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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT-
July-Superintendent Waller, 35. Educational

Congress-State Appropriation, 36. To Readers of The Pennsylvania School Journat, 36. Lower Merion Township: Ex-State Supt. Hickok, 37. University Extension : Summer Meeting at University of Pennsylvania, 38. August-A Good Law-Exhibit by Dr. War

Pattison, 435.

Dr. Wm. T. Harris Re-appointed, 436. National Associatiou at Asbury Park, 437. Statistics of the United States “What Hath God Wrought," 439. Spring Arbor Day, 441. Colonial Times, 442. Darby Borough, 443. Farmer and the Farm: Education of the Farmer's Sons and Daughters 444... Sloyd in Pittsburg-Vaccination in the Public Schools, 447. "Kansas Leads,” 448. Business Methods, 449. The Right Man:

Good Fortune of Phila. High School, 449. May-Editorial Notes, 488. Programme of

State Teachers' Association, 492. High School Commencements, 493. The Good Work Goes On, 494. Public Sehools, 495. The Modest Hero, 496. Exhibition of School Work at State Meeting, 497. New Science Hall—“Fiat Money,” 498. Nineteenth Arbor Day at Lancaster : Addresses of Dr. J. T.

Rothrock and State Supt. Schaeffer, 499. JuneThe Human Eye-Summer Schools, 544.

Dr. Higbee's Teubner Classics- College Outrages, 545. Delaware Boundary, 546. The State Association, 547 A Country Education, 548. National Meeting at Asbury Park, Programme, 549. New School Boards, 550. Good News from Iowa, 551. Cultivate the Memory, 552. New Seminary Bnilding-Gettysburg,

553. Committee of Ten : Suggestions, 554. Educational Exhibit at the World's Fair, 51. Educational Interest of the Commonwealth.

Sixtieth Annual Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of the State of Pennsyl. vania: Certificates of College GraduatesGraduation in Public Schools-Free Text Books-The Five Millious—State Normal Schools—Dying Teachers--Holidays-Contin

uous School Year-Nathan C. Schaeffer, 281. Educational Values, True Standard of, 327. Education of Girls–M. V. E. Cabell, 210. Edward Thring, 169. Elections in School Houses, 307. Electrical Wonderland, 76. Electric Roads, 100. Elementary Instruction, 132. Emerson on Heroism, 465. England's Greatest Schoolmaster, 141. Ends of Teaching - Bishop Keane, 178. Examinations, Where They Fail, 171. Eye, The-George Wilson, 540. Fall Arbor Day, 225. Famine of the Soul-George W. Briggs, 333. Farmer and the Farm-Editorial, 444. Ferris Wheel, The, 80. “Fiat Money,” 498. First Ideas : Immense Stock in Early Years, 202. Forest Fires in Pennsylvania, Destruction by :

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ren at the Fair- Not “the Oldest”-Reception to Prof. Robert M. Cargo, 86. Dr. Theo. B. Noss-Advice from a Lady at Chicago, 87. “Death's Crown,”–Now or Never: The Columbian Exposition-Auxiliary Supervision

of Schools, 88. Township High Schools, 89. September-Good on All Lines, 127. Promotion

Without Examination-School Legislation, 129. Does the Superintendent Earn His Salary? 130. House for the Teacher-Success in Teaching, 131. Elementary Instruction, 132. Decency and Good Morals, 133. Upright Penmanship-Training of the Hand, 134. Dawn of a New Age, 135. Congress of Educa

tion, 136. October-Autumn Arbor Day: Official Circular,

173. School Arbor Day, 174. Our Subscrip-
tion List, 175. Class in Reading, 176.
Wilkes-Barre, 177. Ends of Teaching, 178.
Mercersburg College: Dr. E. E. Higbee, 179.

