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An Act to compile and arrange the Laws and Resolutions of this state,

passed since the political year 1800.-—Passed December 12, 1809.
Vol. II. 528.

Laws and resolutions

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governor.

10. Sec. I. During the year 1810, the laws of this state, passed Since 1800 to since the political year 1800, and the concurred and approved resobe compiled. lutions, except such as relate to elections by the general assembly,

and every tenth year thereafter, shall be compiled, arranged, and

printed.
A person to 11. Sec. II. The legislature shall, by joint ballot of both branches,
le prepared appoint some fit and proper person to compile and arrange the laws
pose, who is of this state, in pursuance of this act, and report the same to his ex-
same to the cellency the governor, who shall approve or disapprove of the same :

And when the work shall be thus performed, and approved of by his
excellency the governor, he shall pay out of the contingent fund,
to the person thus performing the work, a sum of money, which he

shall deem an adequate compensation for the work.*
2000 volumes 12. Sec. III. If his excellency the governor shall approve of
to be printed. such compilation of the laws of the state, as may be reported in con-

formity to this act, that then he shall cause to be printed, in quarto
or octavo bound volumes, 2000 copies of the laws, as shall be re-

ported to and approved of by his excellency, in terms of this act.
The manner 13. Sec. IV. After the said laws are compiled, arranged, and
ting them. printed, his excellency the governor shall cause the same to be dis-

tributed in the respective counties of this state, agreeably to the rules
laid down by the constitution for the apportioning the representatives
in the respective counties; and the proportion which shall be as-
signed to the different counties, shall be transmitted by the governor
to the justices of the inferior courts, who shall distribute the same in
proportion to the number of civil officers in such county.

14. Sec. V. As often as the laws of this state shall be compiled, future distri- arranged, and printed, in pursuance of this act, his excellency the burion.

governor shall reserve 500 volumes, for such further distribution as
the legislature may think proper.f

of distribu

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An Act prescribing the form of a Digest or Manual of the Laws of

Georgia. I--Passed December 21, 1819. Vol. II. 250.

Digest of all the public

15. Sec. I. During the year 1820% a digest of the laws of this state and general shall be formed and arranged, which shall include all acts and resolu

tions of the legislature heretofore passed, and which may be passed
during the present session, which are public and general, and exclu-
ding such as are private or local, and also such as have been repealed.

laws to be formed.

* Under the act of 1799, as has been seen, Marbury's and Crawford's digest
was compiled. This act of 1809 is of permanent operation; under which, first
Clayton's, and lately Lamar's, digests, have been already compiled ; and one
will appear every ten years hereafter. These decennial volumes of the statutes
at large, and those in future to appear, the compiler of this work conceives
will be most conveniently referred to, not by the names of their compilers,
(which afford no idea of the order in which they stand,) but numerically, as
Vol. I, II, III, &c. and has quoted the present three volumes accordingly.

+ Resolution, directing a distribution of Clayton's digests, Nov. 1814. Vol. UL.
1145.

Act, directing a sale of the supernumerary copies of M. and C. digest. Vol. II.
380.

It is under this act that the present work is compiled.
$ Timc enlarged until 1st Sept. 1821, hy resolution of 181h Dec. 1820, pad.. of
1820, p. 112.

paid for

16. Sec. II. To said digest shall be added an appendix, which what it shall shall contain the constitution of the United States and the state of appendis. Georgia as amended; the statute of frauds and perjuries, passed in the 29th year of the reign of Charles the 2d ; also all acts relating to writs of habeas corpus.

17. Sec. III. The legislature shall by joint ballot appoint some fit How to be and proper person to form and arrange a digest in pursuance of this amined, and act, who shall report the same to his excellency the governor, who, after the same has been examined by a committee appointed for that purpose, shall approve or disapprove the same : and when the work shall be so performed and approved by the governor, he shall pay out of the contingent fund, to the person appointed as aforesaid, a sum which he may deem an adequate compensation for the work.

