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no dearth of enthusiasm in regard to “It couldn't be very still if it was singbrooks.

ing," Jamie thinks for the class. How many of you ever heard a brook What makes some brooks still, while sing?"

others sing?” Some looked their wonder. One yen- “Oh,” cried Bennie, “the fast ones tured to voice his incredulity in the sing!" proper circumflex: "Sing, Miss Odd- Bennie 'may tell us what the brook ways !” But one blessed child of intui

says, in his own words.”' tion (that there are some such in every It came after judicious questioning. school Miss Oddways thankfully remem- "I come from the woods where the coot bered) answered with kindling eyes: and the hern stay, and I run all at once “Oh, I know what you mean! The out of the dark woods into the field.” sound the brook makes when it runs over “How many ever saw a brook when the stones and the rough places.” Then the sun shone on it? How did it look?" they all knew.

They fastened on many good words "Let us listen," said Miss Oddways, before "sparkle” came. Upon its ad"and see if we remember it so well that vent Miss Oddways wrotewe can almost hear it now.”. Breaking And sparkle out among the" the hush that followed, she asked: “Would you like to learn a song that

They knew. Flowers and ferns and stones

and bushes. There was not time to talk sounds so like the brook that you almost think you hear the brook speaking

the long enough.

"Fern,words? A chorus of assent came as she turned

the teacher wrote, adding, to the board.

"To bicker down the valley." I come from

They knew that brooks found low places, she began. “That is the beginning and so were ready for “valley.” They

. Who knows where the brooks come knew that no brook chose a path as from ?”

straight as an arrow, but winds and They knew, the wise little people. They wavers and trembles in its course. So knew where brooks were found in the they learned what “bicker” means. fields and the woods; and where, in the

Then they repeated together the first still woods, might be found their very

stanza of the song. beginnings. Some had been there, and "'Tis surprising,” said Miss Oddways, knew how still and wild the places were.

“how much these children know. They They watched eagerly while Miss Odd- are born poets, and we feed them on ways finished the line

shavings. I'm almost ready to believe I come from haunts of coot and hern."

they could have written ‘The Song of the

Brook' themselves. Any way, they can The “coot and hern” were discussed then.

sing it if you give them a chance. I The children knew soinething of

don't know why we should dilute poetry them both, and Miss Oddways added to

until it cannot be recognized as such, their knowledge. Then they found that,

when they appreciate the real thing. I'm knowing where the brooks come from, and

not sure that I shall not go to the chilknowing, too, the hàbits of the coot and

dren to be taught. I shall think about hern, they knew what “haunts” were.

it.”-American Teacher. So they were ready to read the line together. "I make a sudden sally,"

Still on the lips of all we question

The finger of God's silence lies. wrote Miss Oddways. Drawing a line

Shall the lost hands in ours be folded? under "sally," she told them its meaning, Will the shut eyelids ever rise ? and used it in other ways, until the children understood.

O friends! no proof beyond this yearning,

This outreach of our souls, we need; “Now I have told you about one word; God will not mock the hope he giveth; you may tell me about the other,” she

No love he prompts shall vainly plead. said, underlining “sudden" also. It means quick," volunteered Bennie.

Then let us stretch our hands in darkness,

And call our loved ones o'er and o'er; I wonder if this brook was a still

Some time their arms shall close about us, brook or a noisy brook,” says Miss Odd

And the old voices speak once more. ways.

John G. Whittier.


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THE SCOLDING HABIT. room should be finished in the same man

ner as the main room. All should be BY R. H. HOLBROOK.

wainscoted four feet high. The windows

should reach to within thirty-six inches 'HE scolding teacher can cure himself of the floor.

in one way only. Not by keeping his tongue still. That important organ

“The following are some reasons why

this plan may be used with advantage in must be active, doubtless, and ought to providing for outhouses for schools: be, probably. Let it wag, but cure it by

1. It gives the teacher absolute control of substitution. When the scold comes sub

the whole matter. stitute a word of praise. Scolding is a 2. Pupils may use them at any time withfrost, praise is a genial refreshing. There out running out half clad through mud, is as much opportunity in the worst cases rain, or snow. for commendation as for condemnation,

3. No one need know for what purpose and the former is infinitely inore needed.

the pupil enters the "toilet” room, each of Besides, scolding is weakness lack of

which should contain water, basin, soap,

towel, mirror, comb, brush, broom, besides self-control. The pupils know it. Fur- books and supplies. ther, there is no more pleasant, healthful 4. These closets are never open except shock for a class when they are expecting when the school is in session and the teacher certain pupils to be scolded, than to be present. pleasantly disappointed by hearing the

5. No one would be likely to commit a better pupils praised. This stroke of nuisance or deface by cutting or writing. thoughtfulness will oftentimes reach re

