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MARK IV.

LUKE VIII. 22 candlestick? For there is nothing it on a candlestick, that they which

hid, which shall not be inanifested; 17 enter in may see the light. For no

neither was any thing kept secret, thing is secret, that shall not be 23 but that it should come abroad. If made manifest; neither any thing

any man have ears to hear, let him hid, that shall not be known and 24 hear. And he saith unto them, Take 18 come abroad. Take heed therefore

heed what ye hear: with what mea- how ye hear: for whosoever hath, sure ye mete, it shall be measured to to him shall be given; and whosó

you : and unto you that hear shall ever hath not, from him shall be 25 more be given. For he that hath,' taken even that which he seemeth

to him shall be given; and he that to have. (See in $ 50.]
hath not, from him shall be taken
even that which he hath.

1

$ 55. PARABLE OF THE TARES. OTHER PARABLES.--Near Capernaum ?

MATT. XIII. 24-53. 24 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven 25 is likened unto man which sowed good seed in his field: but while men

slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his 26 way. But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then 27 appeared the tares also. So the servants of the householder came and said

unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field ? from whence then 28 hath it tares? He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The sery29 ants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up? But

he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat 30 with them. Let both grow together until the harvest : and in the time of

harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them : but gather the wheat into my barn.

MARK IV. 26–34. 26 And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed 27 into the ground; and should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed 28 should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how. For the earth bringeth

forth fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in 29 the ear. But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in

the sickle, because the harvest is 31 Another parable put he forth unto 30 And he said, Whereunto shall we

them, saying, The kingdom of liken the kingdom of God? or with heaven is like to a grain of mus- what comparison shall we compare

tard seed, which a man took, and 31 it? It is like a grain of mustard 32 sowed in his field: which indeed is seed, which, when it is sown in the

the least of all seeds : but when it earth, is less than all the seeds that is grown, it is the greatest among 32 be in the earth : but when it is sown, herbs, and becometh a tree, so that it groweth up, and becometh greater

the birds of the air come and lodge than all herbs, and shooteth out 33 in the branches thereof. Another great branches, so that the fowls of

parable spake he unto them; The the air may lodge under the shadow kingdom of heaven is like unto of it. leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till

the whole was leavened. 34 All these things spake Jesus unto 33 And with many such parables

the multitude in parables; and with- spake he the word unto them, as

MATT. XIII.

come.

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out a parable spake he not unto 34 they were able to hear it. But with35 them : that it might be fulfilled out a parable spake he not unto

which was spoken by the prophet, them; and when they were alone,
saying,' I will open my mouth in he expounded all things to his dis-
parables; I will utter things whic ciples.
have been kept secret from the

foundation of the world.
36 Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house : and his

disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares 37 of the field. He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good 38 seed is the Son of man;2 the field is the world; the good seed are the chil

dren of the kingdom ; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; 39 the enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the 40 world; and the reapers are the angels. As therefore the tares are gathered 41 and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. The Son

of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom 42 all things that offend, and them which do iniquity, and shall cast them into 43 a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then shall

the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who

hath ears to hear, let him hear. 44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the

which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and

selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field. 45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly 46 pearls: who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold

all that he had, and bought it. 47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the 48 sea, and gathered of every kind: which, when it was full

, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad 49 away. So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, 50 and sever the wicked from among the just, and shall cast them into the

furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. 51 Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say 52 unto him, Yea, Lord. Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe

which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is

an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old. 53 And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he de

parted thence. [See in § 61.]

THE TEMPEST STILLED.

56. JESUS DIRECTS TO CROSS THE LAKE. INCIDENTS.

Sea of Galilee.

MATT. VIII. 18—27.
MARK IV. 35-41.

LUKE VIII. 22-25.
18 Now when Jesus saw 35 And the same day, 22 Now it came to pass
great multitudes about

when the even was on a certain day, that him, he gave com- come,» he saith unto he went into a ship mandment to depart them, Let us pass over with his disciples : and

unto the other side. unto the other side. he said unto them, Let 19 And a certain scribe

us go over unto the came, and said unto

other side of the lake. 1 Psa. 78. 2.

