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• How happy when Innocence wings the bright hour.'

Farnished for the Annals of Education, by Lowell Mason, Professor in the

Boston Academy of Music. Andantino.

1. How happy when Innocence wings the bright .. hours, She 2. Oh gay are the lambkins when comes the sweet .. spring; And

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leads us through life on a pathway of flowers; Gold, silver and jewels are gay are the songsters when all the woods ring. But gayer the bosom where

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dim in her - sight, She decks us like angels in garments of light. innocence abides, Where life's sunny river all peace · fully glides.

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TO, THE FRIENDS OF EDUCATION.

HE ANNALS OF EDUCATION for 1838 will be conducted on the same gen. eral principles as it has been heretofore, especially during the last two years while the present editor has had nearly the whole care of it. He regards the Bible and Experience as the two principal text books in all Education; though, like his predecessor, die will continue to exclude carefully everything partisan or sectarian.

The work will if possible be rendered more interesting to Christian Parents and Teach rs this year than formerly. For though a correspondence has been opened and is opening with some of the most distinguished friends of Education in the Eastern He nisphere, in order to draw forth everthing truly valuable in the institutions of the old : <old, we shall never forget that our institutions of every grade, from the family and the iniant school to the university, must be truly American, and adapted to the wants of the cons and daughters of a republic. In this view we shall increase our efforts to present in detail, the most improved methods of conducting the work of education among republican children, both in family and school.

We intend to speak, with great freedom, of the character of existing instruments of education -- school books, school apparatus, school houses, &c. We shall endeavor to set forth, what should be the objects and ends of the instruction of the Family, the In. fan: S. boul, the District School, the Sabbath School, the Teacher's Seminary and the higher Institutions. We shall insist more strongly than ever, on the correct education of the bodily senses and organs – the eye, the ear, the taste, the lungs, the skin, the stomach and the brain; as well as on the right education of the temper, the conscience, and the affections. And wbile we regard inothers and schoolmasters as the more effi. cient and responsible educators of the human race, and intend to direct our efturts aocordingly, we shall insist that every person has something to perform in the great work of educating his fellow-men, and in the spirit of this sentiment, endeavor to point out some of the varied duties of School Committees, School Visiters, Ministers, Physicians, legislators, parents, brothers, sisters, &c.- In short, no pains or expense, within our means, will be spared, for one year, to render the first and almost only work on Amerí can Eilucation what the cause of intelligence, virtue, and human happiness so loudly demand, especially at the present crisis.

We have said for one year ; for notwithstanding the receipt, the present year, of a much larger number of new subscribers to the Annals than during any previous year, and the fact that the whole number of subscribers is greater now than it ever was bofore, the work is not so well sustained as it should be. To those who may be surprised as this oisclosure and refer us to our preface for the present year -- written in Switzerland, and, as was then supposed, with a desire that it should not be varied by the domertic editor – we need only say that it is owing, in part, to the derangeid state of the currency, and the difficulty of transmitting payments. But it is also true that were our subscribers to pay ús promptly, we still need - and the cause of education demands it - a more liberal patronage. The former editor bas sacrificed several thousand dol. lars, in establishing and sustaining the Annals; and the present editor nearly as much more. We do not indeed affirm that the Annals is valuable in proportion to its cost; but we do say, once for all, that those who regard it as valuable and wish to 8ecure its existence beyond a year or two longer, must not only pay us proinptly in time to come, but must each of them send us another responsible subscriber.

To those who find the remittance of three dollars difficult, a five dollar bill will be received in payment of their subscriptions two years in advance, or in payment of their own subscription and that of another individual for one year.

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EDITED BY WILLIAM A. ALCOTT, AUTHOR OF THE YOUNG MAN'S GUIDE,' THE HOUSE I LIVE IN,' • THE YOUNG MOTHER,' &c.

AND EDITOR OF - THE LIBRARY OF HEALTH.'

BOSTON:
OTIS, BROADERS & COMPANY.

NEW YORK:- CHARLES S. FRANCIS.

