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19 Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you,

The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for 20 what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise. For the

Father loveth the Son, and showeth him all things that himself doeth: and 21 he will show him greater works than these, that ye may marvel. For as

the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son 22 quickeneth whom he will. For the Father judgeth no man, but hath com23 mitted all judgment unto the Son : that all men should honour the Son, even

as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not 24 the Father which hath sent him. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that

heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life,

and shall not come into condemnation ; but is passed from death unto life. 25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the

dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. 26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have 27 life in himself; and hath given him authority to execute judgment also, be28 cause he is the Son of man. Marvel not at this : for the hour is coming, in 29 the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come

forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they 30 that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation. I can of mine

own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because

I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me. 31, 32 If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true. There is another

that beareth witness of me; and I know that the witness which he witness33 eth of me is true. Ye sent unto John, and he bare witness unto the truth. 34 But I receive not testimony from man: but these things I say, that ye might 35 be saved. He was a burning and a shining light: and ye were willing for 36 a season to rejoice in his light.? But I have greater witness than that of

John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same 37 works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me. And

the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye 38 have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape. And ye have

not his word abiding in you: for whom he hath sent, him ye believe not. 39 Search 3 the Scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they 40 are they which testify of me. And ye will not come to me, that ye might 41 have life. I receive not honour from inen. But I know you, that ye 42 have not the love of God in you. I am come in my Father's name, and ye 43 receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will re44 ceive. How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and 45 seek not the honour that cometh from God only? Do not think that I

will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuseth you, even Moses, 46 in whom ye trust. For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: 47 for he wrote of me. But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye be

lieve my words?



MATT, XII. 1-8.
MARK II. 23-28.

LUKE VI. 1-5. 1 At that time Jesus 23 And it came to pass, 1

And it came to pass went on the sabbath that he went through on the second 6 sab

Comp. Dan. 12. 2.

6 The circumstances here narrated show that a ? Comp. Matt. 21. 26. 3 Acts 17. 11, 12. passover had just been celebrated; see Note od Comp. Luke 24. 27.

25. The sabbath here named (oáßbatov devtepó5 Comp. Gen. 3. 15; 49. 10; Num. 24. 17; Twtoy) was probably the first sabbath after the Deut. 18. 15-18.

secord day of the passover, or of unleavened have condemned the man for the sabbath: 5 And he said unto 8 guiltless. For the Son 28 therefore the Son of them, That the Son of



LUKE VI. day through the corn; the corn fields on the bath after the first, and his disciples were sabbath day; and his that he went through an hungred, and be- disciples began, as the corn fields; and his

gan to pluck the ears of they went, to pluck disciples plucked the 2 corn, and to eat.1

But 24 the ears of corn. And ears of corn, and did when the Pharisees the Pharisees said un

eat, rubbing them in saw it, they said unto to him, Behold, why 2 their hands. And cerhim, Behold, thy dis- do they on the sab- tain of the Pharisees ciples do that which is bath day that which is said unto them, Why not lawful to do upon not lawful ?

do ye that which is not 3 the sabbath day. But 25

And he said lawful to do on the sabhe said unto them, unto them, Have ye 3 bath days? And Jesus Have ye not read what never read what David answering them said, David did, when he did, when he had need, Have ye not read so was an hungred, and and was an hungred, much as this, what

they that were with he, and they that were David did, when him4 him ;? how he entered 26 with him ?2 how he self was an hungred,

into the house of God, went into the house of and they which were and did eat the show- God in the days of 4 with him ;? how he bread, which was not Abiathar 3 the high went into the house of lawful for him to eat, priest, and did eat the God, and did take and neither for them which showbread, which is eat the showbread, and

were with him, but on- not lawful to eat but gave also to them that 5 ly for the priests ?4 Or for the priests, and were with him ; which have ye not read in the

to them it is not lawful to eat law,5 how that on the which were with him? but for the priests sabbath days the

alone? 4 priests in the temple profane the sabbath,

and blameless? 6 But I say unto you,

That in this place is

one greater than the 7 temple.

But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have 27 And he said unto mercy, and not sacri- them, The sabbath was fice,. ye would not made for man, and not

gave also


of man is Lord even of man is Lord also of man is Lord also of the the sabbath day. the sabbath.


bread; that is, the first of the seven sabbaths pancy may be removed by simply understanding reckoned between that day and Pentecost : see the words to mean— in the days of Abiathar, who the Lexicons, also Scaliger Emendat. Tempp. VI. was afterwards the high priest. His name is 557. Our Lord would seem to have hastened mentioned rather than his father's, because he too away from Jerusalem ; for which a reason is found was present on the occasion alluded to (see 1 Sam. in John 5. 16, 18.

