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LUKE XX.

MATT. XXII.

MARK XII. thou? Is it lawful to

Is it lawful to teachest the way of give tribute unto Cæ- give tribute to Cæsar, 22 God truly : Is it law18 sar, or not? But Jesus 15 or not? Shall we give, ful for us to give tri

perceived their wick- or shall we not give ? bute unto Cæsar, or no? edness, and said, Why But he, knowing their 23 But he perceived their

tempt ye me, ye hypo- hypocrisy, said unto craftiness, and said 19 crites? show me the them, Why tempt ye unto them, Why tempt

tribute money. And me? bring me a penny, 24 ye me? Show me a

they brought unto him 16 that I may see it. And penny. Whose image 20 a penny.' And he saith they brought it. And and superscription

unto them, Whose is he saith unto them, hath it? " They anthis image and super

Whose is this image swered and said, Cæ21 scription? They say and superscription ? 25 sar's. And he said

unto him, Cæsar's. And they said unto unto them, Render Then saith he unto 17 him, Cæsar's. And therefore unto Cæsar them, Render there- Jesus answering, said the things which be fore unto Cæsar the unto them, Render to Cæsar's, and unto God things which are Cæ- Cæsar the things that the things which be sar's ;2 and unto God are Cæsar's, and to 26 God's.3 And they

the things that are God the things that could not take hold of 22 God's.3

When they are God's. And they his words before the had heard these words,

marvelled at him. people: and they marthey marvelled, and

velled at his answer, left him, and went

and held their peace.

their way,

$ 119. INSIDIOUS QUESTION OF THE SADDUCEES: THE RESURRECTION.Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.

MATT. XXII. 23–33.
MARK XII. 18-27,

LUKE XX. 27-40. 23 The same day came 18 Then come unto him 27 Then came to him

to him the Sadducees, the Sadducees, which certain of the Sadduwhich say that there is say there is no resur- cees, which deny that no resurrection, and rection; and they ask- there is any resurrecasked him, ed him, saying,

tion; and they asked 24 saying, 19

Master, 28 him, saying, Master, Master, Moses said, Moses wrote unto us,

Moses wrote unto us, If a man die, having If a man's brother die, If any man's brother no children, his bro and leave his wife be- die, having a wife, and ther shall marry his hind him, and leave no he die without chilwife, and raise up seed children, that his bro- dren, that his brother unto his brother.

ther should take his should take his wife, wife, and raise up seed and raise up seed

unto 25

Now there 20 unto his brother. Now 29 his brother. There were with us

seven there were seven bre- were therefore seven brethren: and the first, thren: and the first brethren : and the first when he had married took a wife, and dying took a wife, and died a wife, deceased, and, 21 left no seed. And the 30 without children. And having no issue, left second took her, and the second took her to

his wife unto his bro- died, neither left he wife, and he died child26 ther : likewise the any seed: and the 31 less. And the third second also, and the 22 third likewise. And took her; and in like

penny: the Roman denarius (equal to 7bd. 2 Rom. 13. 7. of our money) was the coin in which the tribute 3 Dan. 3. 16-18; 6. 10–13; Acts 5. 29, (or rather poll-tax, census) had to be paid.

4 Deut. 25. 5. Comp. Gen. 38. 8.

LUKE XX.

MATT. XXII.

MARK XII. third, unto the seventh. the seven had her, and manner the seven also: 27 And last of all the left no seed : last of all and they left no chilwoman died also. the woman died also. 32 dren, and died. Last

of all the woman died 28

Therefore 23 In the resurrection 33 also. Therefore in the in the resurrection therefore, when they resurrection whose whose wife shall she shall rise, whose wife wife of them is she?

be of the seven ? for shall she be of them? for seven had her to 29 they all had her. Je- for the seven had her 34 wife. And Jesus ansus answered and said 24 to wife. And Jesus

swering said unto unto them, Ye do err, answering said unto them, The children of not knowing the Scrip- them, Do ye not there

this world marry, and tures, nor the power fore err, because ye are given in marriage : of God.

know not the Scrip- 35 but they which shall

tures, neither the be accounted worthy 30

For in the 25 power of God? For to obtain that world, resurrection they nei- when they shall rise and the resurrection ther marry, nor are from the dead, they from the dead, neither given in marriage, but neither marry, nor are marry, nor are given are as the angels of given in marriage; but 36 in marriage: neither God in heaven.

are as the angels which can they die any more: are in heaven.

for they are equal unto the angels; and are

the children of God, 31 But as 26

being the children of touching the resurrec- touching the dead, that 37 the resurrection. Now tion of the dead, have they rise: have ye not that the dead are raisye not read that which read in the book of ed, even Moses' show

was spoken unto you Moses, how in the ed at the bush, when 32 by God, saying, I am bush Ġod spake unto he calleth the Lord the

the God of Abraham, him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and and the God of Isaac, God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and and the God of Jacob? the God of Isaac, and 38 the God of Jacob. For God is not the God of 27 the God of Jacob? He he is not a God of the

the dead, but of the is not the God of the dead, but of the living: 33 living. And when the dead, but the God of for all live unto him.

multitude heard this, the living : ye there- 39 Then certain of the they were astonished fore do greatly err. scribes answering said, at his doctrine.

