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MATT. XIV. said unto him, It is not Herod, It is not lawful up John in prison.
lawful for thee to have for thee to have thy 5 her. And when he 19 brother's wife. Therefore Herodias had a
would have put him to quarrel against him, and would have killed
heard him, he did many things, and
JOHN IV. 1-3. 1 When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus 2 made and baptized more disciples than John, (though Jesus himself bap3 tized not, but his disciples,) he left Judea, and departed again into Galilee.
MANY OF THE
§ 25. OUR LORD'S DISCOURSE WITH THE SAMARITAN WOMAN. SAMARITANS BELIEVE ON HIM.-Sychar, that is, Shechem or Neapolis.
JOHN IV. 4-42. 4, 5 And he must needs go through Samaria. Then cometh he to a city of
Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob 6 gave to his son Joseph.? Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore,
being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the
sixth hour.3 7 There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus saith unto her, 8 Give me to drink. (For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy 9 meat.) Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou,
being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the 10 Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans. Jesus answered and said unto
her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee,
Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have 11 given thee living water. The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing
to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living 12 water ? Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, 13 and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle? Jesus an
swered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst 14 again : but whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall
never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of 15 water springing up into everlasting life. The woman saith unto him, Sir, 16 give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw. Jesus 17 saith unto her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither. The woman an
swered and said, I have no husband. Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well 18 said, I have no husband : for thou hast had five husbands; and he whom 19 thou now hast is not thy husband : in that saidst thou truly. The 20 woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet. Our
fathers worshipped in this mountain ;4 and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the 21 place where men ought to worship. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe
me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at 22 Jerusalem, worship the Father. Ye worship ye know not what: we know 23 what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour cometh, and
| Sychar is the ancient Shechem, either with 2 Josh. 24. 32. the same name slightly changed by the Jews, in 3 Sixth hour, i. e. about noon, when the heat their enmity, so as to denote a lie, or a drunkard; was greatest. or more probably with a distinct name, in the 4 This mountain, i.e. Gerizim, between which sense of purchase, (from 20 sachar, to buy,) not and mount Ebal the town of Sychar or Shechem expressive of contempt, but commemorative of lay : see Deut. 11. 29, 30; Judg. 9. 7. Jacob's purchase of the parcel of ground close by 5 Isa. 2. 1-3; Zech. 8. 20—23. (Gen. 33. 19). See Wieseler, pp. 256-258.
now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in 24 truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. . God is a Spirit: and 25 they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth. The woman
saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when 26 he is come, he will tell us all things. Jesus saith unto her, I that speak
unto thee am he. 27 And
this came his disciples, and marvelled that he talked with the woman: yet no man said, What seekest thou ? or, Why talkest thou with 28 her? The woman then left her waterpot, and went her way into the city, 29 and saith to the men, Come, see a man, which told me all things that ever 30 I did : is not this the Christ? Then they went out of the city, and came
unto him. 31, 32 In the mean while his disciples prayed him, saying, Master, eat. But 33 he said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of. Therefore said
the disciples. one to another, Hath any man brought him aught to eat? 34 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to 35 finish his work. Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh
harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; 36 for they are white already to harvest. And he that reapeth receiveth
wages, and gathereth fruit unto life eternal: that both he that soweth and 37 he that reapeth may rejoice together. And herein is that saying true, One 38 soweth, and another reapeth. I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed
no labour : other men laboured, and ye are entered into their labours. 39 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying 40 of the woman, which testified, He told me all that ever I did. So when the
Samaritans were come unto him, they besought him that he would tarry 41 with them: and he abode there two days. And many more believed be42 cause of his own word; and said unto the woman, Now we believe, not
because of thy saying; for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world,
§ 26. JESUS TEACHES PUBLICLY IN GALILEE.
JOHN IV. 43–45. 43, 44 Now after two days he departed thence, and went into Galilee. For
Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath no honour in his own ? country.3 45 Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galileans received him, having
seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast :4 for they also went unto the feast. MATT. IV. 17. MARK I. 14, 15.
