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2 his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. And sup
per being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, 3 Simon's son, to betray him; Jesus knowing that the Father had given ali
things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God 4 he riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments ; and took a towel, and 5 girded himself. After that he poureth water into a basin, and began to
wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was
girded. 6 Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter said unto him, Lord, dost 7 thou wash my feet? Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou 8 knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter. Peter saith unto him,
Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, 9 thou hast no part with me. Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet 10 only, but also my hands and my head.. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed
needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, 11 but not all. For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are
not all clean. 12 So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was
set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you? 13, 14 Ye call me Master and Lord : and ye say well; for so I am. If I then,
your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one 15 another's feet. For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I 16 have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater 17 than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. If ye 18 know these things, happy are ye if ye do them. I speak not of you all : I
know whom I have chosen : but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, He 19 that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me. Now I tell
you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am 20 he. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send
receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.
§ 135. JESUS POINTS OUT THE TRAITOR. JUDAS WITHDRAWS.–Jerusalem.
Evening introducing the Sixth Day of the Week.
MATT. XXVI. 21-25. MARK XIV. 18–21. LUKE XXII. 21-23. JOHN XIII. 21-35. 21 And as they 18 And as they
21 When Jesus did eat, he said, sat and did eat, 21 But, behold,
had thus said, Verily I say un- Jesus said, Ve- the hand of him he was troubled to you, that one rily I say unto that betrayeth in spirit, and of you shall be
you, One of you me is with me testified, and tray me. which eateth
on the table.- said, Verily, vethey should live in harmony and love and hu- p. 147 above. mility one ith another. The occasion of this Comp. Acts 5. 3. 2 Comp. Rom. 12.10. act was their previous contention, as related by 3 Psa. 41. 9. Luke in § 133. Compare Luke 24. 26, sq. with 4 In this section, Jesus first declares that one John 13. 16, sq. John's narrative is supplement of the twelve shall betray him. They in amazeary to that of Luke; and therefore he does not ment inquire, “ Lord, is it I ? is it I ?" and Peter speak of the contention itself, because the latter makes a sign to John, leaning on Jesus' bosom, had already described it.
that he should ask who it was. John does so; On the phrase before the seast of the passover, and Jesus gives him privately a sign by which he ver. 1, see above in Introductory Note, p. 148.- may know the traitor, namely, the sop. The The phrase supper being ended (δείπνουγενομένου), amazement and inquiry still continuing, Jesus ver. 2, ought to be rendered “supper being gives the sop to Judas; who then consciencecome, or “ during supper ;" see ver. 4 and ver. smitten, but desiring to conceal his confusion, 12. The time of the action was probably after asks, as the others had done, “Lord, is it I?" they had taken their places at table, and before Jesus answers him, and he immediately goes they had partaken of the proper meal ; perhaps out, before the institution of the eucharist.com between the first and second cups of wine. See
pare John 13. 30.
rily, I say unto 22 And they 19 betray me. And 23 And they be- you, that one of
were exceeding they began to be gan to inquire you shall betray sorrowful, and sorrowful, and
them- 22 me. Then the began every one
to say unto him selves, which of disciples looked of them to say
one by one, Is it them it was that one on another, unto him, Lord, I ? and another should do this doubting of is it I ? said, Is it I ? thing.
whom he spake.
23 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. 24 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it 25 should be of whom he spake. He then lying on Jesus' breast saith
unto him, Lord, who is MATT. XXVI.
26 it? Jesus answered, 23 And he answered and 20 And he answered and He it is, to whom Í
said, He that dippeth said unto them, It is shall give a sop, when his hand with me in one of the twelve, that I have dipped it.
the dish, the same shall dippeth with me in the 24 betray me. The Son 21 dish. The Son of man
LUKE XXII. of man goeth as it is indeed goeth, as it is 22 And truly the Son of written of him : but written of him : but man goeth, as it was woe unto that man by woe to that man by determined: but woe whom the Son of man whom the Son of man unto that man by is betrayed ! it had is betrayed! good were whom he is betrayed! been good for that it for that man if he man if he had not been had never been born.
