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INTRODUCTORY NOTE CONTINUED. supper; is betrayed and apprehended ; $$ 133–143. He is brought first before Caiaphas, and then in the morning before Pilate; is condemned, crucified, and before sunset laid in the sepulchre ; $$ 144–158. The Jewish sabbath. Our Lord rests in the sepulchre. Jesus rises from the dead at early dawn; see § 159 and Note.

16. 7. SAT. 17. 1. SUND,

§ 112. OUR LORD'S PUBLIC ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM.-Bethany, Jerusalem,

First Day of the Week.

come

man

JOHN XII. 12-19, 12 On the next day' much people that were come to the feast, when they

heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,MATT. XXI. 1-11, 1417.

MARK XI. 1-11.

LUKE XIX. 29-44. 1 And when they drew 1 And when they came 29

And it came to pass, nigh unto Jerusalem, nigh to

Jerusalem,

when he was and were come to Beth- unto Bethphage and nigh to Bethphage and phage, unto the mount Bethany, at the mount Bethany, at the mount

of Olives, then sent Je- of Olives, he sendeth called the mount of 2 sus two disciples, say- forth two of his disci- Olives, he sent two of

ing unto them, Go into 2 ples, and saith unto 30 his disciples, saying, thevillage over against them, Go your way into Go ye into the village you, and straightway the village over against over against you ; in ye shall find an ass you: and as soon as the which at your entied, and a colt with ye be entered into it, tering ye shall find a her : loose them, and ye shall find a colt tied, colt tied, whereon yet bring them unto me. whereon never

never man sat: loose

sat; loose him, and him, and bring him 3 And if any man say 3 bring him. And if any 31 hither.

And if any aught unto you, ye man say unto you, Why man ask you, Why do shall say, The Lord do ye this? say ye that ye loose him ? thus hath need of them ; the Lord hath need of shall

ye say unto and straightway he him; and straightway him, Because the Lord will

them.- he will send him hither. hath need of him. 6 And the disciples went, 4 And they went their 32 And they that were and did as Jesus comway,and found the colt

sent went their way, manded them,

tied by the door with- and found even as he · out in a place where had said unto them.

two ways met ; and 33 And as they were loos5 they loose him. And

ing the colt, the owncertain of them that ers thereof said unto stood there said unto them, Why loose ye the

them, What do ye, 34 colt? And they said, 6 loosing the colt? And The Lord hath need of

they said unto them
even as Jesus had com-

manded: and they let 7 and brought the ass,

And they 35 him. And they brought

send

7 them go.

1 On the next day, that is, after the arrival at Bethany, not after the supper in Simon's house (see $ 131). This was the 10th of Nisan, on which day the paschal lamb was set apart (Ex. 12. 3). Might not our Lord's choice of this day for mak

ing his public entry into Jerusalem and the temple have reference to the fact, that he himself was the true Passover which was then to be slain for us (1 Cor. 5. 7)?

G

MATT. XXI.

LUKE XIX.

him;

on.

MARK XI.

JOHN XII.

LUKE XIX.

as

a

he was

MARK XI. and the colt, and put brought the colt to Je- him to Jesus : and they on them their clothes, sus, and cast their

gar

cast their garments and they set him there- ments on and he

upon the colt, and they sat upon him.

set Jesus thereon. MATT. XXI.

JOHN XII. 4 All this was done, that it might be 14 And Jesus, when he had found a

fulfilled which was spoken by the young ass, sat thereon; as it is 5 prophet, saying,' Tell ye the 15 written, Fear not, daughter of

daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King Sion : behold, thy King cometh, sitcometh unto thee, meek, and sit- ting on an ass's colt. ting upon an ass, and a colt the

foal of an ass. — 8 And very 8 And many 36 And

they great multitude

spreadtheir gar- went, they spread their gar- ments in the spread their ments in the way: 2 and O

clothes in the 13 took branches way;2 others cut

thers cut down 37 way. And when of palm trees, down branches branches off the

come and went forth from the trees, trees, and straw- nigh, even now to meet him, and strawed

ed them in the at the descent them in the way. 9 way. And they

of the mount 9 And the multi- that went be- of Olives, the

tudes that went fore, and they whole multi-
before, and that that followed, tude of the dis-
followed, cried, cried, saying, ciples began to

rejoice and
praise God with
a loud voice for
all the mighty

works that they saying, Hosan- Hosanna; Bless- 38 had seen; say- and cried, Ho na to the Son of ed is he that ing, Blessed be sanna: Blessed David : Blessed cometh in the the King that is the King of is he that com

of the cometh in the Israel that cometh in the name 10 Lord : 3 Blessed

of the eth in the name of the Lord ; 3 be the kingdom Lord: peace in

of the Lord.3 Hosanna in the of our

father heaven,and glohighest.

