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LUKE XVII.

36 be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Two men 37 shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. And they

answered and said unto him, Where, Lord? And he said unto them, Wheresoever the body is, thither will the eagles be gathered together.'

§ 103. PARABLES: THE IMPORTUNATE WIDOW.

Perea.

THE PHARISEE AND PUBLICAN,

LUKE XVIII. 1-14. 1 And he spake a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to 2 pray, and not to faint; saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared 3 not God, neither regarded man: and there was a widow in that city; and 4 she came unto him, saying, Avenge me of mine adversary. And he would

not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not 5 God, nor regard man; yet because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge 6 her, lest by her continual coming she weary me. And the Lord said, Hear 7 what the unjust judge saith. And shall not God avenge his own elect,3 8 which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them? I tell

you that he will avenge them speedily. Nevertheless when the Son of

man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth? 9 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that 10 they were righteous, and despised others: Two men went up into the temple 11 to

pray ; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other 12 men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. I fast 13 twice in the week,' I give tithes of all that I possess. And the publican,

standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but 14 smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. Í tell

you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other : for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. [See in $ 105.]

$ 104. PRECEPTS RESPECTING DIVORCE.C_Perea. MATT. XIX. 3-12.

MARK X. 2-12. 3 The Pharisees also came unto 2 And the Pharisees came to him,

him, tempting him, and saying un- and asked him, Is it lawful for a to him, Is it lawful for a man to put man to put away his wife? tempting away his wife for every cause? 3 him. And he answered and said

unto them, What did Moses com4 mand you? And they said, Moses

suffered to write a bill of divorce4 And he answered and said unto 5 ment, and to put her away.? And

them, Have ye not read, that he Jesus answered and said unto them,

which made them at the beginning For the hardness of your heart he 5 made them male and female,s and 6 wrote you this precept. But from

said, For this cause shall a man the beginning of the creation God leave father and mother, and shall 7 made them male and female. 8

For Comp. Job 39. 30 ; Matt. 24. 28.

of which was enjoined in the law. ? Rom. 12. 12; Eph. 6. 18; 1 Thess. 5. 17. 5 To me a sinner, rather the sinner (tą auap3 Comp. Rev. 6. 10.

Twią), that is, a notable or very great sinner I fast twice, $c. The Pharisee shows his con- (comp. 1 Tim. 1. 15), or the one just pointed at ceit of self-righteousness not only by asserting with contempt by the Pharisee. his avoidance of other men's vices and crimes, 6 This section properly comes in here before but also by reciting his works of supererogation, $ 105, where Luke is again parallel with Matthew namely, the two fusts each week and the paying and Mark. of tithes on all that he acquired (KTūmai), neither 7 Deut. 24. 1.

8 Gen. 1. 27.

MATT. XIX.

MARK X. cleave to his wife: and they twain this cause shall a man leave his 6 shall be one flesh? Wherefore they father and mother, and cleave to

are no more twain, but one flesh. 8 his wife; and they twain shall be What therefore God hath joined one flesh : so then they are no more

together, let not man put asunder. 9 twain, but one flesh. What there7 They say unto him, Why did Moses fore God hath joined together, let

then command to give a writing of 10 not man put asunder. And in the

divorcement, and to put her away?? house his disciples asked him 8 Hesaith unto them, Moses because of 11 again of the same matter. And he

the hardness of your hearts suffered saith unto them, Whosoever shall you to put away your wives : but put away his wife, and marry an

from the beginning it was not so. other, committeth adultery against 9 And I say unto you, Whosoever 12 her. And if a woman shall put

shall put away his wife, except it away her husband, and be married be for fornication, and shall marry to another, she committeth adulanother, committeth adultery: and tery.

whoso marrieth her which is put 10 away doth commit adultery. His disciples say unto him, If the 11 case of the man be so with his fe, it is not good to marry.

But he said unto them, All men cannot receive this saying, save they to 12 whom it is given. For there are some eunuchs, which were so born

from their mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men : and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. He that is able to receive it, let him receive it.

$ 105. JESUS RECEIVES AND BLESSES LITTLE CHILDREN.- Peræa.

MATT. XIX. 13-15.

MARK X. 13-16.

LUKE XVIII. 15–17. 13 Then were

there 13 And they brought 15 And they brought brought unto him little

young children to him, unto him also infants, children, that he should that he should touch that he would touch put his hands on them, them: and his disci- them: but when his and pray: and the dis- ples rebuked those that

disciples saw it, they ciples rebuked them. 14 brought them. But 16 rebuked them.