JOHN XIII. 25 born. Then Judas,
26 And when he had which betrayed him,
dipped the sop, he gave answered and said,
it to Judas Iscariot, the Master, is it I ? Hé
27 son of Simon. And said unto him, Thou
after the sop Satan enhast said. [See § 137.]
tered into him. Then
said Jesus unto him, 28 That thou doest, do quickly. Now no man at the table knew for 29 what intent he spake this unto him. For some of them thought, be
cause Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those
things that we have need of against the feast;' or, that he should give 30 something to the poor. He then having received the sop went im31 mediately out:and it was night. Therefore, when he was gone
out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified 32 in him. If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in 33 himself, and shall straightway glorify him. Little children, yet a
little while I am with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I said unto 34 the Jews,3 Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you. A
new commandment* I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I 35 have loved you, that ye also love one another. By this shall all men § 136. JESUS PORETELLS THE FALL OF PETER, AND THE DISPERSION OF THE
know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.5 1 On the sense of feast here, see above in In- appear, however, from Luke's account (ch. 22. troductory Note, p. 148.
19-21), that Judas was present; but the whole 2 Went immediately out. Judas therefore was force of this proof depends on the chronological not present at the Lord's supper, which was in- regularity of this Gospel. We have seen that it stituted at the close of the paschal meal. This is does not always follow the order of time (see Note the obvious conclusion, at least, from the account on § 1), and therefore do not consider it regular of John, in connexion with the statements of and decisive in this instance. Matthew and Mark; and it is the view taken by 3 John 7. 33, 34. most harmonists and commentators. It might 4 1 John 2. 8—11; 4. 21. 5 1 John 3. 10.
JOHN XIII. 36-38. 36 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou ? Jesus answered
him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me 37 afterwards. Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake. MATT. XXVI. 31-35.
MARK XIV. 27-31. 31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye 27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye
shall be offended because of me this shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the the shepherd, and the sheep shall be
flock shall be scattered abroad. 28 scattered. But after that I am risen, 32 But after I am risen again,
I will go I will go before you into Galilee.3 33 before you into Galilee. Peter an- 29 But Peter said unto him, Although
swered and said unto him, Though all shall be offended, yet will not I. all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended.
LUKE XXII. 31-38. 31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan
hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat : 32 but I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not:
and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren. 33 And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go with thee,
both into prison, MATT. XXVI.
and to death. 34 Jesus said unto 30 And Jesus saith 34 And he said," I 38 Jesus answered
him,4 Verily I unto him,4 Ve- tell thee, Peter, him,- Wilt thou say unto thee, rily I say unto the cock shall lay down thy That this night, thee, That this not crow this life for my sake? before the cock day, even in this day, before that Verily, verily, I crow, thou shalt night, before the thou shalt thrice say unto thee,
deny me thrice. cock crow twice, deny that thou The cock shalí 35 Peter said unto thou shalt deny knowest me.
till him, Though I 31 me thrice.5 But
thou hast deshould die with he spake the
nied me thrice. thee, yet will I more vehementnot deny thee. ly, If I should Likewise also die with thee, I said all the dis- will not deny ciples.
thee in any wise.
said they all. 35 And he said unto them, When I sent you without purse, and scrip, and 36 shoes, lacked ye any thing? And they said, Nothing. Then said he unto
them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: 1 2 Pet. 1. 14. 2 Zech. 13. 7. 3 John 21.1. difference may be explained by simply supposing 4 This foretelling of Peter's fall took place, ac- that our Lord touched on the subject twice; becording to Luke (ch. 22. 39) and John (ch. 18. 1), fore setting out, and while on the way. before the departure to the mount of Olives; but 5 Mark here says, “ Before the cock according to Matthew (ch. 26. 30) and Mark (ch. twice ;" the other evangelists have simply, 14. 26), it occurred during that departure. This fore the cock crow;" see Note on § 144.
37 and he that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one. For I
say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me,
And he was reckoned among the transgressors : for the things concerning 38 me have an end. And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And
he said unto them, It is enough.
§ 137. THE LORD'S SUPPER.&_Jerusalem.
Evening introducing the Sixth Day of the Week.