Teachers at the Fair, 180.
November-Statistics of Public Schools of

Pennsylvania, Erie, Titusville and Edinboro,
220. School Outhouses : Circular of Co. Supt.
Taylor, 221. Educational Exhibits at World's
Fair, 222. Prof. Josiah Jackson, 223. The
Good Ship “Welcome," 224. Fall Arbor Day,

etc., 225.
DecemberThe Study of Children-Teachers at

World's Fair, 257. Two Venerable Men, 258. School Outhouses, 258. The County Institute, 260. Should School Examinations be Abol. ished ? 261. “By Their Fruits”: The Men Who Were Made Under the Old Regime, 262. Provisional Certificates, 263. Personal Interest-Growth of Children, 266. Commercial High School, 268. January-Get Back to First Principles-Wed

ding Bells, 304. Rural Schools-Classical Studies, 305. Young Teachefs-Hazleton High School-Superannuated Teachers, 306. Elections in School Houses, 307. Convention of Superintendents, 308. Teachers' Institutes, 309. Alexander Ramsey, 310. Our Forestry Iuterest, 311. “ Article X.-Education :" Its Evolution in Our State Constitution of 1873, 313 Cigarette Smoking-School Boys'

League, 315. February-Editorial Notes, 347. College Graduates, 349. The Golden Egg, 351. The University of the State of New York, 352. “Over

353. Directors' Institute, 354. Columbian Stamps, 356. Reading the Bible, 357. School Outhouses: Law of State of New York, 357. Modified Foot-Ball, 358. State School Funds: Proper Distribution of State Appro

priation, 361. March-Our Free List-Philadelphia Schools

and the Appropriation-- Pennsylvania Ranks
Thirteenth Among the States, 414. State Meet-
ing in July-Childhood Impressions, 415. Our
Colleges—The Altoona Meeting, 416. The

Goddess Educa, etc., 417.
April-Arbor Day Proclamation of Governor

Bulletin No. 22, Pennsylvania State College

Agricultural Station-Im. A. Buckhout, 419.
Forestry in United States, 251.
Four Outlines: Better than Gold, 482.
From Fourteen to Twenty, 298.
Girls, Education of-M. V. E. Cabell, 210.
Good-Night (Music), 234. .
Good Ship Welcome, 224;
Grace and Truth-David Swing, 236.
Grammar of Life-B. F. Taylor, 291.
Grammar School Course-j. M. Coughlin, 409.
Ground Plan of a Rural School House (Illus-

trated)-). W. Leech, 472.
Growth of Children, 266.

thrift,

:

Half an Hour with Plato, 206.
Hand, The-George Wilson, 97.
Happiest Life Spent for Others-Parochial
School Question-Color of School Room Walls

- Prizes for Spelling—A Little Science, 189.
Henry Ward Beecher on Heredity, 515.
Heroism-R. W. Emerson, 465.
High School Commencements, 493.
High Schools in Boroughs, 274,
High School, Place of-E. T. Jeffers, 393.
Holidays: Spiritual and Physical Benefit-M.

E. Sangster, 33.

Home Library, 527.

How Old is the Earth ? 474.

How to Read a Book, 165.

How the Young are Decoyed, 166.

Huxley, Thoughts from, 300.

Importance of the Class in Reading, 176.

“Inasmuch :" High School Helping Hand, 252.

Interesting Exercises, 98.

Items from Reports, 46, 138, 184, 229, 267, 321,

366, 434, 504, 558.

John Milton as Educator- Phillips Brooks, 214.
Jolly Old Saint Nicholas (Song), 280.
Jones's Dream: “Record as Director," 331.

Josiah Jackson, 223.

Joy the Root of Morality-Edwin Arnold, 518.

Keeping up with Children, 157.

Lack of Education, 519.

Late at School, 255.

Latitude and Longitude, 289.

Lazy Boy, The, 250.

Lead Them to Think, 168.

Lesson on the Pansy, 99.

Lessons in Courtesy, 172.

Let Him First Be a Man-W. H. Venable, 533.

