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MATT. IX.

MARK VI. 1-6.

come into the house, the blind men came to him: and Jesus saith unto

them, Believe ye that I am able to do this? They said unto him, Yea, 29 Lord. Then touched he their eyes, saying, According to your faith be it 30 unto you. And their eyes were opened ; and Jesus straitly charged them, 31 saying, See that no man know it. But they, when they were departed,

spread abroad his fame in all that country. 32 As they went out, behold, they brought to him a dumb man possessed 33 with a devil. And when the devil was cast out, the dumb spake: and the 34 multitudes marvelled, saying, It was never so seen in Israel. But the Pha

risees said, He casteth out devils through the prince of the devils. (See in § 62.] § 61. JESUS AGAIN AT NAZARETH, AND AGAIN REJECTED. (See s 28.] MATT. XIII. 54-58.

1 And he went out from thence, and

came into his own country; and 54 And when he was come into his 2 his disciples follow him. And when own country, he taught them in

the sabbath day was come,

he began their synagogue, insomuch that to teach in the synagogue: and they were astonished, and said, many hearing him were astonished, Whence hath this man this wis- saying, From whence hath this dom, and these mighty works? man these things ? and what wis

dom is this which is given unto

him, that even such mighty works

3 are wrought by his hands?' Is not 55 Is not this the carpenter's son ? is this the carpenter, the son of Mary,

not his mother called Mary?" and the brother of James, and Joses,

his brethren, James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon ? and are 56 and Simon, and Judas ? and his not his sisters here with us? And

sisters, are they not all with us? 4 they were offended at him. But

Whence then hath this man all Jesus said unto them, A prophet is 57 these things ? And they were of- not without honour, but in his own

fended in him. But Jesus said unto country, and among his own kin, them, A prophet is not without 5 and in his own house. And he

honour, save in his own country,3 could there do no mighty work, save 58 and in his own house.4 And he did that he laid his hands upon a few

not many mighty works there be- 6 sick folk, and healed them. And he cause of their unbelief.

marvelled because of their unbelief.-

§ 62. A THIRD CIRCUIT IN GALILEE. [See §§ 32, 47.] THE TWELVE INSTRUCTED

AND SENT FORTH.-Galilee.
MATT. IX. 35-38. X. 1,5-42. XI. 1.

MARK VI. 6-13. 35 And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, B-And he went round

teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the about the villages, MATT. IX. 36 ness and every disease among the people. But when he saw the multi

gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sick- teaching idea of an earthly dominion over the Jewish na- for departing from what is the obvious sense, tion, and so be liable to grievous abuse, (as when namely, that our Lord had brothers and sisters the people set about to make Jesus a king, John (ver. 56) who were born of his mother, after she 6. 15,) our Lord did not himself use it, but called became, in the strict sense, Joseph's wife. himself, instead, “the Son of man,' title of 3 His own country. This means here the place deeper significance, and less liable to perversion. (Nazareth) where Christ had been brought up; 1 Acts 1. 14.

but in John 4. 44 it means the country (Judea) ? His brethren. Much has been written to where he had been born. prove that cousins must be meant here, and in 4 Comp. John 4. 44. the like places, but there is no sufficient warrant

tudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and 37 were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd." Then ? saith he

unto his disciples, The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few; 38 pray ye, therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest. MATT. X.

MARK VI.

LUKE IX. 1-6. 1 And when he had 7 And he called unto 1 Then he called his

called unto him his him the twelve, and twelve disciples togetwelve disciples, he began to send them ther, and gave them gave them power a- forth by two and two; power and authority gainst unclean spirits, and gave them power over all devils, and to to cast them out, and over unclean spirits; 2 cure diseases. And he to heal all manner of

sent them to preach sickness and all man

the kingdom of God, ner of disease.- Ver.

and to heal the sick. 5 244 in $ 40.] These

twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying,4 Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any

city of the Samaritans 6 enter ye not: but gora

ther to the lost sheep 5

of the house of Israel. 7 And as ye go, preach,

saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils :

freely ye have receiv9 ed, freely give. Pro- 8 and commanded them 3 And he said unto

vide neither gold, nor that they should take them, Take nothing

silver, nor brass in your nothing for their jour- for your journey, nei10 purses, nor scrip for

ney, save a staff only; ther staves, nor scrip, your journey, neither no scrip, no bread, no neither bread, neither two coats, neither money in their purse :

money; neither have shoes, nor yet staves : 9 but be shod with san- two coats apiece. for the workman is dals; and not put on

worthy of his meat.? 10 two coats. And he 11 And into whatsoever said unto them, In 4

And whatsa city or town ye shall what place soeyer ye

ever house ye enter enter, inquire who in enter into an house, into, there abide, and it is worthy; and there there abide till ye de- thence depart.

abide till ye go thence.8 part from that place. 12 And when ye come inComp. Isa. 53. 6.