David,thatcom- ry in the high-
eth in the name

est.4
of the Lord :
Hosanna in the
highest.

JOHN XII. 16 These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus

was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, 17 and that they had done these things unto him. The people therefore that

was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from 18 the dead, bare record. For this cause the people also met him, for that 19 they heard that he had done this miracle. The Pharisees therefore said

among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing ? behold, the world is gone after him.' [See in g 125.]

name

name

1 Zech. 9. 9.

2 This spreading of garments and branches on the way was a custom observed in token of honour and welcome for a king : comp. 2 Kings 9. 13.

3 Comp. Psa. 118. 25.
• Comp. Luke 2. 14.
5 Comp. John 14. 26.
6 John 11. 43.

LUKE XIX.

39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, 40 Master, rebuke thy disciples. And he answered and said unto them, I tell

you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately 41 cry out. And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over 42 it, saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the

things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. 43 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench 44 about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, and

shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation." MATT. XXI.

MARK XI. 10 And when he was come into Je- 11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem,

rusalem, all the city was moved, and into the temple: and when he had 11 saying, Who is this? And the mul- looked round about upon all things, –

titude said, This is Jesus the pro14 phet? of Nazareth of Galilee. And the blind and the lame 15 came to him in the temple; and he healed them. And when

the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying,

Hosanna to the Son of David ; they were sore displeased, 16 and said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus

saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, 3 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou

hast perfected praise ? 17 And he left them, and went out 11 —and now the even tide was come,

of the city into Bethany; and he he went out unto Bethany with the lodged there.

twelve.

MARK XI.

§ 113. THE BARREN FIG TREE. THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE.- Bethany,

Jerusalem.

Second Day of the Week.
MATT. XXI. 12, 13, 18, 19,

MARK XI. 12-19. 18 Now in the morning 4 as he re- 12 And on the morrow,' when they

turned into the city, he hungered. were come from Bethany, he was 19 And when he saw a fig trees in the 13 hungry: and seeing a fig trees

way, he came to it, and found no- afar off having leaves, he came, if thing thereon, but leaves only, and haply he might find any thing said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thereon : and when he came to it, thee henceforward for ever. And he found nothing but leaves; for presently the fig tree withered 14 the time of figs was not yet. And away.

Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for

ever. And his disciples heard MATT. XXI.

LUKE XIX. 45-48. 12 And Jesus went into 15 And they come to 45 And he went into the

the temple of God, Jerusalem : and Jesus temple, and began to

MARK XI.

and cast out all them went into the temple, cast out them that sold 1 Luke 1. 68, 78. % Comp. Luke 7. 16. leave of the temple, to which he returned no 3 Psa. 8. 2. Comp. 1 Cor. 1. 27–29.

4 This specifies the time very exactly. On the 5 A fig tree. On mount Olivet, over which our cleansing of the temple, see Note on $ 21. Lord was passing, there grew not only olives but

Luke 21. 37, 38 is inserted in this section, be- also fig trees, as the name of the place, Bethphage, cause in Luke's order it is only retrospective; (see in $ 112,) clearly indicates, for it signifies being placed after our Lord's discourses on the

(). mount of Olives, when he had already taken 6 Comp. John 2. 13–17,

more.

MATT. XXI.

• MARK XI.

LUXE XIX.

1

that sold and bought and began to cast out therein, and them that in the temple, and them that sold and bought;' overthrew the tables of bought in the temple, the moneychangers, and overthrew the taand the seats of them bles of the moneythat sold doves,

changers, and the seats

of them that sold
16 doves ;' and would not

suffer that any man
should carry any vessel

through the temple. 13 and said unto them, 17 And he taught, saying 46 saying unto them, It

It is written, My unto them, Is it not is written, My house house shall be called written,

,? My house

is the house of prayer: the house of prayer ;

shall be called of all but ye have made it a but ye have made it a nations the house of 47 den of thieves. And den of thieves.

prayer ? but ye have he taught daily in the

made it a den of temple. But the chief 18 thieves. And the priests and the scribes scribes and

chief and the chief of the priests heard it, and people sought to desought how they might destroy him : for 48 stroy him, and could

they feared him, because all the people not find what they 19 was astonished at his doctrine. And might do: for all the

when even was come, he went out of the people were very atcity.

tentive to hear him.