But 14 But Jesus said, Suffer when Jesus saw it, Jesus called them unto little children, and for

he was

much dis- him, and said, Suffer bid them not, to come pleased, and said unto little children to come unto me: for of such them, Suffer the little unto me, and forbid

is the kingdom of children to come unto them not: for of such is 15 heaven.3 And he laid me, and forbid them the kingdom of God.3

his hands on them, and not: for of such is the 17 Verily I say unto you, departed thence. 15 kingdom of God.3 Ve- Whosoever shall not

rily I say unto you, receive the kingdom of Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom God as a little child

of God as a little child, he shall not enter shall in no wise enter 16 therein. And he took them up in his therein.

arms, put his hands upon them, and bless-
ed them.

1 Gen. 2. 24.

2 Deut. 24. 1.

* Matt. 18. 3; 1 Cor. 14. 20.

3

§ 106. THE RICH YOUNG MAN. PARABLE OF THE LABOURERS IN THE

VINEYARD.--Peræa. MATT. XIX. 16–30. XX. 1-16. MARK X. 17–31.

LUKE XVIII. 18—30. 16 And behold, one 17 And when he was 18 And a certain ruler

came and said unto gone forth into the way, asked him, saying, him, Good Master, there came one run- Good Master, what what good_thing shall ning, and kneeled to shall I do to inherit I do, that I may

have

him, and asked him, eternal life? 17 eternal life? And he Good Master, what said unto him, Why

shall I do that I may callest thou me good ? inherit eternal life? 19

And Jesus there is none good but 18 And Jesus said unto said unto him, Why one, that is, God: but him, Why callest thou callest thou me good? if thou wilt enter into me good ? there is none is good, save one,

life,' keep the com- none good but one, that is, God. 18 mandments.? He saith 19 that is, God. Thou 20

Thou knowest unto him, Which? Je- knowest the command- the commandments, sus said, 3 Thou shalt ments, Do not commit Do not commit aduldo no murder, Thou adultery, Do not kill, tery, Do not kill, Do shalt not commit adul- Do not steal, Do not not steal, Do not bear tery, Thou shalt not bear false witness, De- false witness, Honour steal, Thou shalt not fraud not, Honour thy thy father and thy bear false witness,

father and mother. mother. 19 Honour thy father and 20 And he answered and thy mother: and, Thou said unto him, Master, 21

And he said, shalt love thy neigh- all these have I ob- All these have I kept 20 bour as thyself. The served from my youth. from my youth up.

young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my

youth up: what lack Î 21 yet? Jesus said unto 21 Then Jesus beholding 22 Now when Jesus heard

him loved him, and these things, he said If thou wilt be said unto him, One unto him, Yét lackest perfect, go and sell that thing thou lackest:* go thou one thing :4 sell all thou hast, and give to thy way, sell whatso- that thou hast, and disthe poor,5 and thou ever thou hast, and

tribute unto the poor, shalt have treasure in give to the poor, and and thou shalt have heaven: and come and thou shalt have trea- treasure in heaven : follow me.

sure in heaven: and and come, follow me.

come, take up the cross, 22

But when 22 and follow me. And he the young man heard was sad at that saying, 23

And that saying, he went and went away griev- when he heard this, away sorrowful: for he

ed: for he had great he was very sorrowful: had great possessions. 23 possessions. And Jesus for he was very rich. 23 Then said Jesus unto looked round about, 24 And when Jesus saw

his disciples, Verily I and saith unto his dis- that he was very sorsay unto you, That a ciples, How hardly rowful, he said, How i If thou wilt, &c. The design of our Lord in 4 Yet lackest thou one thing : namely, love to thus addressing the young ruler, was to bring God and his neighbour, that essential element in him to a knowledge of his sinfulness (see Rom. holiness or true morality, the very principle of 3. 20), notwithstanding his good morals, and then sincere obedience; for love is the fulfilling of the to lead him to embrace the gospel (see ver. 21).

law, see Rom. 13. 10. 3 Comp. Lev. 18. 5; Rom. 10. 5.

5 Comp. Acts 4. 34—37. 3 Ex. 20. 12, sq. ; Lev. 19. 18.

him,

MATT. XIX.

MARK X.

1

LUKE XVIII. rich man shall hardly shall they that have hardly shall they that enter into the king- riches enter into the have riches enter into dom of heaven.