4 Saying. Very much of what our Lord ad? Then. After describing the forlorn spiritual dresses here to the twelve, was afterwards spoken state of the people, our gracious Saviour speaks of also to the seventy, as being appropriate to both that sad state as presenting a vast harvest-field, classes: see Luke ch. 10. in 81. in which his servants were called to labour. Such 5 Matt. 9. 36; 18. 11-13. is now the state of the heathen (or even worse). 6 Comp. Acts 20. 33——35. Let not Christ's disciples cease to pray and labour ? Comp. Luke 10. 7; 1 Tim. 5. 18. on their behalf.

8 Comp. Acts 16. 15; Luke 10. 38–42. 3 Comp. Luke 10. 2.

1

MATT. X.

MARK VI.

LUKE

IX.

to an house, salute it. 13 And if the house be

worthy, let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your

peace return to you. 14 And whosoever shall 11 And whosoever shall 5 And whosoever will not receive you, nor

not receive you, nor not receive you, when hear your words, when hear you, when ye de- ye go out of that city, ye depart out of that part thence, shake off shake off the very dust house or city, shake the dust under your from your

feet for off the dust of your

feet for a testimony a testimony against 15 feet." Verily I say

against them.' Verily them." unto you, It shall be I say unto you, It shall more tolerable for the be more tolerable for land of Sodom and Sodom and Gomorrha Gomorrha in the day in the day of judgment, of judgment, than for than for that city.

that city. 16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye there17 fore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves. But beware of men: for they

will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their syņa18 gogues; and ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, 19 for a testimony against them and the Gentiles. But when they deliver you

up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in 20 that same hour what ye shall speak. For it is not ye that speak, but the 21 Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you. And the brother shall deliver

up the brother to death, and the father the child : and the children shall 22 rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death. And ye

shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the 23 end shall be saved. But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into

another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over* the cities 24 of Israel, till the Son of man be come. The disciple is not above his master, 25 nor the servant above his lord. It is enough for the disciple that he be as

his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the

house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household ? 26 Fear them not therefore : for there is nothing covered, that shall not be 27 revealed; and hid, that shall not be known. What I tell you in darkness,

that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the 28 housetops. And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill

the soul : but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body 29 in hell. Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall 30 not fall on the ground without your Father. But the very hairs of your 31 head are all numbered. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than 32 many sparrows.

Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him 33 will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. But whosoever

shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is 34 in heaven. Think not that I am come to send peace on earth : I came not 35 to send peace, but a sword. For I am come to set a man at variance

1 Comp. Acts 13. 51. 2 Comp. Acts 23. 6. 3 Take no thought is not a good rendering of mi ne peuvñonte, for it rather signifies be not anxious : even the apostles found it necessary to think, though they were freed from solicitude by the promise of special assistance (comp. 2 Tim. 4. 16—18) when they had to speak.

4 Ye shall not hare gone over, &c. By this

language our Lord probably intended to intimate,
that the apostles would not finish evangelizing
the towns of Palestine, before he should come to
destroy Jerusalem and scatter the nation.

5 Comp. Dan. 3. 16–18.
6 Comp. Heb. 12. 28, 29.
? Comp. Luke 12. 49–53.

MATT. X.

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against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter 36 in law against her mother in law. And a man's foes shall be they of his 37 own household. He that loveth father or mother more than me is not

worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not 38 worthy of me. And he that taketh not his cross, 2 and followeth after me, 39 is not worthy of me. He that findeth his life shall lose it; and he that

loseth his life for my sake shall find it. 40 He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth 41 him that sent me. He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet

shall receive a prophet's reward ;and he that receiveth a righteous man

in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man's reward. 42 And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of

cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, He shall in

no wise lose his reward. XI. 1 And it came to pass, when Jesus had made an end of commanding his

twelve disciples, he departed thence to teach and to preach in their cities.

[See in g 44.]
12 And they went out, and preached 6 And they departed, and went through
13 that men should repent. And they the towns, preaching the gospel, and

cast out many devils, and anointed healing every where.
with oil many that were sick, and
healed them.

MARK VI.

LUKE IX.

§ 63. HEROD HOLDS JESUS TO BE JOHN THE BAPTIST, WHOM HE HAD JUST BEFORE

BEHEADED.-Galilee ? Peræa.

MATT. XIV. 1, 2, 6–12. MARK VI. 14-16, 21—29.

