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46 cometh unto me. Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is 47 of God, he hath seen the Father. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that 48, 49 believeth on me hath everlasting life. I am that bread of life. Your 50 fathers did eat manna' in the wilderness, and are dead. This is the bread

which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. 51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven : if any man eat of

this bread, he shall live for ever : and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man 53 give us his flesh to eat? Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say

unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, 54 ye have no life in you. Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, 55 hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is 56 meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and 57 drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. As the living, Father

hath sent me, and I live by the Father : so he that eateth me, even he shall 58 live by me. This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your

fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live 59 for ever. These things said he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum. 60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is 61 an hard saying; who can hear it? When Jesus knew in himself that his 62 disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you? What 63 and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before ? It is

the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that 64 I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life. But there are some of

you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were 65 that believed not, and who should betray him. And he said, Therefore said

I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him

of my Father. 66 From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more 67 with him. Then said Jesus unto the twelve,? Will ye also go away ? 68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go ? thou hast 69 the words of eternal life. And we believe and are sure that thou art that 70 Christ,: the Son of the living God. Jesus answered them, Have not I 71 chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil? He spake of Judas Iscariot

the son of Simon : for he it was that should betray him, being one of the

twelve. VII. 1 After these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for he would not walk

in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill him.

I Comp. Ex. 16. 15.

other words) which proves this Gospel to be sup2 The twelve : mentioned here by John for the plementary to the others, where that appointment first time, and in a manner which assumes their is distinctly recorded : see in g 40. appointment as apostles to be well known, or (in 3 Psa. 2. 2-7.




TIME: Six months.



And many

MATT. XV. 1-20.

MARK VII. 1-23. 1 THEN ? came to Jesus scribes and 1 Then came together unto him the Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, Pharisees, and certain of the scribes,

2 which came from Jerusalem. And

when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say,

with unwashen, hands, they found 3 fault. For the Pharisees, and all

the Jews, except they wash their

hands oft, eat not, holding the tra4 dition of the elders. And when they

come from the market, except they
wash, they eat not.
other things there be, which they
have received to hold, as the wash-

ing of cups, and pots, and brasen

5 vessels, and tables. Then the Pha2 saying, Why do thy disciples risees and scribes asked him, Why

transgress the tradition of the eld- walk not thy disciples according to

ers? for they wash not their hands the tradition of the elders, but eat 3 when they eat bread. But he an- 6 bread with unwashen hands? He 7 swered and said unto them,-Ye hy- answered and said unto them, Well pocrites, well did

Esaias prophesy hath Esaias prophesied of you hy8 of you, saying, This people draw- pocrites, as it is written, This peo

eth nigh unto me with their mouth, ple honoureth me with their lips, but

and honoureth me with their lips; 7 their heart is far from me. How9 but their heart is far from me. Buť beit in vain do they worship me,

in vain they do worship me, teach- teaching for doctrines the coming for doctrines the command- 8 mandments of men. For laying ments of men.

aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the

washing of pots and cups : and many This passover was not celebrated by our ? The order of events, as far as to $ 79 inclusive, Lord in Jerusalem, because the rulers were seek- is in accordance with both Matthew and Mark ; ing to kill him (John 7. 1), and his time to be with whom Luke also coincides, so far as he lifted up on the cross had not yet come (comp. touches upon the same transactions. Luke 9. 51): see Note ? on § 64.

3 Isa. 29. 13.

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9 other such like things ye do. And 3.–Why do ye also transgress the he said unto them, Full well ye re

commandment of God by your tra- ject the commandment of God, that 4 dition? for God commanded, say- ye may keep your own tradition.

ing,' Honour thy father and mother: 10 For Moses said, Honour thy fa

and, He that curseth father or ther and thy mother; and, Whoso 5 mother, let him die the death. But curseth father or mother, let him die

ye say,Whosoever shall say to his 11 the death :but ye say, If a man father or his mother, It is a gift, by shall say to his father or mother, It

whatsoever thou mightest be profited is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by 6 by me; and honour not his father whatsoever thou mightest be profitor his mother, he shall be free. 12 ed by me; he shall be free. And ye

suffer him no more to do aught for Thus have ye made the command- 13 his father or his mother; making ment of God of none effect by your the word of God of none effect tradition.