Letter of Pope Leo XIII., 219.

Letter Writing : Neglected in Schools, 474.

Lighting of School Rooms-A. P. Marble, 480.

Like a Dream : The White City, 124.

Lindley Murray, 290.

Little Things, 372.

Lonely Little Girl, 107.

Looking Upon the Unseen, 202.

Man and His Works, 64.

Man or Monkey, 519.

Medical Profession, The-David Swing, 337.

Memoranda of General Armstrong, 530.

Mercersburg College, 179.

Midway Plaisance, 15.

Minutes, The (Poem), 519.

Modified Foot Ball, 358.

Mollie Pitcher-Benj. M. Nead, 343.

Morning Exercises: “I Forgot It," etc., 340.
Music PAGES: “The Old Cottage Clock," and

“Up the Hills," 48; "Speak Gently”—W.V.
Wallace, 94 ; Do They Think of Me at
Home?"'-C. W. Glover, 140; Robin Red-
breast : Good-bye, Good-bye to Summer,
187; "Good Night,” and “The Better Wish,
234; “Jolly Old Saint Nicholas," 280; Beu-
lah Land,” and “All Hail the Power,” 32 6;
"Try, Try Again," and "Little Things,” 372;
“Twickenham Ferry'-Theo. Marzials, 510;

“Pleasure Clinibs to Every Mountain,” 562.

Music Well Taught: Training Colleges in Eng-

land and Wales, 330.

New Peril to Children, 159.

Nineteenth Arbor Day, 499.

Notes From My Journal—C. F. Menninger, 213.

OFFICIAL DEPARTMENT.—Recent Legislation :

Relating to County Superintendents-Free
Text-Books for Schools-Permanent Certifi-
cates to College Graduates-Salaries of County
Superintendents-Appropriations to the State
Normal Schools-Suitable and Convenient
Outhouses in Interest of Decency- Children
of Soldiers—Auditors in Independent Dis-
tricts—School Accommodations—Tax Col-
lectors-Compulsory Education : Text of Bill
and Veto Message-New Dog Tax Law-
Items from Reports, 39. Borough Superinten-

dents Elected - Questions and Answers: De-

cision as to Free Text-Books and School Sup-

plies-Labor Day-State Trustee-Superin-

tendents' Salaries : Opinion of Attorney Gen-

eral Hensel-Paying School Directors: Bill

Vetoed-Items from Reports, 90. Annual
Session of County Teachers' Institutes-Care

of Free Text-Books-Itenis from Monthly Re-

ports, 137. College Graduate Certificates-

State Appropriation-County Institutes- Chil.

dren of Soldiers-Items from Reports, 182.

Legal Half Holidays Not School Holidays,
Certificates to College Graduates : Conditions
on Which Granted by the Department-Opin-

ion of Attorney-General Hensel - Items from

Reports, 227. Snperintendent Elected-Ques-

tions and Answers-High Schools, Borough-

Permanent Certificates— Items from Reports,
269. Superintendent Elected - College Grad-

uate Certificates- Legal Decision as to Water

Tax-Relation of the

High School to the Col-

lege in Pennsylvania-Items from Reports,

316. Free Text-Books and Subscription

Schools-Suitable and Convenient Outhouses

on School Grounds-Soldiers' Orphans' In-

dustrial School-Items from Reports of Super.

intendents, 364. Certificates to College Grad-

uates--Duty of School Boards : Publishing

Annual Financial Statement-Vaccination :

Text of Decision by Judge Metzgar, of Wil-
liamsport-Items from Reports, 452. New

Blank Form for District Reports - Normal
School Examinations-Items from Reports-

Normal School Trustees, 504. To Superinten-

dents-College graduates, 556. Course of

Study at Normal Schools, 557. Normal School

Trustees-Items from Reports, 558.

Old Land Measures, 98.

One Girl: What She Did, 116.

