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INTRODUCTORY NOTE CONTINUED. supper; is betrayed and apprehended ; $$ 133–143. He is brought first before Caiaphas, and then in the morning before Pilate; is condemned, crucified, and before sunset laid in the sepulchre ; $$ 144–158. The Jewish sabbath. Our Lord rests in the sepulchre. Jesus rises from the dead at early dawn; see § 159 and Note.
16. 7. SAT. 17. 1. SUND,
§ 112. OUR LORD'S PUBLIC ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM.-Bethany, Jerusalem,
First Day of the Week.
JOHN XII. 12-19, 12 On the next day' much people that were come to the feast, when they
heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,MATT. XXI. 1-11, 1417.
MARK XI. 1-11.
LUKE XIX. 29-44. 1 And when they drew 1 And when they came 29
And it came to pass, nigh unto Jerusalem, nigh to
when he was and were come to Beth- unto Bethphage and nigh to Bethphage and phage, unto the mount Bethany, at the mount Bethany, at the mount
of Olives, then sent Je- of Olives, he sendeth called the mount of 2 sus two disciples, say- forth two of his disci- Olives, he sent two of
ing unto them, Go into 2 ples, and saith unto 30 his disciples, saying, thevillage over against them, Go your way into Go ye into the village you, and straightway the village over against over against you ; in ye shall find an ass you: and as soon as the which at your entied, and a colt with ye be entered into it, tering ye shall find a her : loose them, and ye shall find a colt tied, colt tied, whereon yet bring them unto me. whereon never
never man sat: loose
sat; loose him, and him, and bring him 3 And if any man say 3 bring him. And if any 31 hither.
And if any aught unto you, ye man say unto you, Why man ask you, Why do shall say, The Lord do ye this? say ye that ye loose him ? thus hath need of them ; the Lord hath need of shall
ye say unto and straightway he him; and straightway him, Because the Lord will
them.- he will send him hither. hath need of him. 6 And the disciples went, 4 And they went their 32 And they that were and did as Jesus comway,and found the colt
sent went their way, manded them,
tied by the door with- and found even as he · out in a place where had said unto them.
two ways met ; and 33 And as they were loos5 they loose him. And
ing the colt, the owncertain of them that ers thereof said unto stood there said unto them, Why loose ye the
them, What do ye, 34 colt? And they said, 6 loosing the colt? And The Lord hath need of
they said unto them
manded: and they let 7 and brought the ass,
And they 35 him. And they brought
7 them go.
1 On the next day, that is, after the arrival at Bethany, not after the supper in Simon's house (see $ 131). This was the 10th of Nisan, on which day the paschal lamb was set apart (Ex. 12. 3). Might not our Lord's choice of this day for mak
ing his public entry into Jerusalem and the temple have reference to the fact, that he himself was the true Passover which was then to be slain for us (1 Cor. 5. 7)?
MARK XI. and the colt, and put brought the colt to Je- him to Jesus : and they on them their clothes, sus, and cast their
cast their garments and they set him there- ments on and he
upon the colt, and they sat upon him.
set Jesus thereon. MATT. XXI.
JOHN XII. 4 All this was done, that it might be 14 And Jesus, when he had found a
fulfilled which was spoken by the young ass, sat thereon; as it is 5 prophet, saying,' Tell ye the 15 written, Fear not, daughter of
daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King Sion : behold, thy King cometh, sitcometh unto thee, meek, and sit- ting on an ass's colt. ting upon an ass, and a colt the
foal of an ass. — 8 And very 8 And many 36 And
they great multitude
spreadtheir gar- went, they spread their gar- ments in the spread their ments in the way: 2 and O
clothes in the 13 took branches way;2 others cut
thers cut down 37 way. And when of palm trees, down branches branches off the
come and went forth from the trees, trees, and straw- nigh, even now to meet him, and strawed
ed them in the at the descent them in the way. 9 way. And they
of the mount 9 And the multi- that went be- of Olives, the
tudes that went fore, and they whole multi-
works that they saying, Hosan- Hosanna; Bless- 38 had seen; say- and cried, Ho na to the Son of ed is he that ing, Blessed be sanna: Blessed David : Blessed cometh in the the King that is the King of is he that com
of the cometh in the Israel that cometh in the name 10 Lord : 3 Blessed
of the eth in the name of the Lord ; 3 be the kingdom Lord: peace in
of the Lord.3 Hosanna in the of our
father heaven,and glohighest.
