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MATT. XV.

MARK VIII. meat that was left seven baskets of the broken meat that was left 38 full. And they that did eat were 9 seven baskets. And they that had

four thousand men, beside women eaten were about four thousand : and children.

and he sent them away. $ 70. THE PHARISEES AND SADDUCEES AGAIN REQUIRE A SIGN. (See § 49.)

Near Magdala.
MATT. XV. 39. XVI. 1-4.

MARK VIII. 10–12. 39 And he sent away the multitude, 10 And straightway he entered into

and took ship, and came into the a ship with his disciples, and came coasts of Magdala."

into the parts of Dalmanutha.? XVI. 1 The Pharisees also with the 11 And the Pharisees came forth,

Sadducees came, and tempting and began to question with him,

desired him that he would show seeking of him a sign from heaven, 2 them a sign from heaven.2 He

tempting him. answered and said unto them, When

it is evening, ye say, It will be fair 3 weather: for the sky is red. And

in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering; o ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can

ye not discern the signs of the times? 12 And he sighed deeply in his 4 A wicked and adulterous genera- spirit, and saith, Why doth this

tion seeketh after a sign; and there generation seek after a sign? verily shall no sign be given unto it, but say unto you, There shall no sign the sign of the prophet Jonas.- be given 3 unto this generation.

2

§ 71. THE DISCIPLES CAUTIONED AGAINST THE LEAVEN OF THE PHARISEES, ETC.

N. E, coast of the Sea of Galilee.
MATT. XVI. 4-12.

MARK VIII. 13-21. 4 –And he left them, and departed. 13 And he left them, and entering

into the ship again departed to the

other side, 5 And when his disciples were come 14 Now the disciples had forgotten to

to the other side, they had forgotten take bread, neither had they in the 6 to take bread. Then Jesus said ship with them more than one loaf.

unto them, Take heed and beware 15 And he charged them, saying, Take of the leaven 4 of the Pharisees and heed, beware of the leaven of the of the Sadducees.

Pharisees, and of the leaven of 7

And they rea- 16 Herod. And they reasoned among soned among themselves, saying, It themselves, saying, It is because we

is because we have taken no bread. 17 have no bread. And when Jesus 8 Which when Jesus perceived, he knew it, he saith unto them, Why said unto them, O ye of little faith, reason ye,

have no why reason ye among yourselves, bread ? perceive ye not yet, neither

because ye have brought no bread ? understand? have ye your heart 9 Do ye not yet understand, neither 18 yet hardened? having eyes, see ye

not? and having ears, hear ye not? · Dalmanutha was, probably, the name of the 3. There shall no sign be given : meaning such district in which the town of Magdala lay, on the a sign as they desired, i. e. one from heaven, and west of Lake Tiberias (see Wieseler, p. 312). To of a most public character; for we see in Matthew this town Mary Magdalene belonged, as her name that a sign on the earth, bearing analogy to the signifies.

miraculous preservation of Jonah, should be given. Comp. Matt. 12. 38—40; Luke 11. 16, 29.

Comp. Luke 12. 1.

because ye

2

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remember the five loaves of the five 19 and do ye not remember? When I thousand, and how many baskets brake the five loaves among five ye took up?'

thousand, how many baskets full of

fragments took ye up? They say 10

Neither the seven 20 unto him, Twelve. And when the loaves of the four thousand, and seven among four thousand, how

how many baskets ye took up ?? many baskets full of fragments took 11 How is it that ye do not under- ye up? And they said, Seven.2

stand that I spake it not to you con- 21 And he said unto them, How is it cerning bread, that ye should be- that ye do not understand ?

ware of the leaven of the Pharisees 12 and of the Sadducees! Then under

stood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.

§ 72. A BLIND MAN HEALED, 3– Bethsaida (Julias).

MARK VIII. 22-26.

22 And he cometh to Bethsaida; and they bring a blind man unto him, 23 and besought him to touch him.' And he took the blind man by the hand,

and led him out of the town; and when he had spit on his eyes, and put 24 his hands upon him, he asked him if he saw aught. And he looked up, 25 and said, I see men as trees, walking. After that he put his hands again

upon his eyes, and made him look up: and he was restored, and saw every 26 man clearly. And he sent him away to his house, saying, Neither go into

the town, nor tell it to any in the town.

$ 73. PETER AND THE REST AGAIN PROFESS THEIR FAITH IN CHRIST. (See § 66.]

Region of Cæsarea Philippi.
MATT. XVI. 13-20.
MARK VIII. 27-30.

