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JOHN XIV.

peace ' I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not 28 your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid. 'Ye have heard how I said

unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would

rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than 29 1. And now I have told you before it come to pass, that, when it is come 30 to pass, ye might believe. Hereafter I will not talk much with you : for 31 the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me. But that the

world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence.3

$ 139. CHRIST THE TRUE VINE. HIS DISCIPLES HATED BY THE WORLD.

Jerusalem.
Evening introducing the Sixth Day of the Week.

JOHN XV. 1-27. 1, 2 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. Every branch

in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth 3 fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. Now ye are clean 4 through the word which I have spoken unto you. Abide in me, and I in

you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; 5 no more can ye, except ye abide in me. I am the vine, ye are the branches :

He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: 6 for without me ye can do nothing. If a man abide not in me, he is cast

forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them 7 into the fire, and they are burned. If ye abide in me, and my words abide 8 in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. Herein

is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disci9 ples. As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in 10 my love. If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even

as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love. 11 These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, 12 and that your joy might be full. This is my commandment, That ye love 13 one another, as I have loved you. Greater love hath no man than this, that 14 a man lay down his life for his friends. Ye are my friends, if ye do whatso 15 ever I command you. Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant

knoweth not what his lord doeth : but I have called you friends; for all 16 things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. Ye

have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain : that

whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you. 17 These things I command you, that ye love one another. 18, 19 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you. If

ye were of the world, the world would love his own : but because ye are not

of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hat20 eth you. Remember the word that I said unto you,4 The servant is not greater

than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if 21 they have kept my saying, they will keep your's also. But all these things will they do unto you for my name's sake, because they

know not him that

disciples should suffer persecution, not merely 2 Comp. 1 Cor. 11.3; 15. 24–28.

because they are named after Christ, but because 3 Arise, let us go hence. Jesus and the eleven they possess his spirit and bear his image, so as to now prepare to set out from the supper room, to be his representatives in the world. proceed to the mount of Olives; see § 142. But of the origin of persecution, and its relation to what John relates in chapters 15.---17., occurred Christ himself, afforded the chief support to the most likely before they actually quitted the house. apostles in their sufferings for the gospel, when

" they rejoiced that they were counted worthy to 5 For my name's sake. This means that the suffer shame for his name" (Acts 5. 41).

1 Phil. 4. 7.

This view

4 Matt. 10. 24.

JOHN XV.

22 sent me. If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin : 23 but now they have no cloke for their sin. He that hateth me hateth my 24 Father also. If I had not done among them the works which none other

man did, they had not had sin : but now have they both seen and hated 25 both me and my Father. But this cometh to pass, that the word might be 26 fulfilled that is written in their law,' They hated me without a cause. But

when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father,

even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify 27 of me: and ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from

the beginning.

2

PRAYER

§ 140. PERSECUTION FORETOLD. FURTHER PROMISE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.

IN THE NAME OF CHRIST.-Jerusalem.

Evening introducing the Sixth Day of the Week.

JOHN XVI. 1-33.

1

4 me.

These things have I spoken unto you, that ye should not be offended. 2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that 3 whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.3 And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor

But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. And these things I said not unto 5 you at the beginning, because I was with you. But now I go my way to him 6 that sent me; and none of you asketh me, Whither goest thou ? But be

cause I have said these things unto you, sorrow hath filled your heart. 7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away:

for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, 8 I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the 9 world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: of sin, because they. 10 believe not on me; of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye 11 see me no more ; of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged. 12 I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. 13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all

truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, 14 that shall he speak : and he will show you things to come. He shall glorify 15 me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you. All things

that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, 16 and shall show it unto you. A little while, and ye shall not see me: and

again, a little while, and ye shall see me, because I go to the Father. 17 Then said some of his disciples among themselves, What is this that he

saith unto us, A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little 18 while, and ye shall see me: and, Because I go to the Father? They said

therefore, What is this that he saith, A little while ? we cannot tell what 19 he saith. Now Jesus knew that they were desirous to ask him, and said

unto them, Do ye inquire among yourselves of that I said, A little while,

and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me? 20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the

world shall rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be 21 turned into joy. A woman when she is in travail hath sorrow, because her

hour is come : but as soon as she is delivered of the child, she remembereth 22 no more the anguish, for joy that a man is born into the world. And ye

now therefore have sorrow :5 but I will see you again, and your heart shall

1 Psa. 69. 4.
2 Acts 1.21, 22; Luke 1. 1, 2.

3 Acts 26. 9-11. • Comp. Mark 4. 33.
6 Comp. Luke 24. 40, 41.

JOHN XVI.

