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• MARK XI.

LUKE XIX.

1

MATT. XXI. that sold and bought and began to cast out therein, and them that in the temple, and them that sold and bought; overthrew the tables of bought in the temple, the moneychangers, and overthrew the taand the seats of them bles of the moneythat sold doves,

changers, and the seats

of them that sold
16 doves ;' and would not

suffer that any man
should carry any vessel

through the temple. 13 and said unto them, 17 And he taught, saying 46 saying unto them, It

It is written, My unto them, Is it not is written,? My house house shall be called written,? My house

is the house of prayer: the house of prayer ;

shall be called of all but ye have made it a but ye have made it a nations the house of 47 den of thieves. And den of thieves.

prayer ? but ye have he taught daily in the

made it a den of temple. But the chief 18 thieves. And the priests and the scribes

scribes and chief and the chief of the

priests heard it, and people sought to desought how they might destroy him : for 48 stroy him, and could

they feared him, because all the people not find what they 19 was astonished at his doctrine. And might do: for all the

when even was come, he went out of the people were very atcity.

tentive to hear him.

LUKE XXI. 37, 38. 37 And in the day time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went 38 out, and abode in the mount that is called the mount of Olives. And all the

people came early in the morning to him in the temple, for to hear him.

§ 114. THE BARREN FIG TREE WITHERS AWAY.Between Bethany and Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.
MATT. XXI. 20-22.

MARK XI. 20—26.
20 And in the morning, as they

passed by, they saw the fig tree

21 dried up from the roots. And Peter 20 And when the disciples saw it, calling to remembrance saith unto

they marvelled, saying, How soon him, Master, behold, the fig tree

is the fig tree withered away! which thou cursedst is withered 21 Jesus answered and said unto them, 22 away. And Jesus answering saith

Verily I say unto you, If ye have 23 unto them, Have faith in God. For faith, and doubt not, ye shall not verily I say unto you, That whoonly do this which is done to the soever shall say unto this mounfig tree, but also if

ye
shall

say tain, Be thou removed, and be thou unto this mountain,4 Be thou re- cast' into the sea; and shall not

moved, and be thou cast into the doubt in his heart, but shall believe 22 sea; it shall be done. And all that those things which he saith

things, whatsoever ye shall ask in shall come to pass; he shall have prayer believing, ye shall receive. 24 whatsoever he saith. Therefore I

1

preceding Section. But according to Mark 11. 20, this occurrence took place on the subsequent day.

Comp. Deut. 14. 24-26. 2 Isa. 56. 7. Comp. Jer. 7. 11.

3 The account of the withering away of the fig tree might well in itself be connected with the

& Comp. 1 Cor. 13. 2.

MARK XI.

say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that 25 ye receive them, and ye shall have them. And when ye stand praying,

forgive, if ye have aught against any: that your Father also which is in 26 heaven may forgive you your trespasses. But if ye do not forgive, neither

will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses."

PARABLE OF THE TWO SONS.

§ 115. CHRIST'S AUTHORITY QUESTIONED.

Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.

MATT. XXI. 23–32.
MARK XI. 27-33.

LUKE XX. 1-8.
27 And they come again 1

And it came to pass, to Jerusalem : and as that on one of those 23 And when he was he was walking in the days, as he taught the

come into the temple, temple, there come to people in the temple, the chief priests and him the chief priests, and preached the gosthe elders of the people and the scribes, and pel, the chief priests came unto him as he 28 the elders, and say unto

and the scribes came was teaching, and said, him, By what author- upon him with the eldBy what authority2 do- ity?' doest thou these 2 ers, and spake unto est thou these things ? 3 things?3 and who gave him, saying, Tellus, and who gave thee

this thee this authority to by what authority? do24 authority? And Jesus 29 do these things ? And est thou these things ? 3

answered and said un- Jesus answered and or who is he that gave to them, I also will ask said unto them, I will thee this authority ? you one thing, which

also ask of you one

3 And he answered and if ye tell me, I in like question, and answer said unto them, I will wise will tell you by me, and I will tell you also ask you one thing;

what authority I do by what authority I and answer me: 25 these things. The bap- 30 do these things.

The 4

The tism of John, whence baptism of John, was baptism of John, was was it? from heaven, it from heaven, or of it from heaven, or of or of men? And they 31 men? answer me. And 5 men? And they reareasoned with them- they reasoned with soned with themselves, selves, saying, If we themselves, saying, If saying, If we shall say, shall say, From hea- we shall say, From From heaven; he will ven; he will say unto heaven; he will say, say, Why then believed

us, Why did ye not Why then did ye not 6 ye him not? But and 26 then believe him? But 32 believe him? But if if we say, Of men; all

if we shall say, Of we shall say, Of men; the people will stone men; we fear the peo- they feared the people: .us: for they be perple; for all hold John for all men counted suaded that John was as a prophet.

