sir G. Temple will shortly publish a complete account of his discoveries. A company has also been formed in Paris for exploring the ruins of the same ancient city, and fifteen cases of antiquities have been brought to France.
ANTIQUITIES OF ATHENS. In a leiter addressed by M. Raoul Rochette, entrusted with an archaiological mission into Greece, to the French Minister of Public Instruction, is a description of the recent purgation of the Acropolis of Athens froin the modern structures with which it was encumbered. Much of the architectural elements of the Propylæa, which had been employed as materials in the Turkish fortifications, have been restored to their places; others are lying on the ground where they can be measured with greater facility and studied very closely. Among the most interesting appearances which have resulted from this restoration is the little l'emple of Victory without wings, which had been so long a problem to Antiquarians. This temple is now found entire, with its four columns on its four facades, and with its walls of cella on three of its sides. Each block of marble marked with the imprint of the time of Pericles, has been brought from the middle of a mass of masonry, and restored to its ancient place. The sculptures of the frieze have also been found, and all that is now wanting are the four fragments of the frieze, which are now in London. The mosque erected in part of the cella of the Parthenon will soon disappear ; excavations are making in the inasses of rubbish
which still cover the soil and a venues, and four beautiful fragments of the frieze have been found; and though they have been long buried in the ruins of the edifice, they have not suffered from the attacks of age or barbarisın.
THE DRUSES. Among the plunder obtained by the Pacha of Egypt in his late war in Syria, were several of the religious books of the Druses, and MSS. relatiye to their dogmas and systein of morality; also a catechism, which according to Dr Clot Bey, contains much more than has been published by M. de Sacy.
AMERICAN. There are 146 incorporated academies in the State of New York, 79 of wbich are subject to the visitation of the Regents of the University, and participate in the distribution of the Literature Fund, The number of students in the academies subject to visitation, is about 10,000, and the number in all the academies in the state is estiinated to exceed 15,000. The sum to be annually distributed is $40,000. There are 10,583 organized common school districts in the state, of which 9,830 have maintained schools during an average period of eight months within the last year. The number of children between the ages of 5 and 16, in the school districts is 559,747, of whom 528,913 received instruction in the common schools within the year. Gov. Seward in his annual message, from which the above facts are taken, recommends the establishment of a department of education to be constituted of a Superintendent appointed by the Legislature, and a Board to be composed of delegates from the subordinate boards of education to be established in the several counties."
Mr John S. Taylor of New York proposes to publish “ the Mentor and Fireside Review," monthly, to be edited by Rev. E. G. Smith late editor of the Quarterly Christian Spectator.-A new work on the life of Roger Williams has been just published in this city in a small and neat volume written by L. D. Johnson,- A monthly paper entitled the “ Journal of Education” is published in Detroit, Mich. edited by Francis Willet Shearman. It promises to be very respectable and we wish it success.--Mr J. G. Cogswell, a gentleman of accurate and extensive scholarship, and of great experience in foreign travel, and well known as the able Principal of the Round Hill school at Nortbarnpton, has been associated with Rev. Prof. Henry in the editorial department of the New York Review. The public have reason to hope much from his connection with it. The work has now reached its 7th number and is inferior to none in the country in the value of the discussions it contains.- The Youth's Penny Paper is published weekly at New York, by Theodore Dwight, Jr.--The Youth's Magazine is pubJished monthly in New York, at oue dollar a year, by S. Mason and G. Lane, for the Methodist Episcopal chnrch – We bave received the American Phrenological Journal and Miscellany, published by Adam Waldie, Philadelphia, a monthly, of 32 pages. It is designed among other objects, to show the true bearings of Phrenology on Education, on l'heology, and on Mental and Moral Philosopby.
The Public School Society in the city of New York has under its care 83 schools and about 17,000 pupils. The number of children in that city between five and fifteen years of age who do not attend any school is estimated at from 18,000 to 20,000; and these utterly ignorant of the rudiments even of a conimon English education. Mr Henry J. Abel of Wisconsin has just published a map, accompanied with a historical and geographical description of that Terri. tory.- The Wesleyan academy had during the summer and fall terms of 1838, 379 pupils, Males 216, Females 153. And during the year, 560 of both sexes. Rev. David Potter, A. M. is the principal, aided by seven assistants.-Hopkins academy in Hadley Mass. is under the charge of Mortimer Blake, A. M. and five assistant teacbers. The number of pupils for the year ending Nov. 20, was in the male department 121, female 85, total 206.- The Christian Spectator has been united with the American Biblical Repository a quarterly work edited by Absalom Peters D. D. and published at New York.