80]. It is however put in this section in Robin2 Comp. Dan. 7. 1S.

son's Harmony, because he thinks that two in3 Mark here fixes the order of time, “the same cidents so similar cannot well be supposed to day at evening." Very similar to Matt. 8. 19-22 have occurred. The conversation takes place as is the incident related by Luke, ch. 9. 57–62, but our Lord was on his way from the house (Matt. 13. which is in a wholly different connexion (see § | 36) to the boat.

MARK IV.

LUKE VIII.

the

MATT. VIII. him, Master, I will

follow thee whitherso20 ever thou goest. And

Jesus saith unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man' hath not

where to lay his head. 21 And another of his disciples said

unto him, Lord, suffer me

first to go and bury my 22 father. But Jesus said

unto him, Follow me; 36 And when they had and let the dead bury sent away the multitheir dead.

tude, they took him 23 And when he was even as he was in the And they launch

entered into a ship, his ship. And there were 23 ed forth. But as they

disciples followed him. also with him other sailed he fell asleep: 24 And, behold, there a- 37 little ships. And there and there came down rose a great tempest in arose a great storm of a storm of wind on the sea,

insomuch that wind, and the waves lake; and they were the ship was covered beat into the ship, so filled with water, and

with the waves : but he that it was now full. were in jeopardy. 25 was asleep. And his 38 And he was in the 24

And disciples came to him, hinder part of the ship, they came to him, and and awoke him, say- asleep on a pillow : awoke him, saying,

ing, Lord, save us: we and they awake him, Master, master, 26 perish. And he saith and say unto him, Mas- perish. Then he arose,

unto them, Why are ter, carest thou not and rebuked the wind ye fearful, o ye of 39 that we perish? And and the raging of the little faith? Then he he arose, and rebuked

water: and they ceasarose, and rebuked

the wind, and said un- ed, and there was a the winds and the sea; to the sea, Peace, be calm. and there was a great

still. And the wind calm.

ceased, and there was
40 a great calm. And

he said unto them,
Why are ye so fearful ? 25 And he said unto them,
how is it that

ye

have Where is your faith? 27 But the men marvel- 41 no faith? And they And they being afraid

led, saying, What man- feared exceedingly, wondered, saying one ner of man is this, that and said ne to an- to another, What maneven the winds and the other, What manner ner of man is this ! for sea obey him!

of man is this, that he commandeth even even the wind and the

the winds and water, sea obey him?

and they obey him.

we

1 The Son of man : this name is often applied to himself by Christ, with reference to Dan. 7. 13, 14 (comp. Rev. 1. 13), to indicate that he was the Messiah, found in fashion as a man, but destined to have supreme and universal dominion (Phil. 2.

6–11). Perhaps this name was chosen to indicate also, that Christ was the son of Adam (man) who was to bruise the serpent's head and become the second Adam (comp. 1 Cor. 15. 47).

$ 57. THE TWO DEMONIACS OF GADARA.-S. E. coast of the sea of Galilee. MATT. VIII. 28-34. IX. 1.

MARK V. 1-21.

LUKE VIII. 26–40. 28 And when he was 1 And they came over 26 And they arrived at

come to the other side unto the other side of the country of the Gainto the country of the the sea, into the coun- darenes, which is over Gergesenes,' there met try of the Gadarenes. 27 against Galilee. And him two possessed with 2 And when he was come when he went forth to devils, coming out of out of the ship, imme- land, there met him the tombs, exceeding diately there met him out of the city a certain fierce, so that no man out of the tombsa a man man, which had devils might pass by that with an unclean spirit, long time, and ware no way. 3 who had his dwelling

clothes, neither abode among the tombs; and

in any house, but in no man could bind the tombs.

him, no, not with
4 chains : because that

he had been often
bound with fetters and
chains, and the chains
had been plucked a-
sunder by him, and
the fetters broken in
pieces: neither could

any man tame him.
5 And always, night and

day, he was in the
mountains, and in the
tombs, crying, and cut-

ting himself with
6 stones. But when he

saw Jesus afar off, he 28 When he saw Jesus,

ran and worshipped he cried out, and fell

7 him, and cried with a down before him, and 29 And, behold, they loud voice, and said, with a loud voice said,

cried out, saying, What What have I to do What have I to do with have we to do with with thee, Jesus, thou thee, Jesus, thou Son of thee, Jesus, thou Son of Son of the most high God most high? I beGod? art thou come God? I adjure thee seech thee, torment hither to torment us by God, that thou tor- 29 me not. (For he had before the time? 8 ment me not. For he commanded the un

said unto him, Come clean spirit to come out of the man, thou un- out of the man.

