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PROF. BLACKIE was once lecturing to market to participation of each paper

a new class, with whose personnel he was imperfectly acquainted. A student rose to read a paragraph, his book in his left hand. "Sir," thundered Blackie, "hold your book in your right hand!" and as the student would have spoken"No words, sir! Your right hand, I say!" The student held up his right arm, ending piteously at the wrist. "Šir, I hae nae right hand," he said. Before Blackie could open his lips there arose a storm of hisses, and by it his voice was overborne. Then the professor left his place and went down to the student he had unwittingly hurt and put his arm around the lad's shoulders and drew him close, and the lad leaned against his breast. "My boy," said Blackie-he spoke very softly, yet not so softly but that every word was audible in the hush that had fallen on the class room-" my boy, you'll forgive me that I was overrough? I did not know-I did not know!" He turned to the students, and, with a look and tone that came straight from his heart, he said: "And let me say to you all, I am rejoiced to be shown that I am teaching a class of gentlemen." Scottish lads can cheer as well as hiss, and that Blackie learned.

Dr. W. T. HARRIS, U. S. Commissioner of Education, says that the three characteristics of modern civilization are the railroad, the newspaper, and the common school. The railroad means the connection of each part of the country with the

means the

man and woman who can read in the experiences of the human race, so that each individual may profit by the lives of all his fellowmen far and near. The common school means the acquisition on the part of each boy and girl, whether rich or poor, of the necessary knowledge required to read the newspaper, and when grown to be men and women to make use of the railroad to exchange the products of their own industry for a share in the products of the world's industry.

THE Ladies' Home Journal has given its readers selections from Henry Ward Beecher's "Unprinted Words." Of heredity he says: "It seems hard that when a man does wrong his children should be put under almost irresistible inclination to do wrong; it seems hard that when a man drinks spirituous liquors his children and his children's children should find themselves urged by a burning thirst, which they can scarcely withstand, toward indulgence in intoxicating drinks; it seems hard that diseases should be transmitted, and that because a man has violated the laws of health, his children should be sickly and short-lived-these things seem hard so long as we look at them only on one side; but what a power of restraint this economy has when every man feels, 'I stand not for myself alone, but for the whole line of my posterity to the third and fourth generation?" "

And of life here and hereafter: "Hardly

anything that could be desired in this | womanly beauty; but when the pale face life has been withheld from me; I have had that which many covet and seek for in vain; my life all through has been a very happy one; it may be said, without exception, taking it from beginning to end, to have been a life of extraordinary prosperity and happiness, although I have been a man of war. But there is

nothing in this world, it seems to me, that is to be desired for one single moment in comparison with the life beyond. If that life is all that we have been taught it is and I believe it to be that and abundantly more-then let no man wish to stay here. It is true that the going of one and another leaves a wound in the heart of those that are left behind; but it is true, also, that God heals such wounds speedily."

THE investigation of color blindness in various countries has shown that in all civilized countries there are to be found, on an average, four color blind persons in every one hundred men, but only one who is color blind among five hundred women. It thus appears that color blindness is twenty times as frequent among men as among women. No reason has been assigned for this, except the use of tobacco. Tobacco using has been recognized as a common cause of eye defects of various kinds, among the most frequent of which is color blindness. Color blindness is, in fact, the first symptom of tobacco amaurosis.

Color blindness is found to exist among the North American Indians in the proportion of less than one per cent. The use of tobacco must be condemned, on every ground of healthy living, as a source of race-deterioration.-Health.

AN English woman writer says it is to be feared that posterity will never know exactly what was the living aspect of George Eliot's face. Only a very great painter could have seized at once the outÎine and something of the varying expression; and her reluctance to have her portrait taken, her private person made to a certain extent public property in that way, has deprived us of any such memorial. Future generations will have to draw on their imagination to conceive a face cast in the massive mold of Savonarola, but spare and spiritualized into a closer brotherhood with the other Florentine of the Divina Commedia. The features might be too large and rugged for

was tinged with a faint flush of tenderness or animation, when the wonderful eyes were lighted up with eager passion and the mouth melted into curves of unutterable sweetness, the soul itself seemed to shine through its framework with a radiance of almost unearthly power, so that a stranger seeing her for the first time asked why he had never been told she was so beautiful.