22. 22), and having immediately succeeded his 1 Deut. 23. 25. 2 1 Sam. 21.1-7.

father, became better known in the history of 3 Abiathar is here named as the high priest, David. but in 1 Sam. 21.1-6, we find that his father 4 Lev. 24. 9. 5 Num. 28. 9, 10, 18, 19. Ahimelech was then in the office. This discre- 6 Hos. 6. 6.




Capernaum ?
MATT. XII. 9-14.
MARK III. 1-6.

LUKE VI. 6-11. And when he was 1 And he entered again 6 And it came to pass departed thence, he into the synagogue ;

also on another sabwent into their syna

and there was a man bath, that he entered 10 gogue: and, behold, there which had into the synagogue and

there was a man which 2 withered hand. And taught: and there was had his hand withered. they watched him, a man whose right And they asked him, whether he would heal hand was withered. saying, Is it lawful tó him on the sabbath 7 And the scribes and heal on the sabbath day; that they might Pharisees watched days ? that they might accuse him.

him, whether he would accuse him.

heal on the sabbath day; that they might find

accusation 8 against him. But he

knew their thoughts, 11 And he said unto them, 3 And he saith unto the and said to the man

What man shall there man which had the which had the withered be among you, that withered hand, Stand hand, Rise up, and shall have one sheep, 4 forth. And he saith stand forth in the midst. and if it fall into a pit unto them, Is it lawful And he arose and stood on the sabbath day, to do good on the sab- 9 forth. Then said Jesus

will he not lay hold on bath days, or to do unto them, I will ask 12 it, and lift it out? How evil ? to save life, or you one thing; Is it

much then is a man to kill? But they held lawful on the sabbath better than a sheep? 5 their peace. And when days to do good, or to Wherefore it is lawful he had looked round do evil ? to save life, or to do well on the sab- about on them with 10 to destroy it? And bath days.

anger, being grieved looking round about for the hardnessoftheir

upon them all, 13 Then saith he hearts, he saith unto

he said unto the to the man, Stretch the man, Stretch forth man, Stretch forth thy forth thine hand. And thine hand. And he hand. And he did so: he stretched it forth; stretched it out: and and his hand was reand it was restored his hand was restored stored whole as the

whole,like as the other. whole as the other. 11 other. And they were 14 Then the Pharisees 6 And the Phariseeswent filled with madness;

went out, and held a forth, and straight- and communed one council against him, way took counsel with with another what how they might de- the Herodians against they might do to Jestroy him.

him, how they might sus. [See in § 40.] destroy him.


MARK III. 7-12. 15 But when Jesus knew it, he with- 7 But Jesus withdrew himself with

drew himself from thence : and his disciples to the sea : and a great I With anger: this is a remarkable statement 2 The Herodians were Jews who were political respecting the meek and gracious Redeemer, and adherents or civil servants of Herod Antipas, it affords a striking illustration of the compati- and as such maintained, in opposition to the Phability of holy resentment with perfect benevo- risees, the propriety of yielding obedience and lence. Compare Eph. 4. 26, “Be ye angry and tribute to the Roman government, from which sin not." Anger is not, as many think, neces- Herod derived his authority. See § 118. sarily sinful.


MARK III. great multitudes followed him, and multitude from Galilee followed he healed them all;

8 him, and from Judea, and from Je

rusalem, and from Idumea, and from beyond Jordan ; and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they had heard what

great things he did, came unto him. 9 And he spake to his disciples, that

a small ship should wait on him

because of the multitude, lest they 10 should throng him. For he had

healed many; insomuch that they

pressed upon him for to touch him, 11 as many as had plagues. And un

clean spirits, when they saw him, fell down before him, and cried,

saying, Thou art the Son of God. 16 and charged them that they 12 And he straitly charged them that 17 should not make him known: that they should not make him known.

it might be fulfilled which was 18 spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Behold my servant, whom I have

chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased : I will put my spirit 19 upon him, and he shall show judgment to the Gentiles. He shall not strive, 20 nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets. A bruised

reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send 21 forth judgment unto victory. And in his name shall the Ĝentiles trust. [See

in § 48.]



MARK III. 13-19.

LUKE VI. 12-19.
13 And he goeth up in- 12 And it came to pass

to a mountain, and in those days, that he calleth unto him whom went out into a moun

he would: and they tain to pray, and con14 came unto him. And tinued all night in

he ordained twelve, 13 prayer to God. And that they should be when it was day, he with him, and that he called unto him his dis

might send them forth ciples : and of them MATT. X. 24.