For 9 clean spirit. And he oftentimes it

had asked him, What is caught him: and he thy

name? And he was kept bound with

answered, saying, My chains and in fetters; " Origen says that a city Gergesa anciently that is, the fuller account comprises the shorter ; stood on the eastern shore of the lake of Tiberias, the shorter does not contradict the fuller. SomeOpp. IV. p. 140. Gadara was a larger city, whose thing peculiar in the circumstances or character of district or jurisdiction apparently extended to the one of the persons, rendered him more prominent, lake, and included Gergesa. In Matt. 8. 28, and led the two former evangelists to speak of him Greisbach and Knapp read Gerasenes, and Scholz particularly. But their language does not exclude Gadarenes.

another. See Bibliotheca Sacra, 1845. No. I. p. 169. Mark and Luke speak of only one demoniac; ? Out of the tombs: these are, in the East, either Matthew of two. Here the maxim of Le Clerc excavations in rocky cliffs and hills, or like our holds true : Qui plura narrat, pauciora complec- vaults, and hence easily serving for shelters and titur; qui pauciora memorat, plura non negat; | lurking-places.

MATT. VIII.

MARK V.

LUKE VIII.

was

name is Legion: for and he brake the bands, 10 we are many. And he and was driven of the

besought him much devil into the wilderthat he would not send 30 ness.) And Jesus askthem away out of the ed him, saying, What country.

is thy name? And he said, Legion : because

many devils were en31 tered into him. And

they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the

deep. 30 And there

a 11 Now there was there 32 And there was there good way off from

nigh unto the moun- an herd of many swine them an herd of many tains a great herd of feeding on the moun31 swine feeding. So the 12 swine feeding. And all tain: and they be

devils besought him, the devils besought sought him that he saying, If thou cast us him, saying, Send us would suffer them to out, suffer us to go into the swine, that we enter into them. And away into the herd of may enter into them.

he suffered them. 32 swine. And he said 13 And forth with Jesus

unto them, Go. And gave them leave. And 33 Then went the devils when they were come theunclean spiritswent out of the man, and out, they went into the out, and entered into entered into the swine: herd of swine: and, the swine: and the herd and the herd ran viobehold, the whole herd

ran violently down a lently down a steep of swine ran violently steep place into the place into the lake, down a steep place into sea, (they were about

and were choked.1 the sea, and perished two thousand;) and in the waters."

were choked in the sea.' 33 And they that kept 14 And they that fed 34 When they that fed

them fled, and went the swine fled, and them saw what was their ways into the city, told it in the city, and done, they fled, and and told every thing, in the country. And went and told it in the and what was befallen they went out to see city and in the country.

to the possessed of the what it was that was 35 Then they went out to 34 devils. And, behold, 15 done. And they come see what was done;

the whole city came to Jesus, and see him and came to Jesus, and out to meet Jesus : that was possessed with found the man, out of

the devil, and had the whom the devils were legion, sitting, and departed, sitting at the clothed, and in his feet of Jesus, clothed,

right mind: and they and in his right mind: 16 were afraid. And they and they were afraid.

that saw it told them 36 They also which saw it how it befell to him told them by what that was possessed with means he that was pos the devil, and also sessed of the devils was

1 The owners of the swine were probably Jews, bours for the sake of gain. But yet the mercy in for our Lord as yet confined his ministry to that this wonderful transaction far outweighed the people (comp. Matt. 10. 5, 6); and the loss inay judgment, for it brought relief to the possessed therefore have been inflicted on them, as a pun- man, and rid the neighbourhood of a great source ishment for trading in swine's flesh, which they of terror and annoyance (Matt. 8. 28), while it adwere strictly forbidden to eat themselves, and, monished the Jews against violating the spirit, if by implication, to provide for their Gentile neighs not the letter, of the law, through love of gain.

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