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34 that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem,' which
killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often ?
would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood 35 under her wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house is left unto you
desolate :3 and verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me, until the time come when ye shall say,* Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.5
$ 96. OUR LORD DINES WITH A CHIEF PHARISEE ON THE SABBATH.
LUKE XIV. 1-24. 1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Phari2 sees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him. And, behold, 3 there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.
And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to 4 heal on the sabbath day? And they held their peace. And he took him, 5 and healed him, and let him go; and answered them, saying, Which of you
shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him 6 out on the sabbath day? And they could not answer him again to these
things. 7 And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked 8 how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them, When thou art
bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room ;6 lest a 9 more honourable man than thou be bidden of him; and he that bade thee
and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with 10 shame to take the lowest room. But when thou art bidden, go and sit down
in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto
thee, Friend, go up higher : then shalt thou have worship in the presence 11 of them that sit at meat with thee. For whosoever exalteth himself shall
be abased ; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. 12 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or
a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor
thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be 13 made thee. But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the 14 lame, the blind : and thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense
thee : for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just. 15 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he
said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God. 16 Then said he unto him," A certain man made a great supper, and bade many : 17 and sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come ; 18 for all things are now ready. And they all with one consent began to make
The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I 19 must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused. And another said,
I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have 20 me excused. And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I 21 cannot come. So that servant came, and showed his lord these things.
Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out the holy city. His words indicate that he was at four different seasons ($$ 21, 36, 83, 91), if not proceeding leisurely on the journey (nopeveolar), oftener, been carried on in Jerusalem for the good and expecting to arrive in about three days, and of its inhabitants. that he feared nothing from the malice of Herod 3 Comp. Psa. 69. 25; Jer. 12. 7 ; 22. 5. inasmuch as his “ decease was to be accomplished 4 Until when ye shall say, &c. This may have at Jerusalem” (Luke 9. 31), in which blood- some reference to what was to occur on our Lord's guilty city alone could the Messiah be perfected, public entry into the city; see Luke 19. 38. that is, through sufferings, see Heb. 2. 10.
6 Comp. Psa. 118. 26. 6 Comp. Prov. 25. 6. Comp. Matt. 23. 37-39.
? Comp. Matt. 22. 1--10. ? How often? Our Lord's public ministry had,
quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, 22 and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind. And the servant said, Lord, 23 it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room. And the lord
said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel 24 them to come in, that my house may be filled. For I say unto you, That
none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.
§ 97. WHAT IS REQUIRED OF TRUE DISCIPLES.—Peræa.
LUKE XIV. 25_35. 25 And there went great multitudes with him: and he turned, and said unto 26 them, If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and
wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he 27 cannot be my disciple. And whosoever doth not bear his cross,” and come 28 after me, cannot be my disciple. For which of you, intending to build a
tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have suf29 ficient to finish it? Lest haply, after he hath laid the foundation, and is not 30 able to finish it, all that behold it begin to mock him, saying, This man 31 began to build, and was not able to finish. Or what king, going to make
war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he
be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty 32 thousand? Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an, 33 ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace. So likewise, whosoever he
be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple. 34 Salt is good :: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be 35 seasoned ? It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men
cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
§ 98. PARABLE OF THE LOST SHEEP, ETC.
PARABLE OF THE PRODIGAL SON.
LUKE XV. 1-32. 1 Then drew near unto him all the publicans and sinners for to hear him. 2 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man receiveth
sinners, and eateth with them. 3,4 And' he spake this parable unto them, saying, What man of you,
having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety
and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he find it? 5,6 And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And
when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and neighbours, say
ing unto them, Rejoice with me; for I have found my sheep which was lost. 7 I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that
repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no 8 repentance. Either what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose
one piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently 9 till she find it? And when she hath found it, she calleth her friends and
her neighbours together, saying, Rejoice with me; for I have found the 10 piece which I had lost. Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the pre
sence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth. 11, 12
And he said, A certain man had two sons: and the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to ine." 13 And he divided unto them his living. And not many days after the younger
son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and
Comp. Deut. 13. 6–10; Matt. 10. 37. 2 Matt. 16. 24.
3 Comp. Matt. 5. 13; Mark 9. 50, • Comp. Matt. 18. 12.
14 there wasted his substance with riotous living. And when he had spent all,
there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want. 15 And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent 16 him into his fields to feed swine. And he would fain have filled his belly
with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him. 17 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my 18 father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! I will
arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned 19 against heaven, and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called thy 20 son: make me as one of thy hired servants. And he arose, and came to
his father. But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and 21 had compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. And the
son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, 22 and am no more worthy to be called thy son. But the father said to his
servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on 23 his hand, and shoes on his feet: and bring hither the fatted calf, and kill 24 it; and let us eat, and be merry : for this my son was dead, and is alive
again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry. 25 Now his elder son was in the field : and as he came and drew nigh to the 26 house, he heard musick and dancing. And he called one of the servants, 27 and asked what these things meant. And he said unto him, Thy brother
is come; and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received 28 him safe and sound. And he was angry,’ and would not go in : therefore 29 came his father out, and intreated him. And he answering said to his
father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any
time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might 30 make merry with my friends : but as soon as this thy son was come, which
hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted 31 calf. And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all that I 32 have is thine. It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad : for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again ;3 and was lost, and is found.
$ 99. PARABLE OF THE UNJUST STEWARD.—Peræa.
LUKE XVI. 1-13.
