Federal Labor Law Coverage to Foreign Flag Ships: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Merchant Marine of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 1126 ... September 23, 1992
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Merchant Marine
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993 - 153 էջ
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action Administration agent amended American apply bill cargo carrying Chairman Coast Guard Commission Committee companies competitive concerned Congress Convention corporation costs Court crew cruise Department District domestic economic effect employment enacted enforcement engaged established example extend fact Federal flag vessels foreign foreign vessels foreign-flag vessels give going governments hear House HUBBARD industry interests international law involving issue jurisdiction labor laws Labor Standards legislation look Loree majority maritime matters Merchant Marine National Labor Relations operating Organization owners Panama passengers person Philippines port practice President problems questions reason record registry regularly regulations represent responsible rules safety seafarers seamen seas Senate shipboard shipowners ships standards statement Subcommittee talking TARRANT testimony Thank trade transporting U.S. ports union United wages Washington waters workers
Էջ 127 - It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to eliminate the causes of certain substantial obstructions to the free flow of commerce and to mitigate and eliminate these obstructions when they have occurred by encouraging the practice and procedure of collective bargaining...
Էջ 143 - France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.
Էջ 78 - American contacts and therefore necessarily presume the validity of the "balancing of contacts" theory of the Board. But to follow such a suggested procedure to the ultimate might require that the Board inquire into the internal discipline and order of all foreign vessels calling at American ports. Such activity would raise considerable disturbance not only in the field of maritime law but in our international relations as well.
Էջ 85 - The high seas being open to all nations, no State may validly purport to subject any part of them to its sovereignty.
Էջ 78 - We continue to believe that if the sponsors of the original Act or of its amendments conceived of the application now sought by the Board they failed to translate such thoughts into describing the boundaries of the Act as including foreign-flag vessels manned by alien crews.
Էջ 78 - States jurisdiction over and apply its laws to the internal management and affairs of the vessels here flying the Honduran flag, contrary to the recognition long afforded them not only by our State Department but also by the Congress. In addition, our attention is called to the well-established rule of international law that the law of the flag state ordinarily governs the internal affairs of a ship.
Էջ 57 - One member each shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the majority leader of the Senate...
Էջ 78 - Therefore, we find no basis for a construction which would exert United States jurisdiction over and apply its laws to the internal management and affairs of the vessels here flying the Honduran flag, contrary to the recognition long afforded them not only by our State Department
Էջ 78 - This would inevitably lead to embarrassment in foreign affairs and be entirely infeasible in actual practice. The question, therefore, appears to us more basic; namely, whether the Act as written was intended to have any application to foreign registered vessels employing alien seamen.