6. They cannot be used by tramps or fractory or lazy pupils more effectively passers-by, or overturned on Halloween.

7. They are always locked when the than a direct reprimand.

school-room is locked, and not left open for Scolding becomes so awfully tiresome

snow or rain to blow in. and commonplace when frequent. Pupils 8. The “Please-may-1-go-out” question become as callous to it as to the squalling is done away with by granting to all perof a neighbor's guinea-hen. Frost kills

mission to pass to “toilet” room by simply the premature buds, but it keeps back the

raising the hand. Thus the pupils are less

likely to impose on the teacher. others. Scolding kills the tender and re

9. The teacher can inspect each daily. presses the vigorous. Praise may also

10. A large box or bin can be kept in the become wearisome if stupidly adminis coal and wood houses, and filled with dust tered, but it requires more wit and self or sisted ashes when this can readily be had. control to manage it than scolding. Any

This natural deodorizer can be used as body can scold-few can praise. If error

needed. When desired the earth closet may there must be, let it be in that of too much

be used by placing a box of proper dimen

sions on a strong sled underneath to be praise rather than of too much scolding.

hauled away, as in England and elsewhere, by any one having permission to do so.

11. It does away with the most disgracePLAN OF SCHOOL HOUSE. ful thing connected with our public schools.

12. If the coal and wood houses are also JE have received from Co. Supt. J. added as in the plan, a great deal of inconW. Leech, of Ebensburg, Cambria

venience is avoided. county, a ground plan of a rural school "If preferred, a simple extension of the house drawn on a scale of eight feet to school building on its north or west end the inch, of which we have had a plate can be made to include these needed acmade for The Journal. Supt. Leech has, commodations, the entrance to the same in his annual reports for 1890 and 1892, being through doors at each end of the been, condemning, the disgraceful out- blackboard on the wall behind the teachhouses in many parts of his county, which er's desk. are probably as bad as in most other coun- A somewhat similar plan has been ties of the State and of the country at tried in our county, and, in the judgment large. This excellent plan is the result of the teacher, “works like a charm." of his efforts to improve a condition of This plan provides floor space and air things but little removed from barbar- space enough for 54 pupils, allowing 15 ism. The additions to the school build- feet floor space and 300 cu. ft. of air space ing which he suggests “would cost from for each pupil. Each pupil requires $50 to $100. The main school room about 2,000 cu. ft. of fresh air every hour; should be sixteen feet high, and the other this the teacher must get by ventilation attached rooms nine feet. The toilet ' of some kind.


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GROUND PLAN OF A RURAL SCHOOL HOUSE. Designed by County Supt. J. W. LEECH, Ebensburg, Cambria county, March, 1894: Scale, eight feet to the inch.' Drawn by Elder & Schwarz, Civil and Mining Engineers, Ebensburg, Pa.

School building to be placed with front facing to the South or East. Never to North or West.

Adwith the front facing south or east, never vancement of Science

, at its meeting last facing north or west. All windows should August, gave his opinion from a study of be on weights. The numbers given on the sedimentary rocks of the western Corthe seats in the plan refer to the following dillerean area of the United States, that scale, which is accurate and of great value the duration of the time since the Archto directors:

æan era has been probably some 45,000,SINGLE SEAT AND DESK FOR ONE PUPIL.

000 years.-Prof. Warren Upham, in The Popular Science Monthly.



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E again wish to impress upon the

minds of our teachers the great ne

cessity for special attention to the instrucNo. 1 . 24 inch. 16 inch. 15 inch. 30 inch. 28 inch. 16 to 21 tion of pupils in the art of Letter Writ.

ing. There is no common habit which 9 to 13

so accurately tells of character as does the letter written, of the personality of the writer; and there is no line of habit more

easily trained if proper attention is given HOW OLD IS THE EARTH? to the subject, by competent teachers,

when pupils are at the trainable age.

There are few people, comparatively, geology for direct estimates of the who are able to write an entertaining, earth's duration, doubtless the most re- bright and gossipy letter, and there are a liable is through comparing the present still less number who are capable of writmeasured rate of denudation of conti- ing a correct business letter. nental areas with the aggregate of the At least one period each week should greatest determined thickness of the strata be carefully devoted to this branch of referable to the successive time divisions. education. If you are not sure of comThe factors of this method of estimate, petency and correctness of style, you however, are in considerable part uncer- should procure a reliable treatise on the tain, or dependent on the varying opin- subject and take self-cultivation, before ions of different geologists.

