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The interest on this sum is not far from $61,000.00.

In the tables of the appendix, interest on the various sums is added to the expense of schools in the respective towns be

cause interest is properly a school charge in the nature of rent. Schools are carried on in buildings erected with borrowed money, interest must be met by increased taxation, and to nothing but schools can this increased taxation be attributed.

It is manifestly improper to overlook this charge in ascertaining the cost of education, and clearly right to show just how much this cost is increased by reason of this charge. If one district is in debt for its buildings and another is not, the former is paying more for every scholar in attendance than the latter, and the debt is the cause of the difference.

These debts may be and generally are evidence of needed generosity toward schools. If good air, good heating, convenient rooms and appliances for teaching have been gained, schools are able and likely to accomplish more, and the money paid as interest is a prudent contribution to education. On the other hand there is no justification for frippery or extravagance.

ENUMERATION AND ATTENDANCE.

Summary of Statistics, 1886-7. Number of children between 4 and 16 years of age,

in January, 1887,

Increase for the year,
Number of scholars registered in winter,

Increase for the year,
Number of scholars registered in summer,

Increase for the year,
Number registered who were over 16 years

of

age,
Increase for the year,
Number of different scholars in public schools,

Increase for the year,
Number of enumerated children in other schools

than public shools,

Increase for the year,
Number of children between 4 and 16 years of age

in no school,

Increase for the year,
Number between 4 and 16 years

of
age

in no school,
as shown by enumeration returns of January,

153,260

1,094 108,309

1,096 100,169

1,003 3,667

140 125,794

255

15,953

778

20,821

433

1887, Increase for the year,

26,834 1,052

2,184

268 141,747

1,033 82,285

664 75,678 1,041

Number between 8 and 14 who attended no school,

as shown by enumeration returns of January,

1887,

Increase for the year,
Number in schools of all kinds,

Increase for the year,
Average attendance at public schools in winter,
Decrease for the

year,
Average attendance at public schools in summer,

Decrease for the year,
Percentage of whole number registered in the year,

as compared with the number enumerated in

January, 1887,

Decrease for the year,
Percentage of children in schools of all kinds,

Increase for the year,
Percentage of those enumerated registered in winter,

Increase for the year.
Percentage of those enumerated registered in summer,

Increase for the year,
Percentage of average attendance in winter,

Decrease for the year,
Percentage

of
average

attendance in summer,
Decrease for the year,
Average attendance in winter, as compared with

number enumerated in January, 1887, Decrease for the

year, Average attendance in summer, as compared with

number enumerated in January, 1887,

Decrease for the year,
Number of districts in which the average attendance

for the year ending Aug. 31, 1887, was 8 or
less,

82.07

.47 92.48

.01 70.67

.22 65.35

.19 75.97

1.39 75,50 1.86

53.68

.83

49.38 1.03

215

The following table gives enumeration, registration and attendance since 1866 with percentages.

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88.19 88.50

88.53

1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888

114,825
78,149

71,603
118,780 78,206 70,837

120,884 80,148 73,865 163.05 123,650

82,140

75,177 99,390 161.75 124,082 88,348 78,865 105,313 168.51 | 125,409 94,092 83,192 110,640 172.41 128,468 94,408 83,095 113,588 173.34 131,748 94,787 83,874 114,805 174.18 132,908 95,199 86,987 114,857 176.29 133,528 99,550 89,674 119,298 176.26 134,976 98,402 88,595 119.489 178.13 135,789 98,923 89,832 119,106 177.52 137,099 99,657 90,845 119,208 178.47 138,407 100,288

91,433 119,828 178.60 138,428 99,662 91,860 119,382 179.02 140,235 100,596 90,614 119,694 179.98 143,745 100,098 92,259 119,381 179.66 146,188 101,759

92,475 121,185 178.77 149,466 102,122 94,214 120,437 179.55 150,601 103,921 97,499 123,280 179.18 151,069 107,097 98,694 125.718 179.74 152,166 107,213

99,166

125,539 180.18 153,260 108,309 100,169 125,794

57,131 51,751 47.41 57,464 50,560 45.47

57,117 52,299 45.25 80.38

59,489 53,645 45.74 84.87 114,896 92.60 64,707 56,309 48.77

119,944 95.64 66,902 58,348 49.13

122,342 95.23 (67,018 58,349 48.79 87.14 123,834 93.99 167,599 58,113 47.70 86.41 | 133,386 | 92.83 67,172 60,905 48.18 89.34 127,720 95.65 71,43363,052 50.35

128,634 95.30 71,93565,251 50.81 88.10

128,922 95.36 74,369 66,621 52.14 86.95

129,388 94.38 75,732 68,588 52.63 86.56 130,937 94.60 77,218 69,912 53.15 86.24

130,597 94.34 175,678 69,607 52.47 85.35

132,337 94.37 78,421 68,672 52.44 83.05 131,856' 91.73 76,02869,050 50.42 *82.90 134,084 91.72 77,041 68,636 49.86 80.58 135,297 90.52 78,423 71,328 50.09 81.85 137,860 91.53 80,075 74,787 48.86 83.21 140,198 92.80 82,654 75,450 52.32 82.50

140,714 92.47 82,949 76,719 52.46 82.07 141,747 92.48 82,285 75,678 51.53

The school census made in January, 1887, showed :

1. That there were 153,260 persons between 4 and 16 years of age. If the ratio of 1880 still obtains, viz: 4.44 to 1, the population of the state is 680,474.

2. 126,426 were reported as having attended school. This attendance may have been for one or a few days only. It includes those who attended private as well as public schools, but would not include any over 16 years

of

age. 3. Of the whole number enumerated, 26,834 are reported as having attended no school.

4. Of these non-attendants, 10,203 were reported to be under 5, and 8,891 were between 5 and 8 years of age. Thus 19,094 were either too young to attend, or were below the compulsory limit. 5,556 were reported to be over 14, and had passed the compulsory limit.

5. We have left 2,184 non-attendants between 8 and 14, the limit of compulsory attendance. This is larger than last year by 268.

The following table gives similar returns of enumeration

for five years :

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The number of children between 4 and 16 has annually in. creased since 1858. The average annual increase has been 1,726.

In 1879, 86 out of every 100 children enumerated were enrolled in public schools, and 53 out of every 100 enumerated were in regular attendance. In 1887, 82 and 49 out of every 100 were enrolled and in attendance respectively. The fact which deserves attention is that a decreasing proportion of the persons enumerated attend school.

Among the causes of this falling off are,

1. The large towns exclude all children under 5, and everywhere there is little disposition to send very young children.

2. The limit of 60 days has become in many places the standard, and instead of long periods of attendance there have been long periods of work, with intervals of school.

The law prohibiting employment of children under 13, would naturally increase the number in attendance; but so many advanced with a bound from 11 or 12 to 14, that in few schools has any increase from this cause been noted. The difficulties encountered in ascertaining the ages of children, whether by reference to town or school records, are very great. Without doubt many children under 13 are to-day escaping the provisions of the law relating to employment and attendance through false statements of parents.

It cannot be too strongly insisted that this censuis should be taken at the right time and in the right way. The time in the middle of the school year is not opportune to the needs of schools. From September 1st to February 1st, there is little chance to note illegal absence, and there is abundant opportunity to avoid attendance. A census early in the school year,--in September or October,--would be a guide to the

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