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MARK XIV.

MATT. XXVI.

MARK XIV.

LUKE XXII.

MATT. XXVI. 60 to death; but found none: yea, 56 found none. For many bare false

though many false witnesses came, witness against him, but their wit

yet found they none. At the last 57 ness agreed not together. And 61 came two false witnesses, and said, there arose certain, and bare false

58 witness against him, saying, We This fellow said, I am able to destroy heard him say, I will destroy this the temple of God, and to build it temple that is made with hands, in three days.

and within three days I will build 59 another made without hands. But

neither so did their witness agree

60 together. And the high priest stood 62

And the high priest up in the midst, and asked Jesus, arose, and said unto him, Answer- saying, Answerest thou nothing ?

est thou nothing? what is it which what is it which these witness against 63 these witness against thee? But 61 thee? But he held his peace, and Jesus held his peace.”

answered nothing.2 And the high 61 Again the high priest answered and priest asked him, and said unto him, I adjure said unto him, Art 67 —-saying, Art thou the thee by the living God, thou the Christ, the Christ? tell us. And that thou tell us whe- Son of the Blessed? he said unto them, If

ther thou be the Christ, 62 And Jesus said, I am: I tell you, ye will not 64 the Son of God. Je- and ye shall see the 68 believe: and if I also

sus saith unto him, Son of man sitting on ask you, ye will not Thou hast said: ne- the

right hand of answer me, nor let me vertheless I say unto power, and coming in 69 go. Hereafter shall you, Hereafter shall ye the clouds of heaven. the Son of man sit on see the Son of man

the right hand of the sitting on the right

70 power of God. Then hand of power, and

said they all, Art thou coming in the clouds

then the Son of God? 65 of heaven. Then the 63 Then the high priest And he said unto

high priest rent his rent his clothes, and them, Ye say that I clothes, saying, He saith, What need we 71 am. And they said, hath spoken blasphe- any further witnesses ? What need we any my; what further need 64 Ye have heard the further witness ? for have we of witnesses ?

what we ourselves have behold, now ye have think ye? And they heard of his

heard his blasphemy. all condemned him to mouth.66 What think ye? They be guilty of death.3

answered and said,

He is guilty of death. 67 Then did they spit in 65 And some began to 63 And the men that

his face, and buffeted spit on him, and to held Jesus mocked him; and others smote cover his face, and to him, and smote him.

him with the palms of buffet him, and to say 64 And when they had 68 their hands, saying, unto him, Prophesy : blindfolded him, they Prophesy unto us,

and the servants did struck him on the face, thou Christ, Who is he strike him with the and asked him, saythat smote thee? palms of their hands. ing, Prophesy, who is

it that smote thee? 65 And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.

blasphemy:

own

I Comp. John 2. 19.

? Isa. 53. 7.

3 Comp. Lev. 24. 16; John 19, 7.

• Isa. 50. 6.

§ 146. THE SANHEDRIM LEAD JESUS AWAY TO PILATE.-Jerusalem.

Sixth Day of the Week. MATT. XXVII. 1, 2,

MARK XV, 1-5. LUKE XXIII. 1-5. JOHN XVIII. 28-38. 11-14. 1 When the 1 And straight- 1 And the whole 28

Then led they morning was way

in the multitude of Jesus from Caicome, all the

morning the them arose, and aphas unto the chief priests chief priests

led him unto hall of judgand elders of held a consult- Pilate.

ment:' and it the people took ation with the

was early; and counsel' against elders and

they themselves Jesus to put him scribes and the

went not into the judgment 2 to death: and whole council,

hall, lest they should be defilwhen they had and bound Jea

ed; but that they might eat bound him, they sus, and carried 29 the passover.”

Pilate then led him away,

him away, and went out unto them, and said, and delivered delivered him to

What accusation bring ye ahim to Pontius Pilate.

30 gainst this man? They an. Pilate the go

swered and said unto him, If vernor. – [Šee

he were not a malefactor, we § 151.]

would not have delivered him 31 up unto thee. Then said Pi

late unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews there

fore said unto him, It is not

lawful for us to 2 And they be- put any man to

gan to accuse 32 death : that the him, saying, We saying of Jesus found this fel

might be fulfillow perverting

led, which he the nation, and spake, signifyforbidding to ing what death give tribute to he should die.

