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This circular gave the views of the Board as to what particular classes should have the book in their hands, and what classes should be taught orally. It was understood and the understanding was acted upon, that Boards of Visitors, and teachers so far as they were consulted by boards of visitors, should decide where the book should be used.
At first a basis of distribution was decided upon, viz: onefifth of the average attendance in winter. This basis was reached after consultation with school visitors and teachers in several representative towns. It was tentative and not final and merely a convenient means of determining how many should be sent, if an exact number were not named by the local board. The number called for by school visitors has in every case been sent. The number distributed in response to definite calls' has slightly exceeded the estimate on the basis above mentioned.
The call for books has been voluntary on the part of school officers. Thus far the Board has not prescribed its book to the exclusion of any other. It is a noteworthy and gratifying fact, that without such prescription, the books have gone into all the towns and independent districts, except six. This general distribution of the book is due largely to the fact that it costs nothing. But it is presumed that if the book were a bad one, it would not be accepted.
It is too early to pronounce a confident opinion upon the experiment. Some like the book and some do not.
So far as can be learned, and the investigation has been impartial, those who like it are more than those who do not.
It is not in purpose nor in methods suggested, the ordinary text-book, but many who are interested in good teaching approve its plan.
The following table gives record of distribution to December 31st, 1887. Two towns have applied for and received books since this date.
Table Showing the Number of Text-books on Physioloy and
Hygiene, and Diagrams sent to each Town.
No. of Sets of
No. of Sets of
Hartford Avon.. Berlin Bloomfield Bristol Burlington Canton East Granby East Hartford East Windsor Enfield Farmington Glastonbury Granby. Hartland Manchester Marlborough New Britain. Newington Plainville Rocky Hill Simsbury Southington South Windsor Suffield West Hartford Wethersfield Windsor Windsor Locks
6 17 17 18
9 20 10
55 126 125 200 15 85 40 20 300
20 450 25 60 60 80
35 120 110 175 440
25 100 50 25 70 135 50 75 46 25
7 12 9 7 14 11
60 100 80 65 115 100
8 8 11 5
జై | Facondaraadi cond
50 125 20 30 335 70 75
8 12 8 5 30
2,461 | 287
New Haven City -----(1,350
complete 1,405 Beacon Falls
25 Bethany Branford
100 Derby East Haven
200 North Branford
32 North Haven
3 14 13 12 23 6
6 18 40
8 20 400
Bridgeport Danbury Bethel Brookfield. Darien.. Easton Fairfield Greenwich Huntington Monroe New Canaan. New Fairfield. Newtown Norwalk Redding Ridgefield Sherman Stamford
13 8 2 8 17 20 22
10 7 8 15 12
3 11 9
20 200 900 32 75 25 300
ng 21 45 8
if they see fit, with the committee of an adjoining town for the
SEC. 5. The town clerk and the treasurer of each town shall
SEC. 6. The records of the school districts heretofore existing in each town shall be handed over to the town clerk of the said town, and shall be preserved by the town.
SEC. 7. All property heretofore held by school districts shall vest in the towns in which such districts were situated, to be held by such towns for the same purposes. All debts, obligations, or pecuniary trusts of any school district existing at the passage of this act shall remain in force against the town in which such district was situated, and shall be paid and performed by said town, except as hereinafter provided. The assessors of each town shall, on or before the thirtieth day of September, 1887, appraise the property of each school district within its limits. At the next annual town meeting after the passage of this act, an equalization tax shall be levied upon the grand list of the whole town, such as would in every district of the town raise an amount of money at least equal to the value of the property of the district less its indebtedness, and there shall then be abated to the tax-payers of each district so many mills of the said equalization tax rate as upon that part of the grand list of the town taxable within that district would yield an amount of money equal to the appraised value of its property, less the amount of indebtedness of the district. Any district shall have power
to determine that
stated amount of its indebtedness shall not be devolved upon the town, but shall be owed by such district exclusively, as heretofore, and any town shall have this same power regarding the indebtedness of any district situated within its limits; provided, that if action is taken both by the town and by
the district having such indebtedness, the vote stating the larger amount of indebtedness to be separately retained by the district and not devolved upon the town shall determine said amount; and provided further, that this amount of indebtedness thus separately retained by the district shall not be deducted from the appraised value of its property in fixing the amount of the equalization tax to be abated for its tax-payers. Every school district shall remain separately and solely liable for any indebtedness or liability by it incurred previously to September first, 1887, unless the amount of such liability or indebtedness shall be deducted as aforesaid from the appraised value of its property in fixing the amount of the equalization tax to be abated for its tax-payers. For the purpose of distributing the effect of the equalization tax upon its tax-payers over a number of years, any school district may borrow and pay to the town any part of the sum of money which the equalization tax rate would raise upon that part of the grand list of the town taxable within said district, and the sum so paid to the town shall be added to the appraised value of the property of the district in calculating the number of mills of the equalization tax rate to be abated to its tax-payers. The provisions of this section shall not apply in any town in which the parties in interest shall, before the first day of September, 1887, agree upon any other mode of equalizing the differences in property and indebtedness between the several districts of said town.
SEC. 8. In the case of any school district, the fractional parts of which belong to different towns, the selectmen of such towns shall have power by mutual agreement to appraise the property of said district, and to apportion the property and debts of said district between the towns, and find the balance due from either of said towns to the other of said towns.
in writing, shall be final and binding upon such district and such towns. Whenever such selectmen fail thus to agree before the twentieth day of July, 1887, then upon the application of either town, or any tax-payer of said district, any judge of the superior court shall appoint a committee which shall finally decide the matter on which the selectmen have thus failed to agree, and shall lodge their decision with the respective clerks of such towns, from which time their decision shall be binding upon such districts and such towns. The appraised value of the property, and the amount of money thus acquired by any town,
diminished by the amount of money paid to the other town, and by the amount of the indebtedness of the district apportioned to the town, shall be remitted by the town to the tax-payers of the portion of such district within its limits in collecting the equalization tax, provided for in section seven, in the same manner as in the case of other districts entirely within the town.
SEC. 9. No powers of school districts or any officers thereof, except such as are reserved or given by this act, shall be exercised after September first, 1887, but every school district then existing may preserve its organization and necessary powers for the purpose of closing and settling up its affairs, and especially for the purpose of managing and paying any of its indebtedness not devolved upon the town,
SEC. 10. At the close of each month, unless the town otherwise vote, the chairman of the board of selectmen of each town shall, upon the written application of the chairman of the school committee, draw orders upon the town treasurer, which shall be by him honored, for the payment of all expenses incurred in the maintenance of the public schools, and detailed in such written application.
SEC. 11. The school year shall, in the year 1888, and thereafter, end on the fifteenth day of July, and said day shall be substituted for the thirty-first day of August, in all estimates, reports, and certificates relating to schools in which the latter day has been required by law to be taken as the end of a year of account.
SEC. 12. This act, with the exception of section eleven, shall not apply to any town which has a city within its limits.
SEC. 13. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith are hereby repealed.
Mr. BAILEY said:
The whole aim and object of this bill is to secure to every school, and to every child, equal privileges; and your committee believes it accomplishes its object.
We shall have better schools, because all of them will be under one management; each and every child will have equal advantages with others living in the same town; it will be more economical and more business-like, and better in every way.