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MATT. XII. 22-37.
LUKE XI. 14, 15, 17-23. Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind,
[Ver. 16 in § 49.] and dumb: and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and
14 And he was casting dumb both spake and
out a devil, and it was 23 saw. And all the
dumb. And it came people were amazed,
to pass, when the deand said, Is not this
vil was gone out, the the Son of David ?
dumb spake; and the 24 But when the Phari- 22 And the scribes which 15 people wondered. But sees heard it, they came down from Jeru
some of them said, said, This fellow doth salem said, He hath He casteth out devils not cast out devils, Beelzebub,' and by the through Beelzebub 1 but by Beelzebub 1 the prince of the devils the chief of the devils.
prince of the devils. casteth he out devils. 17 – But he, knowing 25 And Jesus knew their 23 And he called them their thoughts, said un
thoughts, and said unto unto him, and said unto to them, Every kingthem, Every kingdom them in parables, How dom divided against divided against itself can Satan cast out Sa- itself is brought to deis brought to desola- 24 tan? And if a king- solation; and a house and every city or
dom be divided against divided against a house house divided against itself, that kingdom 18 falleth. If Satan also
itself shall not stand : 25 cannot stand. And if be divided againsthim26 and if Satan cast out a house be divided a- self, how shall his king
Satan, he is divided gainst itself, that house dom stand? because against himself; how 26 cannot stand. And if ye say that I cast out
shall then his kingdom Satan rise up against devils through Beel27 stand? And if I by himself, and be di- 19 zebub. And if I by
Beelzebub cast out de- vi he cannot stand, Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your but hath an end.
vils, by whom do your children cast them out?2
sons cast them out ?? therefore they shall be
therefore shall they be 28 your judges. But if I
20 your judges. But if I cast out devils by the
with the finger of God Spirit of God, then
cast out devils, no the kingdom of God
doubt the kingdom of is unto · you.
God is come upon you. 29 Or else how can one 27 No man can enter into 21 When a strong man
enter into a strong a strong man's house, armed keepeth his man's house, and spoil and spoil his goods, palace, his goods are his goods, except he except he will first 22 in peace : but when a first bind the strong bind the strong, man;
stronger than he shall man ? and then he and then he will spoil
come upon him and will spoil his house. his house.
overcome him, he taketh from him all his
wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils.
| Beelzebub, or more correctly Beelzebul : the ployed by the Israelites to express their contempt former name signifies lord of flies, and belonged for that idol, and their sense of the filthiness of to an idol of the Philistines (2 Kings 1. 2), which idolatry. Hence this became a name for the they fancied could protect against the annoyance devil
, as the god of idolaters. of such insects; the latter (differing only in a
% Comp. Acts 19. 13–16. single letter) signifies lord of dung, and was em
30 He that is not with me is against 23 He that is not with me is against
me; and he that gathereth not with me: and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.
Wherefore I 28 Verily I say unto you, All sins shall say unto you, All manner of sin and be forgiven unto the sons of men, blasphemy shall be forgiven unto and blasphemies wherewith soever men : but the blasphemy against the 29 they shall blaspheme: but he that
Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven shall blaspheme against the Holy 32 unto men. And whosoever speak- Ghost hath never forgiveness, but
eth a word against the Son of man, is in danger of eternal damnation : it shall be forgiven him: but who- 30 because they said, He hath an unsoever speaketh against the Holy clean spirit. [See in $ 50.]
Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, 33 neither in this world, neither in the world to come. Either make the tree
good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit cor34 rupt: for the tree is known by his fruit. O generation of vipers, how can
ye, being evil, speak good things ? for out of the abundance of the heart the 35 mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bring
eth forth good things : and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth 36 forth evil things. But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall 37 speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. For by thy
words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
§ 49. THE SCRIBES AND PHARISEES SEEK A SIGN. OUR LORD'S REFLECTIONS,
LUKE XI. 16, 24–36. 38 Then certain of the scribes and 16 And others, tempting him, sought
of the Pharisees answered, saying, of him a sign from heaven.
Master, we would see a sign from 39 thee. But he answered and said un- 29 And when the people were gathered
to them, An evil and adulterous ge- thick together, he began to say, neration seeketh after a sign; and This is an evil generation : they there shall no sign be given to it, seek a sign; and there shall no sign
but the sign of the prophet Jonas : be given it, but the sign of Jonas the 40 for as Jonas was three days and 30 prophet. For as Jonas was a sign
three nights in the whale's belly ;* unto the Ninevites,' so shall also the so shall the Son of man be three Son of man be to this generation.-days and three nights 5 in the heart Comp. Luke 12. 10.