HE was an amiable man. He was fond of me, and I loved him." This is the reason given by the venerable poet, Dr. Holmes, why one of his instructors had influence with him. Here is a truth which is very fundamental. A knowledge of just how the mind works, of the relations of percepts and concepts, of the most extensive knowledge possible of science and philosophy, the teacher may possess; but if he is without that virtue that binds the child to him, his teaching, so far as it touches motive or develops power, is very near zero-certainly but the tinkling of a cymbal. So that we have no hesitation in saying that she or he who has not this gift had better be earning his living in some other way than that of labor among youthful minds. And this is no cant. We do not believe in mere sentimentalism, and we have no patience with that hypocrisy that talks about the 'dear children,' and, at the same time, sees always the shining dollar in everything he does in their behalf. Neither do we admire very much that equally sickly sentiment that would drive from the school-room all earnest work, on the ground that work is drudgery and childhood is the period for play-and we might add, to complete the thought, of shirking burdens. But we do believe that teaching means influence, that the imparting of knowledge is merely incidental, and that there can be little influence with the youthful mind unless there is between teacher and child that certain mysterious power-call it what you please -that binds heart to heart, and, therefore, mind to mind.-Educator.

My scholars filled me with despair as morning after morning I gazed into their unemotional faces, which remained stolid and unchanged as plaster casts, in spite of my frantic efforts to brighten them by a pleasing thought. To arouse them I have resorted to many new plans, one of

which I give herein, hoping it will aid. some other teacher who is similarly afflicted. Before opening one day's session I placed on the front board this list of


1. I will,

2. Try, try again,

3. Never say fail,
4. Onward and upward,
5. Dare to do right,

6. Perseverance conquers;

and told my pupils they were to vote for a school motto in regular public election style, using the mottoes for candidates and allowing the ladies to vote; no canvassing for favorites would be allowed. A short explanation of election terms and usages was then necessary before proceeding. Three of the older pupils were appointed to serve as clerks of the election. These distributed the slips for ballots, collected, counted and recorded the votes, and brought in the election returns. In this case, "Never say fail," carried the election by a large majority, and was duly installed in office above the front board, clad in a gala dress of colored crayon work. That morning I changed their expression. I can recommend the little diversion as worth trying.-Popular Educator.

A TEACHER at Wellesley College has prepared for the benefit of her pupils a list of words to be avoided, among which the following appear:

Expect" for "suspect." "First rate" as an adverb. "Nice" indiscriminately.

"Had" rather for "would" rather.
"Had" better for "would" better.
"Right away" for "immediately.'
"Party" for "person."

"Promise" for "assure."
66 'Posted" for "informed."

"Postgraduate" for "graduate.
"Depot" for "station."

"Stopping" for "staying."

"Cunning" for "smart,'

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Funny" for "odd" or unusual."

NOISE and bustle and stir are not the surest indications of work in progress. One grasshopper on a fence will make more noise than a dozen oxen grazing in a field. The grasshopper has his place in the world, but he is good-for-nothing in a yoke. So there are noisier bustlers among men, who seem to have no mission

except to din the ears; yet they may have a place in the grand economy of life, while the more efficient workers are toiling in thoughtful silence.-S. S. Times.

THROUGH the week we go down into the valleys of care and shadow and toil. But our Sabbaths should be hills of light and joy in God's presence. And so, as time rolls by, we shall go from mountain top to mountain top, till at last we catch the glory of the gate and enter in to go no more out forever! Henry Ward Beecher.

THE following from one of our secular exchanges is worthy to be passed along : "School directors through the country should see to it that the school-house and school grounds are kept in comfortable and healthful condition. As a rule not enough attention is bestowed upon the cleaning and painting of the school buildings. Dingy school buildings and dirty grounds are bad educational surroundings; and cleanliness should be one of the branches taught in our common schools. Some little fellows get their first and only lesson on this subject in the school room. Let it be the best that can be given."