1 And he said also unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which
had a steward ; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his 2 goods. And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear
this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no 3 longer steward. Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do?
for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig ; to beg I 4 am ashamed. I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the 5 stewardship, they may receive me into their houses. So he called every
one of his lord's debtors unto him, and said unto the first, How much owest 6 thou unto my lord? And he said, An hundred measures of oil. And he 7 said unto him, Take thy bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty. Then
said he to another, And how much owest thou? And he said, An hundred measures of wheat. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and write four
And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done
1. The husks (Kepátia); name of the fruit which grows on the carob tree, still used in Palestine as fodder for cattle, and also serving as food for the poorest of the people. Here the wretched prodigal is not allowed to share even with the swine this mean sustenance, for the master set more value on his herd than on the life of his herdsman. What a picture of the sinner's woeful state
in the service of sin and Satan!
2 Comp. Acts 11. 2, 3 ; 13. 45; 22. 21, 22. 3 Comp. Eph. 2. 1; 1 Tim. 5. 6.
4 The lord commended, &c.; not Christ (see ver. 9), but the master of the steward. The fraud committed was not approved, but its policy might be commended by the worldly wise.
wisely: for the children of this world 1 are in their generation wiser? than 9 the children of light. And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of
the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you 10 into everlasting habitations. He that is faithful in that which is least is
faithful also in much : and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in 11 much. If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, 12 who will commit to your trust the true riches? And if ye have not been
faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is 13 your own? No servant can serve two masters : for either he will hate the
one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
$ 100. THE PHARISEES REPROVED.
PARABLE OF THE RICH MAN AND LAZARUS.
LUKE XVI. 14-31. 14 And the Pharisees also,who were covetous, heard all these things : and 15 they derided him. And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify
yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts : for that which is 16 highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God. The law
and the prophets were until John:5 since that time the kingdom of God is 17 preached, and every man presseth into it. And it is easier for heaven and 18 earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail, Whosoever putteth away
his wife, and marrieth another, committeth adultery: and whosoever mar
rieth her that is put away from her husband committeth adultery. 19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine 20 linen, and fared sumptuously every day: and there was a certain beggar 21 named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores, and desiring
to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table : more22 over the dogs came and licked his sores. And it came to pass, that
the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom :? 23 the rich man also died, and was buried; and in hell he lift up his eyes,
being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his 24 bosom. And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and
send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my 25 tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. But Abraham said, Son, re
member that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise
Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. 26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed : so that
they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to 27 us, that would come from thence. Then he said, I pray thee therefore, 28 father, that thou wouldest send him to my father's house: for I have five
brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this 29 place of torment. Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the 30 prophets ;8 let them hear them. And he said, Nay, father Abraham : but 31 if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent. And he said unto
him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets,' neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.
I Psa. 17. 14. 2 John 12. 36; Eph. 5. 8. such a manner that the head of the second lay 3 Matt. 23. 14. 4 Comp. 1 Cor. 1. 26—29. on the bosom of the first, see John 13. 23. Hence 5 Comp. Matt. 11. 12, 13. 6 Matt. 5. 32. the posture became an emblem of friendship and
? Into Abraham's bosom. The happiness of intimate fellowship, beaven is here represented under the idea of a 8 Comp. John 5. 45–47. feast, at which the guests reclined on couches in 9 John 12. 10, 11 : Acts 5. 30-33.
§ 101. JESUS INCULCATES FORBEARANCE, FAITH, HUMILITY.- Peræa.
LUKE XVII. 1-10. 1 Then said he unto the disciples, It is impossible but that offences will 2 come :' but woe unto him, through whom they come! It were better for
him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, 3 than that he should offend one of these little ones.
Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, 4 forgive him. And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and
seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt for
give him.? 5, 6 And the apostles said unto the Lord, Increase our faith. And the
Lord said, If ye had faith : as a grain of mustard seed, ye might say unto
this sycamine tree, Be thou plucked up by the root, and be thou planted 7 in the sea; and it should obey you. But which of you, having a servant
plowing or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and by, when he is come 8 from the field, Go and sit down to meat? And will not rather say unto
him, Make ready wherewith I may sup, and gird thyself, and serve me, till 9 I have eaten and drunken; and afterward thou shalt eat and drink? Both
he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded 10 him? I trow not. So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things
which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants :* we have done that which was our duty to do.
§ 102. CHRIST'S COMING WILL BE SUDDEN.—Peræa.
LUKE XVII. 20—37. 20 And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God
should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God cometh not 21 with observation : neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, be22 hold, the kingdom of God is within you. And he said unto the disciples,
The days will come, when ye shall desire to see one of the days of the Son 23 of man, and ye shall not see it. And they shall_say to you, See here; or, 24 see there: go not after them, nor follow them. For as the lightning, that
lighteneth out of the one part under heaven, shineth unto the other part 25 under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day. But first must 26 he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation. And as it was in 27 the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. They did
eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the
day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them 28 all. Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, 29 they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; but the same day that
Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and de30 stroyed them all.? Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is 31 revealed. In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff
in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the 32, 33 field, let him likewise not return back. Remember Lot's wife,9 Who
soever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his 34 life shall preserve it. I tell you, in that night there shall be two men in one 35 bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left. Two women shall
11 Cor. 11. 19. 2 Comp. Lev. 19. 17, 18. being in the heart ; and so it escaped the observa3 Matt. 17. 20. 4 Rom. 3. 27.
tion of the worldly-minded Pharisees, whose re5 Is within you (évrós iu@vệotiv), rather among ligion was'wholly external (see Matt. 23. 28). you as a people, for the kingdom of God was not 6 Gen. 7. 4, 7.
7 Gen. 19. 15, sq. within the Pharisees. But it is in truth within 8 2 Thess. 1. 7.
9 Gen. 19. 26. all genuine believers (see Rom. 14. 17), its seat