LUKE IX. 18-21. 13 When Jesus came 27 And Jesus went out, 18

And it came to pass, into the coasts of Cæ- and his disciples, into as he was alone praysarea Philippi, he ask- the towns of Cæsarea ing, his disciples were ed his disciples, saying, Philippi : and by the with him; and he askWhom do men say that way he asked his disci

ed them, saying, Whom I the Son of man am ? ples, saying unto them, say the people that I 14 And they said, Some Whom do men say that 19 am ? They answering

say that thou art John 28 I am ? And they an- said, John the Bapthe Baptist:* some, Eli- swered, John the Bap- tist ;' but some say, as ;5 and others, Jere- tist:- but some say, Eli- Elias ;' and others say,

mias, or one of the as;' and others, One of that one of the oiả 15 prophets. He saith un- 29 the prophets. And he prophets is risen again.

to them, But whom say saith unto them, But 20 He said unto them, 16 ye that I am ? And whom say ye that I But whom say ye that

Simon Peter answered am ? And Peter an- I am ? Peter answerand said, Thou art the swereth and saith un- ing said, The Christ of

Christ, the Son of the to him, Thou art the God. 17 living God. And Je- Christ.

sus answered and said

I See in $ 64. 2 See in § 69.

3. This healing of a blind man at the northern Bethsaida, is related only by Mark. It took place

on the way from the eastern shore of the lake to-
ward Cæsarea Philippi.
4 Matt. 14. 1,

2. 5 Mark 6. 15; Mal. 4. 5.

MATT. XVI.

unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-jona : for flesh

and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my 18 Father which is in heaven. And I say also unto

thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock? I will
build

my
church;3

;3 and the gates of hell shall not pre19 vail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of

the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt
bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatso-
ever thou shalt loose
on earth shall be loos-

LUKE IX. 20 ed in heaven. Then 30 And he charged them 21 And he straitly char

charged he his disciples that they should tell no ged them, and comthat they should tell man of him.

manded them to tell no no man that he was

man that thing. Jesus the Christ.

MARK VIII.

§ 74. OUR LORD FORETELLS HIS OWN DEATH AND RESURRECTION, AND THE TRIALS

OF HIS FOLLOWERS.— Region of Cæsarea Philippi.

MATT. XVI. 21-28.
MARK VIII. 31-38. IX. 1.

LUKE IX. 22–27. 21 From that time forth 31 And he began to 22 Saying, The Son of

began Jesus to show teach them, that the man must suffer many unto his disciples, how Son of man must suf- things, and be rejected that he must go unto fermany things, and be of the elders and chief Jerusalem, and suffer rejected of the elders, priests and scribes, many things of the eld- and of the chief priests, and be slain, and be er3 and chief priests and scribes, and be raised the third day. and scribes, and be killed, and after three killed, and be raised 32 days“ rise again. And

again the third day. he spake that saying 22 Then Peter took him, openly. And Peter

and began to rebuke took him, and began him, saying, Be it far 33 to rebuke him. But from thee, Lord: this when he had turned a

shall not be unto thee. bout and looked on his 23 But he turned, and said disciples, he rebuked

unto Peter, Get thee Peter, saying, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou behind me, Satan : for art an offence unto me: thou savourest not the for thou savourest not things that be of God, the things that be of but the things that bé God, but those that be

of men. of men. 24 Then said Jesus un- 34 And when he had 23 And he said to them

to his disciples, If any called the people unto all, If any man will man will come after him with his disciples come after me, let him me, let him deny him- also, he said unto them, deny himself, and take

I John 1.42.

nance to the Romish perversion of them. So Bi? On this rock, &c. Christ is the only real found shop Pearson (on the Creed) understands the place: ation and support of the church (see 1 Cor. 3. 11; • The promise made here was punctually fulfilled, Acts 4. 11, 12), but yet the apostles also are said by Christ using Peter's ministry in the laying the (see Eph. 2. 20) to be the foundation; i. e. the com- foundation of the Christian church among both mencement of the building rather than its support. Jews and Gentiles' (see Acts ch. 2 and ch. 10). In this latter sense our Lord's words may be here 3 Comp. Eph. 2. 20; Rev. 21, 14. understood of Peter, without

any counte

4 See Note 5 on § 49,

MATT, XVI.

LUKE IX.

MARK VIII. self, and take up his Whosoever will come up his cross daily, and cross, and follow me. after me, let him deny

follow me. himself, and take up

his cross, and follow 25 For whosoever will 35 me. For whosoever 24

For whosave his life shall lose will save his life shall soever will save his it: and whosoever will lose it; but whosoever life shall lose it: but

lose his life for my shall lose his life for whosoever will lose his 26 sake shall find it. For my sake and the gos- life for my sake, the

what is a man profit- pel's, the same shall same shall save it.' ed, if he shall gain the 36 save it. For what shall 25 For what is a man adwhole world, and lose it profit a man, if he vantaged, if he gain his own soul ?? or what shall gain the whole the whole world, and shall a man give in world, and lose his lose himself, ? or be

exchange for his soul?3 37 own soul?2 or what cast away? 27 For the Son of man shall a man give in

shall come in the glory exchange for his soul?3 of his father with his 38 Whosoever therefore 26 For whosoever shall be angels; and then he shall be ashamed of ashamed of me and of shall reward every

me and of my words my words, of him shall man according to his in this adulterous and the Son of man be aworks. +

sinful generation; of shamed, when he shall him also shall the Son come in his own glory, of man be ashamed, and in his Father's, when he cometh in the and of the holy angels. glory of his Father

with the holy angels.

