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will be represented by a special exhibit of models on a large scale. The models of ancient structures in Yucatan will faithfully represent the latest research. They have been cast in plaster, and will reproduce near the Anthropological Building types of symbolical ornamentation, façades of buildings and the different styles of architecture and sculpture found in Central America.

Another subdivision will include the various Archæological collections made by assistants of this department and the collections of various individuals, state commissions, museums and societies. Extensive surveys have been made in Ohio, Maihe, New Jersey, and other portions of the United States. From Ohio alone has been gathered by several assistants the most extensive, as well as one of the most interesting, lots of material ever secured for a single museum.


At the burial-place of Ancon, in Peru, over one hundred graves were opened and from them were taken nearly two hundred mummies. In the interior of Peru | explorations were made near Cuzco, in the valley of the Huaracondo. There were found several curiously wrapped mummies in caves in the side of a mountain. The results obtained from the explorations in Peru are especially satisfactory, for enclosed in the caves with the dried bodies were always found cooking utensils, often still containing fragments of food, such as corn, beans, potatoes, peanuts and dried fish. From the graves come also beautifully decorated pottery, copper work, carved wooden idols, fish nets, garments of different kinds, and a hand loom containing a half-finished product. Often with women were buried their work-baskets, containing weaving and spinning implements, thread and yarn, needles and pins of the spine of the cactus, tubes of paint and often a small clay image, all of which will be exhibited in groups as they were found.

From foreign governments will come collections to supplement these from America, and thus will be given the opportunity to compare the ancient peoples of all parts of the globe.

Besides these three sections the department includes other sections, of which I can only mention the names: History, Chartography, the Latin-American Bureau and Natural History. The object of the department is to tell as nearly as possible the story of man from his earliest

primitive condition to the present day. His great antiquity on this continent will be shown, and the opportunity given to trace his wanderings and migrations to the present time. So far as America is concerned, the visitor will be able to see living representatives of the different peoples who were here centuries ago.-Youth's Companion.


THE ideal approach is by water. of the


take passage on a huge steamer of the new Whaleback variety, and from the centre of Chicago you are carried to the centre of the Fair. The trip is delightful. The water front of the great city is lined with huge hotels and business houses, overhung by a London-like atmosphere of smoke; but the bright sunlight is also present, shining in from the boundless immensity of the great lake. Over its waves, in company with your couple of thousand fellow passengers, you glide out of the harbor, leaving behind the receding shores of the great city. It is as impressive as the view from the North river over New York. All here is a dead level, of course, but the huge profile of the Western city has its own majestic aspect.

The shores recede as you sweep out. over the waters of the inland sea until, at. the end of half an hour, you again ap-. proach them as you near the Exposition. grounds.

But the term "Exposition grounds" conveys no idea whatever of the scene which opens before you as you near the shore. It is truly called a city-The White City. It is a great expanse of domes, towers, minarets, colonnades. It is a vision of almost dazzling splendor. It is as if Athens, Carthage and Venicewere all combined and brought here by some magic spell. It suggests the superb. splendors of them all. There is not a. vestige, a hint of the commonplace or the merely utilitarian, and in this most typical Western place, you have a temple city dedicated to labor and industry, which is in its realization the embodiment of an ideal dream.

I landed and entered at once the great classic peristyle, with its fourfold rows of Corinthian columns. Up they tower into the air; on high is the far-off roof; and seen through the glorious aisles on one.


hand are the blue waters of the inland sea, and on the other the magnificence of the Exposition grounds.

can choose the vessel of Venice with its sweeping oars and hints of romance, or you can take for your bark the more mystic power of the lightning stored up to propel you noiselessly by the Palaces of Industry which line the shores. Every

I determined to give my first day to a ramble at will from point to point, as it might happen. Pictures of the ruins of Thebes and Karnak were in my mind,.turn memories too of St. Paul's without the walls at Rome, and other classic sites; but the huge Peristyle, and the great Court of Honor, with its vast parallelogram surrounded by great pillared buildings, seemed more glorious than remembered picture or sacred place.