Cæsar, saying 33 Then Pilate en11 And Jesus

that he himself tered into the stood before the

is Christ a King.

judgment hall governor: and

3 And Pilate askgovernor 2 And Pilate ed him, saying, ed Jesus, and asked him, say

asked him, Art Art thou the said unto him, ing, Art thou thou the King King of the Art thou the the King of the of the Jews ?- Jews?

King of the Jews?

34 Jews ?

Jesus

answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? 35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew?' Thine own nation and the chief 36 priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done? Jesus

answered," My kingdom is not of this world : if my kingdom were

of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be The judgment hall, or rather the prætorium, learn from Acts 21. 31-37; 23. 10. the residence of the Roman governor, was most 2 On the meaning of passover in this place, see likely a part of the castle of Antonia, situated on above in Introductory Note, p. 146. the north-west corner of the temple area, where 3 John 12. 32, 33; Matt. 20. 19. also the Roman soldiers were in garrison, as we 4 Comp. 1 Tim. 6. 13.

LUKE XXIII.

again, and call

the

MATT, XXVII.

MARK XV,

LUKE XXIII.

JOHN XVIII. delivered to the Jews : but now is my kingdom

not from hence, 37 Pilate therefore

said unto him,

Art thou a king 11 - And Jesus 2 — And he an- 3 --And he an- then? Jesus an

said unto him, swering said swered him and swered, Thou Thou sayest. unto him, Thou said, Thou say

sayest that I am sayest it. est it,

a king. To this end was I born,

and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. 38 Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. Pilate saith unto

him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.

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12 And when he was accused of the 3 And the chief priests accused him

chief priests and elders, he answered of many things : but he answered 13 nothing. Then said Pilate unto 4 nothing. And Pilate asked him

him, Hearest thou not how many again, saying, Answerest thou no

things they witness against thee? thing? behold how many things 14 And he answered him to never a 5 they witness against thee. But Je

word;' insomuch that the governor sus yet answered nothing ;' so that marvelled greatly.. [See Š 148.] Pilate marvelled.

LUKE XXIII.

4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in 5 this man. And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up

the

people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.

§ 147. JESUS BEFORE HEROD. Jerusalem.

Sixth Day of the Week.

LUKE XXIII. 6-12.

6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Gali7 lean. And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction,

he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time. 8 And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad : for he was desirous

to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him; 9 and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. Then he questioned 10 with him in many words; but he answered him nothing. And the chief 11 priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. And Herod with

his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a 12 gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. And the same day Pilate and

Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

1 Isa. 53. 7.

2 Luke 9. 9. Romans was purple, and hence that was the co3 Gorgeous robe. The Greek (Aauppáv) favours lour of the robe in which the soldiers of Pilate the idea that the robe was white, which was the arrayed Jesus in their mockery of him. See John royal colour among the Hebrews. Comp. Matt. 19. 2, $ 149. 6. 28, 29. But the imperial colour among the

I 2

$ 148. PILATE SEEKS TO RELEASE JESUS. THE JEWS DEMAND BARABBAS.

Jerusalem.

Sixth Day of the Week.

LUKE XXIII. 13-25. 13 And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers 14 and the people, said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one

that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before

you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye 15 accuse him: no, nor yet Herod : for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing 16 worthy of death is done unto him. I will therefore chastise him, and re

lease him. MATT. XXVII. 15—26. MARK XV. 6-15.

JOHN XVIII. 39, 40. 15 Now at that 6 Now at that 17 For of necessity 39 But ye have a feast the gó

feast he releas- he must release custom, that I vernor was wont ed unto them one unto them should release to release unto

prisoner, at the feast. unto you one at the people a whom soever

the passover. prisoner, whom they desired. they would.

LUKE XXIII.

one

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16 And they had then a notable pri- 7 And there was one named Barabbas, 17 soner, called Barabbas. Therefore which lay bound with them that had when they were gathered together, made insurrection with him, who

had committed murder in the in8 surrection. And the multitude

crying aloud began to desire him

to do as he had ever done unto them. MATT. XXVII.