Master, thou hast 40 well said. And after

that they durst not ask him any question at all.

And as

$ 120. A LAWYER QUESTIONS JESUS. THE TWO GREAT COMMANDMENTS.

Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.
MATT. XXII. 34-40.

MARK XII. 28–34. 34 But when the Pharisees had heard 28 And one of the scribes came, and

that he had put the Sadducees to si- having heard them reasoning togelence, they were gathered together. ther, and perceiving that he had an

Our Lord, in dealing with the Sadducees, Moses showed," &c. In other books of the Old takes his proof from the Pentateuch, because to Testament we find ampler and clearer proof, e. g. that alone they allowed Divine authority. He Dan. 12. 2, 3; Hos. 13. 14. meets them on their own ground, saying, “even

2 Ex. 3. 6.

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35 Then one of them, which was a law- swered them well, asked him, Which

yer, asked him a question, tempting is the first commandment of all ? 36 him, and saying, Master, which is 29 And Jesus answered him, The first

the great commandment in the law ? of all the commandments is,' Hear, 37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt O Israel; The Lord our God is one

love the Lord thy God with all thy 30 Lord: and thou shalt love the Lord

heart, and with all thy soul, and thy God with all thy heart, and with 38 with all thy mind. This is the first all thy soul, and with all thy mind, 39 and great commandment. And the and with all thy strength : this is

second is like unto it, 2 Thou shalt 31 the first commandment. And the 40 love thy neighbour as thyself. On second is like, namely this,2 Thou

these two commandments hang all shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. the law and the prophets.

There is none other commandment

32 greater than these. And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there 33 is one God; and there is none other but he: and to love him with

all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul,

and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is 34 more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices. And when

Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art
not far from the kindgom of God. And no man after that durst
ask him any question.
$ 121. HOW IS CHRIST THE SON OF DAVID ?-Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.
MATT. XXII. 41-46.
MARK XII. 35-37.

LUKE XX. 41-44. 41 While the Pharisees

were gathered toge- 35 And Jesus answered

ther, Jesus asked them, and said, while he 42 saying, What think ye taught in the temple, 41 And he said unto

of Christ? whose son How say the scribes them, How say they is he? They say unto that Christ is the Son that Christ is David's

him, The Son of David. of David ? 43 He saith unto them, 36

For David 42 And David himHow then doth David himself said 4 by the self saith in the book

in spirit* call him Holy Ghost, 5 "The of Psalms,: The LORD 44 Lord, saying, The LORD said to my said unto my Lord, Sit

LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my thou on my right hand, Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make 43 till I make thine eneright hand, till I make thine enemies thy foot- mies thy footstool.6

thine enemies thy foot- 37 stool.6 David there- 44 David therefore call45 stool? 6 If David then fore himself calleth eth him Lord, how is

call him Lord, how is him Lord; and whence he then his son? 46 he his son ?? And no is he then his son?

man was able to answer And the common peo-
him a word, neither ple heard him gladly.
durst any man from
that day forth ask him
any more questions.

son ?

1 Deut. 6. 4, 5,
2 Lev. 19. 18. Comp. Luke 10. 29—37.
3 1 Sam. 15. 22; Mic. 6. 6-8.
Comp. 2 Sam. 23. 2.

5 Psa. 110. 1.
6 Comp. Acts 2. 34, 35; 1 Cor. 15. 25.
? If David then calls him Lord, &c. These

words were intended to intimate, that the Messiah was to be greater, and yet less, than David, by being at once Divine and human in his nature; and that consequently he was to be not an earthly, but a spiritual King.

4

§ 122. WARNINGS AGAINST THE EVIL EXAMPLE OF THE SCRIBES AND PAARISEES.

Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.
MARK XII. 38, 39.

LUKE XX. 45, 46. 38 And he said unto them in his doc- 45 Then in the audience of all the

trine, Beware of the scribes, which people he said unto his disciples, love to go in long clothing, and love 46 Beware of the scribes, which desire

salutations in the marketplaces, to walk in long robes, and love 39 and the chief seats in the syna- greetings in the markets, and the

gogues, and the uppermost rooms highest seats in the synagogues, at feasts.

and the chief rooms at feasts.

