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19 fruits and my goods. And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much

goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry. 20 But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of 21 thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided? So is

he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God. 22 And he said unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, Take no

thought for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall 23 put on. The life is more than meat, and the body is more than raiment. 24 Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have

storehouse nor barn; and God feedeth them: how much more are ye 25 better than the fowls? And which of you with taking thought can add to his 26 stature one cubit? If ye then be not able to do that thing which is least, 27 why take ye thought for the rest? Consider the lilies how they grow:

they toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that Solomon in all 28 his glory was not arrayed like one of these. If then God so clothe the grass,

which is to day in the field, and to morrow is cast into the oven; how 29 much more will he clothe you, O ye of little faith? And seek not ye what 30 ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind. For

all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father 31 knoweth that ye have need of these things. But rather seek ye the king32 dom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you. Fear not, little

flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom. 33 Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not

old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, 34 neither moth corrupteth. For where your treasure is, there will your heart 35, 36 be also. Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning;, and

ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will re

turn from the wedding ; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may 37 open unto him immediately. Blessed are those servants, whom the lord

when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall

gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and 38 serve them. And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the 39 third watch, and find them so, blessed are those servants. And this know,

that if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would

come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken 40 through. Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an

hour when ye think not. 41 Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or 42 even to all ? And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise stew

ard, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their 43 portion of meat in due season? Blessed is that servant, whom his lord 44 when he cometh shall find so doing. Of a truth I say unto you, that he 45 will make him ruler over all that he hath. But and if that servant say in

his heart, My lord delayeth his coming ; and shall begin to beat the men46 servants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken ; the lord

of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an

hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint 47 him his portion with the unbelievers. And that servant, which knew his

lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, 48 shall be beaten with many stripes. But he that knew not,' and did commit

! Comp. Matt. 6. 25—33.

2 Second and third watch, that is, the depth of night, (from nine to three o'clock,) when men generally feel most sleepy, which made the wakefulness of the servants more commendable.

Comp. Matt. 24. 45–51.

4 He that knew not, &c. This shows that even those who sin in ignorance may be more or less guilty, the ignorance itself being sinful, which holds true, in a great degree, of even the heathen, and far more of all who have means of religious instruction in Christian lands.



things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men

have committed much, of him they will ask the more. 49 I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already 50 kindled? But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I strait51 ened till it be accomplished ! Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on 52 earth ? I tell you, Nay;? but rather division : for from henceforth there shall

be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three. 53 The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father;

the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and the daughter-in-law

against her mother-in-law. 54 And he said also to the people, When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, 55 straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; and so it is. And when

see the south wind blow, ye say, There will be heat; and it cometh to pass. 56 Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; but 57 how is it that ye do not discern this time? Yea, and why even of your58 selves judge ye not wh is right? When thou goest with thine adversary

to the magistrate, as thou art in the way, give diligence that thou mayest

be delivered from him ; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge de59 liver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison. I tell thee,

thou shalt not depart thence, till thou hast paid the very last mite.






1 There were present at that season some that told him of the Galileans, 2 whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. And Jesus answer

ing said unto them, Suppose ye that these Galileans were sinners above 3 all the Galileans, because they suffered such things? I tell you, Nay: but, 4 except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. Or those eighteen, upon

whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were 5 sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem ?' I tell you, Nay: but, ex

cept ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. 6 He spake also this parable ;* A certain man had a fig tree planted in his 7 vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. Then

said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come

seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth 8 it the ground? And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this 9 year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: and if it bear fruit, well:

and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down. (See in § 94.] " I am come to send fire: by this we may un- nifies juxta-position, as when two things are put derstand a fire of purifying (Isa. 4. 4; Matt. 3. side by side for comparing them, whence it de11) and of holy zeal, as connected with fiery notes a comparison, and then an illustration by trials and persecutions, which the following verses comparison. In explaining the parables, we (51-53) clearly set forth.

should remember that the comparison or simili? Comp. Matt. 10. 34–36.

tude is generally to be found only in the principal 3 This verse fixes the order of this chapter, as parts or scope, the minor parts being intended coming properly next to ch. 12.

merely as the drapery or filling up of the picture. 4 Parable, from napafont, etymologically sig- 5 Comp. Isa. 5. 5-7.