David,thatcom- ry in the high-
JOHN XII. 16 These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus
was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, 17 and that they had done these things unto him. The people therefore that
was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from 18 the dead, bare record. For this cause the people also met him, for that 19 they heard that he had done this miracle. The Pharisees therefore said
among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing ? behold, the world is gone after him.' [See in g 125.]
1 Zech. 9. 9.
2 This spreading of garments and branches on the way was a custom observed in token of honour and welcome for a king : comp. 2 Kings 9. 13.
3 Comp. Psa. 118. 25.
39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, 40 Master, rebuke thy disciples. And he answered and said unto them, I tell
you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately 41 cry out. And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over 42 it, saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the
things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. 43 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench 44 about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, and
shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation." MATT. XXI.
MARK XI. 10 And when he was come into Je- 11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem,
rusalem, all the city was moved, and into the temple: and when he had 11 saying, Who is this? And the mul- looked round about upon all things, –
titude said, This is Jesus the pro14 phet? of Nazareth of Galilee. And the blind and the lame 15 came to him in the temple; and he healed them. And when
the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying,
Hosanna to the Son of David ; they were sore displeased, 16 and said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus
saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, 3 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou
hast perfected praise ? 17 And he left them, and went out 11 —and now the even tide was come,
of the city into Bethany; and he he went out unto Bethany with the lodged there.
§ 113. THE BARREN FIG TREE. THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE.- Bethany,
Second Day of the Week.
MARK XI. 12-19. 18 Now in the morning 4 as he re- 12 And on the morrow,' when they
turned into the city, he hungered. were come from Bethany, he was 19 And when he saw a fig trees in the 13 hungry: and seeing a fig trees
way, he came to it, and found no- afar off having leaves, he came, if thing thereon, but leaves only, and haply he might find any thing said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thereon : and when he came to it, thee henceforward for ever. And he found nothing but leaves; for presently the fig tree withered 14 the time of figs was not yet. And away.
Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for
ever. And his disciples heard MATT. XXI.
LUKE XIX. 45-48. 12 And Jesus went into 15 And they come to 45 And he went into the
the temple of God, Jerusalem : and Jesus temple, and began to
and cast out all them went into the temple, cast out them that sold 1 Luke 1. 68, 78. % Comp. Luke 7. 16. leave of the temple, to which he returned no 3 Psa. 8. 2. Comp. 1 Cor. 1. 27–29.
4 This specifies the time very exactly. On the 5 A fig tree. On mount Olivet, over which our cleansing of the temple, see Note on $ 21. Lord was passing, there grew not only olives but
Luke 21. 37, 38 is inserted in this section, be- also fig trees, as the name of the place, Bethphage, cause in Luke's order it is only retrospective; (see in $ 112,) clearly indicates, for it signifies being placed after our Lord's discourses on the
(). mount of Olives, when he had already taken 6 Comp. John 2. 13–17,
• MARK XI.
that sold and bought and began to cast out therein, and them that in the temple, and them that sold and bought;' overthrew the tables of bought in the temple, the moneychangers, and overthrew the taand the seats of them bles of the moneythat sold doves,
changers, and the seats
of them that sold
suffer that any man
through the temple. 13 and said unto them, 17 And he taught, saying 46 saying unto them, It
It is written, My unto them, Is it not is written, My house house shall be called written,
,? My house
is the house of prayer: the house of prayer ;
shall be called of all but ye have made it a but ye have made it a nations the house of 47 den of thieves. And den of thieves.
prayer ? but ye have he taught daily in the
made it a den of temple. But the chief 18 thieves. And the priests and the scribes scribes and
chief and the chief of the priests heard it, and people sought to desought how they might destroy him : for 48 stroy him, and could
they feared him, because all the people not find what they 19 was astonished at his doctrine. And might do: for all the
when even was come, he went out of the people were very atcity.
tentive to hear him.
LUKE XXI, 37, 38. 37 And in the day time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went 38 out, and abode in the mount that is called the mount of Olives. And all the
people came early in the morning to him in the temple, for to hear him.