MARION COLLEGE. Marion College, Missouri, has 35 students, viz. Senior, 1 ; Juniors 7; Sophomores, 6; Freshmen, 12; Irregulars, 9; in the Grammar school, 35; total, 70.
Dickinson COLLEGE, CARLISLE, PA. It has 223 students, including 102 in the grammar school connected with it. Law students, 19; Seniors, 18; Junjors, 22: Sophomores, 32; Freshmen, 12; pursuing a partial course, 8. The Faculty are Rev. John P. Durbin, A. M. President and Professor of Moral Philosophy; Merritt Caldwell, A. M. Professor of Metaphysics and political Economy; Robert Emery, A. M. Professor of Languages; William H. Allen, A. M. Professor of Chemistry and Experimental Philosopby; Rev. John McClintock, A. M. Prufessor of Mathematics ; Hon. John Reed, LL. D. Professor of Law; S. A. Roszel, A. M. Principal of the grammar school, J. M. Carey, A. M. and Rev. John F. Hay, assistants.
A charter has been granted by the Legislature of New York for an institution on Staten Island to be called Richmond college. Rey. William Wilson has been elected President. The institution, sav the trustees, will not be sectarian, but is intended to be conducted on the most liberal, catholic, and enlightened principles.
HUDSON RESERVE COLLEGE. By the catalogue, it appears that there are, with the Presidenz Rev. G. E. Pierce, D. D.--seven Professors,--two of whom confine their labors to the Theological department, and three Tutors, copstituting a Faculty of ten, nine of whom, are, and have been ennployed in the discharge of their appropriate duties, while the Professor of Chemistry, &c. is absent during the present collegiate year in order thoroughly to qualify bimself, for his station.
The total number of students, is 136, of whom 15 are pursuing their studies in the Theological department, under the superintendence of Professors Hickok and Barrows: 59 are undergraduates, of whom 8 are in the Senior; 21 in the Junior; 14 in the Sophomore; and 26 in the Freshmen class; with 52 in the Preparatory department. * The public buildings now consist of the two buildings, formerly denominated North and South college, erected several years since, the new college building, 4 stories bigh, which has been completed during the past season, at an expense of $7,000; and which is particularly designed for the use of the Theological students, wbose rooms are neatly and substantially finished, and furnished; the Chapel, completed 2 years since which not only furnishes an ample place for worship, but also contains a large Library room, and seyeral recitation rooms, and the Observatory, also begun and completed the past season.
The Library is now furnished with a choice selection of 4000 volumes; and a new and complete Philosophical apparatus has been received from Europe, during the past year.
The Observatory is furnished with an excellent Equatorial Telescope, a Transit circular, and an accurate Chronometer, thus affording ample facilities for the acquisition of scientific knowledge.
Within a few years much has been said respecting manual labor, as affording means of defraying the expenses of a collegiate course; and not a few students, expect much from the avails of their own labor.
Perhaps no institution in our country, possesses greater advantages for employing students than this. With two workshops in which cabinet and chair making and coopering are carried ou—and to which is attached a steam-engine; they have lately come into possession of a valuable farm, of 120 acres, with good and substantial buildings, in the immediate vicinity of the college, it being the liber al donation of Heman Oviatt, Esq of this village, on which at certain seasons of the year the students can be employed to advantage.
And yet truth compels ine to say, that unless a student is acquainted with one of the trades practised at the workshop, or has uncommon energy and decision of character, he will not be likely to realize much from the avails of his labor, unless it be by invigorating his health, and refreshing his spirits.
Study is, as it should be, the inain business; and since manual labor, as a part of the system, has been laid aside, one third more progress in study has been made than before.
No apology then is necessary, for repeating in substance what I said one year since:-manuullabor as affording substantial pecuniary profit, has thus far, in all cases, I believe, proved as a system, a failure; though individuals to a limited extent may succeed. Nor do I believe there is an Institution in our country, which attempts to combine labor with study, where a dividend of 7 per cent on facili