MATT. XXVI. 26-29. MARK XIV. 22-25. LUKE XXII. 19, 20. I COR. XI. 23-25. 26 And as they 22 And as they 19 And he took 23 The Lord Je
were eating, Je- did eat, Jesus bread, and gave sus--took bread: sus took bread, took bread, and thanks, and 24 and when he and blessed it, blessed, and brake it, and had given and brake it, brake it, and gave unto them, thanks, he and gave it to gave to them, saying, This is
brake it, and the disciples, and said, Take,
my body which
said, Take, eat: and said, Take,
eat: this is my is given for you: this is my body, eat; this is my body.
this do in re- which is broken body.
this do in remem
brance of me. And he took 23 And he took 20 Likewise also 25 After the same the cup, and the cup, and the cup after manner also he gave thanks, when he had
took the cup, and gave it to given thanks, he This cup is the when he had them, saying, gave it to them :
new testament supped, saying, Drink ye all of and they all in my blood, This cup is the 28 it; for this is my 24 drank of it. And which is shed new testament blood of the he said unto
in my blood :new testament, them. This is my
this do which is shed blood of the
oft as ye drink for many for the new testament,
it, in rememremission of which is shed
brance of me. 29 sins. But I say 25 for many. Ve
unto you, I will rily I say unto not drink hence
you, I will drink forth of this fruit no more of the of the vine, fruit of the until that day
vine, until that when I drink it day that I drink new with you
it new in the in my Father's kingdom of kingdom. [See God. § 142.]
1 Isa. 53. 12.
2 The institution of the Lord's supper took place obviously at the close of the passover meal, and in connexion with the “cup of blessing," or third cup, which terminated the meal proper ; comp. I Cor. 10. 16, and see p. 147 above. With this view accords the expression, after supper (metà Tò delavñoat), of Luke 22. 20 and 1 Cor. 11. 25. Matthew and Mark speak of Jesus as breaking the bread as they were eating (éo 0.óvtwv av
Tôv), which implies nothing more than “ during the meal,” while they were yet eating; and does not require the institution of the bread to be separated from that of the cup.
3 New testament : better rendered “This is my blood of the new covenant,” evidently referring to the words of Moses in Exodus 24. 8, “Behold the blood of the covenant which the Lord hath made with you. 4 Heb. 9. 11-22.
Comp. Acts 10. 41.
$ 138. JESUS COMFORTS HIS DISCIPLES.
THE HOLY SPIRIT PROMISED.-Jerusalem.
Evening introducing the Sixth Day of the Week.
JOHN XIV. 1-31.!
1 Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God,' believe also in me. 2 In my Father's house are many mansions : if it were not so, I would have 3 told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a
place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where 4 I am, there ye may be also. And whither I go ye know, and the way ye
know. 5 Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how 6 can we know the way? Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, 7 and the life : no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. If ye had known
me, ye should have known my Father also : and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him.
Philip saith unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us. 9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast
thou not known me, Philip ? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father 10 and how sayest thou then, Show us the Father? Believest thou not that I
am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you
I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the 11 works. Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else 12 believe me for the very works' sake. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He
that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater 13 works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father. And what
soever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be 14 glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it. 15, 16 If ye love me, keep my commandments. And I will pray the Father,
and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for 17 ever; even the Spirit of truth ; whom the world cannot receive, because it
seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him ; for he dwelleth 18 with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless. I will 19 come to you. Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more ; but ye 20 see me: because I live, ye shall live also.3. At that day ye shall know that 21 I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you. He that hath my com
mandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest
myself to him. 22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt mani, 23 fest thyself unto us, aná not unto the world? Jesus answered and said
unto him, If a man love me, he will keep, my words: and my Father will 24 love him, and we will come unto him, 4 and make our abode with him. He
that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings: and the word which ye hear
is not mine, but the Father's which sent me. 25, 26 These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you. But
the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my
name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remem27 brance, whatsoever I have said unto you.6 Peace I leave with you, my
1 Ye believe in God, &c.: as if he had said, Ye nary inspiration of the apostles is here set forth trust in God though unseen, in like manner trust as consisting in two things, viz. the direct teachin me when I shall be no longer visibly presenting of the Spirit in conveying new truths to their
minds, and the quickening of their memories in 2 1 John 5. 3. 3 Col. 3. 3; 1 Cor. 15. 20.
recalling truths they had heard from the lips of • Comp. Rev. 3. 20.
Christ. 5. He shall teach you all things, 8c. The ple- 6 Comp. 1 John 2. 27.