20. 26, where eight days is put for a week. So ? Comp. Matt. 7. 16–18. 3 Rom. 10. 10. too in German, the expression, nach drey Tagen, • Jonah 1. 17.
“after three days,” is always the same as, am 5 The specification in Matt. 12. 40, that Jesus dritten Tage, on the third day,” the day after should be “three days and three nights" in the to-morrow; and acht Tage," eight days," is the sepulchre, seems at first view not to harmonize more common phrase, instead of eine Woche, " a with the accounts of his burial and resurrection. week.” From these latter it appears, that he was laid in In the present instance, Matt. 12. 40, the apthe tomb before sunset on the sixth day of the parent difficulty arises from the form of expresweek, or Friday, and rose again quite early on the sion, “ three days and three nights," which our first day of the week, or Sunday; having lain in Lord uses here, and here alone, because he is the grave not far from thirty-six hours. See $$ quoting from Jonah 1. 17. The phrase is doubt159, 160, and Notes. This accords with the usual less in itself equivalent to the Greek νυχθήμεformula which our Lord employed in speaking of pov, a day and night of twenty-four hours. But his resurrection, namely, that " he should rise on the Hebrew form, three days and three nights, the third day;" Matt. 16. 21; 20. 19; Mark 9. 31; was likewise used generally and indefinitely for 10. 34; Luke 9. 22; 18. 33, etc. Equivalent to three days simply ; as is obvious from 1 Sam. 30. this is also the expression, “after three days I 12, 13, and the circumstances there narrated. will rise again,” Matt. 27. 63; Mark 8. 31 ; John Such also is manifestly the case here. 2. 19, etc. This latter idiom is found also in John
MATT. XII. 41 of the earth. The men of Nineveh 32 The men of Nineve shall rise
in shall rise in judgment with this the judgment with this generation, generation, and shall condemn it: and shall condemn it: for they rebecause they repented at the preach- pented at the preaching of Jonas ;'
ing of Jonas;' and, behold, a greater and, behold, a greater than Jonas is 42 than Jonas is here. The queen of 31 here. The queen of the south shall
the south shall rise up in the judg. rise up in the judgment with the ment with this generation, and shall men of this generation, and concondemn it: for she came from the demn them: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon ;2 and, be- the wisdom of Solomon ;? and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
hold, a greater than Solomon is 33 here.-No man, when he hath light
ed a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but
on a candlestick, that they which 34 come in may see the light. The
light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil,
thy body 35 also is full of darkness. Take heed
therefore that the light which is 36 in thee be not darkness. If thy
whole body therefore be full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the
bright shining of a candle doth 43 When the unclean spirit is gone 24 give thee light.—When the unclean
out of a man, he walketh through spirit is gone out of a man, he walk
dry places, seeking rest, and findeth eth through dry places, seeking rest; 44 none. Then he saith, I will return and finding none, he saith, I will
into my house from whence I came return unto my house whence I out; and when he is come, he find- 25 came out. And when he cometh,
eth it empty, swept, and garnished. he findeth it swept and garnished. 45 Then goeth he, and taketh with 26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him
himself seven other spirits more seven other spirits more wicked than wicked than himself, and they enter himself; and they enter in, and in and dwell there: and the last
dwell there : and the last state of state of that man is worse than the that man is worse than the first.3 first.S Even so shall it be also unto 27 And it came to pass, as he spake this wicked generation.
these things, a certain woman of the company lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the
womb that bare thee, and the paps 28 which thou hast sucked. But he said, Yea rather, blessed
are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.
1 Jonah 3. 4, 5.
3 1 Kings 10. 1-13.
3 Comp. Heb. 6. 4-8; 2 Pet. 2. 20-22.
§ 50. THE TRUE DISCIPLES OF CHRIST HIS NEAREST RELATIVES.—Galilee. MATT. XII. 46-50. MARK III. 31-35.