MATT. XXIII. 1-12. 1, 2 Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, saying, The 3 scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:' all therefore whatsoever they

bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for 4 they say, and do not. For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be

borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move 5 them with one of their fingers. But all their works they do for to be seen of

men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their 6 garments, and love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in 7 the synagogues, and greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, 8 Rabbi, Rabbi.But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even 9 Christ'; and all ye are brethren. And call no man your father upon the 10 earth : for one is your Father, which is in heaven. Neither be ye called 11 masters : for one is your Master, even Christ. But he that is greatest among 12 you shall be your servant, And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be

abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.5

LAMENTATION OVER

Ø 123. WOES AGAINST THE SCRIBES AND PHARISEES.

JERUSALEM.-Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.

6

a

MATT. XXIII. 13-39.

MARK XII. 40.

LUKE XX. 47. 14 Woe unto

you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye de 40 Which devour widows' 47 Which devour widows' vour widows' houses, houses, and for houses, and for a show and for a pretence pretence make long

make long prayers : make long prayer : prayers: these shall

the same shall receive therefore ye shall re- receive greater dam- greater damnation.

ceive the greater dam- nation, 13 nation. But woe unto

you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up? the kingdom of heaven against men : for ye neither

in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go 15 in.8° Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea Comp. Neh. 8. 4-8.

from evil. Such things are still used by the Jews, 3 Rom. 2. 17-24.

and go by the Hebrew name, tephillin (prayers). 3 Phylacteries (φυλακτήρια, from φυλάσσω, το 4 Comp. Luke 14. 7-11. keep or guard) were strips of parchment, inscribed 5 Comp. Job 22. 29; Prov. 29. 23; Isa. 57. 15; with the passages in Deut. 6. 4-9; 11. 13—21; 1 Pet. 5. 5. Ex. 13. 2-16, worn at prayer on the forehead and 6 In Matthew, verses 13 and 14 are transposed, the left arm, (according to a literal understanding as in the best editions of the Greek. of Ex. 13. 9,) either as mementos to remind the 7 Luke 11. 52. wearer to keep the law, or as charms to guard him 8 Comp. 1 Thess. 2. 15, 16.

go

MATT. XXIII.

and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him two

fold more the child of hell than yourselves. 16 Woe unto you, ye blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the

temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, 17 he is a debtor! Ye fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gold, or the 18 temple that sanctifieth the gold ?? And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar,

it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is 19 guilty. Ye fools and blind : for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar 20 that sanctifieth the gift?? Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, swear21 eth by it, and by all things thereon. And whoso shall swear by the tems 22 ple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth therein. And he that shall

swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth

thereon. 23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye pay tithe 3 of

mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier * matters of

the law, judgment, mercy, and faith : these ought ye to have done, and not 24 to leave the other undone. Ye blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and 25 swallow a camel. Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye

make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are 26 full of extortion and excess. Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which

is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also. 27 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like unto

whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within 28 full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. Even so ye also out

wardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and

iniquity. 29 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the 30 tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, and

say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been par31 takers with them in the blood of the prophets. Wherefore ye be witnesses

unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. 32, 33 Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. Ye serpents, ye generation of 34 vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? Wherefore, behold, I send

unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall

kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and 35 persecute them from city to city: that upon you may come all the righteous

blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood

of Zacharias son of Barachias," whom ye slew between the temple and the 36 altar. Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this ge

neration. 37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them

which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children to1 Ex. 30. 29.

2 Ex. 29. 37.

same import (Jehoiada, i. e. whom Jehovah knows 3 Luke 11. 42.

or cares for, Barachiah, i. e. whom Jehovah 4 1 Sam. 15. 22; Mic. 6. 6—8.

blesses). After this manner, for example, king 6 Strain off (not at, duiçoutes) a gnat, &c. Uzziah (i. e. strength of Jehovah, 2 Chr. 26. 1) This proverbial saying, denoting the magnifying was called also Azariah (i. e. whom Jehovah helps, of what is little, while what is important is over- 2 Kings 14. 21). looked, was taken, it is said, from the custom of Some, however, consider that this refers to the pouring wine through a strainer or filter in order prophet' Zechariah, the son of Barachiah, who to purify it.

lived after the Babylonish captivity, and also Comp. Luke 11. 49–51.

might have been massacred by the Jews, though ? Zacharias son of Barachias. The name of no account of his death is recorded. the father here (in Luke's parallel place it is not position is favoured by the circumstance that this given) creates some difficulty, because in 2 Chr. Zechariah was one of the last of the Jewish pro24, 20 we find another name, Jehoiada. Various phets. solutions of this difficulty have been proposed. It 8 Gen. 4. 8; 2 Chr. 24. 20—22. is possible that the father's name might be known 9 Luke 13. 34, 35. in both forms, the words having substantially the

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