Our Call to Duty: Many Ages and Many Think-

ers, 345; Texts for Sermons; Substance of

Many Books, 475.

Our Hope: Gentlemen of School Boys–M. W.

Sutherland, 244.
Over Exercise, 248.
Pansy, Lesson on the, 99.
Parental Responsibility, 241.
Parliament of Religions, 108.
Pay Attention, 230.
Paying School Directors, 92.
Pennsylvania at the World's Fair, 70.
Permanent Certificates Granted, 277.
Personality of Teachers, 160.
Personal Influence-Henry Drummond, 144.

Personal Religion-Lyman Abbott, 518.

Pleasure Climbs to Every Mountain (Song), 562.

Poems and Stories—Sarah L. Arnold, 521.

Points or No Points, W. W. Deatrick, 114.

Plato, Half an Hour With-H. M. K’ing, 206.

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Pollution of Pennsylvania WatersHenry C.

Ford, 486. Praise as a Stimulus to Effort-Louise Foster, 31. Primary Spelling Lesson, 529. Prince Bismarck in Berlin-Edwin B.Chubb, 425. Professor's Awakening, 117, Professor Blackie and His Pupil, 515. Promotion of Pupils, 150. Provisional Certificates, 263. Psychology as a Fad, 162. Public Schools, 496. Purifying the Air of School Rooms-W. W.

Frantz, 122. Purity of Heart Strengthens the Mind, 152. Queen's School at Burano, 160. Questions and Answers, 183, 227, 269, 316. Rapid Reckoning, 165. Reading-G. P. Brown, 293. Reading Books Discarded at Springfield-Thos.

M. Ballîet, 162. Reading the Bible, 357. Reading, Method in, 164. Relation of High and Normal Schools, 379. Relation of High School to College, 318. Relation of Mind and Brain-T. M. Balliet, 34. Remember in Speaking, 212. Responsibility of Parent-K. T. Wiggin, 241. Right Kind of Recreation: Outing Club for the

Season, 431. Robin Redbreast (Music), 187. Rote Teaching: “Words Without Meaning,” 341. Routes of Travel, 126. Rural Public Schools-H. N. Jarchow, 485. Rural School, The, 119. School Arbor Day, 175. School Legislation, 129, School Music, David M. Kelsey, 324. School Outhouses, 357. Scolding Habit-R. H. Holbrook, 472. Short Sightedness, 106. Showing the Spectrum-W.W. Deatrick, 158. Six Thousand Square Miles–J.T. Rothrock, 422. Slate Blackboards, 255. Sloyd in Pittsburgh, 447. Soldiers' Orphans' Industrial School, 365. Solemn Words of Truth and Soberness-David

Swing, 95 Some Needed Legislation-R. K. Buehrle, 388. Song of the Brook, 470. Sowing and Reaping, 104. Speak Gently (Music), 94. Spelling and Writing Problems—T. B. Noss, 303. Spring Arbor Day, 441. State Appropriatiou, 182. State Board of Health, Circular to Directors, 477. State Buildings at Chicago, 85. State School Funds, 361. Stories for the School, 527. Study of English High and Graded Schools, 405. Success in Teaching, 131. “Sum-Books :" Reminiscences of School Days,

T. J. Chapman, 297.
Supt. w. A. Derremer: In Memoriam-Lelia E.

Patridge, 423.
Talking--Carrie Norton, 532.
Teach Children to Work, 247.
Teachers at the World's Fair, 180.