LUKE IX. 7-9. 1 At that time 4 Herod 14 And king Herod 7 Now Herod the te

the tetrarch heard of heard of him ; (for his trarch heard of all that 2 the fame of Jesus, and name was spread a- was done by him: and

said unto his servants, broad :) and he said, he was perplexed, beThis is John the Bap- That John the Baptist cause that it was said tist; he is risen from was risen from the of some, that John was the dead; and there- dead, and therefore risen from the dead; fore mighty works do mighty works do show 8 and of some, that Elishow forth themselves forth themselves in as had appeared; and in him.

15 him. Others said, That of others, that one of [Ver. 3—5 in § 24.] it is Elias. And others the old prophets was

said, That it is a pro- 9 risen again. And He

! Comp. Mic. 7. 6.

of Jesus; is conscience-smitten; and says that 2 He that taketh not his cross, &c. The faith- he is John risen from the dead. The disciples of ful disciple must be prepared, if necessary, to John come and tell Jesus; and the twelve also suffer even the punishment of the most disgraced return with the same intelligence; upon which criminals, who had to carry their own cross to Jesus withdraws from Galilee to the north-eastthe place of execution. To bear the cross is, ern coast of the lake, not far from the northern strictly, to be led to a cruel and ignominious Bethsaida or Julias, which was in the tetrarchy of death, and not, as we are apt to think, to endure | Philip : Jos. Antiq. 18. 2. 1: see Map. All these some slight persecution or to make some sacri- events seem to have taken place near together. fice in the cause of Christ. In this language,

Matthew and Mark narrate the death of the our Lord appears to have intimated the manner Baptist in explanation of Herod's declaration. of his own death.

The account of his imprisonment is transferred 3 Comp. 2 Kings 4. 8–17.

to $ 24. 4 While the twelve are absent preaching in According to John 6. 4, the passover was now the name of Christ, Herod causes John the Bap- at hand, namely, the third during our Lord's tist to be beheaded in the castle of Machærus, at ministry. John therefore had lain in prison nearly the southern extremity of Peræa, near the Dead a year and six months; and was beheaded about Sea; Jos. Antiq. 18. 5. 2. In consequence of the three years after entering upon his public minispreaching of the apostles, Herod hears the fame try. See Note on § 25.

MATT. XIV.

MARK VI.

LUKE IX.

as

phet, or

one of

rod said, John have I 16 the prophets. But beheaded : but who is

when Herod heard this, of whom I hear
thereof, he said, It is such things ? And he
John, whom I behead- desired to see him.
ed: he is risen from

the dead.-
6 But when Herod's 21 And when a convenient day was come,

birthday! was kept,? that Herod on his birthday? made a supper the daughter of He- to his lords, high captains, and chief estates rodias danced before 22 of Galilee; and when the daughter of the

them, and pleased He- said Herodias came in, and danced, and 7 rod. Whereupon he pleased Herod and them that sat with' him,

promised with an oath the king said unto the damsel, Ask of me

to give her whatsoever whatsoever thou wilt, and I will give it thee. 8 she would ask. And 23 And he sware unto her, Whatsoever thou

she, being before in- shalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto the structed of her mother, 24 half of my kingdom. And she went forth, said, Give me here and said unto her mother, What shall I ask?

John Baptist's head in And she said, The head of John the Baptist. 9 a charger. And the 25 And she came in straightway with haste

king was sorry: never- unto the king, and asked, saying, I will that theless for the oath's thou give me by and by in a charger the sake, and them which 26 head of John the Baptist. And the king sat with him at meat, was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's sake,

he commanded it to be and for their sakes which sat with him, he 10 given her. And he sent, 27 would not reject her. And immediately

and beheaded John in the king, sent an executioner, and com11 the prison.

And his manded his head to be brought: and he head was brought in a 28 went and beheaded him in the prison, and charger, and given to brought his head in a charger, and gave it the damsel : and she to the damsel: and the damsel gave it to her

brought it to her mo- 29 mother. And when his disciples heard of it, 12 ther. And his dis- they came and took up his corpse, and laid

ciples came, and took it in a tomb.
up the body, and bu-
ried it, and went and
told Jesus.

[See in $ 64.]

$ 64. THE TWELVE RETURN, (see § 62,] AND JESUS RETIRES WITH THEM ACROSS

FIVE THOUSAND ARE FED.- Capernaum. N. E. coast of the

Sea of Galilee.

THE LAKE.

MARK VI. 30—44.

LUKE IX. 10-17. 30 And the apostles gathered them- 10 And the apostles, when they were selves together unto

Jesus, and told returned, told him all that they had him all things, both what they had done.

done, and what they had taught. 31 And he said unto them, Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and

rest awhile: for there were many coming and going, and they had no leisure so much as to eat.

Birthday (yevégia), rather birthday festivities, which lasted more than one day; and hence the plural form of the Greek word (see Winer's Grammatik, p. 202, Thus there was time enough to

send even to a distant place for the head of the Baptist : see Note * on § 44.

? Comp. Gen. 40. 20.

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