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in thy name have cast out devils ?
and in thy name done many won23 derful works? And then will I
profess unto them, I never knew 46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, you : depart from me, ye that work and do not the things which I say? iniquity.
47 Whosoever cometh to me, and hear24 Therefore whosoever heareth eth my sayings, and doeth them, I
these sayings of mine, and doeth will show you to whom he is like: them, I will liken him unto a wise 48 he is like a man which built an
man, which built his house upon a house, and digged deep, and laid the 25 rock': and the rain descended, and foundation on a rock: and when the
the floods came, and the winds blew, flood arose, the stream beat veheand beat upon that house; and it mently upon that house, and could
fell not: for it was founded upon a not shake it : for it was founded 26 rock. And every one that heareth 49 on a rock. But he that heareth,
these sayings of mine,and doeth them and doeth not, is like a man that not, shall be likened unto a foolish without a foundation built an house
man, which built his house upon the upon the earth ; against which the 27 sand: and the rain descended, and stream did beat vehemently, and
the floods came, and the winds immediately it fell; and the ruin of blew, and beat upon that house; and that house was great.
it fell: and great was the fall of it. 28 And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the 29 people were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one
having authority, and not as the scribes. VIII. 1. When he was come down from the mountain, great multi
tudes followed him. [Ver. 2–4 in $ 33.]
$ 42. THE HEALING OF THE CENTURION'S SERVANT.-Capernaum.
LUKE VII. 1-10. 5 And when Jesus was entered into 1 Now when he had ended all his
Capernaum, there came unto him a sayings in the audience of the peo6 centurion, beseeching him, and ple, he entered into Capernaum.
saying, Lord, my servant lieth at 2 And a certain centurion's servant, home sick of the palsy, grievously who was dear unto him, was sick, tormented.
3 and ready to die. And when he
heard of Jesus, he sent unto him the elders of the Jews, beseeching
him that he would come and heal 4 his servant. And when they came
to Jesus, they besought him in
stantly, saying, That he was worthy 5 for whom he should do this: for he
loveth our nation, and he hath built
6 us a synagogue. Then Jesus went 7
And Jesus saith unto with them. And when he was now him, I will come and heal him. not far from the house, the centurion 8 The centurion answered and said, sent friends to him, saying unto him,
Lord, I am not worthy that thou Lord, trouble not thyself: for I am 1 In Matthew, the centurion seems to come in fully. In like manner, in John 4. 1, Jesus is said person to Jesus ; in Luke, he sends the elders of to baptize, when he did it by his disciples. In the Jews. This diversity is satisfactorily ex- John 19. 1, and elsewhere, Pilate is said to have plained by the old law-maxim : Qui facit per scourged Jesus; certainly not with his own hands. alium, facit per se; that is, What one does by In Mark 10. 35, James and John come to Jesus means of another, he does himself. Matthew nar- with a certain request; in Matt. 20. 20, is their rates briefly. Luke gives the circumstances more mother who prefers the request.
shouldest come under my roof: but not worthy that thou shouldest enter
7 under my roof: wherefore neither
thought I myself worthy to come speak the word only, and my serv- unto thee: but say in a word, and 9 ant shall be healed. For I am a man 8 my servant shall be healed. For I
under authority, having soldiers un- also am a man set under authority, der me: and I say to this man, Go, having under me soldiers, and I say and he goeth; and to another, Come, unto one, Go, and he goeth; and to
and he cometh; and to my servant, another, Come, and he cometh; and 10 Do this, and he doeth it. When to my servant, Do this, and he doeth
Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and 9 it. When Jesus heard these things, said to them that followed, Verily he marvelled at him, and turned him
I say unto you, I have not found so about, and said unto the people that 11 great faith, no, not in Israel. And followed him, I say unto you, I have
I say unto you, That many shall not found so great faith, no, not in come from the east and west, and Israel. shall sit down with Abraham, and
Isaac, and Jaco in the kingdom 12 of heaven. But the children of the
kingdom shall be cast out into outer
darkness: there shall be weeping 13 and gnashing of teeth.2 And Jesus
said unto the centurion, Go thy way;
[See in § 31.]
LUKE VII. 11-17. 11 And it came to pass the day after, that he went into a city called Nain; 12 and many of his disciples went with him, and much people. Now when
he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried
out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people 13 of the city was with her. And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion 14 on her, and said unto her, Weep not. And he came and touched the bier :
and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, 15 Arise. And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he delivered 16 him to his mother. And there came a fear on all : and they glorified God,
saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath 17 visited his people. And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judea,
and throughout all the region round about.