through your tradition, which ye

have delivered : and many such 10 And he called the multitude, and 14 like things do ye. And when he

said unto them, Hear, and under- had called all the people unto him, 11 stand : Not that which goeth into he said unto them, Hearken unto

the mouth defileth a man; but that me every one of you, and underwhich cometh out of the mouth, 15 stand : There is nothing from withthis defileth a man.

out a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which

come out of him, those are they 16 that defile the man. If any man

have ears to hear, let him hear. 12 Then came his disciples, and said

unto him, Knowest thou that the

Pharisees were offended, after they 13 heard this saying? But he answered

and said, Every plant, which my

heavenly Father hath not planted, 14 shall be rooted up. Let them alone:

they be blind leaders of the blind.

And if the blind lead the blind, 15 both shall fall into the ditch. Then 17 And when he was entered into the

answered Peter and said unto him, house from the people, his disciples 16 Declare unto us this parable. And asked him concerning the parable.

Jesus said, Are ye also yet without 18 And he saith unto them, Are ye so 17 understanding? Do not ye yet un- without understanding also ? Do

derstand, that whatsoever entereth ye not perceive, that whatsoever in at the mouth goeth into the belly, thing from without entereth into the and is cast out into the draught? 19 man, it cannot defile him; because

it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into

the draught, purging, all meats ? 18 But those things which proceed 20 And he said, That which cometh

out of the mouth come forth from out of the man, that defileth the

the heart; and they defile the man. 21 man. For from within, out of the 19 For out of the heart proceed evil heart of men, proceed evil thoughts,

1 Ex. 20. 12; Deut. 5. 16. 2 Ex. 21. 17. benefit thou oughtest to receive from me,'(that is,

3 Ye say, 8c. The meaning of this very ob- in the way of support,) he is bound, ye say, by his scure and elliptical verse may probably be ex- vow, and shall not honour (that is, support) his pressed thus,—“Whoever shall say to his father parents. or mother, 'I make a sacred offering of whatever 4 Comp. James 3. 6.

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thoughts, murders, adulteries, for- adulteries, fornications, murders,

nications, thefts, false witness, blas- 22 thefts, covetousness, wickedness, 20 phemies : these are the things which deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye,

defile a man: but to eat with un- 23 blasphemy, pride, foolishness: all washen hands defileth not a man. these evil things come from within,

and defile the man.


and Sidon,

MATT. XV. 21-28.

MARK VII. 24–30. 21 Then Jesus went thence, and de- 24 And from thence he arose, and

parted into the coasts of Tyre and went into the borders of Tyre and 22 Sidon. And, behold, a woman of Sidon, and entered into an house,

Canaan came out of the same coasts, and would have no man know it : and cried unto him, saying, Have 25 but he could not be hid. For a mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of certain woman, whose young daugh

David; my daughter is grievously ter had an unclean spirit, heard of 23 vexed with a devil. But he answer- him, and came and fell at his feet:

ed her not a word. And his disci- 26 the woman was a Greek, a Syroples came and besought him, saying, phenician by nation; and she be

Send her away; for she crieth after sought him that he would cast 24 us. But he answered and said, I forth the devil out of her daughter.

am not sent but unto the lost sheep 25 of the house of Israel. Then came

she and worshipped him, saying, 27 But Jesus said unto her, Let the 26 Lord, help me. But he answered children first be filled : for it is not

and said, It is not meet to take the meet to take the children's bread,

children's bread, and to cast it to 28 and to cast it unto the dogs. And 27 dogs. And she said, Truth, Lord : she answered and said unto him,

yet the dogs eat of the crumbs Yes, Lord: yet the dogs under the

which fall from their masters' table. table eat of the children's crumbs. 28 Then Jesus answered and said unto 29 And he said unto her, For this say

her, O woman, great is thy faith : ing go thy way; the devil is gone be it unto thee even as thou wilt. 30 out of thy daughter. And when And her daughter was made whole she was come to her house, she from that very hour.

found the devil gone out, and her daughter laid upon the bed.