MARK XI. 20-26.
§ 114. THE BARREN FIG TREE WITHERS AWAY.-Between Bethany and Jerusalem.
Third Day of the Week.
20 And in the morning, as they
passed by, they saw the fig_tree
21 dried up from the roots. And Peter 20 And when the disciples saw it, calling to remembrance saith unto
they marvelled, saying, How soon him, Master, behold, the fig tree
is the fig tree withered away! which thou cursedst is withered 21 Jesus answered and said unto them, 22 away. And Jesus answering saith
Verily I say unto you, If ye have 23 unto them, Have faith in God. For faith, and doubt not, ye shall not verily I say unto you, That whoonly do this which is done to the soever_shall say unto this mounfig tree, but also if ye shall say tain,' Be thou removed, and be thou unto this mountain,'Be thou re- cast into the sea; and shall not
moved, and be thou cast into the doubt in his heart, but shall believe 22 sea; it shall be done. And all that those things which he saith
things, whatsoever ye shall ask in shall come to pass; he shall have prayer believing, ye shall receive. 24 whatsoever he saith. Therefore I
i Comp. Deut. 14. 2426.
3 The account of the withering away of the fig tree might well in itself be connected with the
preceding Section. But according to Mark 11. 20, this occurrence took place on the subsequent day.
& Comp. I Cor. 13. 2.
say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that 25 ye receive them, and ye shall have them. And when ye stand praying,
forgive, if ye have aught against any: that your Father also which is in 26 heaven may forgive you your trespasses. But if ye do not forgive, neither
will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses."
§ 115. CHRIST'S AUTHORITY QUESTIONED.
PARABLE OF THE TWO SOXS.
Third Day of the Week.
LUKE XX. 1-8.
MATT. XXI. 23-32.
MARK XI. 27-33. 27 And they come again 1 And it came to pass,
to Jerusalem : and as that on one of those 23 And when he was he was walking in the days, as he taught the
come into the temple, temple, there come to people in the temple, the chief priests and him the chief priests, and preached the gosthe elders of the people and the scribes, and pel, the chief priests came unto him as he 28 the elders, and say unto and the scribes came was teaching, and said, him, By what author- upon him with the eldBy what authority2 do- ity?' doest thou these 2 ers, and spake unto est thou these things ? 3 things ?3 and who gave him, saying, Tellus, and who gave thee
this thee this authority to by what authority do 24 authority? And Jesus 29 do these things? And est thou these things ? 3
answered and said un- Jesus answered and or who is he that gave to them, I also will ask said unto them, I will thee this authority ? you one thing, which
also ask of you one
3 And he answered and if ye tell me, I in like question, and answer said unto them, I will wise will tell you by me, and I will tell you also ask you one thing; what authority I do by what authority I
and answer me: 25 these things. The bap- 30 do these things. The 4
The tism of John, whence baptism of John, was baptism of John, was was it? from heaven, it from heaven, or of it from heaven, or of or of men? And they 31 men? answer me. And 5 men? And they reareasoned with them- they reasoned with soned with themselves, selves, saying, If we themselves, saying, If saying, If we shall say, shall say, From hea- we shall say, From From heaven; he will ven; he will say unto heaven; he will say, say, Why then believed
us, Why did ye not Why then did ye not 6 ye him not? But and 26 then believe him? But 32 believe him? But if if we say, Of men; all if we shall say, Of we shall say,
the people will stone men; we fear the peo- they feared the people: .us: for they be perple; for all hold John for all men counted suaded that John was as a prophet.
John, that he was a 7 a prophet. And they 27
And 33 prophet indeed. And answered, that they they answered Jesus, they answered and could not tell whence and said, We cannot said unto Jesus, We 8 it was. And Jesus tell. And he said un- cannot tell. And Jesus said unto them, Neito them, Neither tell I answering saith unto ther tell I you by what you by what authority them, Neither do I tell authority I do these I do these things.
you by what authority things. 28 But what think ye? I do these things.
A certain man had two
1 Matt. 6. 15.
2 Comp. Acts 4. 7. 3 Doest thou these things: meaning particu
larly the clearing of the temple ; see § 113.
4 Matt. 14. 5; John 5. 35.