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MARK XIII. 23 Then if any man shall 21 days. And then if
say unto you, Lo, here any man shall say to
is Christ, or there; you, Lo, here is Christ; 24 believe it not. For or, lo, he is there; be
there shall arise false 22 lieve him not :1 for Christs, and false pro- false Christs and false phets, and shall show prophets shall rise, and great signs and won- shall show signs and ders ;2 insomuch that, wonders, to seduce, if if it were possible, they it were possible, even
shall deceive the very 23 the elect. But take 25 elect.3 Behold, I ye heed: behold, I
have told you before. have foretold you all 26 Wherefore if they shall things.
say unto you, Behold,
he is in the desert; go not forth : behold, he is in the secret 27 chambers; believe it not. For as the lightning cometh out
of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the 28 coming of the Son of man be. For wheresoever the carcase
is, there will the eagles bé gathered together.5
LUKE XXI. 29 Immediately after the 24 But in those days, 25 And there shall be
tribulation of those after that tribulation, signs in the sun, and days shall the sun be the sun shall be dark in the moon, and in darkened, and the ened, and the moon
the stars; and upon moon shall not give shall not give her
light, the earth distress of her light, and the stars 25 and the stars of hea- nations, with perplexshall fall from heaven, ven shall fall, and the ity; the sea and the and the powers of the powers that are in hea- 26 waves roaring; men's
heavens shall be shak- ven shall be shaken. hearts failing them for 30 en:6 and then shall
fear, and for looking appear the sign of the
after those things Son of man in heaven:
which are coming on and then shall all the
the earth: for the tribes of the earth
powers of heaven shall mourn, and they shall 26 And then shall they 27 be shaken. And then see the Son of man see the Son of man shall they see the Son coming in the clouds coming in the clouds of man coming in a of heaven with power
with great power and cloud with power and 31 and great glory." And 27 glory. And then shall 28 great glory. And
he shall send his an- he send his angels, and when these things begels with a great sound shall gather together gin to come to pass; of a trumpet, and they his elect from the four then look up, and lift shall gather together winds, from the utter
up your heads; for his elect from the
most part of the earth your redemption drawfour winds, from one to the uttermost part
eth nigh. end of heaven to the of heaven.
other. 32 Now learn a parable 28 Now learn a parable 29 And he spake to them
of the fig tree; When of the fig tree; When a parable; Behold the his branch is yet ten- her branch is yet ten- fig tree, and all the
Comp. Luke 17. 23. 2 2 Thess. 2. 9-11; Rev. 13. 13. 3 Comp. John 10. 28, 29. * Comp. Luke 17. 24.
5 Luke. 17. 37. Comp. Job 39. 30. 6 Comp. Isa. 13. 9, 10; Joel 3. 15.
Comp. Dan. 7. 13, 14.
der, and putteth forth der, and putteth forth 30 trees; when they now
leaves, ye know that leaves, ye know that shoot forth, ye see and 33 summer is nigh: so 29 summer is near :
know of your likewise ye, when ye ye in like manner,
selves that summer is shall all these when ye shall see these 31 now nigh at hand. So things, know that it is things come to pass,
likewise ye, when ye near, even at the doors.
know that it is nigh, see these things come 34 Verily I say unto you, 30 even at the doors. Ve
to pass, know ye that This generation shall rily I say unto you,
the kingdom of God is not pass, till all these That this generation | 32 nigh at hand. Verily
things be fulfilled.2 shall not pass, till all I say unto you, This 35 Heaven and earth shall these things be done. generation shall not pass away, but my 31 Heaven and earth
pass away, till all be words shall not pass shall pass away: but 33 fulfilled.?' Heaven and 36 away. But of that day my words shall not
earth shall pass away; and hour knoweth no 32 pass away.