Every step opened up new wonders, whether you strolled by the shore line, looking out over the boundless blue of the lake, or turned into the enclosed acreage of the enormous buildings, lifting themselves 250 feet into the air. The very vastness of the space of the Exposition must be cautiously and courageously approached, else you will be tempted to give up the whole matter as impracticable. But one need not refuse sunshine because they cannot hold the sun in their hands, and there is no use in fretting if, in a day or two, one can see but a few fragments here and there; one view of it would be a memory for a life-time, so let us be content to take what is practicable. I heard of a traveller once, who had at his disposal just time enough to go from Paris to Rome and return, spending in the latter place five or six hours. He wisely determined to fill in his opportunity as best he could, and so fled on by the Rapide to Marseilles, Genoa, Pisa, Rome and back again, photographing on his mind the glories of the Forum, and St. Peter's-the ancient and the modern-his forever. So one may be enriched by ever so cursory a view of the World's Columbian Exposition.

In this absorbent state it was a pleasure to walk on from palace to palace, and through crowds of people, whose great numbers found ample room in the generous space of the place.

A distinguishing mark of this great Exposition is the admirable use of water, as an element of the beautiful and the useful. An artificial water-way extends through the whole place, serving as a great mirror to reflect the architectural beauty of pillar, dome and facade. It also affords a most interesting way of seeing the Exposition from the outside. The winding lagoons are traversed by electric launches and Venetian gondolas. You

of the way reveals new combinations, and new surprises, but the last is the best, when you enter the waters of the great Court of Honor, bounded by the Peristyle to the east-a background for the great gilded Colossus of the Republic, and the huge dome of the Administration. Building on the west, with great structures on either hand, all reflected in the waves over which you glide.

Even in this first glimpse you have a sense of rest and satisfaction, and gain courage and content as you look at the vastness and richness of what is spread before you.-Canon Knowles, in The Churchman.




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ELLOW Teachers of America, four hundred thousand strong, I cannot urge you too earnestly, nor too strongly, to make a close protracted study of the Fair. As Kate Field writes in Washington: The men of the Directory have builded even better than they knew. In the presence of their beautiful dream city, I stand with reverence and thank God for the rhythm of its frozen music.' was architecture called by a woman,— Mme. de Stael,-and now I, another woman, dare to say that were there nothing at Jackson Park but this symphony in white, created by the best architects of the United States, the melodious spectacle would be worth a journey round the world. There never was its peer. shall not look upon its like again. From it will date the era of a new architecture for this country, which will transform our towns and make this Republic literally the home of art."


The unequaled educational opportunities and advantages of this great Exposition impress themselves upon me more and more, as I walk through the White City and observe the vast treasures of knowledge from every quarter of the globe, gathered' within its walls. No summer school, or eight weeks' trip to

Europe-no other vacation outing--is comparable in educational value to that which Chicago offers you this summer.

Probably never again will be gathered together so many magnificent illustrations of science, art, history, manufactures, and commerce. It is an object lesson par excellence. It will be the regret and mistake of a lifetime if you do not make every effort to study the greatest educational exhibit on earth. Whatever a teacher's taste or special direction in teaching, it finds here ample means of gratification.

School boards might act with great wisdom and foresight by sending their teachers to the Fair and paying their expenses; benefi

Verne journeyed round the world in eighty days. Come to Jackson Park, and, like Puck, you can put a girdle round the earth in forty minutes,' and then sit down and choose the country in which you will spend the day."

This is written in the interest of the school children of America.-Col. Francis W. Parker, N. E. Journal of Education.



the outcome would be extremely bench TriChicago Fair is vastly the grandest

cial to the pupils.

I am led to write this because many letters of inquiry bear witness to the widespread and false impression in regard to the actual expense attending a trip to Chicago at this time. I can say to you, positively, that any one can get good board and lodging in Chicago, near the Fair grounds, for $10 per week, or one dollar and forty-three cents per day. You may reckon expenses per day as follows: board and lodging, $1.43; car fare, 20 cents; admission 50 cents; lunch on the grounds, 30 cents; total, $2.43. Per week, of six days each, $14.58. This includes everything but the incidentals, such as rides upon the lagoon, and the many interesting shows in the Midway Plaisance.

By sending two dollars to J. M. Greenwood, Kansas City, Mo., you will become a member of the National Educational Association, and at the same time put yourself in the hands of your friends in Chicago. By written request you will be found a comfortable boarding place, and will be met at the station and guided to your temporary abode.