24 kingdom of God! And the kingdom of God!

the disciples were as-
tonished at his words.
But Jesus answereth
again, and saith unto
them, Children, how
hard is it for them that
trust in riches to en-

ter into the kingdom of 24 And again I say unto 25 God! It is easier for 25 For it is easier for a

you, It is easier for a a camel to go through camel to go through a camel to go through the eye of a needle, needle's eye,' than for a the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to rich man to enter into than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom the kingdom of God.

enter into the kingdom 26 of God. And they 26 And they that heard 25 of God. When his were astonished out of it said, Who then can

disciples heard it, measure,saying among be saved ?
they were exceedingly themselves, Who then
amazed, saying, Who 27 can be saved ? And

then can be saved ? Jesus looking, upon 26 But Jesus beheld them, them saith, With men

and said unto them, it is impossible, but not 27 And he said, The With men this is im- with God: for with things which are impossible; but with God

God all things are pos- possible with men are all things are possible.? sible.?

possible with God.? 27 Then answered Peter 28 Then Peter began to 28 Then Peter said, Lo,

and said unto him, Be- say unto him, Lo, we we have left all, and hold, we have forsaken have left all, and have 29 followed thee. And he all, and followed thee; 29 followed thee. And Je- said unto them, Verily

what shall we have sus answered and said, I say unto you, 28 therefore? And Jesus Verily I say unto you,

said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration

There is no

There is no when the Son of man

man that hath left man that hath left shall sit in the throne house, or brethren, or house, or parents, or of his glory,» ye also sisters, or father, or brethren, or wife, or shall sit upon twelve mother, or wife, or children, for the kingthrones, judging the children, or lands, for dom of God's sake,

twelve tribes of Israel.4 my sake, and the gos- 30 who shall not receive 29 And every one that 30 pel's, but he shall re- manifold more in this hath forsaken houses, ceive an hundred-fold

present time, or brethren, or sisters, now in this time, or father, or mother, or houses, and brethren, wife, or children, or and sisters, and molands, for my name's thers, and children, and sake, shall receive an lands, with persecu

į It is easier for a camel, &c. This is a proverbial saying still used in the East. There is no need to understand (as some prefer) cable instead of came!, nor to fancy (with others) that the needle's eye was the name of a city gate too low and narrow for a camel to pass through. See

another proverb having reference to the camel
in Matt. 23, 24.

2 Comp. Gen. 18. 14 ; Luke 1. 37; 3. 8.
3 Comp. Dan. 7. 13, 14 ; Rev. 3. 21.
4 Comp. Luke 22. 28-30.

MATT. XIX.

MARK X.

LUKE XVIII. hundredfold, and shall tions; and in the world

and in the world inherit everlasting life. to come eternal life.

to come life everlast30 But many that are 31 But many that are first ing. [See in § 107.]

first shall be last; and shall be last; and the the last shall be first.1 last first. (See in §

107.]

MATT. XX. 1 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder,

which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. 2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them 3 into his vineyard. And he went out about the third hour, and saw others 4 standing idle in the marketplace, and said unto them; Go ye also into

the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went 5 their way.

Ágain he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did 6 likewise. And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others

standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle ? 7 They say unto him, Because no man hath hired'us. He saith unto them,

Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive. 8 So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward,

Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto 9 the first. And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, 10 they received every man a penny. But when the first came, they supposed

that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man 11 a penny. And when they had received it, they murmured against the good 12 man of the house, saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou

hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the_burden and heat of 13 the day. But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no 14 wrong : didst not thou agree with me for a penny ? Take that thine is, and 15 go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee. Is it not lawful

for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am 16 good ? So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but

few chosen. § 107. JESUS A THIRD TIME (see § 74 and 77) FORETELLS HIS DEATH AND RESUR

RECTION.-Peræa. MATT. XX. 17-19.

MARK X. 32-34.

LUKE XVIII. 31-34. 17 And Jesus going up. 32 And they were in 31 Then he took unto

to Jerusalem took the the way going up to him the twelve, and
twelve disciples apart Jerusalem; and Jesus said unto them,
in the way, and said went before them: and
unto them,

they were amazed ;
and as they followed,
they were afraid. And
he took again the
twelve, and began to
tell them what things

should happen unto | Rom. 9. 30-33.

repress a mercenary spirit in the apostles' breasts. . Early in the morning, that is, about six The great lesson is appropriate to all believers o'clock or sunrise, from which time the Jews alike in every age. counted the hours of the day, so that their 3rd 3 Comp. Deut. 28. 54. hour answered nearly to our 9, their 6th to our Comp. Matt. 22. 11-14. 12, their 9th to our 3 P. M,, and their 11th to our 5 This transaction probably occurred in Peræa, 5 P. M.

as Jesus had not yet arrived at Jericho This parable was obviously spoken in reference pression going up is used of any journey to Jeruto the question of Peter (Matt. 19. 27), What salem or Judea ; see Luke 2. 4; John 7. 8; 12. 20; shall we have therefore? and with the view to Acts 18. 22.

The ex

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