23 rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you. And in that day ye shall

ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask 24 the Father in my name, he will give it you. Hitherto have

ye

asked nothing in my name :' ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full. 25 These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs : but the time cometh,

when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall show you 26 plainly of the Father. At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say 27 not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you: for the Father himself

loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out 28 from God. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world : 29 again, I leave the world, and go to the Father. His disciples said unto 30 him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb. Now are

we sure that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any man should 31 ask thee: by this we believe that thou camest forth from God. Jesus an32 swered them, Do ye now believe? Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now

come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me 33 alone :- and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. These

things have I spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world shall have tribulation :3 but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.4

ye

§ 141. CHRIST'S LAST PRAYER WITH HIS DISCIPLES.–Jerusalem.

Evening introducing the Sixth Day of the Week.

JOHN XVII. 1-26.

was. 6

1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said,

Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify 2 thee : as thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give 3 eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. And his is life eternal,

that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom 4 thou hast sent. I have glorified thee on the earth : I have finished the 5 work which thou gavest me to do. And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world

I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept 7 thy word. Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast 8 given me are of thee. For I have given unto them the words which thou

gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I 9 came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me. I

pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast 10 given me; for they are thine. And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; 11 and I am glorified in them. And now I am no more in the world, but

these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through

thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may 12 we are. While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name:

those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the 13 son of perdition ; that the Scripture might be fulfilled. And now come I

be one,

as JOHN XVII.

1 Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name. This does not imply that the disciples had previously exercised no faith whatever in Christ as Mediator, (see John 14. 6,) and had never called on the Father with their minds trusting more or less in his mediation; but we must understand that they did not distinctly comprehend the na

ture and importance of Christ's mediation, until
after his death and ascension-the completion of
the work of redemption.

2 Matt. 26. 56.
3 1 Thess. 3. 3, 4; 2 Tim. 3. 12.
• Comp. Rom. 8. 37.
5 Comp. Psa. 41. 9; 109. 8, 17; Acts 1. 16–20.

to thee; and these things I speak in the world, that they might have my 14 joy fulfilled in themselves. I have given them thy word; and the world

hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of 15 the world. I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but 16 that thou shouldest keep them from the evil. They are not the world, 17 even as I am not of the world. Sanctify them through thy truth: thy 18 word is truth. As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also 19 sent them into the world. And for their sakes I sanctify myself;a that they

also might be sanctified through the truth. 20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on 21 me through their word ; that they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in

me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may 22 believe that thou hast sent me. And the glory which thou gavest me I 23 have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one: I in them,

and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast

loved me. 24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where

I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou 25 lovedst me before the foundation of the world. Orighteous Father, the

world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known 26 that thou hast sent me. And I have declared unto them thy name, and

will declare it: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them.

§ 142. THE AGONY | IN GETHSEMANE.-Mount of Olives.

Evening introducing the Sixth Day of the Week.

JOHN XVIII. I.

1

4

MATT. XXVI. 30, MARK XIV. 26,

LUKE XXII. 39–46. 36–46.

32-42. 30 And

when 26 And when 39 And he came they had sung 4 they had sung

out, and went, an hymn, they an hymn, they as he was wont, went out into went out into to the mount of

the mount of the mount of Olives; and his 36 Olives. Then 32 Olives. - And disciples also

cometh Jesus they came to a followed him.
with them unto place which was 40 And when he
a place called named Gethse- was at the place,
Gethsemane,
mane:5 and he

he said unto

When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and

5

| Eph. 4. 21-24 ; 5. 26.