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A LOCAL paper is the authority for the following: At a recent school examination for girls, one of the tasks was an essay on Boys," and this is one of the compositions just as it was handed in by a girl of twelve: "The boy is not an animal, yet they can be heard to a considerable distance. When a boy hollers he opens his big mouth like frogs, but girls hold their toung till they are spoke to, and then they answer respectable, and tell just how it was. A boy thinks himself clever, because he can wade where it is deep, but God made the dry land for every living thing, and rested on the seventh day. When a boy grows up he is called a husband and stays out at nights; but the grew up girl is a widow and keeps house."

EDISON when asked concerning his first watch said, "I never owned a watch in my life. I never wanted to know what time it was." According to the story, a gentleman introduced his son to the famous electrician, and in the course of the conversation suggested that he should give the young fellow a motto for the business career upon which he was

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about entering. Edison was silent for a moment, and then said, "Never look at the clock!" Probably the boy was more or less mystified by this laconic utterance, but he will not be long in the company of clerks or day-laborers without discovering that those who take so little interest in their work as to be continually asking what time it is, are not the ones to get on in the world. Success is not for the lazy or indifferent. As some one has said, "The carpenter who stays fifteen minutes after hours to finish a job is working toward a shop of his own."

THE United States sells its forest lands at $2.50 an acre, lumber companies indirectly acquiring a square mile of land for a little over $1,600, while the timber on it is often worth over $20,000. The French government forests return an average profit of $2.50 cents an acre annually for timber sales, or forest land to provide a continual timber supply to two and one-half per cent. interest on the value of the land. The United States now owns only enough to supply its present population, if forests are managed and lumber used as in Germany. The United States is exactly in the position of a man making large drafts upon and using up an immense idle capital, which, if properly invested, would return an interest sufficient for his expenditures. In 1885 the Government of Bavaria sent an expert forester to study the timbers of the United States, who stated: "In fifty years you will have to import your timber, and as you will probably have a preference for American kinds, we shall now begin to grow them, in order to be ready to send them to you at the proper time."-Century.

PERSONAL religion is not thinking right things about God, though it is very important that we get at the truth as nearly as we can. Personal religion is not worshiping God in the church, though I believe that many of us get the inspiration of the divine presence in the church, which we can carry out through all the week. Personal religion is, first of all, hearing God's voice, and obeying it; secondly, taking God as the ideal we wish to be like; thirdly, seeing more or less clearly life from his point of view; fourthly and lastly, thrilling ourselves with the thought that His Spirit may follow us, and we ourselves may be the sons of God

in very truth, and receiving that Spirit and living as His children. All life has this for its issue. We are not put in life that we may heap up money and leave it for other people to look after. We are not put in life that we may pass from the cradle to the grave, leaving no trail behind us, like a trackless bird or a ship on the ocean. Life is a great school. We enter at the cradle, we graduate at the grave; and all through it there is one lesson that we are learning. That one lesson is God-God in sorrow comforting, God in perplexity enlightening, God uplifting, God through all. We are learning God because we are learning truth and righteousness and honor and manhood and love.-Lyman Abbott.

"ALL one's life," says Ruskin, "is a music if one touches the notes rightly and in time." A young girl who was dissatisfied with her home life, and always talking of her grievances, and showing her discontent in voice, look and manner, surprised a friend whom she met one day with her quick step, and bright smile, and happy voice. "How are things at home?" the friend asked, thinking that some good news had made the change. "Oh. everything is just the same, but I am different,' was the reply.

"THE disposition to give a cup of cold water," says Dr. Holmes, "is far nobler property than the finest intellect." A little girl dropped a package she was carrying, and the contents several pounds of sugar-were scattered on the pavement. The passers-by laughed. Some said, "Poor girl, it's too bad;" but no one offered to assist her, until a newsboy came along and saw the wreck. He promptly stopped, and kneeling down, he took a couple of the evening papers that he had paid for, gathered up what sugar he could, wrapped it up neatly, and, tying the bundle, gave it to the little girl and started off.

