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MATT. XXIII.

gether, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye

would 38, 39 not! Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. For I say unto you,

Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.”

§ 124. THE WIDOW'S MITE.-Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.
MARK XII, 41-44.

LUKE XXI. 1-4. 41 And Jesus sat over against the 1 And he looked up, and saw the

treasury, and beheld how the peo- rich men casting their gifts into the ple cast money into the treasury: 2 treasury. And he saw also a cer

and many that were rich cast in tain poor widow casting in thither 42 much. And there came a certain two mites.

poor widow, and she threw in two 43 mites, which make a farthing. And

he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto 3

And he said, Of a truth I you, That this poor widow hath cast say unto you, that this poor widow

more in, than all they which have hath cast in more than they all : 44 cast into the treasury: for all they 4 for all these have of their abund

did cast in of their abundance; but ance cast in unto the offerings of she of her want did cast in all that God: but she of her penury hath she had,5 even all her living.

cast in all the living that she had.5

§ 125. CERTAIN GREEKS DESIRE TO SEE JESUS. --Jerusalem.

Third Day of the Week.

JOHN XII. 20—36.

20 And there were certain Greeks 6 among them that came up to worship 21 at the feast: the same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida 22 of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. Philip

cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus. 23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The_hour is come, that the Son of 24 man should be glorified. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of

wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone : but if it die, it bring25 eth forth much fruit. He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that 26 hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. If any man

serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant 27 be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour. Now is my soul

troubled ;' and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for 28 this cause came I unto this hour. Father, glorify thy name. Then came

there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify

it again. 29 The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered : 30 others said, An angel spake to him.' 'Jesus answered and said, This voice 31 came not because of me, but for your sakes. Now is the judgment of this

10

1 Comp. Psa. 69, 25; Jer. 12. 7; 22. 5.

a teacher. He immediately takes leave of the 2 Comp. Psa. 118. 26.

temple. 3 The treasury: on this see Note 3 on § 85. ? Comp. 1 Cor. 15. 36. 4 Comp. 2 Kings 12. 9.

8 Comp. Matt. 10. 39. 9 Comp. Luke 12. 50. 5 Comp. 2 Cor. 8. 1-3.

10 For this cause, 8c.: i. e. in order to die as 6 This incident of the Greeks is inserted here the sacrifice for sin, and so to bring in an everon the third day of the week, rather than on the lasting righteousness for all his people. Comfirst, because of John 12. 36 ; which implies that pare verses 24 and 32 of this chapter. Jesus afterwards appeared no more in public as

JOHN XII.

32 world : now shall the prince of this world be cast out. And I, if I be lifted 33 up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying

what death he should die. 34 The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ

abideth for ever :: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? 35 who is this Son of man? Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is

the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon

you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. 36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of

light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.

§ 126. REFLECTIONS UPON THE UNBELIEF OF THE JEWS.–Jerusalem,

Third Day of the Week.

44

JOHN XII. 37-50. 37 But though he had done so many miracles 3 before them, yet they be38 lieved not on him : that the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled,

which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath 39 the arm of the Lord been revealed? Therefore they could not believe, be40 cause that Esaias said again,' He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened

their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with 41 their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. These things said 42 Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him. Nevertheless among

the chief rulers also many believed on him ; but because of the Pharisees

they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue :8 43 for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but 45, 46 on him that sent me. And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me. I

am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not 47 abide in darkness. And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I

judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth

him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day. 49 For I have not spoken of myself but the Father which sent me, he gave 50 me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. And I

know that his commandment is life everlasting : whatsoever I speak there

fore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak. (See in § 134.] § 127. JESUS, ON TAKING LEAVE OF THE TEMPLE, FORETELLS ITS DESTRUCTION AND THE PERSECUTION OF HIS DISCIPLES.—Jerusalem. Mount of Olives.

Third Day of the Week.

MATT. XXIV. 1-14.
MARK XIII. 1-13.

LUKE XXI. 5-19. 1 And Jesus went out,

10

1 And as he went out 5 And as some spake and departed from the of the temple, one of of the temple, how it | All men: i. e. not Jews alone, but also hea- when compared with Isa. 6. 1, furnishes a most thens (compare Rev. 7. 9). Our Lord took occa- striking proof of Christ's Divinity; for it declares sion from the presence of the Greeks (ver. 20) to him to be even Jehovah, (i. e. the Supreme Being,) announce the comprehension of the Gentiles in whose glory the prophet saw in the temple, and his work of redemption.

concerning whom he spoke in that chapter. Comp. 2 Sam. 7. 18; Psa. 89. 29, 36; 110.4; 7 Isa. 6. 1, sq.

$ John 9. 22. Dan. 7. 14.

9 John 3.17. 3 The evangelist John here gives his own re- 10 Our Lord takes leave of the temple, to which flections upon the unbelief of the Jews.

he returns no more; at the same time foretelling 4 Isa. 53. 1.

