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MATT. XVII. had lifted up their Jesus only with them- which they had seen. eyes, they saw no man, selves.

save Jesus only. 9 And as they came down from the 9 And as they came down from the

mounta Jesus charged them, say- mountain, he charged them that ing, Tell the vision to no man, until they should tell no man what things the Son of man be risen again from they had seen, till the Son of man the dead.

10 were risen from the dead. And

they kept that saying with them

selves, questioning one with an10 And his disciples asked him, say- other what the rising from the dead

ing, Why then say the scribes that 11 should mean. And they asked him, 11 Elias must first come? And Jesus saying, Why say the 'scribes that

answered and said unto them, Elias 12 Elias must first come? And he an

truly shall first come, and restore swered and told them, Elias verily 12 all things. But I say unto you, That cometh first, and restoreth all

Elias is come already, and they things;' and how it is written of knew him not, but have done unto the Son of man, that he must suffer him whatsoever they listed. Like many things, and be set at nought.

wise shall also the Son of man suf- 13 But I say unto you, That Elias is 13 fer of them. Then the disciples indeed come, and they have done

understood that he spake unto them unto him whatsoever they listed, as of John the Baptist.

it is written of him.



Region of Cæsarea Philippi.
MATT, XVII. 14-21.
MARK IX. 14-29.

LUKE IX. 37–43. 14 And when they were 14 And when he came 37 And it came to pass, come to the multitude, to his disciples, he saw that on the next day,

a great multitude about when they were come them, and the scribes down from the hill,

questioning with them. much people met him. 15 And straightway all

the people, when they
beheld him,
greatly amazed, and

running to him saluted
16 him. And he asked

the scribes, Whatques

tion ye with them? there came 17 And one of the mul- 38 And, behold, a man to him a certain man, titude answered and of the company cried kneeling down to him, said, Master, I have

out, saying, Master, I 15 and saying, Lord, have brought unto thee my beseech thee, look upmercy on my son : for son, which hath a dumb

on my son: for he is he is lunatick,3 and 18 spirit; and whereso- 39 mine only child. And, sore vexed : for oft- ever he taketh him, he lo, a spirit taketh him, times he falleth into teareth him: and he and he suddenly cri

the fire, and oft into foameth, and gnash- eth out; and it teareth 16 the water. And I eth with his teeth, and him that he foameth

| Mal. 4. 5, 6. Comp. 1 Kings 18. 17-21, argument against the fact of his being also, in the 30-40.

strict sense, a demoniac, that is, one harassed and 2 See Note' on $ 18.

possessed by an evil spirit. In ver. 18, Matthew 3 He is lunatick. That his malady changed in shows as clearly as the other evangelists, that the in its force with the changes of the moon, is no lunatick was truly a demoniac.


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brought him to thy pineth away: and I again, and bruising disciples, and they spake to thy disciples him hardly departeth

could not cure him. that they should cast 40 from him. And I be17 Then Jesus answered him out; and they sought thy disciples

and said, O faithless 19 could not. He answer- to cast him out; and and perverse genera, eth him, and saith, 0 41 they could not. And tion, how long shall I faithless generation, Jesus answering said, be with you? how long how long shall I be

O faithless and pershall į suffer you ? 1 with you? how long verse generation, how bring him hither to shall I suffer you ? long shall I be with me ?

bring him unto me. you, and suffer you ?? 20 And

they brought him Bring thy son hither. unto him: and when 42 And as he was yet he saw him, straight- a coming, the devil way the spirit tare threw him down, and him; and he fell on tare him.

the ground, and wal

21 lowed foaming. And
he asked his father, How long is it ago since

this came unto him? and he said, Of a child.
22 And ofttimes it hath cast him into the fire, and

into the waters, to destroy him: but if thou canst

do any thing, have compassion on us, and help 23 us.

Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth. 24 And straightway the father of the child cried

out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help 25 thou mine unbelief. When Jesus saw that the

people came running 18 And Jesus rebuked the together, he rebuked

And Jesus devil; and he departed the foul spirit, saying rebuked the unclean out of him: and the unto him, Thou dumb spirit, and healed the

child was cured from and deaf spirit, I child, and delivered 19 that very hour. Then charge thee, come out him again to his fa

came the disciples to of him, and enter no 43 ther. And they were Jesus apart, and said, 26 more into him. And all amazed at the Why could not we cast the spirit cried, and mighty power

of 20 him out? And Jesus rent him sore, and God.

said unto them, Be- came out of him: and
cause of your unbe- he was as one dead; insomuch that
lief: for verily I say 27 many said, He is dead. But Jesus
unto you, If ye have took him by the hand, and lifted
faith as a grain of mus- 28 him up; and he arose. And when
tard seed, ye shall say he was come into the house, his dis-
unto this mountain, ciples asked him privately, Why
Remove hence to yon- 29 could not we cast him out? And
der place; and it shall he said unto them, This kind can
remove; and nothing come forth by nothing, but by

shall be impossible un- prayer and fasting. 21 to you.

Howbeit this kindgoeth not out but by prayer and fasting.

Comp. Num. 14. 11, 27.

unclean spirits, which could not be cast out by ? Comp. 1 Cor. 13. 2.

the disciples without the most wrestling prayer 3 This kind : meaning, probably, this kind of | to God.



MATT. XVII. 22, 23.
MARK IX. 30-32.

LUKE IX. 43–45. 22 And while they 30 And they departed 43 - But while they wonabode in Galilee,

thence, and passed dered every one at all through Galilee; and things which Jesus he would not that any did, he said unto his

man should know it. 44 disciples, Let these 31 For he taught his dis- sayings sink down in

ciples, and said unto to your ears : for the Jesus said unto them, The Son of man Son of man shall be dethem, The Son of man is delivered into the livered into the hands

shall be betrayed into hands of men, and they 45 of men. But they un23 the hands of men : and shall kill him ; and derstood not this say;

they shall kill him, after that he is killed, ing, and it was hid and the third day he he shall rise the third from them, that they shall be raised again. 32 day. But they under- perceived it not: and And they were stood not that saying,

they feared to ask him ceeding sorry.

and were afraid to ask of that saying.


MATT. XVII. 24-27.

MARK IX. 33. 24 And when they were come to 33 And he came to Capernaum.

Capernaum, they that received

tribute 1 money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute ? 25 He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented

him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon ? of whom do' the kings of the

earth take custom or tribute ? of their own children, or of strangers ? 26 Peter saith unto him, Of strangers. Jesus saith unto him, Then are the 27 children free. Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the

sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money :: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.




MATT. XVIII. 1-35.
MARK IX. 33–50.

LUKE IX. 46-50. At the same time 33 –And being in the 46 Then there arose came the disciples un- house he asked them, a reasoning among to Jesus, saying, Who What was it that ye them, which of them is the greatest in the disputed among your

should be greatest.3 kingdom of heaven ? 3 selves by the way ? 47 And Jesus, perceiving

1 Tribute.

The Greek tà didpaxua, the di- į garded as an indirect declaration that he was the drachms, rendered tribute twice in this verse, Son of God. is different from the word (kõvaos, census) in ? A piece of money, properly a stater (otate), ver. 25, which is correctly so translated. The which was equal to a shekel, and hence sufficed word used here is the name of a coin, (value two exactly to pay the tax for both Christ and Peter. drachms, that is, fifteen pence of our money,) 3 Who the greatest? The agitation of this queswhich was equal to the half-shekel of the Jews, tion by the twelve was probably occasioned by and which probably stands here for the yearly what had been said to Peter, (Matt. 16. 17–19; tax in support of the temple-service (Ex. 30. 13; see $ 73,) and by the selection of the three (Matt. 2 Chron. 24. 9). The claim for exemption which 17. 1; see $ 75) to accompany Christ to the mount our Lord makes (ver. 26) may, therefore, be re- of transfiguration.



34 But they held their the thought of their

peace: for by the way heart,
they had disputed
among themselves,

who should be the great-
35 est. And he sat down,

and called the twelve,
and saith unto them,
If any man desire to
be first, the same shall

be last of all, and serv2 And Jesus called a 36 ant of all. And he little child unto him, took a child, and set

took a and set him in the him in the midst of child, and set him by 3 midst of them, and them: and when he 48 him, and said unto

said, Verily I say unto had taken him in his them, Whosoever shall you, Except ye be con- arms, he said unto receive this child in my verted, and become as 37 them, Whosoever shall name receiveth me : little children, ye shall receive one of such and whosoever shall not enter into the king- children in my name,

receive me receiveth 4 dom of heaven. Who- receiveth

him that sent me : for soever therefore shall whosoever shall

he that is least among humble himself as this me, receiveth not me, you all, the same shall little child, the same

but him that sent me. is greatest in the king5 dom of heaven. And

whoso shall receive one such little child in my name receiveth

me :



be great.