§ 44. JOHN THE BAPTIST IN PRISON SENDS DISCIPLES TO JESUS.-Galilee :
LUKE VII. 18-35. 2 Now when John' had heard in the 18 And the disciples of John showed
prison 4 the works of Christ, he sent 19 him of all these things. And John Comp. Gen, 1.3; John 1. 1-3.
bably at or near Capernaum, or perhaps Nain : 2 Comp. Luke 13. 25—28.
comp. § 45. 3 Matthew places this narrative after the send- 4 In the prison: this was, according to Joseing out of the twelve, Matt. 11. 1: see $ 62. But phus (Antiq. 18. 5. 2), in Machærus, a castle or it was during their absence John was beheaded : fortress situated on the southern border of Peræa, see Mark 6. 30; Matt. 14. 13. The order of near the Dead Sea, and not very far from Livias Luke is therefore followed. Our Lord was pro- ' (see Wieseler, p. 243-247), a town in which Herod
MATT. XI. 3 two of his disciples, and said unto calling unto him two of his disciples
him, Art thou he that should come, sent them to Jesus, saying, Art thou or do we look for another ?
he that should come ? or look we for 20 another? When the men were come
unto him, they said, John Baptist hath sent us unto thee, saying, Art
thou he that should come ? or look 21 we for another? And in the same
hour he cured many of their infirmities and plagues, and of evil spirits; and unto many that were
blind he gave sight. 4. Jesus answered and said unto them, 22 Then Jesus answering said unto
Go and show John again those them, Go your way, and tell John things which ye do hear and see:
what things ye have seen and 5 the blind receive their sight, and the heard; how that the blind see, the
lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead aré the deaf hear, the dead are raised,
raised up, and the poor have the to the poor the gospel is preached. 6 gospel preached to them." And 23 And blessed is he, whosoever shall
blessed is he, whosoever shall not be not be offended in me. offended in me.
24 And when the
messengers of John 7 And as they departed, Jesus be- were departed, he began to speak gan to say unto the multitudes unto the people concerning John, concerning John, What went ye What went ye out into the wilder
out into the wilderness to see? A ness for to see ? A reed shaken with 8 reed shaken with the wind ? But 25 the wind ? But what went ye out for
what went ye out for to see? _A to see? A man clothed in soft raiman clothed in soft raiment? Be- ment? Behold, they which are gor
hold, they that wear soft clothing geously apparelled, and live deli9 are in kings' houses. But what 26 cately, are in kings' courts. But
went ye out for to see? A prophet? what went ye out for to see ? A yea,
say unto you, and more than prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and 10 a prophet. For this is he, of whom 27 much more than a prophet. This
it is written, Behold, I send my is he, of whom it is written, Behold, messenger before thy face, which I send my messenger before thy
shall prepare thy way before thee. face, which shall prepare thy way 11 Verily, I say unto you, Among 28 before thee. For I say unto you,
them that are born of women there Among those that are born of wo hath not risen a greater than John men there is not a greater prophet the Baptist : notwithstanding he than John the Baptist: but he that
that is least in the kingdom of is least in the kingdom of God is 12 heaven is greater than he. And 29 greater than he. And all the people
from the days of John the Baptist that heard him, and the publicans, until now the kingdom of heaven justified God, being baptized with
suffereth violence, and the violent 30 the baptism of John. But the Pha13 take it by force. For all the pro- risees and lawyers rejected the
phets and the law prophesied until counsel of God against themselves, 14 John. And if ye will receive it, this being not baptized of him. is Elias, which was for to come.4 31
And 15 He that hath ears to hear, let him the Lord said, Whereunto then shall 16 hear. But whereunto shall I liken I liken the men of this generation ?
had a residence, and where he probably held the
1 Comp. Isa. 35. 5, sq. ; 42. 6, 7.
3 Comp. Gal. 4. 1-7. 4 Mal. 4. 5.
this generation? It is like unto chil- 32 and to what are they like? They are
dren sitting in the markets, and like unto children sitting in the mar17 calling unto their fellows, and say- ketplace, and calling one to an
ing, We have piped unto you, and other, and saying, We have piped ye have not danced; we have unto you, and ye have not danced ;
mourned unto you, and ye have not we have mourned to you, and ye 18 lamented. For John came neither 33 have not wept. For John the Bap
eating nor drinking, and they say, tist came neither eating bread nor He hath a devil.
drinking wine; and ye say, He hath 19
The Son of man 34 a devil. The Son of man is come came eating and drinking, and they eating and drinking; and ye say, say, Behold a man gluttonous, and Behold a gluttonous man, and a a winebibber, a friend of publicans winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified 35 and sinners! But wisdom is justified of her children.
of all her children.' [See in § 46.]