5 Isa. 6. 10.

its impending destruction. On his way to Beth6 When he saw his glory, &c. This passage, any, he seats himself for a time upon the mount of Olives, over against the temple, where the city world : see Luke 24. 21 ; Acts 1.6. This was the was spread out before him as on a map; and expected coming, and the end of the world, or here four of his disciples put to him the question, present state of things, referred to in Matt. 24. 3; “ When shall these things be?According to as also in Luke 17. 20, sq.; 19. 11. See American Matthew they add, “and what shall be the sign Bibliotheca Sacra, 1843, No. III. pp. 531-555. of thy coming, and of the end of the world ?” Jesus does not directly answer the question of They were still in darkness; and believed, like the four apostles ; but speaks of deceivers, and the other Jews, that the Messiah was yet to go calamities, and persecutions that should arise. forth as an exalted temporal prince, to subvert His language here is introductory to the next the then existing order of things, to overthrow Section. their enemies and subdue all nations, and thus ! Comp. Acts 5. 36, 37; 8.9, 10. restore pre-eminency and glory to the Jewish ? Comp. Isa. 8. 11-14. people, and reign in peace and splendour over the

2

was

are

MATT. XXIV.
MARK XIII.

LUKE XXI. temple : and his disci- his disciples saith unto

adorned with ples came to him for to him, Master, see what goodly stones and

show him the buildings manner of stones and gifts, he said, 2 of the temple. And what buildings Jesus said unto them, 2 here! And Jesus an- 6

As for these See ye not all these swering said unto him, things which ye bethings? verily I say Seest thou these great hold, the days will unto you, There shall buildings ? there shall

come, in the which not be left here one not be left one stone there shall not be left stone upon another, upon another, that

one stone upon anthat shall not be shall not be thrown other, that shall not be 3 thrown down. And as 3 down. And as he sat thrown down.

he sat upon the mount upon the mount of of Olives, the diciples Olives over against

the temple, Peter and

James and John and came unto him pri- Andrew asked him pri- 7 And they asked vately, saying, Tell us, 4 vately, Tell us, when him, saying, Master, when shall these things shall these things be? but when shall these be ? and what shall be and what shall be the things be ? and what the sign of thy coming, sign when all these sign will there be when

and of the end of the things shall be fulfil- these things shall come 4 world? And Jesus an- 5 led ? And Jesus an

8 to pass? And he said, swered and said unto swering them began Take heed that ye be them, Take heed that to say, Take heed lest

not deceived: for many no man deceive you. any man deceive you:

shall come in

my name, 5 For many shall come 6 for many shall come in saying, I am Christ ;í in my name, saying, I

my name, saying, I and the time draweth am Christ;t and shall am Christ;l and shall

near: go ye not there6 deceive many.

And 7 deceive many. And 9 fore after them. But ye shall hear of wars when ye shall hear of when ye shall hear of and rumours of wars : wars and rumours of wars and commotions, see that ye be not wars, be ye not trou- be not terrified :: for troubled :2 for all these bled :2 for such things these things must first things must come to must needs be; but the

come to pass; but the pass, but the end is end shall not be yet. end is not by and by. 7 not yet. For nation 8 For nation shall rise 10 Then said he unto shall rise against na

against nation, and them, Nation shall rise tion, and kingdom a- kingdom against king- against nation, and gainst kingdom: and dom: and there shall

kingdom against kingthere shall be famines, be earthquakes in di- 11 dom: and great earthand pestilences, and vers places, and there quakes shall be in

earthquakes, in divers shall be famines and divers places, and fa8 places. All these are troubles : these

mines, and pestilences;

are

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LUKE XXI.

9 But take heed to yourselves: for 12 But before all these, they shall lay they shall deliver you up to coun

their hands on you, and persecute cils; and in the synagogues ye shall you, delivering you up to the synabe beaten: and ye shall be brought gogues, and into prisons, being

before rulers and kings for my sake, brought before kings and rulers for 11 for a testimony against them.---But 13 my name's sake. And it shall turn

when they shall lead you, and de- 14 to you for a testimony. Settle it liver you up, take no thought before- therefore in your hearts, not to mehand what ye shall speak, neither ditate ' before what ye shall answer: do ye premeditate:1 but whatsoever 15 for I will give you a mouth and shall be given you in that hour, wisdom, which all your adversaries that speak ye: for it is not ye that shall not be able to gainsay nor speak, but the Holy Ghost.

resist.

MATT. XXIV.

MARK XIII.

LUKE XXI.

sake :

9 Then shall they deliver 12 Now the brother shall 16 And ye shall be be

you up to be afflicted, betray the brother to trayed both by, paand shall kill you: and death, and the father rents, and brethren, ye shall be hated of all the son; and children and kinsfolks, and

nations for my name's shall rise up against friends; and some of 10 sake. And then shall their parents, and shall you shall they cause to

many be offended, and cause them to be put be put to death. shall betray one an- 13 to death. And ye 17

And ye shall other, and shall hate shall be hated of all be hated of all men for 11 one another. And men for my name's my name's sake,

many false prophets

shall rise, and shall 12 deceive many:

And because iniquity shall abound, the love of

many shall wax cold.2 13 But he that shall en

but he that shall 18

But there shall dure unto the end, the endure unto the end, not an hair of your

same shall be saved.3 the same shall be sav- 19 head perish. In your 14 And this gospel of 10 ed.3— And the gospel patience possess ye

the kingdom shall be must first be published preached in all the

among all nations.world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.

your souls.