38 And John answered 49 And John answered

him, saying, Master, and said, Master, we we saw one casting out

one casting out devils in thy name, and devils in thy name;

he followeth not us: and we forbad him, and we forbad him, because he because he followeth 39 followeth not us. But Jesus 50 not with us. And Je

said, Forbid him not: for there sus said unto him, Foris no man which shall do a mira- bid him not : for he

cle in my name, that can lightly that is not against us 40 speak evil of me. For he that is for us.'

[See in is not against us is on our part."

$ 80.]
41 For whosoever shall give you

a cup of water to drink in my
name, because

ye belong to
Christ, verily I say unto you, he
shall not lose his reward.


MARK IX. 6 But whoso shall offend one of these 42 And whosoever shall offend one of

little ones which believe in me, it these little ones that believe in me, were better for him that a millstone ? it is better for him that a millstone

! Comp. Matt. 12. 30.

by an ass, which was far heavier than that of a ? Millstone, properly, ass millstone (uúlos hand-mill, Luke 17. 35. övekós), that is, the upper stone of a mill worked



were hanged about his neck, and were hanged about his neck, and he that he were drowned in the depth 43 were cast into the sea.

And if thy 7 of the sea. Woe unto the world hand offend thee, cut it off: it is

because of offences ! for it must better for thee to enter into life needs be that offences come; 1 but maimed, than having two hands to

woe to that man by whom the offence go into hell, into the fire that never 8 cometh! Wherefore if thy hand? or 44 shall be quenched: where their

thy foot offend thee, cut them off, worm dieth not, and the fire is not and cast them from thee; it is better 45 quenched. And if thy foot offend for thee to enter into life halt or thee, cut it off: it is better for thee maimed, rather than having two to enter halt into life, than having

hands or two feet to be cast into two feet to be cast into hell, into 9 everlasting fire. And if thine eye the fire that never shall be quench

offend thee, pluck it out, and cast 46 ed: where their worm dieth not, it from thee: it is better for thee 47 and the fire is not quenched. And to enter into life with one eye, rather if thine eye offend thee, pluck it than having two eyes to be cast out: it is better for thee to enter into hell fire.

into the kingdom of God with one

eye, than having two eyes to be cast 48 into hell fire : where their worm dieth not, and the fire 49 is not quenched. For every one shall be salted with fire, 50 and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt. Salt is

good : but if the salt have lost his saltness, wherewith will ye season it? Have salt in yourselves, and have peace one with another. [See in § 94.]

MATT. XVIII. 10 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you,

That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which 11 is in heaven. For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost.5 12 How think ye? if a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them be gone

astray, doth he not leave the ninety and nine, and goeth into the mountains, 13 and seeketh that which is gone astray? And if so be that he find it, verily Í

say unto you, he rejoiceth more of that sheep, than of the ninety and nine 14 which went not astray. Even so it is not the will of your Father which is 15 in heaven, that one of these little ones should perish. Moreover if thy

brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee 16 and him alone :' if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. But if

he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth 17 of two or three witnesses every word may be established. And if he shall

neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the 18 church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican. Verily I

say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: 19 and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.10 Again

I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on earth as touching any

thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is 20 in heaven. For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there

am I in the midst of them. 21 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin 22 against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? Jesus saith unto him, I 23 say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven. There

i It must be, &c. : because of human depravity, and for proving and discriminating characters, 1 Cor. 11. 19; 1 John 2. 19.

2 Comp. Deut. 13. 6-10. 3 Comp. Isa. 66. 24.

4 Lev. 2. 13. 5 Comp. Luke 15. 8-10; 1 Tim. 1. 15.

6 Comp. Luke 15. 3–7; Isa. 53. 6.
? Comp. Lev. 19. 17, 18.
8 Deut. 19. 15; Heb. 10. 28.
9 1 Cor. 5. 11--13; 2 Thess. 3. 6, 14, 15.
10 Comp. Matt. 16. 19.

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