ARE FED- - The Decapolis.


MATT. XV. 29–38.

MARK VII. 31–37. VIII. 1-9. 29 And Jesus departed from thence, 31 And again, departing from the

and came nigh unto the sea of coasts of Tyre and Sidon, he came 1 Jesus retires from Galilee, first to the region ? He answered her not a word: partly for the of Tyre and Sidon, then to the Decapolis, and purpose of intimating, that his personal ministry afterwards to the district of Cæsarea Philippi. All on earth was not designed for the heathen; this these were districts not under the jurisdiction of woman, descended from the ancient Canaanites, Herod, whose domain included Galilee and Pe- being the first Gentile who, as such, besought his ræa. Not improbably Jesus may have withdrawn mercy (the centurion in § 42 was a proselyte, from Galilee at this particular time, (as he had Luke 7. 5); and partly for a trial of her faith, that done just before, see § 64,] because the attention its strength might appear, and serve as an exof Herod had been turned to him after the death ample to others. Even now, at times, the Lord of John the Baptist; and perhaps too on account does, for this latter purpose, act towards his of Herod's temporary presence in that province, praying people in like manner-He answers them hy which his own personal danger would naturally not a word (comp. Gen. 32. 24—30; 2 Cor. 12. 8). be increased. See Note on $ 63.

3 Comp. Acts 16. 16—18.

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Galilee; and went up into a moun- unto the sea of Galilee, through the tain, and sat down there,

midst of the coasts of Decapolis." 32 And they bring unto him one that

was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech; and they beseech him to put his hand upon 33 him. And he took him aside from the multitude, and

put his fingers into his ears, and he spat, and touched 34 his tongue; and looking up to heaven, he sighed, and 35 saith unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened. And

straightway his ears were opened, and the string of his 36 tongue was loosed, and he spake plain. And he charged

them that they should tell no man:2 but the more he

charged them, so much the more a great deal they 37 published it; and were beyond measure astonished, saying, He hath done all things well: he maketh both the

deaf to hear, and the dumb to

speak. 30 And great multitudes came unto

him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them

down at Jesus' feet; and he healed 31 them : insomuch that the multitude

wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: 1 In those days the multitude being

and they glorified the God of Israel. very great, and having nothing to 32 Then Jesus called his disciples unto eat, Jesus called his disciples unto

him, and said, I have compassion 2 him, and saith unto them, I have on the multitude, because they con- compassion on the multitude, betinue with me now three days, and cause they have now been with me have nothing to eat: and I will not three days, and have nothing to eat:

send them away fasting, lest they 3 and if I send them away fasting to 33 faint in the way. And his disci- their own houses, they will faint by

ples say unto him, Whence should the way: for divers of them came we have so much bread in the wil 4 from far. And his disciples an

derness, as to fill so great a multi- swered him, From whence can a 34 tude ? And Jesus saith unto them, man satisfy these men with bread

How many loaves have ye? And 5 here in the wilderness ? And he

they said, Seven, and a few little asked them, How many loaves have 35 fishes. And he commanded the 6 ye? And they said, Seven. And he

multitude to sit down on the ground. commanded the people to sit down 36 And he took the seven loaves and on the ground: and he took the

the fishes, and gave thanks, and seven loaves, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disci- brake, and gave to his disciples to ples, and the disciples to the mul- set before them; and they did set tude,

7 them before the people. And they

bad a few small fishes : and he

blessed, and commanded to set them 37 And they did all eat, and were fill- 8 also before them. So they did eat,

ed: and they took up of the broken and were filled : and they took up

The Decapolis was a region including certain ten cities on the S. and S. E. of the Lake of Tiberias. Our Lord in returning from Tyre and Sidon had probably passed through Galilee. The feeding of the four thousand obviously took place in

the Decapolis ; since Jesus immediately afterwards passes over the lake to Magdala, or Dalmanutha, on its western shore.

? Comp. Matt. 8. 4; 12. 16-20; Mark 8. 26.

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