5 them up :

§ 54. PARABLE OF THE SOWER.'—Sea of Galilee : near Capernaum? MATT. XIII. 1--23. MARK IV. 1-25.

LUKE VIII. 4-18. 1 The same day went 1 And he began again

Jesus out of the house, 2 to teach by the sea

and sat by the sea side. side: and there was 2 And great multitudes gathered unto him a

were gathered toge- great multitude, so ther unto him, so that that he entered into a he went into a ship, ship, and sat in the and sat; and the whole sea; and the whole

multitude stood on the multitude was by the 3 shore. And he spake 2 sea on the land. And 4 And when much many things unto them

he taught them many people were gathered in parables, saying, things by parables,

together, and and said unto them in come to him out of

3 his doctrine, Hearken; every city, he spake Behold, a sower went Behold, there went 5 by a parable: A sower forth to sow;

out a sower to sow: went out to sow his 4 and 4 and it came to pass,

seed: and as he sowed, when he sowed, some as he sowed, some fell some fell by the way seeds fell by the way by the way side, and side; and it was trodside, and the fowls the fowls of the air den down, and the came and devoured

came and devoured it fowls of the air desome fell 5 up. And some fell on 6 voured it. And some upon stony places, stony, ground, where fell upon a rock; and where they had not it had not much earth; as soon as it was sprung much earth: and forth- and immediately it up, it withered away, with they sprung up, sprang up, because it

because it lacked moisbecause they had no had no depth of earth : ture. 6 deepness of earth: and 6 but when the sun was when the sun was up,

up, it was scorched; they were scorched; and because it had no and because they had root, it withered away.

no root, they withered 7 And some fell among 7 And some fell 7 away. And some fell

thorns, and the thorns

among thorns; and among thorns; and the grew up, and choked

the thorns sprang up thorns sprung up, and it, and it yielded no with it, and choked it. 8 choked

them : but 8 fruit. And other fell 8 And other fell on good other fell into good on good ground, and ground, and sprang ground, and brought did yield fruit that up, and bare fruit an forth fruit, some

sprang up and in- hundredfold. hundredfold,

creased; and brought sixtyfold, some thirty- forth, some thirty, and fold. some sixty, and some

And when he 9 an hundred. And he

had said these things,

said unto them, He he cried, He that hath 9 Who hath ears that hath ears to hear,

ears to hear, let him to hear, let him hear. let him hear.

hear. 10 And the disciples 10 And when he was


And his disciples came, and said unto alone, they that were asked him, saying, | The order here depends on Matt. 13. 1; the usually tarried at Capernaum. intervening events in 98 51-53 being supplied by 3 An hundredfold: such increase, though not Luke. The place was probably Capernaum ; but frequent among us, is commonly yielded in the this is not certain.

more fertile parts of Palestine, such as Galilee, ? The house : namely, that in which Christ and in Egypt.




3 lest at any


LUKE VIII. him, Why speakest about him with the

What might this parathou unto them in pa

twelve asked of him ble be? 11 rables?. He answered 11 the parable. And he 10

And he said, and said unto them, said unto them, Unto Unto

you it is given to Because it is given you it is given to know know the mysteries 1 unto you to know the the mystery of the of the kingdom of mysteries of the king- kingdom of God: but God:2 but to others in dom of heaven, but to unto them that are parables ;

them it is not given. without all these things 12 For whosoever hath, are done in parables :

to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken

away even that he 13 hath. Therefore speak

I to them in parables : because they seeing 12 that seeing they may that seeing they might see not; and hearing see, and not perceive; not see, and hearing they hear not, nei- and hearing they may they might not under