LUKE VIII. 19-21. 46 While he yet talked 31 There came then his 19 Then came to him
to the people, behold, brethren and his mo- his mother and his his mother and his ther, and standing brethren, and could brethren stood with- without,'sent unto him, not come at him for
out, desiring to speak 32 calling him. And the 47 with him. Then one multitude sat about 20
And it said unto him, Behold, him, and they said was told him by certain thy mother and thy unto him, Behold, thy which said, Thy mobrethren stand with- mother and thy bre- ther and thy brethren
out, desiring to speak thren without seek for stand without, desiring 48 with thee. But he an- 33 thee. And he answer- 21 to see thee. And he swered and said unto ed them, saying,
answered and said unhim that told him, Who
Who to them, is my mother ?' and is my mother, or my
who are my brethren? 34 brethren ? And he 49 And he stretched forth looked round about on
his hand toward his them which sat about disciples, and said, Be- him, and said, Behold
hold my mother and my mother and my 50 my brethren! For who- 35 brethren! For whoso
My mother and soever shall do the will ever shall do the will
my brethren are these of my Father which is of God, the same is which hear the word in heaven, the same is my brother, and my of God, and do it. my brother, and sister, sister, and mother.
[See in g 54.] and mother.
[See in $ 54.] [See in § 54.]
§ 51. AT A PHARISEE'S TABLE, JESUS DENOUNCES WOES AGAINST THE PHARISEES
LUKE XI. 37-54. 37 And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him: and 38 he went in, and sat down to meat. And when the Pharisee saw it, he mar39 velled that he had not first washed before dinner.3 And the Lord said unto
him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter;4 40 but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness. Ye fools, did not 41 he that made that which is without make that which is within also ? But
rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean 42 unto you. But woe unto you, Pharisees ! for ye tithe mint and rue and all
manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought 43 ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. Woeunto you,
Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the mark44 ets. Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are as graves
which appear not,' and the men that walk over them are not aware of them. 45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus say46 ing thou reproachest us also. And he said, Woe unto you also, ye lawyers!
for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch 47 not the burdens with one of your fingers. Woe unto you! 8 for ye build the
1 Then is here a mistranslation of dé, [and,] 36, in § 49. Jesus received the invitation of the which merely connects without denoting time. Pharisee, while he was speaking. See IntroThis portion of Luke is here transposed to its ductory Note to Part VI. proper chronological place, as nearly all Harmon- 3 Mark 7. 3. 4 Comp. Matt. 23. 25, 26. ists agree, except Greswell.
5 Matt. 23. 23.
6 Matt. 23. 6. 2 The order here connects back with Luke 11. 7 Matt. 23. 27, 28. 8 Matt. 23. 29-36.
48 sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. Truly ye bear
witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers : for they indeed killed 49 them
build their sepulchres. Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall 50 slay and persecute: that the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from 51 the foundation of the world, inay be required of this generation ; from the
blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the
altar and the temple:? verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this 52 generation. Woe unto you, lawyers !3 for ye have taken away the key of
knowledge: ye enter not in yourselves, and them that were entering in
ye hindered. 53 And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees
began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many 54 things : laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his
mouth, that they might accuse him.
§ 52. JESUS DISCOURSES TO HIS DISCIPLES AND THE MULTITUDE.-Galilee.
LUKE XII. 1-59.
1 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable
multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began
to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, 2 which is hypocrisy. For there is nothing covered, that shall not be re3 vealed; 6 neither hid, that shall not be known. Therefore whatsoever ye
have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye
have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops. 4 And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, 5 and after that have no more that they can do. But I will forewarn you
whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to 6 cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him. Are not five sparrows sold 7 for two farthings, and not one of them is forgotten before God? But even
the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore : ye 8 are of more value than many sparrows. Also I say unto you, Whosoever
shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before 9 the angels of God: but he'that denieth me before men shall be denied 10 before the angels of God. And whosoever shall speak a word against the
Son of man, it shall be forgiven him; but unto him that blasphemeth 11 against the Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven. And when they bring
you unto the synagogues, and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no 12 thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say : for the
Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say, -13 And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, 14 that he divide the inheritance with me. And he said unto him, Man, who 15 made me a judge or a divider over you? And he said unto them, Take
heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the 16 abundance of the things which he possesseth. And he spake a parable
unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plenti17 fully: and he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I 18 have no room where to bestow my fruits? And he said, This will I do: I
will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my 1 The wisdom of God: by this our Saviour 2 Gen. 4. 8; 2 Chron. 24. 20-22. means himself (compare 1 Cor. 1. 24), as may be
3 Matt. 23. 13. clearly seen from the corresponding utterance in 4 Luke ch. 12. is directly connected with the Matt. 23. 34, Behold, I send, 8c. Here he de- preceding by the phrase, In the mean time. clares his eternal purpose after the manner of an 5 Comp. Matt. 16. 6. ancient prophecy, with allusion, probably, to
6 Matt. 10. 26-33. Proy. 1. 24-31.
7 Matt. 10. 19, 20.