MARK XV. Pilate said unto them, 9 But Pilate answered JOHN XVIII. Whom will ye that Í them, saying, Will ye 39 –Will ye therefore release unto you? Ba- that I release unto you that I release unto

rabbas, or Jesus which the King of the Jews? you the King of the 18 is called Christ? For 10 For he knew that the

Jews? he knew that for envy chief priests had dethey had delivered

livered him for envy. 19 him. When he was

set down on the judg-
ment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou
nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered
many things this day in a dream because of him.
MATT. XXVII.

MARK XV.
LUKE XXIII.

JOHN XVIII. 20 But the chief 11 But the chief 18 And they cried 40 Then cried they priests and eld- priests moved out all

once,

all again, sayers persuaded the people, that saying, Away ing, Not this the multitude he should ra

with this man,

man, but Bathat they should ther release and release un- rabbas.

Now ask Barabbas, Barabbas unto tous Barabbas:1 Barabbas was a and destroy Je- them.!

19 (who for a cer- robber. 21 sus.

tain sedition vernor answer.

made in the city, ed and said unto

The go

and for murder, them, Whether

was cast into

I Acts 3. 14.

MARK XV.

LUKE XXIII.

MATT. XXVII. of the twain will ye :

20 prison.) Pilate therethat I release unto

fore, willing to release unto you? They said,

Jesus, spake again to 22 Barabbas. Pilate saith 12 And Pilate answered 21 them. But they cried,

unto them, What shall and said again unto saying, Crucify him, I do then with Jesus them, What will ye 22 crucify him. And he which is called Christ? then that I shall do said unto them the They all say unto him, unto him whom ye call third time, Why, what

Let him be crucified. the King of the Jews? evil hath he done? I 23 And the governor said, 13 And they cried out have found no cause

Why, what evil hath again, Crucify him. of death in him : I will he done? But they 14 Then Pilate said unto therefore chastise him, cried out the more, : them, Why, what evil 23 and let him go. And saying, Let him be hath he done? And they were instant with crucified.

they cried out the loud voices, requiring more exceedingly, that he might be cruCrucify him.

cified. And the voices of them and of the

chief priests prevailed.

MATT. XXVII. 24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult

was made, he took water, and washed 1 his hands before the multitude, 25 saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person : see ye to it. Then

answered all the people, and said, His

blood be on us,- and on 15 And so Pilate, willing 24 And Pilate gave sen26 our children. Then to content the people, tence that it should be

released he Barabbas released Barabbas un- 25 as they required. And unto them. to them.

he released unto them him that for sedition

and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired ;' but he delivered Jesus to their will.

MARK XV.

LUKE XXIII.

$ 149. PILATE DELIVERS UP JESUS TO DEATH. HE IS SCOURGED AND MOCKED.

Jerusalem.
Sixth Day of the Week.

2

MATT. XXVII, 26-30.

MARK XV. 15-19.

JOHN XIX. 1-3. 26 -_And when he had 15 - And he delivered i Then Pilate there

scourged Jesus, he de- Jesus, when he had fore took Jesus, and

livered him to be cru- scourged him, to be scourged him. 27 cified. Then the sol- 16 crucified. And the diers of the governor

soldiers led him away took Jesus into the into the hall, called common hall, and ga- Prætorium; and they thered unto him the call together the 2 And the soldiers platwhole band of soldiers. whole band.

ted a crown of thorns, 28 And they stripped 17

And they

and put it on his head, him, and put on him a clothed him with pur- and they put on him 29 scarlet robe. And ple,* and platted a a purple robe, 1 Comp. Deut. 21. 6, 7; Psa. 26. 6.

Antiqq. p. 371. The terms KÓKKIVOS, coccus-dyed, 2 Acts 5. 28.

3 Acts 3. 14. crimson, and moppupoūs, purple, seem to be nearly 4 The scarlet robe (xhauùs KOKKívn) of Matt. 27. synonymous; just as in English purple-red and 28, and the purple robe (luátiov coppupowv) of crimson are often interchanged. Comp. Note 3, John 19. 2, are put for the paludamentum or § 147. military cloak worn by officers; see Adam's Rom,

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