18. Sec. IV. Three fit and proper persons shall be appointed by A committee the governor to examine said work, and on their favourable report he appointed to shall be authorized to contract for the printing* of 3000 copies in convenient bound volumes, a part to be distributed pur nt to the If recrived, act of the legislature, passed 12th December, 1809, and the remainder be printed. reserved for future disposition of the legislature.

examine the work.

Ilow to be distributed

LIGHTHOUSES, FORTIFICATIONS, &c.--1791.

in Act to empower the Senators, or one Senator and two Representatives, from this State, in the Congress of the United States, to sign, seal, and deliver a Deed of Cession of the Lighthouse on Tybee Island, and five acres of land belonging thereto, to the United States.--Passed December 15, 1791. Vol. I. 344.

1. From and immediately after the passing of this act, it shall be Lighthouse lawful for the senators of this state in the congress of the United island. Witla States, or for one of the said senators, with any two of the represen- land, to be, tatives of this state to the said congress, to sign, seal, and deliver a ceded to the deed of cession to the United States, on behalf of this state, of the lighthouse on Tybee island, and of the property and jurisdiction of this state of, in, and to the same, and of five acres of land nearest adjoining, and belonging thereto, to hold the same and every part thereof to the said United States for ever. Provided always, that the said Proviso to United States shall keep the same in proper repair, and shall supply pair and sup:

lights. * The governor directed to publish in a pamphlet, and to distribute in the best manner for general publicity, the patrol laws. Resolution of 16th Dec. 1815. Vol. III. 1151. To be distributed among the several captains of companies. Res. of 20th Dec. 1817. Vol. III. 1186. Directed to have all the laws in force respecting executors, administrators, and guardians, published in like manner, and to send one copy to each clerk of the courts of ordinary. Res. of 19th Dec. 1818. Vol. III. 1201. And authorized to transmit to the executive of each state and territory a copy of the laws of this state heretofore passed, where it has not beretofore been done, and a copy of the acts of each session hereafter. Res. of 18th Dec. 1817. Vol. II. 1179. * To the new counties. Vol. 3. 1214.

The first committee appointed to " systematize, digest, and, as far as expedient, to ameliorate the criminal code, and report to the ensuing legislature. Resolotion of Nov. 1810. Vol. II. 692. This code never having gone into effect, the governor was directed to employ persons to compile a code of criminal law, adapted to the penitentiary system. Res. of Dec. 1815. Vol. III. 1150. Messrs. Harris and Charlton were employed, and reported the code of 1816. See note to Penal Laws, sec. 15.

314

LIGHTHOUSES, FORTIFICATIONS, &c.-1804, 1808, 1319.

the same with the necessary lights. And provided also, that the act Fonna to be allowing three pence per ton for clearing and removing wrecks and continued. other obstructions in the river Savannah be continued until the same

shall be completely cleared.

An Act to cede to the United States jurisdiction over four acres of Land

on the Southern extremity of St. Simon's Island, and six acres of Land on the Southern extremity of Cumberland Island,* for the purpose of erecting Lighthouses.-Passed December 10, 1804. Vol. II. 197.

Jurisdiction of 4 acres on

States.

2. Sec. I. From and immediately after the passing of this act, the St. Simon's jurisdiction to and over the four acres of land on the southern extreis the Cailed mity of Saint Simon's Island, in the county of Glynn, ceded to the

United States, for the purpose of erecting a lighthouse in and for

the port of Brunswick, be and the same is hereby vested in the Proviso. said United States of America: provided, that the said United States

shall erect a lighthouse on the same. And six acres

3. Sec. II. Jurisdiction to and over six acres of land, on the southland island. ern extremity of Cumberland island, in the county of Camden, ceded

to the C'nited States for the purpose of erecting a lighthouse in and for the port of Saint Mary's, be and the same is hereby rested in the United States: provided, that the said United States shall erect a lighthouse on the same.

on Coub.