Come, if you have to beg or borrow the money. Come and stay just as long as possible. To again quote Kate Field:

Come one, come all. You cannot come too soon or stay too long. Whoever tells you the Fair is not ready, has about as much appreciation of its wonders as an ant has of differential calculus. I do not expect to see one-thousandth part of the Exposition if I remain all summer. Americans who go to Europe this season show as little patriotism as appreciation of this Exposition of the brains of all nations that well-nigh appals by its magnitude. Jules

tribute to civilization ever presented in the world's history, the most imposing spectacle ever witnessed by any people, ancient or modern. It would well repay the student of progress to come from any land, however distant, simply to see the great composite city of the world's grandeur presented on the Exposition grounds, without entering any of the gigantic temples crowded with the handiwork of every clime and the achievements of science. No such realistic panorama of the world's architectural magnificence has ever been given, or even approached, in all the varied records of the past ages. It has revived all the splendor of the ancients and all the advancement of the present, in one group that blends in sublimest lustre the most exquisite attainments of mankind.

A delightful boat ride through the lagoons of the lake, which trace their silver lines through the entire grounds, gives the visitor in a single hour the best view of the wonderful architectural beauty of the admirably grouped buildings, and that followed by a circuit of the entire Fair on an elevated electric railroad completes the most poetic and inspiring picture ever seen by any people. Not only is the architectural grandeur of the world reproduced in bewildering conjunction, but the Midway Plaisance is the world itself in miniature.

It is not presented by the delineation of the artist, but by the people themselves, living in their own homes according to their varied customs, producing their own arts and curiosities, clad in their own costumes, speaking their own tongues and enjoying their own amusements. I yesterday witnessed a Chinese opera, a Turkish tragedy, an Algerian exhibition of

song and dance, all in theatres constructed in exact reproduction of their home theatres; and every phase of humanity, from the Hottentot to the sons of England, presents its homes, its industries, its customs within a mile's stroll among the jostling crowd of every known costume and tongue.

Any intelligent American, or visitor of intelligence from any land, could devote weeks to the study of the external beauty of the Exposition and leave the task unfinished. I could devote a month to the most interesting study of the varied nations of the world on the Plaisance, and know more of foreign peoples than could he learned in years of travel around the globe; and one view from the sublimely columned lake front across the shimmering lagoon toward the Administration Building, or from the broad plaza by the colossal fountain, presents the combined. architectural grandeur of six thousand years in realistic sublimity. Nor is this enchanting view presented in miniature. The buildings equal or surpass in stature the temples of the Romans, the Grecians, the Corinthians, the Moors and others which are imitated, and the whole picture is like the Rome that Augustus transformed into marble.

I believe that no fair-minded national legislator can visit the Exposition without being convinced that the Government did both Chicago and the Republic a great wrong by not giving at least $5,000,000 of an appropriation without other conditions than that the Government should be repaid pro rata with other contributors. But Congress may be in session before the summer shall have ended, and if so, it should assume any responsibility necessary to assure the full lesson of the matchless work to the people of the only land that could have conceived and presented it. In the meantime, the destiny of the Exposition is in the hands of the American people, and there should not be less than an average of 1,000,000 visitors every week from this time until November. The man, woman or child who can reach it and fails to do so, must suffer an irreparable and self-inflicted wrong.

There will be no best time to see the Chicago Exposltion, and those who intend to visit it should come as best suits their convenience. Many who could come now would be hindered from coming later by unexpected causes; and as every intelligent American should see it, all should come whenever they find it oppor

tune. All who can do so, should come twice or thrice and spend at least a week each time. I can conceive of no more profitable way for any intelligent American to spend several vacations during the summer than at the Chicago Exposition.

To be comfortable in Chicago for a week or more during any of the summer months, it is necessary to be able to change from the coolest to fall clothing with all the fitful changes of the Windy City. Straw hats, pongee coats, palm-leaf fans and heavy fall suits with winter overcoats, have all been comfortable here during the present week, and those who are not provided for such fantastic weather variations are liable to suffer. The Chicago people won't confess that they have a disagreeable climate; but as they did not make it and can't improve it, they may be excused for failing to declare its often sudden and startling caprices. No city or community can have the earth," but Chicago manages to deserve and to enjoy more of the earth's fulness, with a full share of blemishes, than any other city of the continent; and, however we may criticise Chicago, every true American is none the less proud of the matchless strides her people have made in American progress.-A. K. M., Editor Phila. Times.