4 On this singing, see above in Introductory 2 I sanctify myself : i. e. prepare and present Note, p. 148. myself as a sacrifice. (Compare Deut. 15. 19% 5 The present garden of Gethsemane, situated 21.). This “sanctifying of himself” includes between the brook Kidron and the foot of Olivet, Christ's active and passive obedience, the sacri. may justly be regarded as the real scene of the ficing of his own will (John 4. 34), and the en- Lord's agony. It was, probably, an olive plantaduring of the curse of the law, as the Lamb of tion at that time, for the name, Gethsemane, God which taketh away the sin of the world signifies an oil-press. The present, however, is (John 1. 29).

supposed to be but a part of the ancient garden ; 3 Matthew relates that our Lord went away for it is now only about fifty paces square, which thrice and prayed. Mark speaks of his going is too small to satisfy all the conditions of the away twice only, but mentions his coming again sacred narrative. (See Luke 22. 41.) It is therethe third time, ver. 41 ; and therefore accords fore more than probable that the ancient garden with Matthew. According to Luke, Jesus goes occupied also some of the space now covered by away and prays, and an angel strengthens him; several similar enclosures adjacent, some of which after which he prays the “ more earnestly,” ver. contain olive trees of the same age and character 44. The three evangelists, therefore, agree in as Gethsemane, which exhibits eight that are their narratives.

certainly very old; probably standing ever since

LUKE XXII.

JOHN XVIII.

and

shall pray

MARK XIV.

MARK XIV.

LUKE XXII.

MATT. XXVI.

MARK XIV. and saith unto saith to his dis- them, Pray that

his disciples. the disciples, ciples, Sit ye ye

enter not Sit ye here, here, while I

into temptawhile I go

tion. pray yonder.

MATT. XXVI. 37 And he took with him Peter and 33 And he taketh with him Peter and

the two sons of Zebedee, and be- James and John, and began to be

gan to be sorrowful and very heavy. sore amazed, and to be very heavy; 38 Then saith he unto them, My soul 34 and saith unto them, My soul is

is exceeding sorrowful, even unto exceeding sorrowful 'unto death : death: tarry ye here, and watch tarry ye here, and watch. with me.

MATT. XXVI. 39 And he went a little 35 And he went forward 41 And he was with

further, and fell on a little, and fell on the drawn from them his face, and prayed, ground, and prayed about a stone's cast,

that, if it were possible, and kneeled down, and

the hour might pass 42 prayed, saying, Fa

36 from him. And he ther, if thou be willsaying, O my Father, said, Abba, Father, all ing, remove this cup if it be possible, let things are possible un

from me:

neverthethis cup pass from me: to thee; take away less not my will, but nevertheless not as I this cup from me: ne- 43 thine, be done.2 And will, but as thou wilt.? vertheless not what there appeared an an

I will, but what thou gel unto him from wilt.

heaven, strengthening 44 him. And being in an

agony he prayed more earnestly:3 and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood

falling down to the 45 ground.

And when 40 And he cometh unto 37 And he cometh, and he

up

from the disciples, and find- findeth them sleeping,

prayer, and was come eth them asleep, and and saith unto Peter, to his disciples, he saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? found them sleeping What, could

ye

not couldest not thou 46 for sorrow, and said watch with me

watch

hour? unto them, Why sleep 41 hour ? Watch and 38 Watch ye and pray,

rise and pray, pray, that ye enter not

enter into lest

ye enter into into temptation : the temptation. The spi

temptation. spirit indeed is willing, rit truly is ready, but but the flesh is weak. the flesh is weak.4 MATT. XXVI.

MARK XIV. 42 He went away again the second 39 And again he went away, and

time, and prayed, saying, O my prayed, and spake the same words. Father, if this cup may not pass 40 And when he returned, he found away from me, except I drink it, them asleep again, (for their eyes

rose

one

one

ye?

lest ye

Christ was there. The olive tree lives to a great years. See Kitto's Ancient Jerusalem, p. 184, age ; and a distinguished naturalist asserts, that published by the Religious Tract Society, 1846. the largest of these eight are at least six yards in 1 Heb. 5. 7; John 12. 27. circumference, and nine or ten yards high--so 2 Phil. 2. 6–8; Heb. 5. 8. 3 Heb. 5. 7. large, indeed, that he calculates their age at 2000 4 Comp. Rom. 7. 18—25.

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