An Act to cede to the United States jurisdiction over five aeres of Land,

on the Southern extremity of Sapelo Island, for the purpose of erect

ing a Lighthouse.--Passed May 23, 1808. Vol. II. 438. Five acres

From and immediately after the passing of this act, the jurison Sapelo, for a fibi diction to and over tive acres of land on the southern extremity of house.

Sapelo island, in the county of McIntosh, for the purpose of erecting a lighthouse in and for the port of Darien, be and the same is hereby vested in the said United States of America: provided, that the said Cnited States shall erect a lighthouse on the same.

An Act to cede jurisdiction over Lands acquired by the l'nited States, for the purpose of erecting Fortifications in this State.—Passed December 22, 1808. Vol. II. 466.

Jurisdiction ceded to the

of certain territory for forts, buc.

5. From and immediately after the passing of this act, the conUnited States gress of the United States shall have and maintain jurisdiction in

and over all the lands they have purchased, or which bas been ceded or otherwise acquired by them, or bereafter may be acquired, for the purpose of erecting forts or fortifications in this state : provided, the said C'nited States do or shall cause forts or fortifications to be erected thereon.

In Act to cede jurisdiction over five acres of Land on Wolf Island, or

part thereof across the Creek at the West end of said Island, for the purpse of erecting a Lighthouse or Beacons. Passed December 14, 1819.

Vol. 111. 434.

Fire acres on 6. Sec. I. From and after the passing of this act, the jurisdiction For a light to and over five acres of land on Wolf island, in the county of

McIntosh, for the purpose of erecting a lighthouse or beacons, be and

* See Resolution of June, 1807, on this subject. Vol. II. 675.

the jurisdiction thereof is hereby ceded to the United States of America : provided, the United States has or shall erect a lighthouse or beacon on the same.

7. Sec. II. The United States of America may take a part of May take a the said five acres of land across the creek at the west end of across the Wolf island, in the same manner and on the same terms prescribed above for Wolf island.

creek

Georgia cedes to the United States jurisdiction over, and all its right or title to, the sites whereon have been erecied beacons or beaco: lights on Tybee, Cockspur, Elba, and Long islands; and on the Oyster and White Oyster banks in Savannah river. Pam. of 1820, p. 30.

LIMITATION OF ACTIONS.—1767.

An Act for limitation of Actions, and for avoiding Suits in Law.*_

Passed March 26, 1767. Vol. I. 33.

Actions of ejectment li

accrues.

For quieting of men's estates, and for avoiding of suits,

1. Sec. I. Be it enacted, That all writs of formedont in descender, formedon in remainder, and formedon in reverter, of any lands, tene. mited to sements, or hereditaments, or any other writ, suit, or action whatsoever, ter the action at any time hereafter to be sued or brought, by occasion or means of any title or cause heretofore accrued, happened, or fallen, or which may bereafter descend, happen, or fall, shall be sued and taken within seven years next after the passing of this act, or after the title and cause of action shall or may descend or accrue to the same, and at no time after the said seven years; and that no person or persons that now bath or have, or which hereafter may have, any right or title of entry into any lands, tenements, or hereditaments, shall at any time hereafter make any entry, but within seven years next after the passing of this act, or after his or their right or title shall or may descend or accrue to the same; and in default thereof, such person so not entering, and their heirs, shall be utterly excluded and disabled from such entry after to be made : Provided nevertheless, that if any person or persons that is or shall be entitled to such writ or writs, or that hath removal of or shall have such right or title of entry, be, or shall be, at the time of disability. such right or title first descended, accrued, coine, or fallen, within the age of one and twenty years, feme-coverts, non compus mentis, imprisoned, or beyond seas, that then such person and persons, and his and their heir and heirs, shall or may, notwithstanding the said seven years are expired, bring his, her, or their action, or make his, her, or their entry, as he, she, or they might have done before this acı, so as such person and persons, or his, her, or their heir and heirs, shall, within three years next after his, her, or their full age, discoverture, coming of sound miod, enlargement out of prison, or returning from beyond seas, take benefit of and sue for the same, and at no time after the said three years.