PHILADELPHIA CAREY & HART.

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CONTENTS. WHAT BRANCHES SHOULD BE TAUGHT IN COMMON SCHOOLS, New Studies may be introduced-New Exercise in Defining-A Second New Exercise,

145 PREPARATORY GEOGRAPHY. Errors in Teaching Geography—Illustrations of this Error-Preparatory Lessons—Practical Reflections,

149 CONFESSIONS OF A SCHOOL MASTER, No. IX. Profound Silence in School-General Abuse of the Rod-How the Rod should be used-A Cruel Mode of Punishment,

154 EDUCATION IN Russia. Model School at St. Petersburg-Number and Character of Schools Praiseworthy Efforts of the Emperor-Efforts of Individuals—Means of Supporting Schools,

158 Recent Visit to Horwyl. Fellenberg's Establishment described,

163 IMPORTANCE OF TEACHERS' SEMINARIBS. Necessity of training 'Teachers—Normal Schools in

Holland-Course of Instruction in these Schools Their Discipline-Primary Instruction Mistakes of Parents,

164 ERRORS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION. The Infant Early spoiled-Some of our Errors specified, 169 FEMALE EDUCATION, Love of infancy and Childhood-Great Gulf between Children and Parents --Example of the Saviour,

172 Review of BURNHAM'S ARITHMETIC. Arithmetic on the Cancelling Plan-Mode of Applying it,

175 What is a USEFUL EDUCATION? Few enter oor Colleges Knowledge seldom Practical, 177 District SCHOOL LIBRARIES. Selection of Books for Libraries- Its recommendations,

179 MISCELLANY. Progress of Education and Instruction, Intelligence from Ohio, Meeting at Co

lumbus—Education in Michigan-Female Education in Illinois-Education in Tennessee Education in Pennsylvania-Common Schools in New York-Report on the use of the Bible in SchoolsTeacher's Seminary in Maine-Movements in Georgia-Report of the Board of Education-Dr Woodward on Physical Education.

181

TO OUR READERS. It may not be uninteresting to some of our readers to see a brief statement of the views we entertain, and the principles we are laboring to inculcate in this work—10 know, in few words, what it is which we desire, by our efforts, to accomplish.

OBJECT OF EDUCATION. This we believe should be to develope and form character – phys. ical, social, intellectual, moral and religious — in short, to make man what he should be. We take the bible, huiman nature, and human experience as our basis or text books.

INSTRUMENTS OF EDUCATION. The parents, especially the mother. Other associates. The general temper of those around us. Physical and moral habits — stories — precepts. The objects we see, hear, taste, &c. Pictures. Books. The Family School in general. The Infant School. The Common or District School. The High School. The College or University. The Sabbath School. The Bible Class. The Church. The Library. The Lyceum, &c.

In order to bring these instruments to bear most favorably on the cause of Education and ac, complish its objects, we are in favor of the following measures :

1. LEGISLATIVE Action. Enough of this to give an impulse. Each State should have a small fund which should be available to every School district, on condition of contributing or taxing themselves to a certain extent of amount. Thus it should serve as a mere condiment, and not as a principal article of food. Legislatures should also appoint and pay a Superintend. ent of Schools, or else establish Boards of Education.

2. SOCIAL ACTION. We need intelligent School Committees, who should be paid for their services; Teachers' Seminaries ; Teachers' Meetings or Associations, and Interchanges of Visits among Teachers.

3. INDIVIDUAL Action. We need Authors who will make better School Books We need parents who will furnish them, and furnish pupils duly prepared for the School, and sustain 80cial and legislative efforts.. We need 'Teachers who will be truly missionaries of education ; who will not only visit each others' schools and labor assiduously to introduce improved methods of instruction, improved school books, apparatus, &c. but who will also educale as well as instruct ; men of enlarged minds and warm hearts, who will labor to be moral teachers as well as intellectual ones; and who will not only look to parents and others to co-operate with thein and the pupils, but also look to themselves and the pupils to co-operate with parents ; whose in

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