$ 128. THE SIGNS OF CHRIST'S COMING TO DESTROY JERUSALEM, AND PUT AN END TO THE JEWISH STATE AND DISPENSATION.—Mount of Olives.

Third Day of the Week.
MATT. XXIV. 15-42.
MARK XIII. 14--37.

LUKE XXI. 20—36. 15 When ye therefore 14 But when ye shall 20 And when ye shall shall see the abomina- see the abomination of

Jerusalem comtion of desolation, desolation, spoken of passed with armies, 1 Matt. 10. 19, 20.

4 That the abomination of desolation, Matt. 24. 2 Comp. 2 Tim. 3. 1-5. 3 Rev. 2. 10. 15, &c., refers to the Roman armies by which great tribulation, such not from the beginning edge of the sword, and as was not since the of the creation which

see

4

MARK XIII.

MATT. XXIV.

LUKE XXI, spoken of by Daniel by Daniel the pro

then know that the the prophet, stand in phet, standing where

desolation thereof is the holy place, (whoso it ought not, (let him 21 nigh. Then let them

readeth, let him under- that readeth under- which are in Judea Alee 16 stand :) then let them stand,) then let them to the mountains; and

which be in Judea flee that be in Judea flee to let them which are in into the mountains: 15 the mountains : and

the midst of it depart 17 let him which is on the let him that is on the out; and let not them

housetop not come housetop not go down that are in the coundown to take any thing into the

house, neither tries enter thereinto. 18 out of his house : nei- enter therein, to take 22 For these be the days ther let him which is any thing out of his

of vengeance, that all in the field return back 16 house: and let him things which are writto take his clothes. that is in the field not ten may be fulfilled.

turn back again for to

take up his garment. 19 And woe unto them 17 But woe to them that 23 But woe unto them that

that are with child, and are with child, and to are with child, and to

to them that give suck them that give suck in them that give suck, in 20 in those days! But 18 those days! And pray those days! for there

pray ye that your flight ye that your flight be shall be great distress be not in the winter, 19 not in the winter. For in the land, and wrath

neither on the sabbath in those days shall be 24 upon this people. And 21 day:? for then shall be affliction, such as was they shall fall by the

shall be led away capbeginning of the world God created unto this tive into all nations: to this time, no, nor

time, neither shall be. and Jerusalem shall 22 ever shall be. And ex- 20 And except that the be trodden down of the

cept those days should Lord had shortened Gentiles, until the be shortened, there those days, no flesh times of the Gentiles should no flesh be should be saved: but be fulfilled. saved : but for the for the elect's sake, elect's sake those days whom he hath chosen, shall be shortened. he hath shortened the

Jerusalem was destroyed, is shown conclusively by Luke 21.20.

The subsequent desolation and calamity spoken of in Matt. 24. 29—31 and the parallel passages, is considered by Robinson to refer to the overthrow and complete extirpation of the Jewish people fifty years later under Adrian ; when they were sold as slaves, and utterly driven out from the land of their fathers. See Münter's Jewish War (Jüdischer Krieg), Leipz. 1821; translated in the Biblioth. Sacra, 1843, No. III. p. 393, sq. Comp. ibid. p. 550, sq. This was the final war of the Jewish nation under the celebrated and mysterious Bar-Cochba, “Son of a Star.” It was a catastrophe far more terrible than that of the destruction of Jerusalem ; though the latter, in consequence of the vivid description of it by Josephus, has been usually considered as the last act in this great tragedy.

The figurative language of these verses is similar to that of many passages in the Old Testament which refer to civil commotions and historical events. See Isa. 13. 9, sq.; 19. 1, 5, sq.; 34. 2, 4. sq.; Ezek. 32. 2, 7; Psa. 18. 7–14; 68. 1, sq. &c. See also Biblioth. Sac. 1843, No. III. p. 545, sq. Further, Luke 21.28 shows that these

verses cannot have reference to the general judgment of the great and final day; and the same appears also from the limitation to this generation, in Matt. 24. 34, and the parallel passages.

Matt. 24. 36—42 connects itself directly with what precedes, see ver. 36; and refers likewise to the overthrow of the Jewish nation and dispensation. Comp. Luke 17. 20-37. But with ver. 42 of Matthew all direct reference to the Jewish catastrophe terminates. This appears from the nature of the language; and further from the fact, that thus far both Mark and Luke give parallel reports; while at this very point their reports cease, and all that follows belongs to Matthew alone. This goes to show, that the discourse of our Lord up to this point is to be regarded as a whole, which is here completed; having reference to his coming for the overthrow of Judaism, At this point a new topic is introduced.

I Dan. 9. 27.

2 Nor on the sabbath: probably because the Jews were accustomed to go only a short distance on that day, which distance they called a sabbathday's journey, reckoned about a mile. Compare Ex. 16. 29; Acts 1. 12,

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