HERE at any time zeal for the Columbian Exposition required awakening and stimulating-as well at Washington, where Congress was finally brought to the financial support of the great enterprise, as in many of the States-woman was always to the front; and now that the results of these labors are visible in the greatest exposition ever held, women are entitled to receive and do receive their just meed of praise and honor. part women have taken in building and managing the Columbian Exposition furnishes a splendid precedent and marks a new era, the fullness of whose achievements will work little short of a revolution in the century just ahead.


To foreigners especially is the part woman has taken in building the Exposition a revelation. Professor De Dimcha, of the University of St. Petersburg, in an interview in The Inter-Ocean, recently, gave expression to this fact when, in reply to a question as to what had impressed him most among the National

characteristics, he answered "La femme." "Your women," said the professor in English, “are very strange. I do not understand them. They are not like our women at all. I come to Chicago. I look around me. They are as great as the men. I see a great building. I am told it is the Women's Temple. I am surprised. Such a thing would be impossible among the Russian women. I go to the great Exposition. There are many large buildings. There is one as great as any there. I ask what it is. They tell me it is the Women's Building. I am astonished. The women are everywhere. They do as much as the men. They have held a wonderful congress. I have been much interested in their addresses. They are very daring. They talk of social emancipation. They project in so many wavs."

Professor Dimcha went on to say that the position and prominence of the American women had impressed him from the first. "I cannot understand it. It must be that it is due to your mixed schools, where boys and girls all sit and study together. I will tell you another thing that has impressed me. That is the American's esteem for himself and American customs. America will not know Europe. Do you understand? America ignores Europe. It is very amusing. If you come to Americans you must speak their tongue and conform to their customs."

To English observers also American women seem somewhat strange; and when recently, after a visit to the House of Commons, Miss Frances Willard expressed the opinion that the grill, which from time immemorial has screened the woman's gallery from the House, ought to be placed in the British Museum as a curiosity, John Bull was fully as much astonished at the American woman as the Russian professor quoted above.

And great as has been the advance of woman in the United States, where, as Max O'Rell has well said, they are already treated as queens and enjoy a position higher than that accorded to the sex in any other country, there are indications that at least in political importance the woman of the future in America will at last be placed on a basis of equality with man, having the power, if she desires to exercise it, to make her convictions potent in whatever direction she chooses in legislative enactments. One State has already proclaimed the political equality of man

and woman, and woman has certainly done much in building the World's Fair to justify the belief that her influence will be exceedingly potent in the future in the upbuilding of a higher civilization, a purer morality, and a nobler manhood and womanhood, realizing at last, perhaps, in the coming centuries, Tennyson's noble idea of womanhood, as expressed in the conclusion of "The Princess," when all men will serve themselves best in aiding her : "Will clear away the parasitic forms

That seem to keep her up, but drag her down,
Will leave her space to burgeon out of all
Within her-let her make herself her own
To give or keep, to live and learn and be
All that not harms distinctive womanhood."





VERY person in the land possessed of liberal public spirit, or actuated simply by curiosity, ought to see the World's Columbian Exposition. I think before the season is over every one who can possibly procure the means will visit the Phantom City of the Fair-phantomlike in its color; phantom-like in the suddenness with which it has appeared before the eyes of man."

The above remark was made by General Horace Porter, who recently spent several days at Jackson Park, viewing the buildings and exhibits, and presided at the meeting of the Sons and Daughters of the Revolution held in Music Hall. He read an interesting paper also before the Railway Commerce branch of the Auxiliary Congress on "Safety Devices Applied to Railway Cars." In giving his impressions of the great Exposition, he expressed himself as above quoted, and continued:

"I think it is already generally acknowledged that the selection of Chicago as the place for the Fair was eminently wise. Not only is the city well suited to the purpose on account of its great central position and easy access by rail, but it had the most appropriate grounds to devote to the purposes of the Fair. It has been enabled to add a water feature in the shape of canals and lagoons, which form one of the most attractive features. Besides, the heat of the summer is not as great as in many other of our large cities.

"When the project of the Fair was first proposed, the people did not doubt

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