15 to preach, and to have he chose twelve, whom 2 Now the names of power to heal sickness

also he named aposthe twelve apostles are es, and to cast out de- 14 tles; Simon, (whom these; The first, Simon, 16 vils : and Simon he he also named Peter,3) who is called Peter, 17 surnamed Peter ;3 and and Andrew his broand Andrew his bro- James the son of Ze- ther, James and John, ther; James the son of bedee, and John the Philip and BartholoZebedee, and John his brother of James; and 15 mew,

Matthew and 3 brother; Philip, and he surnamed them Thomas, James the Isa. 42. 1-3. Comp. Isa. 11. 10.

in Luke. The epithet Zelotes (ó Sniwańs), Zealot, The appointment of the twelve follows here is the Greek translation of ó kavavitns, (improperly according to Mark and Luke. Matt. 10. 2—4 gives given as the Canaanite in our version,) derived their names, as having been already appointed. from Heb. Aram. Lebbeus, called also Thaddeus by Matthew and Mark, is the same as Jude the brother of James

3 Comp. John 1. 42.

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Bartholomew ; Tho- Boanerges, which is, son of Alpheus, and mas, and Matthew the The sons of thunder: Simon called Zelotes, publican; James the 18 and Andrew, and Phi- 16 and Judas the brother son of Alpheus, and lip, and Bartholomew, of James, and Judas Lebbeus, whose sur- and Matthew,and Tho- Iscariot, which also name was Thaddeus; mas, and James the

was the traitor. 4 Simon the Canaanite, son of Alpheus, and 17 And he came down

and Judas Iscariot, Thaddeus, and Simon with them, and stood who also betrayed him. 19 the Canaanite, and in the plain, and the [See in 62.] Judas Iscariot, which

company of his discialso betrayed him.- ples, and a great mul[See in § 48.] titude of people out of

all Judea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, 18 and to be healed of their diseases; and they that were vexed with un19 clean spirits : and they were healed. And the whole multitude sought

to touch him : for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

§ 41. THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT.–Near Capernaum.

MATT. V. 1-VIII. 1.

LUKE VI. 20_49. 1 And seeing the multitudes, he

went up into a mountain : and when

he was set, his disciples came unto 2 him: and he opened his mouth, 20 And he lifted up his eyes on his 3 and taught them, saying, Blessed disciples, and said, Blessed be ye

are the poor in spirit: for theirs is poor : for yours is the kingdom of 4 the kingdom of heaven. Blessed 21 God. Blessed are ye that hunger

are they that mourn: for they shall now: for ye shall be filled.6 Blessed 5 be comforted.4 Blessed are the are ye that weep now: for ye shall

meek : for they shall inherit the laugh.* 6 earth.5 Blessed are they which

do hunger and thirst after right

eousness : for they shall be filled. 7 Blessed are the merciful: for they 8 shall obtain mercy.” Blessed are

the pure in heart: for they shall 9 see God.8 Blessed are the peace

makers : for they shall be called 10 the children of God.' Blessed are

they which are persecuted for right^ eousness' sake: for theirs is the 11 kingdom of heaven. Blessed are 22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate

ye, when men shall revile you, and you, and when they shall separate 1 In the plain (éti TÓT OV nedivov), properly on a unnoticed) in the usage of the genitive after éní is level place, i. e. a piece of table-land on a moun- submitted to the examination of Greek scholars. tain, and not what we should call the plain, which The result of this strict rendering of the expreswould be either ń edirń or tò médiov. That this sion is highly interesting, as it enables us at level spot lay on some high ground or mountain once to harmonize the statements of the evanis indicated by the use (in preference to the da- gelists, inasmuch as Luke too shows that the tive) of the genitive case, which is not employed sermon was delivered on a mountain, or some with éni except when the noun governed denotes high ground, though on a level place. something that is conceived to be itself elevated ; See the Note to this section in the Appendix. so in Luke 22. 40, we have éni TOŪ TÓT OV (on the 3 Isa. 66. 2.

4 Isa. 61. 2, 3. spot) used of Gethsemane, which lay on the slope 5 Comp. Psa. 37. 11, 22, 29. of Mount Olivet; compare also Matt. 24. 3, 30; 6 Isa. 25. 6; 55. 1-3. 7 Isa. 58. 10, 11. Luke 4. 29; 22.21; Acts 20.9; 21.40; and Zech. 8 Heb. 12. 14.

9 Rom. 12. 18. 14.10 in the Septuagint. This peculiarity (hitherto

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