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Reign of Solomon before the Dedication of the Temple.

Ofering at Gibeon Judgment of Solomon-Death of Adonijah

-Return of Hadad.



a 1 Chron. xxix, 23.

1 KINGS II. ver. 12. 12 € • Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his A. C. 1015. father; and his kingdom was established greatly.

2 CHRONICLES 1. Ver. 1. 1 And Solomon the son of David was strengthened in b1 Kings ii. his kingdom, and the Lord his God was with him, and magnified bim exceedingly


'The events related in this section, took place within the first year after Sakroon's accession. The narrative in the first book of Kings, immediately on relating the succession of Solomon, proceeds to the account of Adonijah's death ; that in the second book of Chronicles, mentions the offering at Gibeon. The latter event is placed first in this arrangement, as it is to be supposed that Selemon would convoke the people, and offer his sacrifices as soon as possible, fier he had succeeded to the crown; and it is probable that Adonijah would ist desire to marry the Shunammite immediately on his father's death. It may appear trange that the petition of Adonijah to obtain Abishag should be thought devening of death ; but in those times, the seraglio always descended with the **L

, and it was considered as a step to the throne to marry the mistress of the densed monarch. In requesting, therefore, permission to unite himself to lukee

, Adonijah, in fact, re-asserted his pretensions to the crown. Joab, the Best powerful military chieftain, and Abiathar, the high-priest, were implicated a the intended revolt; which it was necessary to check at the commencement. leiab and Joab, therefore, were condemned to death, and · Abiathar defreded from his office.--Vide Michaelis, Commentary, &c. vol. i. p. 278—281.

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di Sam. vi. 2, 17.

e Exod. xxvii.

* Or, was there.

A.C.1015. 3 And Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes

of David his father : only he sacrificed and burnt incense in
high places.

2 Then Solomon spake unto all Israel, to the captains of
thousands, and of hundreds, and to the judges, and to every
governor in all Israel, the chief of the fathers.

3 So Solomon, and all the congregation with him, went al Kings i, to the high place that was at Gibeon; for there was the 30. & xxi. 2)." tabernacle of the congregation of God, which Moses the

servant of the Lord had made in the wilderness.

4 But the ark of God had David brought up from Kirjath-jearim to the place which David had prepared for it: for he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem.

5 Moreover e the brasen altar, that Bezaleel the son of 1;?,& xxxviii. Uri, the son of Hur, had made, * he put before the taber

nacle of the Lord: and Solomon and the congregation
sought unto it.

6 And Solomon went up thither to the brasen altar before
the LORD, which was at the tabernacle of the congregation,
and offered a thousand burnt offerings upon it.

1 KINGS UI, ver. 5–29.
5 I In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream
by night : and God said,

Ask what I shall give thee.
6 And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant
+ Or, bounty. David my father great + mercy, according as he walked be-

fore thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness
of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great
kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne,
as it is this day.

7 And now, O Lord my God, thou hast made thy ser-
vant king instead of David my father : and I am but a little
child: I know not how to go out or come in.

8 And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude.

9 Give therefore thy servant an I understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad : for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?

10 And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing,

11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this Heb. many thing, and hast not asked for thyself $ long life; neither hast

asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine ene

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r 2 Chr. i. 1.

Heb. hear. ing

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1, gyre



*Heb. to hear.


nies; but hast asked for thyself understanding * to discern A.C. 1014. judgment;

12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I hare given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.

13 And I have also s given thee that which thou hast not s Wind, vii:11 asked, both riches and honour: so that there t shall not be Or, halk not any among the kings like unto thee all thy days.

14 And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, "as thy father David did walk, then h ch. xv. 5. I will lengthen thy days.

15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and made a feast to all his servants. 16 C Then came there two women, that were harlots, unto the king, and stood before him.

17 And the one woman said, O my lord, I and this woman dwell in one house ; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house.

18 And it came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also : and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house.

19 And this woman's child died in the night; because she overlaid it.

20 And she arose at midnight, and took my son from beside me, while thine handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom.

21 And when I rose in the morning to give my child suck, behold, it was dead: but when I had considered it in the morning, behold, it was not my son, which I did bear.

22 And the other woman said, Nay; but the living one 15 my son, and the dead is thy son. And this said, No; but the dead is thy son, and the living is my son. Thus they spake before the king: 3 Then said the king, The one saith, This is


son that Livech

, and thy son is the dead, and the other saith, Nay; brt thy son is the dead, and my son is the living. 4 And the king said, Bring me a sword. And they trought a sword before the king.

25 And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and glite half to the one, and half to the other.

Then spake the woman whose the living child was into the king

, for her bowels & yearned upon her son, and Hleb, were de said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise het.

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A.C. 1014. slay it. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine,

but divide it.

27 Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it : she is the mother thereof.

28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king

had judged; and they feared the king : for they saw that
Heb, in the the wisdom of God was * in him, to do judgment.
midst of him.

13 Then Solomon came from his journey to the high
place that was at Gibeon to Jerusalem, from before the
tabernacle of the congregation, and reigned over Israel.

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I KINGS 11. VER. 13-39.

+ Heb. turn

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Ps. cxxxii, 10.

13 | And Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, Comest thou peaceably? And he said, Peaceably.

14 He said moreover, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And she said, Say on.

15 And he said, Thou knowest that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel set their faces on me, that I should reign : howbeit the kingdom is turned about, and is become my brother's: for it was his from the LORD.

'16 And now I ask one petition of thee, * deny me not. not away my And she said unto him, Say on.

17 And he said, Speak, I pray thee, unto Solomon the king, (for he will not say thee nay,) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife.

18 And Bath-sheba said, Well; I will speak for thee unto the king.

19 Bath-sheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king's mother ; and she sat on his right hand.

20 Then she said, I desire one small petition of thee; I pray thee, say me not nay. And the king said unto her, Ask on, my mother: for I will not say thee nay.

21 And she said, Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy brother to wife.

22 And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah ? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.


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