But of but my words shall man, no, not the an- that day and that hour
not pass away. gels of heaven, but my
knoweth no man, no, Father only.
not the angels which
37 But as the days of Noe were,3 so shall also the coming of the Son of man 38 be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and
drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered 39 into the ark, and knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; 40 so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. Then shall two be in the 41 field ; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Two women shall be grind
ing at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
33 Take ye heed, watch 34 And take heed to your
and pray: for ye know selves, lest at any time
not when the time is. your hearts be over34 For the Son of man is charged with surfeit
as a man taking a far ing, and drunkenness, journey, who left his and cares of this life, house, and gave au- and so that day come thority to his servants, upon you unawares. and to every man his 35 For as a snare shall it
work, and command- come on all them that MATT. XXIV.
ed the porter to watch. dwell on the face of the 42 Watch therefore: for 35 Watch ye therefore: 36 whole earth. Watch
ye know not what hour for ye know not when ye therefore, and pray your Lord doth come. the master of the house always, that ye may
cometh, at even, or at be accounted worthy midnight, or at the
to escape all these
This generation, &c. These words (ń geveue event the apostle John outlived by about thirty aürn) cannot be understood (as some have ex- years. The full accomplishment took place, perplained them) of the Jewish nation or the human haps, in the complete scattering of the Jews about race. The meaning is, that the men of that age fifty years later under Adrian. See Robinson's should not all die (see Matt. 16. 28, in s 74) be- article in the American Bibliotheca Sacra, 1843, fore the prophecy would be accomplished, which p. 540. began to come to pass thirty-seven years after its 2 Comp. Matt. 16. 28. utterance, in the destruction of Jerusalem, which 3 Gen. 7.1–13. Comp. Luke 17. 26, 27.
things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.
cockcrowing, or in the morning : 36 lest coming suddenly he find you 37 sleeping. And what I say unto you
I say unto all, Watch.
§ 129. TRANSITION TO CHRIST'S FINAL COMING AT THE DAY OF JUDGMENT. EX
HORTATION TO WATCHFULNESS. PARABLES: THE TEN VIRGINS; THE FIVE TALENTS.-Mount of Olives.
Third Day of the Week,
MATT. XXIV. 43–51. XXV, 1-30. 43 But know this, that if the good man of the house had known in what
watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have 44 suffered his house to be broken up. Therefore be ye also ready: for in 45 such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh, Who then is a faith
ful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to 46 give them meat in due season? Blessed is that servant, whom his lord 47 when he cometh shall find so doing. Verily I say unto you, That he shall 48 make him ruler over all his goods. But and if that evil servant shall say 49 in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to smite his 50 fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken; the lord of that
servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour 51 that he is not aware of, and shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his por
tion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. XXV. 1 Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which 2 took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them 3 were wise, and five were foolish. They that were foolish took their lamps, 4 and took no oil with them: but the wise took oil in their vessels with their 5,6 lamps. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. And
at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye 7 out to meet him. Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps. 8 And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are 9 gone out. But the wise answered, saying, Not so ; lest there be not enough
for us and you: but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. 10 And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were 11 ready went in with him to the marriage : and the door was shut. After12 ward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. But he 13 answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not. Watch there
fore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man
cometh. 14 For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who 15 called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods. And unto one
he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man 16 according to his several ability ;' and 'straightway took his journey. Then
he that had received the five talents went and traded with the same, and 17 made them other five talents. And likewise he that had received two, he
1 Our Lord here makes a transition, and pro- rent from the appropriateness of the subsequent ceeds to speak of his final coming at the day of warnings, and their intimate connexion with judgment. This appears from the fact, that the Matt. 25. 31-46; which latter all interpreters of matter of these Sections is added by Matthew note agree in referring to the general judgment. after Mark and Luke have ended their parallel See Biblioth. Sac. 1. c. p. 553, sq. reports relative to the Jewish catastrophe; and 2 Comp. 1 Thess. 5. 1-6. Matthew here commences, with ver. 43, the dis- 3 Comp. 2 Pet. 3. 3, 4. course which Luke has given on another occa- • Comp. Luke 13. 25, 26. sion, Luke 12. 39, sq. This discourse in Luke has 5 Comp. Luke 19. 12—26. reference obviously to our Lord's final coming ; 6 Comp. Rom. 12. 6-8. and that it has here the same reference is appa
18 also gained other two. But he that had received one went and digged in 19 the earth, and hid his lord's money. After a long time the lord of those 20 servants cometh, and reckoneth with them. And so he that had received
five talents came and brought other five talents, saying, Lord, thou de
liveredst unto me five talents: behold, I have gained beside them five 21 talents more. His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful
servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler 22 over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. He also that had
received two talents came and said, Lord, thou deliveredst unto me two 23 talents : behold, I have gained two other talents beside them. His lord
said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faith
ful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou 24 into the joy of thy
lord. Then he which had received the one talent came and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art an hard man, reaping where thou 25 hast not sown, and gathering where thou hast not strawed: and I was
afraid, and went and hid thy talent in the earth: lo, there thou hast that is 26 thine. His lord answered and said unto him, Thou wicked and slothful
servant, thou knewest that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I 27 have not strawed: thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the
exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received mine own with 28 usury. Take therefore the talent from him, and give it unto him which 29 hath ten talents. For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall
have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that 30 which he hath. And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness:
there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
§ 130. SCENES OF THE JUDGMENT DAY.-Mount of Olives.