Teaching Spelling, 100.
Tennyson's Death Bed, 299.
That New Scholar, 538.
The Better Wish (Song), 234.
The Christian Shadow, 104.
The Eye-George Wilson, 540.
The Golden Egg, 351.
The Honie Library, 524:
The Hand-George Wilson, 97.
The Model Hero, 496.
The Old Cottage Clock (Song), 48.
The Poetic in Children, 158.
The Professor's Awakening, 117.
The Schools and the Appropriation-David Mc-

Mullen, 253
The Spelling Problem, 256.
The Spirit Stays : · The Bonny Face of Lucy

Stone,” 335. The Swallow : An Egyptian and a Circassian

Tale, 216. The Teachers' Institute: What a Good Institute

Does, etc., 154. The Training of the Boy: Address to Pittsburg

Teachers- W. F. Oldham, 425. The Vanishing State Forest: Work of Forestry

Commission, 432. Thomas Arnold: England's Typical and Great

est Schoolmaster, 141. Those Deep Words, Grace and Truth: The Phys

ical and Moral Worlds are Full of the Crea

tor's Goodness-David Swing, 235. Thoughts from Huxley, 300. Tobacco and Color Blindness, 516. Township High Schools, 89. Training of the Hand, 134. Triuniph for Women, 68. Truancy and Irregular Attendance-S. A. Baer,

401. True Standard of Educational Values, 327. Try, Try Again (Song), 372. Tyndall's Influence on the Teaching of Natural

Science, 422. Twickenham Ferry (Music), 510. Two, Too, To, 151. Uncle Tom's Cabin: Epoch-Making-Book, 205. Unequal Distribution of State Aid, 390. University Extension, 39, 148. University of the State of New York, 352. Upright Penmanship, 134. Up the Hills (Music)-Rossini, 48. Urgent Needs of the Schools, 374. Vaccination in Schools, 447. Voting for a School Motto, 517. What is Staff? 23. What One Girl Did, 116. What We Know of the Sun, 196. Where Examinations Fail-E. E. Hale, 171. Where They Read Most: The Homes in the

Country, 333 Who Can Tell?- Alfred Bayliss, 335. Wilkes-Barre Schools, 178. Wise Decision, a, 256. Words to be Avoided, 517. Work: Its Perennial Nobleness and Sacredness

- Thomas Carlyle, 32. World's Fairs, 84. Your Head to the Eugine, 481.

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department, and millions of dollars will of the World's Columbian Fair at be spent in the entertainment of visitors Chicago was practically a wild marsh. and in formal banquets. Going south

. To-day it contains several hundred build- ward are to be found three-quarters of a ings, and Director-General Davis esti- mile of structures, representing manufacmates the wealth represented by the tures, machinery, electricity, mining, buildings and exhibits as something like agriculture, horticulture, forestry and

, $150,000,000. Fifty nations and thirty minor material interests, with buildings seven colonies are represented. Added here and there representing woman, music, to these are the United States Govern- and the government of the grounds. The ment and the various states and territories third division is the Midway Plaisance, of the Union.

dedicated to Oriental villages, Ferris Roughly speaking, the grounds con- wheel, balloons, bear pits, glass blowers, tain six hundred acres. They are over a panoramas, barbaric theatres, and everymile long and more than half a mile broad thing that goes to make up the side-show at the widest part. The distance from the life of an international exposition. Here middle of Chicago is seven miles. One alone will the visitor be forced to pay side of the grounds runs along the great extra. Outside of the Midway Plaisance lake and the other side faces hundreds of everything is free after the general adhotels and stores hurriedly erected at the mission fee is paid, with the sole excepsmallest possible cost. There is a strip tion of the Esquimau Village and the of land six hundred feet wide and a mile Cave of the Cliff Dwellers. long, extending from the main grounds It was the genius of Frederick L. Olmeastward, and this is the Midway Plais- stead that turned the waters of Lake ance which contains the side-shows and Michigan into lagoons, ponds, basins and private enterprises. The whole Exposition canals, with bridges and terraces to beauwill be open from an early hour in the tify the place. Every main building can morning until ten o'clock at night, and be reached by water. There are fifty the price of admission is fifty cents. electric launches and scores of gondolas