ther do they under- hear, and not under- stand.3 14 stand. And in them is stand ;

fulfilled the prophecy, time they should be
of Esaias, which saith, converted, and their
By hearing ye shall sins should be forgiven
hear, and shall not them.
understand; and see-
ing ye shall see, and

shall not perceive : 15 for this people's heart

is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed ; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted,

and I should heal 16 them. But blessed are

your eyes, for they see:

and your ears, for they 17 hear.- For verily I say

unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see

Mystery, from uvothprov, denotes something prehend, (which holds true also of the facts and secret, which is not known except by revelation. truths of science,) and hence a Scripture mystery, It does not necessarily denote, as employed in though declared, may leave us in mystery still: Scripture, something incomprehensible, for it is so it is, at least, with the “great mystery of godused generally, as here, for what may be known liness,” 1 Tim. 3. 16. by instruction or revelation. Yet a fact or truth, 2 Comp. 1 Cor. 2. 6-10. 3 Isa. 6. 9, 10. as revealed, may involve more than we can com- • Comp. Eph. 1. 17-19.




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those things which ye 13 And he said unto them, see, and have not seen Know ye not this pathem; and to hear those rable ? and how then things which ye hear, will ye know all para

and have not heard bles ? 18 them. Hear ye there- 14 The sower soweth 11 Now the parable is

fore the parable of the 15 the word. And these this: The seed is the 19 sower. When any one are they by the way 12 word of God. Those

heareth the word of the side, where the word is by the way side are kingdom, and under

sown; but when they they that hear; then standeth it not, then have heard, Satan com- cometh the devil, and cometh the wicked one, eth immediately, and taketh away the word and catcheth awaythat taketh away the word out of their hearts, which was sown in his that was sown in their lest they should beheart. This is he hearts.

lieve and be saved. which received seed by 20 the way side. But he 16

And these are 13

They that received the seed they likewise which on the rock are they, into stony places, the

on stony which, when they hear, same is he that heareth ground; who, when receive the word with the word, and anon they have heard the


and these have no with joy receiveth it; word, immediately re- root, which for a while 21 yet hath he not root in ceive it with gladness;

believe, and in time of himself, but dureth for 17 and have no root in temptation fall away." a while :1 for when tri

themselves, and so enbulation or persecution dure but for a time :1 ariseth because of the afterward, when aftlicword, by and by he is tion or persecution aoffended.

riseth for the word's

sake,immediately they 22

He also that 18 are offended. And 14 And that which fel} areceived seed among these are they which mong thorns are they, the thorns is he that are sown amongthorns; which, when they have heareth the word; and such as hear the word, heard, go forth, and the care of this world, 19 and the cares of this are choked with cares and the deceitfulness world, and the deceit- and riches and pleaof riches, choke the fulness? of riches, and sures of this life, and word, and he becometh the lusts of other bring no fruit to perunfruitful.

things entering in, fection.

choke the word, and it 23

But he that becometh unfruitful, 15 But that on the received seed into the 20 And these are they good ground are they, good ground is he that which are

which in an honest heareth the word, good ground; such as and good heart, harand understandeth it; hear the word, and ing heard the word, which also beareth receive it, and bring keep it, and bring forth fruit, and bringeth forth fruit, some thirty- fruit with patience. forth, some an hun- folå, some sixty, and dredfold, some sixty, some an hundred. some thirty.

LUKE VIII. 21 And he said unto them, Is a candle3 16 No man, when he hath lighted a



brought to be put under a bushel, or candle,3 covereth it with a vessel, or under a bed ? and not to be set on a putteth it under a bed; but setteth


"Comp. Heb. 10. 35–39; Eph. 3. 17–19.

? Comp. Acts 5. 1-11.

3 Comp. Matt. 5. 14–16.

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