John, that he was a 7 a prophet.* And they 27

And 33 prophet indeed. And answered, that they they answered Jesus, they answered and could not tell whence and said, We cannot said unto Jesus, We 8 it was. And Jesus tell. And he said un- cannot tell. And Jesus said unto them, Neito them, Neither tell I answering saith unto ther tell I you by what you by what authority them, Neither do I tell authority I do these I do these things.

you by what authority things. 28 But what think ye? I do these things.

A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in 1 Matt. 6. 15.

2 Comp. Acts 4. 7. larly the clearing of the temple; see § 113. 3 Doest thou these things : meaning particu- 4 Matt. 14. 5; John 5. 35.

MATT. XXI.

29 my vineyard. He answered and said, I will not: but afterward 30 he repented, and went. And he came to the second, and said

likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir : and 'went not. 31 Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto

him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That

the publicans and harlots go into the kingdom of God before you. 32 For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye be

lieved him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him :: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.

§ 116. PARABLE OF THE WICKED HUSBANDMEN.Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.

was

a

a

MATT. XXI. 33–46.
MARK XII. 1-12.

LUKE XX. 9-19. 33

Hear another para- 1 And he began to 9 Then began he to ble : There

speak unto them by speak to the people certain householder, parables. A certain this parable; A certain which planted a vine- man planted a vine- man planted a vineyard, and hedged it yard, and set an hedge yard, and let it forth round about, and dig

about it, and digged a to husbandmen, and ged a winepress in it, place for the winefat, went into a far counand built a tower, and and built a tower, and try for a long time. let it out to husband- let it out to husband

men, and went into a men, and went into a 34 far country: and when 2 far country. And at 10 And at the season he

the time of the fruit the season he sent to sent a servant to the drew near, he sent his the husbandmen husbandmen, that they servants to the hus- servant, that he might should give him of the bandmen, that they receive from the hus- fruit of the vineyard :

might receive the fruits bandmen of the fruit but the husbandmen 35 of it. And the hus- 3 of the vineyard. And beat him, and sent him bandmen took his sery- they caught him, and

away empty. ants, and beat one,3 beat him, and sent and killed another, 4 him away empty. And 11

And again and stoned another.5 again he sent unto he sent another serv36 Again, he sent other them another servant; ant : and they beat

servants more than the and at him they cast him also, and entreatfirst : and they did stones, and wounded ed him shamefully, and unto them likewise. him in the head, and sent him away empty.

sent him away shame- 12 And again he sent a 5 fully handled. And third: and they wound

again he sent another; ed him also, and cast and him they killed, 13 him out. Then said and many others; beat- the lord of the vine

ing some, and killing yard, What shall I do? 37 But last of all he sent 6 some. Having yet I will send my beloved

unto them his son, therefore one son, his son :6 it may be they saying, They will re- wellbeloved, he sent

will
reverence

him 38 verence my son. But him also last unto when they see him,

I Luke 7, 29, 30. 2 Comp. Isa. 5, 1-4.
3 Jer. 37. 15; 38. 6. 4 Jer. 26. 20-23,
5 2 Chron. 24. 21.

6. His only and beloved son. This place is very striking and important, as showing how Christ

made an essential distinction between himself and all former messengers of God: they were but servants, while he stood in the wholly peculiar relation of Son to God, that is, he was a Divine person : compare Heb, 1. 1-3, and 3, 5, 5. 1 Psa. 118. 22.

MATT. XXI.

MARK XII.

LUKE XX.

ance.

when the husbandmen them, saying, They 14 But when the husbandsaw the son, they said will reverence my son. men saw him, they reaamong

themselves, 7 But those husbandmen soned among themThis is the heir; come,

said
among

them- selves, saying, This is let us kill him, and selves, This is the heir; the heir : come, let us us seize on his inherit

come, let us kill him, kill him, that the in

and the inheritance heritance may be our's. 39 And they caught 8 shall be our's. And 15 So they cast him out

him, and cast him out of they took him, and of the vineyard, and

the vineyard, and slew killed him, and cast killed him. What 40 him, When the lord him out of the vine- therefore shall the lord

therefore of the vine 9 yard. What shall of the vineyard do unto yard cometh, what will therefore the lord of 16 them ? He shall come

he do unto those hus- the vineyard do? He and destroy these hus41 bandmen? They say will come and destroy bandmen, and shall

unto him, He will mi- the husbandmen, and give the vineyard to serably destroy those will give the vineyard others. And when wicked men, and will unto others.