§ 45. REFLECTIONS OF JESUS ON APPEALING TO HIS MIGHTY WORKS.- Capernaum?
MATT. XI. 20-30. 20 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works 21 were done, because they repented not: Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you,
had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sack22 cloth and ashes. But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre 23 and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you. And thou, Capernaum,
which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the
mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it 24 would have remained until this day. But I say unto you, that it shall
be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than
for thee. 25 At that time 3 Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of
heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and 26 prudent,* and hast revealed them unto babes. Even so, Father: for so it 27 seemed good in thy sight. All things are delivered unto me of my Father:
and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man
the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him. 28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you 29 rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly 30 in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and
my burden is light. [Ch. 12. 1-21 in $$ 37–39.]
§ 46. WHILE SITTING AT MEAT WITH A PHARISEE, JESUS IS ANOINTED BY A
WOMAN WHO HAD BEEN A SINNER.-Capernaum ?
LUKE VII. 36-50. 36 And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would eat with him. And 37 he went into the Pharisee's house, and sat down to meat. And, behold, a
woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at i Wisdom is justified, &c.: this obscure sen- people, who are called also, “ the children of the tence has been well explained, in harmony with kingdom "(Matt. 8. 12), and “the children of the the context, thus,- The Divine wisdom, which has prophets and of the covenant" (Acts 3. 25). Indone all that was possible to draw her children to stead of but, we should, according to the Greek herself, by using diverse methods in the ministry (kai), read and at the beginning of the sentence. of John and in that of Christ (see verses 16-19), 2 Comp. Luke 10. 13–15: see in $ 81. is in this manner absolved from the complaints 3 Comp. Luke 10. 21. 4 1 Cor. 2. 14. of her children, namely, the wayward Jewish 5 And, behold, a woman : the common opinion,
38 meat in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster box of ointment, and
stood at his feet behind him weeping, and began to wash his feet with tears,
and did wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and 39 anointed them with the ointment. Now when the Pharisee which had bid.
den him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a
prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that 40 toucheth him: for she is a sinner. And Jesus answering said unto him,
Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on. 41 There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five 42 hundred pence,' and the other fifty. And when they had nothing to pay,
he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love 43 him most? Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he for44 gave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged. And he
turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet : 2 but she hath
washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head. 45 Thou gavest me no kiss :3 but this woman since the time I came in hath 46 not ceased to kiss my feet. My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but 47 this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment. Wherefore I say unto
thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much : but to 48 whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little. And he said unto her, Thy 49 sins are forgiven. And they that sat at meat with him began to say within 50 themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also ? And he said to the
woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.
§ 47. JESUS, WITH THE TWELVE, MAKES A SECOND CIRCUIT IN GALILEE. [See § 32.]
LUKE VIII. 1-3.
1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and
village, preaching and showing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: 2 and the twelve were with him, and certain women, which had been healed
of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, 4 out of whom went 3 seven devils, and Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna,
and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.5
§ 48. THE HEALING OF A DEMONIAC. THE SCRIBES AND PHARISEES BLASPREME.
MARK III. 19—30.
19, 20. —And they went into an house. And the multitude cometh together 21 again, so that they could not so much as eat bread. And when his friends
heard of it, they went out to lay hold on him : for they said, He is beside himself.
that this was Mary Magdalene, is wholly without 2 Gen. 18. 4.
3 2 Sam. 15. 5. foundation, and even contrary to all appearance ; 4 Magdalene : so called from Magdala, the for she is evidently mentioned by Luke, as for town she belonged to, and to distinguish her from the first time, in ch. 8. 2, and that not as a sin- the other Marys mentioned in the Gospels, of ner, (like this woman,) but as afflicted formerly whom there are at least three, namely, the mother with seven devils, which is no certain evidence of of our Lord, the wife of Alpheus or Clopas, and a depraved life. The omission of this woman's the sister of Lazarus. name is to be attributed, most likely, to delicacy 5 Comp. 2 Cor. 8. 9. of moral feeling in the apostles and evangelists, 6 The order of Mark is here resumed, who who could not help relating in the churches this places these transactions next after the appointmost touching and instructive story, but yet ment of the twelve, omitting the sermon on the thought it right to withhold the name.
mount and other intervening matters. The nari Pence: the Roman penny (denarius) is con- rative of Luke is obviously parallel, although sidered equal in value to seven pence halfpenny given by him in a different place. See Introof our money.
ductory Note to Part VI.