The Exposition is marked off into three oared by picturesque Venetians. It costs great divisions. At the north end is the twenty-five cents a trip on the launches, Art Palace, surrounded by the separate and the gondolas can be employed at so buildings of the States, Territories and much an hour. foreign Governments. This is the social An intermural elevated electric railway penetrates to all parts of the grounds, and of ico,oco. There are well organized and visitors can make their rounds with great equipped police and fire departments. rapidity if they do not care to walk. The Columbian Guard is an independent

Around the great basin is grouped the body of police numbering in the neighborformal architecture. At one end is the hood of two thousand men, largely made noble peristyle with its Corinthian col- up of ex-soldiers. This body is comumns, pierced in the middle by the great manded by Colonel Edmund Price, of the Columbian portal, on the top of which is United States Army, and all of its supera magnificent group representing a char- | ior officers are detailed from the army. iot drawn by four horses abreast. Flank- The inen are uniformed like soldiers, wear ing this quadriga are statues representing short swords and are under strict military the States and Territories. The peristyle discipline. They present a fine appear

. connects the Music Hall and Casino. ance scattered about the grounds. Police where a grand orchestra will storm the and fire stations are placed at strategic gates of heaven with harmony. On points, and the floors of all the buildings either side of the basin are the facades of are patrolled night and day as a protection the Agricultural Building and the Mari- against fire. ufactures and Liberal Arts Building. Standing at the foot of the AdministraThe principal corners of the Electricity tion Building the visitor is thrilled by his Building and Machinery Hall are pro- surroundings. Beside him, in the main jected into this grand court of honor. entrance, is St. Gauden's fine statue of

Between them is the Administration Columbus. In front of him is the wonderBuilding, which serves as a vast vestibule. ful McMonies fountain, and on either side The pomp and splendor of this structure of it the big fountains that throw up masses are beyond description. It is in the form of electric-lighted water in thousands of of four massive pavilions, united and tints at night. Beyond is the smooth crowned by a mighty golden dome that basin which is crowded with gondolas flashes 250 feet above the ground. Each and launches. of the pavilions is eighty-four feet square, Farther on is the huge figure of the and the dome is 120 feet in dianieter. Republic rising out of the water on a The colossal entrances are rich in sculp- pedestal with the peristyle as a backture, and the piers of the pavilions are ground. To the left are the towers and crested with statuary. At every point recessed pilasters of Machinery Hall, the the eye meets with some striking group. , obelisk, and the small peristyle. The The interior of the dome is lit by an water that flows in front of Machinery opening of fifty feet, the light disclosing Hall divides it from the Agricultural panels enriched with sculpture and vast Building, whose florid capitals, masses of paintings representing the arts and statuary and gilded dome, surmounted by sciences. Mr. Dodge's great fresco OC- Diana, add an indescribable richness to cupies the upper rim of the dome.

the general effect. On the north side is This is the seat of government. In the the grand facade of the largest building in four pavilions are the headquarters of the world, whose thirty acres are devoted

, the Director-General, the Foreign Depart- to manufactures and liberal arts. The ment, and the Department of Publicity walls of this edifice measure almost a and Promotion. Here the purely execu- mile, and the stupendous hinged arch tive work is carried on, the construction spans the main floor at a height of headquarters being in the Service Build- 150 feet. Yet its Auted columns, triing. During the construction period umphal arches and vast loggia have conDirector-General Davis has commanded verted this architectural leviathan into a more than fifteen thousand at a time, and thing of beauty. Major Handy, of the Bureau of Publicity, From the roof of this huge building has supplied a list of 70,000 correspond- beams the biggest electric search light ents. From this building messages are ever constructed. It has reflectors six going out constantly to the most remote feet in diameter, and gives a light of 194,corners of the world.

000,000 candle power. It is asserted by It must be understood that the Exposi- those in charge of this light that people tion is a city, with a complete govern- sixty miles away can read by the reflected ment. There are over fifty thousand ex- illumination at night. hibitors, and two persons for each interest Following the canal, which is spanned represented would give a fixed population by graceful bridges on which are life

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