LUKE XXI, 37, 38. 37 And in the day time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went 38 out, and abode in the mount that is called the mount of Olives. And all the

people came early in the morning to him in the temple, for to hear him.

MARK XI. 20-26.

§ 114. THE BARREN FIG TREE WITHERS AWAY.-Between Bethany and Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.
MATT. XXI. 20-22.

20 And in the morning, as they

passed by, they saw the fig_tree

21 dried up from the roots. And Peter 20 And when the disciples saw it, calling to remembrance saith unto

they marvelled, saying, How soon him, Master, behold, the fig tree

is the fig tree withered away! which thou cursedst is withered 21 Jesus answered and said unto them, 22 away. And Jesus answering saith

Verily I say unto you, If ye have 23 unto them, Have faith in God. For faith, and doubt not, ye shall not verily I say unto you, That whoonly do this which is done to the soever_shall say unto this mounfig tree, but also if ye shall say tain,' Be thou removed, and be thou unto this mountain,'Be thou re- cast into the sea; and shall not

moved, and be thou cast into the doubt in his heart, but shall believe 22 sea; it shall be done. And all that those things which he saith

things, whatsoever ye shall ask in shall come to pass; he shall have prayer believing, ye shall receive. 24 whatsoever he saith. Therefore I

i Comp. Deut. 14. 2426.
2 Isa. 56. 7. Comp. Jer. 7. 11.

3 The account of the withering away of the fig tree might well in itself be connected with the

preceding Section. But according to Mark 11. 20, this occurrence took place on the subsequent day.

& Comp. I Cor. 13. 2.

MARK XI.

say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that 25 ye receive them, and ye shall have them. And when ye stand praying,

forgive, if ye have aught against any: that your Father also which is in 26 heaven may forgive you your trespasses. But if ye do not forgive, neither

will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses."

§ 115. CHRIST'S AUTHORITY QUESTIONED.

Jerusalem.

PARABLE OF THE TWO SOXS.

Third Day of the Week.

LUKE XX. 1-8.

MATT. XXI. 23-32.

MARK XI. 27-33. 27 And they come again 1 And it came to pass,

to Jerusalem : and as that on one of those 23 And when he was he was walking in the days, as he taught the

come into the temple, temple, there come to people in the temple, the chief priests and him the chief priests, and preached the gosthe elders of the people and the scribes, and pel, the chief priests came unto him as he 28 the elders, and say unto and the scribes came was teaching, and said, him, By what author- upon him with the eldBy what authority2 do- ity?' doest thou these 2 ers, and spake unto est thou these things ? 3 things ?3 and who gave him, saying, Tellus, and who gave thee

this thee this authority to by what authority do 24 authority? And Jesus 29 do these things? And est thou these things ? 3

answered and said un- Jesus answered and or who is he that gave to them, I also will ask said unto them, I will thee this authority ? you one thing, which

also ask of you one

3 And he answered and if ye tell me, I in like question, and answer said unto them, I will wise will tell you by me, and I will tell you also ask you one thing; what authority I do by what authority I

and answer me: 25 these things. The bap- 30 do these things. The 4

The tism of John, whence baptism of John, was baptism of John, was was it? from heaven, it from heaven, or of it from heaven, or of or of men? And they 31 men? answer me. And 5 men? And they reareasoned with them- they reasoned with soned with themselves, selves, saying, If we themselves, saying, If saying, If we shall say, shall say, From hea- we shall say, From From heaven; he will ven; he will say unto heaven; he will say, say, Why then believed

us, Why did ye not Why then did ye not 6 ye him not? But and 26 then believe him? But 32 believe him? But if if we say, Of men; all if we shall say, Of we shall say,

the people will stone men; we fear the peo- they feared the people: .us: for they be perple; for all hold John for all men counted suaded that John was as a prophet.

John, that he was a 7 a prophet. And they 27

And 33 prophet indeed. And answered, that they they answered Jesus, they answered and could not tell whence and said, We cannot said unto Jesus, We 8 it was. And Jesus tell. And he said un- cannot tell. And Jesus said unto them, Neito them, Neither tell I answering saith unto ther tell I you by what you by what authority them, Neither do I tell authority I do these I do these things.

you by what authority things. 28 But what think ye? I do these things.

A certain man had two
sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in

Of men;

1 Matt. 6. 15.

2 Comp. Acts 4. 7. 3 Doest thou these things: meaning particu

larly the clearing of the temple ; see § 113.

4 Matt. 14. 5; John 5. 35.

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