And for the better and more perfect quieting of men's possessions and estates, and avoiding of suits,

Or three

* This Act was repealed 7th December, 1805, but revived again 26th June, 1806, as to all actions and causes of action which originated under it, (see sec. 10,) and was fully revived 8th December, 1806, (see sec. 11.)

Writs of formedon are of course out of use since the probibition of entails by the constitution of 1798.

See sec. 18, as to idiots, lunatics, and infants ; and sec. 19, as to persons out of the state.

in like manner.

Quiet pos

2. Sec II. Be it enacted, That all and every person and persons session for twentv years, whatsnever, now in possession of any lots, lands, tenements, or hegood tide.

reditaments whatsoever, within this province, derived from any grant, allo'ment, or other power or authority whatsoever, by, from, or under the la'e trustees for establishing this colony, or their president and as. sistants, or from any other person or persons whatsoever under their authority, or by or from any grant from his late majesty, (of blessed memory,) or from his present majesty, or by or under any last will and testament, purchase or purchases, whether by deed of gift, bill of sale, or other conveyance whatsoever, for lawful or valuable consideration, and where the person or personis now in the possession of the saiid lands, tenements, or hereditaments, do possess, hold, and claim the same, as of his, ber, or their own proper right in fee simple, and the person or persons so in possession, or the person or persons under whoin they claim, have severally or successively been quietly possessed of the same under any of the titles, ways, or means aforesaid, and without lawful interruption by suit or action at law actually commenced, enjoyed the same for the space of twenty years before the passing of ihis act, that then such person and persons so in possession as aforesaid, shall have good right and title to the same, and shall have, hold, and enjoy the said lands, tenements, and hereditaments unto bim, her, or them, his, her, or their heirs or assigns for ever in see simple, against all and every other person and persons whatsoever,

any thing hereinbefore contained to the contrary notwithstanding. Onder claim

3. Sec. III. Not only the person or persons who are or shall be ants barred

hereafter barred, by not suing or prosecuting his or their claims to any lands, tenements, or hereditaments in this province within the time limited by this act, but also all manner of persons whatsoever, that shall at any time claim under such person or persons, who have lost or may hereafter lose their right, by neglecting to sue and prosecute his or their clai'u as aforesaid, shall be in like manner barred by this

act, as his, her, or their ancestor or ancestors, or those under whom This act to Fiven in eo be they claim, were or would have hereby been, and that this act, and dence to the such clause or clauses herein as relate to the matters aforesaid, may jury.

be given in evidence to a jury upon a trial of any claim, matter, or right to any lands or tenements in question between party and party, and that the chief justice and judges upon all such trials shall allow the same to be given in evidence, so far as concerns the said matter in difference.

And to prevent any disputes how claims are to be made to lands, and what claims shall be allowed to be good and effectual in this province, and that the possessors of lands may know how and in what manner other persons having or laying claim to any lands or tenements in their possession must claim the same, and also that persons baving right or title to lands or tenements possessed by others may

the better know how to claim or demand their right in such case, Claims to lands to be by

4. Sec. IV. Be it enacted, That all and every person and persons suit only. whatsoever, making claim to any lands or tenements in this prosince,

in order to make such claim effectual, shall and are to make the same by action at law, duly entered in the general court of pleas in this province,* and that the chief justice and judges of the said court do al. low of no claim to any lands or tenements, for or by any person or persons, in any suit or suits that may be brought, sued, or prosecuted in the said court, other than what is or has been made by action or suit on record as aforesaid, any law, custom, usage, or practice to the contrary notwithstanding.

* Superior court of the county sphere the land lies.-Constitution of 1799

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