THERE is nothing better than to be happy; joy is the real root of morality; no virtue is worth praising which does not spring from minds contented and convinced, and free of dread and gloom. No religion was ever divine which relied on terror instead of love; and no philosophy will bear any good fruit which propounds despair and deduces annihilation. This is where, by their own true instincts, the

great poets have done so much more for mankind than most of its benefactors, delighting as they do in life, and preserving amid its deepest mysteries and hardest puzzles a divine serenity about its origin and purpose. Observe our English Shakespeare! How calm, how complacent, how assured his glorious genius always abides! A page of him taken almost anywhere-set beside a page of modern pessimism-is like the speech of a prince in his pleasure-house compared with the moanings of a sick wretch in a Spital. All genuine poets, from Homer to Browning, are radically joyous. Keats writes:

They shall be accounted poet-kings Who simply tell the most heart-easing things. And Hafiz says: "It is whispered of me in Shiraz that I was sad, but what had I to do with sadness?" Art in all its highest forms bears no message so imperative as to emphasize the beauty and maintain the dignity and delight of life; and you may judge first-class writers and painters, as we shall some day judge philosophers, by their fidelity to this wholesome errand of joy.-Sir Edwin Arnold.

"Lost yesterday, somewhere between sunrise and sunset, two golden hours, each set with sixty golden minutes. No reward offered, for they are gone forever." -Horace Mann.


We are but minutes-little things-
Each one furnished with sixty wings,
With which we fly on our unseen track;
And not a minute ever comes back.

We are but minutes; yet each one bears
A little burden of joys and cares;
Take patiently the minutes of pain-
The worst of minutes cannot remain.

We are but minutes; yet we bring
A few of the drops from pleasure's spring,
Taste their sweetness while yet we stay-
It takes but a minute to fly away.

We are but minutes; use us well;
For how we are used we must one day tell.
Who uses minutes has hours to use;
Who loses minutes whole years must lose.

SHAKESPEARE's lack of education has often been referred to. It is said that he knew a "little Latin and less Greek;" that he did not know the classic writers. And some one replies that, what was of great moment, the classic writers did not know Shakespeare. It is a current remark

about a class of people who stand out from their fellows because of great power of thought, skill in using faculties and depth of experience, but who have had little schooling, that they lack education. We often hear it said of men in important positions in school work, who "by force have made their merit known" but have not gone through the formal college curriculum, that they lack education. The superintendent of a school who brings all his energies to bear on the problem before him may be therein deprived of pursuing Latin, Greek and mathematics in a college, but in these days, when one subject is thought to have as much educational virtue as another, if properly pursued, who will admit that such a man lacks schooling? Does education consist in knowing certain definite things, or in power and versatility of thought and emotion, which elevate the life into truth and virtue, and which may come from any form of true and deep experience a person has with the world about him? Shall we revise such a man's education, or our own notion of education?—Indiana School Journal.

IT is often said, "Boys are naturally cruel," but I do not believe it. Some boys do, it is true, find pleasure in tormenting cats and dogs, and other helpless animals, but not all boys care for that kind of fun (?); and most boys have gentle hearts, though they are sometimes very thoughtless.

A lady, whose little girl had the misfortune to be sadly marked about the face, hesitated about sending her to school, fearing the boys would make fun of Her. Persuaded by the teacher to make the trial anyway, the little one was sent, and timidly came into the school-room one morning after all the pupils were seated. To their honor it may be said that, instead of "making fun," or even smiling slyly, every boy in the room, after a hurried, pitying glance at the marred face, quickly looked the other way; and the little one has never met with any but the kindest treatment, and has never been made to think herself different from the rest of the children. That is true politeness, and is far removed from cruelty.

HERE is another incident, told by the Detroit Free Press: On the corner of one of the business streets of the city the other morning a shoe-black had just finished.

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