they heard it, they let out his vineyard

said, God forbid. unto other husbandmen, which shall ren

der him the fruits in 42 their seasons. Jesus saith unto them, Did 10

And have 17

And he ye never read in the

ye not read this Scrip- beheld them, and said, Scriptures, The stone ture;1 The stone which What is this then that which the builders re- the builders rejected is is written, The stone jected, the same is be- become the head of which the builders recome the head of the 11 the corner: this was jected, the same is becorner: this is the the Lord's doing, and come the head of the Lord's doing, and it is it is marvellous in our

corner ? marvellous in our eyes? eyes? 43 Therefore say I unto

you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing

forth the fruits there44 of.2 And whosoever

18 Whosoever shall fall shall fall on this stone

upon that stone shall shall be broken : but

be broken; but on on whomsoever it shall

whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him

fall, it will grind him 45 to powder. And when

19 to powder. And the the chief priests and 12

And they

chief priests and the Pharisees had heard sought to lay hold on scribes the same hour his parables, they per- him, but feared the sought to lay hands on

ceived that he spake people: for they knew him; and they feared 46 of them. But when that he had spoken the the people : for they

they sought to lay parable against them: perceived that he had hands on him, they and they left him, and spoken this parable feared the multitude, went their way.

against them, because they took him for a prophet.

Comp. Acts 13. 46–48.

Comp. Isa. 8. 14, 15; Zech. 12. 3; Dan. 2. 34, 35, 44.

§ 117. PARABLE OF THE MARRIAGE OF THE KING's son.-Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.

MATT. XXII, 1-14.

1 And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by. parables, and said, 2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage 3 for his son, and sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to 4 the wedding: and they would not come.? Again, he sent forth other serv

ants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my

dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come 5 unto the marriage. But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to 6 his farm, another to his merchandise: and the remnant took his servants, 7 and entreated them spitefully, and slew them. But when the king heard

thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those 8 murderers, and burned up their city. Then saith he to his servants, The 9 wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy. Go ye

therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the mar10 riage. So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered toge

ther all as many as they found, both bad and good : and the wedding was 11 furnished with guests. And when the king came in to see the guests, he 12 saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment: and he saith unto

him, Friend, how camest thou in hither 3 not having a wedding garment? 13 And he was speechless. Then said the king to the servants, Bind him

hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness ;' there 14 shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. For many are called, but few

are chosen.5

§ 118. INSIDIOUS QUESTION OF THE PHARISEES AND HERODIANS : TRIBUTE TO

CÆSAR. -Jerusalem.
Third Day of the Week.

MATT. XXII. 15–22.

MARK XII. 13-17.

LUKE XX. 20-26.

15 Then went the Pha- 13 And they send unto 20 And they watched

risees, and took coun- him certain of the Pha- him, and sent forth sel how they might en- risees and of the He- spies, which should

tangle him in his talk. rodians,6 to catch him feign themselves just 16 And they sent out un- 14 in his words. And men, that they might to him their disciples when they were come,

take hold of his words, with the Herodians, they say unto him, that so they might desaying, Master, we Master, we know that liver him unto the know that thou art thou art true, and power and authority of true, and teachest the carest for no man : for 21 the governor. And way of God in truth, thou regardest not the they asked him, sayneither carest thou for

person of men, but ing, Master, we know any man : for thou re

teachest the way of that thou sayest and gardest not the person God in truth :

teachest rightly, nei17 of men. Tell us there

ther acceptest thou the fore, What thinkest

person of any, but Comp. Luke 14. 16–18; Rev. 19. 6–9. wedding chamber, into the darkness outside (TÒ 2 Comp. John 5. 40; Rom. 10. 16–21.

OKÓTOS TÒ È Futepov), in the pitchy night-time.3 How camest thou, &c. It was the custom for The wedding garment probably denotes the princes to provide garments for their guests to righteousness of faith, which is God's gracious wear on such occasions, and therefore the man gift to every humble soul, Rom. 3. 22—24 ; Phil. was without excuse and speechless; or rather his 3. 9. neglect indicated a proud disregard of the king's 4 Matt. 8. 12.

5 Matt. 20. 16. pleasure; so that he was justly thrust out of the 6 See Note ' on § 38.

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