IX. 1 And he said un28 Verily I say unto you, to them, Verily I say 27 But I tell you of a

There be some 5 stand- unto you, That there truth, there be some ing here, which shall be some 5 of them that standing here, which not taste of death, till stand here, which shall shall not taste of death, they see the Son of not taste of death, till till they see the kingman coming in his they have seen the dom of God. kingdom.

kingdom of God come

5

with power.

§ 75. THE TRANSFIGURATION. OUR LORD'S SUBSEQUENT DISCOURSE WITH THE

THREE DISCIPLES.- Region of Cæsarea Philippi.

MATT. XVII. 1-13.
MARK IX. 2-13.

LUKE IX. 28–36. 1 And after six days 2 And after six days 28 And it came to

pass Jesus taketh Peter,

Jesus taketh with him about an eight days James, and John his Peter, and James, and after these sayings, he brother, and bringeth John, and leadeth took Peter and John them up into an high them up into an high and James, and went

1 Comp. John 12. 25.

2 Lose himself. In this way Luke expresses the real meaning of the words lose his own soul in Matthew and Mark, who have preserved the well-known Hebrew and Syriac idiom, which uses soul (ops) for self in the reflexive pronoun.

* Comp. Psa. 49.
• Rom. 2. 6—11; 2 Cor. 5. 10.

5 There be some, &c. From this intimation it may be inferred that several of the apostles were alive at the time of Christ's coming to overthrow Jerusalem (A. D. 70), which was a fearful foreboding or type of the general judgment. History distinctly mentions two of them, namely, John and Philip, as alive still after that event. See Gieseler's Church History, vol. i. p. 105. Edin. 1846.

MATT. XVII.

MARK IX.

sus.

LUKE IX. 2 mountain' apart, and mountain apart by up into a mountain to

was transfigured be- themselves : ‘and he 29 pray, And as he prayfore them : and his was transfigured be- ed, the fashion of his face did shine as the 3 fore them. And his countenance was alsun,' and his raiment raiment became shin- tered,and his raiment

was white as the light. ing, exceeding white was white and glister3 And, behold, there ap- as snow; so as no full- 30 ing. And, behold,

peared unto them Mo- er on earth can white there talked with him ses and Elias talking 4 them. And there ap- two men, which were with him.

peared unto them Elias 31 Moses and Elias: who with Moses: and they appearedin glory, and were talking with Je- spake of his decease

which he should ac

complish at Jerusa32 lem. But Peter and

they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory,* and the two

men that stood with 4 Then answered Peter, 5 And Peter answered 33 him. And it came to

and said unto Jesus, and said to Jesus, pass, as they departed Lord, it is good for us Master, it is good for from him, Peter said to be here : if thou us to be here: and let unto Jesus, Master, it wilt, let us make here us make three taber- is good for us to be three tabernacles; one nacles; one for thee, here: and let us make for thee, and one for and one for Moses, three tabernacles; one Moses, and one for 6 and one for Elias. For for thee, and one for Elias.

he wist not what to Moses, and one for

say; for they were sore Elias : not knowing 5 While he yet spake, 7 afraid. And there was 34 what he said. While behold, a bright cloud 6 a cloud that

over- he thus spake, there overshadowed them : shadowed them: and came a cloud, and and behold a voice out a voice came out of the overshadowed them : of the cloud, which cloud, saying,. This is and they feared as they said, This is my be- my beloved Son: hear entered into the cloud. loved Son, in whom I him."

35 And there came a voice am well pleased; hear

out of the cloud, say6 ye him. And when

ing,6 This is my bethe disciples heard it,

loved Son: hear him.? they fell on their face,

36 And when the voice and were sore afraid.ó

was past, Jesus was 7 And Jesus came and 8 And suddenly, when found alone. And they

touched them, and they had looked round kept it close, and told

said, Arise, and be not about, they saw no man in those days 8 afraid. And when they man any more, save any of those things

no

| This is generally supposed to be Mount Tabor; but the true mountain must be sought on the north-east of Lake Tiberias. See Robinson's Palestine, vol. iii. pp. 221, 222.

2 Comp. Ex. 34. 29–35.
3 Comp. 1 Pet. 1. 11.
4 2 Pet. 1. 17.

6. A bright cloud. The brightness is here in striking contrast with the blackness, and dark

ness, and tempest" (Heb. 12. 18) on Mount Sinai,
which contrast beautifully betokens the differ-
ence between the two dispensations. The bright
cloud was a sign of God's gracious and glorious
presence in the new economy.

6 Comp. 2 Pet. 1. 17, 18.
? Comp. Deut. 18. 15, 19.
8 Comp. Rev. 1. 17.

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