attempting to instruct pupils. It will According to Sir Archibald Geikie, in not be time wasted if spent for your own his Presidental address a year ago before benefit. the British Association, the time thus re- Remember where date and heading quired for the formation of all the strati- should be placed, pay particular attention fied rocks of the earth's crust may range to manner of addressing and beginning of from a minimum of 73,000,000 up to a

letter. maximum of 680,000,000 years. Prof. There is much of good style in an eleSamuel Haughton obtains in this way, gant and correct closing of a letter, as “ "for the whole duration of geological also in the method of signature. The time a minimum of 200,000,000 years." envelope too! How many realize the im

On the other hand, smaller results are pression a stranger forms of the writer of reached through the same method by a letter, from the outside of the envelope? Dana, who conjectures that the earth's There is one proper place for a stamp. It age may be about 48,000,000 years since takes no longer to put it straight and the formation of the oldest fossiliferous right side up than to put it on wherever rocks, and by Alfred Russell Wallace, it happens to stick. Then the address. who concludes that this time has prob- Do, please, teach your pupils that, next ably been only about 28,000,000 years. to using good and clean stationery, the With these, rather than with the forego- | writing an address on an envelope, in a ing, we may also place Mr. T. Mellard way that will not make the receiver Reade's recent estimate of 95,000,000 ashamed, is important. When we receive years. similarly derived.

a soiled and poorly-addressed envelope, Again, Mr. C. D. Walcott, in his Vice we always feel as if a private fumigating Presidental address before Section E of furnace would be a luxury; but when we

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take up a spotless, smooth, plainly and A word spoken in due season, how properly addressed envelope, we feel a good is it!-Proverbs. spontaneous growth of respect for the The way of life is above to the wise, writer even before we see the signature. that he may depart from hell beneath.

You may easily represent upon your Proverbs. board by chalk outline the shape of let- Vicious habits are so odious and deter-paper and envelope, and give a care- grading that they transform the individful lesson by talk and drill upon the sub- ual who practices them into an incarnate ject, and require letters embodying the demon.-Cicero. special principles taught to be written to Memory is the scribe of the soul.imaginary persons, or addressed to your- Aristotle. self or some member of the class.

Be not wise in thine own eyes; fear the You will readily awaken much enthusi- Lord and depart from evil. - The Bible. asm and pride in the subject. Do not A child's eyes, those clear wells of unmake confusion by mixing up the ideas defiled thought, what on earth can be of the different kinds of letters in one les- more beautiful ?-Mrs. Norton. son.

Indeed it will rather be necessary Children are the to-morrow of society. so spend several lessons before perfecting - Whately. either branch of correspondence educa- All is to be feared where all is to be tion.

lost.–Byron. Do what you can to improve this much Curses always recoil on the head of him neglected part of common education. We who imprecates them. If you put a suggest below headings for subjects of chain around the neck of a slave, the different lessons on the art of letter writ- other end fastens itself around your own. ing; one lesson at least may be well spent

-Emerson. on each point.

For they can conquer who believe they 1. The parts of a letter. 10. A letter ordering

can.-Dryden. 2. The address.


Conscience is the sentinel of virtue.3. The heading

11. Change of address. - Johnson. 4. The salutation. 12. Ordering books.

By steps we ascend to God.-Milton. 5. The body of a letter. 13. Ordering bill of

I would have you wise unto that which 6. The conclusion.

goods. 7. The superscription. 14. Make out a bill.

is good, and simple concerning evil. 8. Manner of folding. 15. Give a receipt.

Men resemble the gods in nothing so 9. A business letter. 16. Invitation.

much as in doing good to their fellow17. Regrets.

creatures. —Cicero. Canada Ed. Journal. Keep thy heart with all diligence, for

out of it are the issues of life. — Proverbs.

No canvas absorbs color like memory. OUR CALL TO DUTY.

- Willmott.

The earnestness of life is the only CHE thoughts of the wicked are an passport to the satisfaction of life.-Theo

abomination to the Lord: but the dore Parker. words of the pure are pleasant words.- The way of the wicked is as darkness: The Bible.

they know not at what they stumble.The nurse of infidelity is sensuality.- The Bible. Cecil.

In the way of righteousness is life; and Righteousness exalteth a nation: but

in the pathway thereof there is no death. sin is a reproach to any people. — Pro- -Proverbs. verbs.

He lives most who thinks most, feels The eyes of the Lord are in every the noblest, acts the best. -Bailey. place, beholding the evil and the good. Laughter means sympathy.-Carlyle. The Bible.

Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do “Indifference is the invincible giant of it with thy might.- Ecclesiastes. the world.”

Cast thy bread upon the waters; for The true instrument of man's degrada- thou shalt find it after many days.-ECtion is his ignorance.—Lady Morgan. clesiastes.

To be ignorant of one's ignorance is the Language most shows a man; speak malady of ignorance.-Alcott.

that I may see thee: it springs out of the The love of heaven makes one heavenly. most retired and inmost part of us.-Shakespeare,

Ben Jonson.


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