LUKE IV. 14, 15. 17 From that time Jesus 14 – Preaching, the gos- 14 - And there went out
began to preach, and to pel of the kingdom of a fame of him through say, Repent: for the 15 God, and saying, The all the region round kingdom of heaven is time is fulfilled, and the 15 about. And he taught 1. John 4. 35 contains a specification of time ministry of John the Baptist had continued for which is tolerably definite: " Say ye not, There at least a year and six months, before his impriare yet four months, and the harvest cometh ?” sonment. According to Lev. 23. 5—7, 10, 11, 14, 15, and % His own country: as applied to Christ, this Jos. Antiq. 3. 10. 5, the first-fruits of the barley- means here Judea, where he had been born; comharvest were presented on the second day of the pare ver. 47 of this chapter. It may be observpaschal week; while the wheat-harvest was two ed, that it is only in this place we find John even or three weeks later : see Bibl. Res. in Palest. II. alluding to the fact, that our Lord was born in p. 99, sq. Hence this journey of our Lord must Bethlehem; but this slight passing allusion is a have been made in the latter part of November striking confirmation of the explicit statements or in December, about eight months after the of Matthew (ch. 2. 1) and Luke (ch. 2. 4). preceding passover. It follows, (allowing one 3 Comp. Luke 4. 24. year to the events in Part II.,) that the public 4 John 2.23,
at hand. (Ver. 13—16 kingdom of God is at
in their synagogues, in $ 28.]
hand : repent ye, and being glorified of all. believe the gospel.
[See § 28.] § 27. JESUS AGAIN AT CANA, (see § 20,) WHERE HE HEALS THE SON OF A NOBLEMAN LYING ILL AT CAPERNAUM.-Cana of Galilee.
JOHN IV. 46-54. 46 So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water
wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Caper47 naum. When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judea into Galilee, he
went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal' his 48 son: for he was at the point of death. Then said Jesus unto him, Except 49 ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe. The nobleman saith unto 50 him, Sir, come down ere my child die. Jesus saith unto him, Go thy way;
thy son liveth. And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto 51 him, and he went his way. And as he was now going down, his servants 52 met him, and told him, saying, Thy son liveth. Then inquired he of them
the hour when he began to amend. And they said unto him, Yesterday at 53 the seventh hour the fever left him. So the father knew that it was at the
same hour, in the which Jesus said unto him, Thy son liveth: and himself 54 believed, and his whole house. This is again the second' miracle that Jesus
did, when he was come out of Judea into Galilee.
§ 28. JESUS AT NAZARETH; ? HE IS THERE REJECTED; AND FIXES HIS ABODE
LUKE IV. 16-31. 16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his
custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up 17 for to read. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet
Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it 18 was written, The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed
me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken
hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to 19 the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable 20 year of the Lord. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the
minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the syna21 gogue were fastened on him. And he began to say unto them, This day is 22 this scripture fulfilled in your ears. And all bare him witness, and won
dered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they 23 said, Is not this Joseph's son? And he said unto them, Ye will surely say
unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard 24 done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country. And he said, Verily I 25 say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country. But I tell you of
a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven
was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout 26 all the land ; but unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a 1 John 2. 11.
(70?) i. e. The Anointed One. 2 The visit to Nazareth is inserted here on the testimony of Luke 4. 16, sq., which is supported
6 Comp. Lev. 25. 8—10. by Matt. 4. 13. The visit mentioned in Matt. 13.
6 The minister (uampétns), rather servant, or 54, sq.; Mark 6. 1, sq.,
was later, and took place attendant, whose business it was to take care of after the raising of Jairus's daughter.
the sacred rolls (books) and other things in the 3 Isa. 61. 1. Comp. Isa. 58. 6.
synagogue, not very unlike the clerk of a parish 4 Hath anointed me (ëxploé me): by the appli
church. cation of this prophecy our Lord intimated that
? What is here meant we gather only from he was The Christ (• Xplotós), or the Messiah
John 4. 46–54 : see § 27.
MATT. IV. 13-16.
27 city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.” And many lepers were in
Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, 28 saving Naaman the Syrian. And all they in the synagogue, when they 29 heard these things, were filled with wrath, and rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was
built, that they might cast him down
30 headsong. But he passing through 13 And leaving Nazareth, he came 31 the midst of them went his way, and
and dwelt in Capernaum, which is came down to Capernaum, a city of
upon the sea coast, in the borders of Galilee. (See in § 30]. 14 Zabulon and Nephthalim : that it
might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, 3 15 The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the 16 sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles; the people which sat in
darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up. [Ver. 17 in § 26.]
§ 29. THE CALL OF SIMON PETER AND ANDREW, AND OF JAMES AND JOHN, WITH THE MIRACULOUS DRAUGHT OF Fishes. – By the Sea of Galilee ; near Capernaum.