Third Day of the Week.
MATT. XXV. 31-46. 31 When the Son of man? shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels 32 with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: and before him
shall be gathered all nations : and he shall separate them one from another, 33 as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: and he shall set the sheep
on his right hand, but the goats on the left. 34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed
of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of 35 the world : for I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, 36 and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: naked, and
ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye 37 came unto me. Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when
saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink? 38 When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee ? 39, 40 or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? And the
King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as
ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it 41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye 42 cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: for I
was an' hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me 43 no drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed 44 me not : sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. Then shall they also
| Thou knewest : better interrogatively, Didst to the parallel in Luke 19. 22); for thy opinion thou know? Was such thy opinion? Then out ought to have led to a different conduct. of thine own mouth will I judge thee" (according Comp. Dan. 7. 13, 14.
answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a
stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? 45 Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye 46 did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me. And these shall
go away into everlasting punishment :' but the righteous into life eternal.?
§ 131. THE RULERS CONSPIRE. THE SUPPER AT BETHANY.
TREACHERY OF JUDAS.
Fourth Day of the Week.
MATT. XXVI. 116.
LUKE XXII. 1-6. 1
And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, 2 Ye know that after two 1 After two days was 1 Now the feast of undays is the feast of the the feast of the passo,
leavened bread drew passover, and the Son ver, and of unleavened nigh, which is called of man is betrayed to bread:
the passover. be crucified. 3 Then assembled to
gether the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,
and the chief 2
And the chief 4 and consulted 3 that priests and the scribes priests and scribes
they might take Jesus sought how they might sought how they might
by subtilty, and kill take him by craft, and kill him; for they fear5 him. But they said, 2 put him to death. But
ed the people. Not on the feast day, they said, Not on the lest there be an upfeast day, lest there be
JOHN XII. 2-8. roar among the people. anuproar of the people. 6 Now when Jesus 3 And being in Beth- 2 There they made him was in Bethany, in the any in the house of
a supper ;5 and Marhouse of Simon the Simon the leper, as he tha served: but Lazaleper, sat at meat,
rus was one of them
that sat at the table 7 there came unto
there came a
3 with him. Then took him a woman having woman having an ala- Mary a pound of ointan alabaster box of baster box of ointment ment of spikenard, very precious oint- of spikenard very pre
very costly, and ament, and poured it on cious; and she brake nointed the feet of
his head, as he sat at the box, and poured it Jesus, and wiped his 8 meat. But when his 4 on his head. And there feet with her hair: and
· Into ererlasting punishment, &c. This solemn declaration, made by the divine and compassionate Redeemer himself, clearly teaches that the misery of the wicked will be as enduring and endless as the blessedness of the righteous ; for the same term in the Greek (atórios denotes the duration of both states. Compare Luke 16. 23—26.
3 Comp. Dan. 12. 2; John 5. 29; Rom. 2.7—9.
abandoned by the rulers, owing to the unexpected
5 On the date of this supper, see Note to $ 131, in the Appendix,
6 Christ's head was anointed according to Matthew and Mark, and his feet according to John: but there is no contradiction in these statements, since both actions are consistent, though both are not mentioned by one evangelist; unless indeed they be so in John 11. 2.