LUKE V. 1-11. 1 And it came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon him to hear the word 2 of God, he stood by the lake of Gennesaret, and saw two ships standing by
the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their 3 nets. And he entered into one of the ships, which was Simon's, and prayed
him that he would thrust out a little from the land. And he sat down, and 4 taught the people out of the ship. Now when he had left speaking, he said
unto Simon, Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught. 5 And Simon answering said unto him, Master, we have toiled all the night,
and have taken noMATT. IV. 18-22.
MARK I. 16-20.
thing: nevertheless at 18 And Jesus, walking 16 Now as he walked by thy word I will let
by the sea of Galilee, the sea of Galilee, he 6 down the net. And saw two brethren, Si- saw Simon and An- when they had this mon called Peter, and drew his brother cast- done, they inclosed a Andrew his brother, ing a net into the sea : great multitude of casting a net into the for they were fishers. fishes: and their net sea: for they were fish
7 brake. And they beckers,
oned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help
them. And they came, 11 Kings 17. 1, 9. ? 2 Kings 5. 14.
part only generally, but the latter part with more 3 Isa. 9. 1, 2.
detail. In the one part, Luke introduces circum4 That the call of the four apostles belongs stances which the others omit; in the other part, here, in accordance with Mark's order, is obvious; Matthew and Mark mention facts which Luke has since they were present with Jesus at the healing not noted. The remark of Spanheim is here just : of the demoniac and of Peter's wife's mother, SS “Nihil vero frequentius, quam quædam præter30, 31.—The three accounts all probably relate to mitti ab his, suppleri ab aliis ; ne rel scriptores the same transaction, though many writers prefer sacri ex compacto scripsisse viderentur, vel lectoto take what is narrated in Luke 5. 1-11, as a res uni ex illis reliquis spretis hærerent:" that is, wholly distinct and later event, which preference Particulars are frequently omitted by one evangeis very ably supported by Greswell, Dissert. IX. list, which are supplied by others; lest the sacred vol. ii. Luke relates more particularly the for- writers should even seem to hare used collusion, mer part, including the putting off upon the lake and lest we should delight to read one of them to in Simon's boat and also the miraculous draught, the neglect of the rest. Dubia Evang. Tom. III. and
passes lightly over the latter part. Matthew Dub. 72. vii. and Mark, on the other hand, narrate the former
LUKE V. and filled both the
ships, so that they be8 gan to sink. When Si
mon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, Depart from me;' for I am a
sinful man, O Lord.2 9 For he was astonished,
and all that were with him, at the draught of
the fishes which they 10 had taken: and so was
also James, and John,
the sons of Zebedee, MATT. IV.
which were partners 19 And he saith unto 17 And Jesus said unto with Simon. And Je
them, Follow me, and them, Come ye after sus said unto Simon, I will make you fish- me, and I will make
Fear not; from hence20 ers of men.
you to become fishers forth thou shalt catch straightway left their 18 of men. And straight- men, nets, and followed him.
way they forsook their 21 And going on from nets, and followed him.
thence, he saw other 19 And when he had gone two brethren, James a little farther thence, the son of Zebedee, he saw James the son and John his brother, of Zebedee, and John in a ship with Ze- his brother, who also bedee their father,
the ship mending their nets; mending
their nets. and he called them. 20 And straightway he 22 And they immediately called them: and they 11 And when they had
left the ship and their left their father Zebe- brought their ships to father, and followed dee in the ship with land, they forsook all, him. [See in § 32.] the hired servants, and and followed him. went after him.
[See in § 33.]
§ 30. THE HEALING OF A DEMONIAC IN THE SYNAGOGUE.—Capernaum.
MARK I. 21-28.
LUKE IV. 31-37. 21 And they went into Capernaum;
and straightway on the sabbath day
he entered into the synagogue, and 31 –And taught them on the sabbath 22 taught. And they were astonished 32 days. And they were astonished at
at his doctrine: for he taught them his doctrine: for his word was with
as one that had authority, and not power. 23 as the scribes. And there was in 33 And in the synagogue there their synagogue a
man with an
was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean spirit; and he cried out, unclean devil, and cried out with 24 saying, Let us alone; what have 34 a loud voice, saying, Let us alone;
we to do with thee, thou Jesus of what have we to do with thee, thou Nazareth ? art thou come to destroy Jesus of Nazareth ? art thou come us? I know thee who thou art, the to destroy us? I know thee who
It may be inferred from this expression, that our Lord's Divinity was now first discerned by Pe
ter: see the following references.
? Comp. Ex. 20. 19; Judg. 13. 22; Isa. 6. 5.