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was a continuous Arctic Sea, or anything like an our acquaintance its hundred thousand specific Antarctic Continent.

forms, and these are but the vanguard of a still But if so much has been done in the more greater multitude believed to cover the surface difficult and inaccessible parts of our globe, how of countries yet unexplored, and to fill the much more has been achieved in the parts ac- mysterious recesses not yet penetrated by the cessible to settlement and cultivation. The microscope. And so far as we know, every American continent, the interior map of which one of these organisms, great or small, carries was almost a blank at the close of the Revolu- with it its parasites, to which it afford: habitation, is now profusely dotted with towns, cities, tion and food, and which may be supposed not forts, post office and rail stations, until the most only to double but to multiply in an unknown diligent compiler of a Gazetteer is obliged to ratio its original numbers. Again, when we pause in despair at the manifest defects of his reflect that every one of these species has its latest edition.

own anatomy, its physiology, its peculiar chemGeology may be considered as almost a erea- istry, its babits, its sensations, its modes of retion of the present age. When Werner visited production, its nutrition, its duration, its metaParis, in 1802, it could hardly be said to con- morphoses, its diseases and its final mode of sist of more than insulated observations with a destruction, we may well despair of knowing few crude and unsettled theories. But now it much of the whole, when a single species has become a great, organized, and overshadow- might furnish materials of study for a human ing department of science. In every language lifetime. of Europe it has its voluminous systems and its The foregoing are examples of the claim on unfailing periodicals. Societies of special or- our attention and study, advanced by a portion ganization carry forward its labors, and every only of the progressive sciences. They serve country of the globe is traversed by its ob- to develop truths and laws appertaining to the servers and collectors. The shelves of muse- material earth, which truths and laws must ums are weighed down by its accumulations, have existed had there never been minds to and in its palæontology alone the Greek lan- study them. The relations of pumber and fig. guage is exhausted to furnish factitious names ure, the laws of motion and rest, of gravity for the continually developed species of antece and affinity, of animal and vegetable life, must dept creations.

have been the same had the dominant race of Chemistry in a limited degree appears to man never appeared on earth. But there is have attracted the attention of the ancients, another extensive class of scientific pursuits, but of their proficiency in this pursuit we the subjects of which are drawn from his own know more from their preserved relics and re nature. He has devised metaphysics to illussults than from their contemporaneous records. trate the operations of his own mind. He bas In modern times the chemists constitute a phil. introduced ethical and political science to proosophical community, having a language of mote order and happiness, and military science their own, a history of their own, methods, to assist for a time at least in destroying both. pursuits and controversies of their own, and a He has built up history with “ her volumes domain which is co-extensive with the materi- vast,” which volumes are as yet a small thing als of which our globe is made. Many men of compared with those that are to come. Under gifted minds and high intellectual attainments the name of news, the press daily inundates have devoted their lives to the prosecution of the world with a million sheets of contemporathis science. Chemistry has unravelled the neous history, for history and news, under early niysteries of our planet, and has had a small qualifications, are identical. The annals leading agency in changing the arts and the of the last four years may deserve as large a economy of human life. It now tills the civil. place in the attention of mankind as was due ized world with its libraries, laboratories and when the poet informed the Egyptian mummy lecture-rooms. No individual can expect to that since his decease, “a Roman empire had study even its accessible books, still less to be begun and ended.” The greatest part of what come familiar with its recorded facts. Yet should have been history is unwritten, and chemistry is probably in its infancy, and opens of what has been written, the greatest part is one of the largest future fields for scientific of little general value. If all that has actually cultivation.

been committed to papyrus, parchment or paNatural history, in its common acceptation, per had by chance been preserved from the ef. implies the investigation, arrangement and defects of time and barbarism, the aggregate scription of all natural bodies, including the would be so vast and the interest so little, tbat whole organized creation. If no other science the busy world could hard!y turn aside for its existed but this, there would be labor enough examination from more absorbing and necesand more than enough to employ for life the sary pursuits. students and observers of the world. Each But the world is not contented with history kingdom of organic nature already offers to which states, or professes to state, the progress,

arts, dates, successes and failures of distin- Jaccumulation, a terra incognita, which from its
guished men and nations. It requires further, very magnitude is inaccessible to the inquiring
the supplementary aid of fiction, which finds world. Hence the economy of the age has in.
facts, not in testimony, but in probability; not troduced the labor-saving machinery of period.
as they are recorded to have happened, but as ical literature, which, by substituting compen.
they ought to have happened under the cir- diums and reviews for the more bulky origi-
cumstances and with the actors. Fiction, pals, has seemed to smooth the up-hill track of
moreover, not being restrained by the limits of knowledge, and lighten the Sisyphean load of
circumstantial truth, is at liberty to seek em- its travellers. But periodical literature, useful
bellishment from exaggeration, from ornament, or frivolous as it may be, and indispensable as
from poetry, from dramatic utterance and pas- it undoubtedly is, has become by its very suc-
sionate expression. Hence it has taken the cess inflated to an enormous growth, and bids
lead in modern literature, and it is not proba- fair in its turn to transcend the overtaxed pow-
ble that at this day the most accomplished bib-ers of attention of those for whose use it is
liographer or bookseller could point the way to prepared. Like our street cars, while it helps
one-half of its multiplied and perishable pro- forward to their destination á multitude of
ductions.

struggling pedestrians, it substitutes pressure
There is neither time nor inducement to re-for exercise, and does not save the fatigue of
fer to the pseudo-sciences, which in all ages those who are still obliged to stand that they
have made serious drafts upon the limited life. may go. In looking forward to another cen-
time of man, nor to the ephemeral and unprof. tury, it is curious to consider who will then re-
itable issues wbich consume his time and labor, view the reviews, and condense, redact and di-
and wear out his strength. At the present gest the compends of compendiums from which
day we have not much to fear from alchemy, the life has already been pressed out by previ-
palmistry or astrology, nor yet from spiritual. ous condensation.
ism, homeopathy or mormonism. But it is not Since these things are so,-since in the dy-
easy to prevent men from wasting their time in ing words of Laplace, "The known is little,
the pursuit of shadows, from substituting ex. but the unknown is immense," and
ceptions for general laws, from believing things, “ Since life can little more supply
not because they are probable, but because they Than just to look about us and to die,"
are wonderful and entertaining. Still less can it is a question of paramount importance, how
we divert them from yielding to the guidance in this short period education can be made to
of an excited will, from following prejudices or conduce most to the progress, the efficiency,
creating them, from adopting one side of a the virtue, and the welfare of man.
controversy or party strife for no better reason

(To be continued.)
than that some other party has adopted the

The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid
opposite.
It would be unnecessary to add to what has and Elevation of the Freedmen has received the

following amounts since last report:-
already been said, even an inventory of other From City contributions.....

$37 00
studies, which present seducing but intermina Friends and others of Crosswicks, N.J.
ble claims on the life and labor of man. It

Wilmington, Del. 100 00
would be vain to open the flood gates of philol-

Abington, Pa.

Goshen, Ohio
ogy, aod to follow the thousand rills of lan.
guage which have intersected and troubled

$253 90
each other ever since they left their fountains

Henry M. Laing, Treasurer,
at Babel. And we pause in humility before

No. 30 N. Third St.
the very portals of astronomy, which has re-

Philada., 3d mo. 10, 1866.
vealed to us that we roll and revolve, and per-

ITEMS.
haps again revolve, around we know not what.

The transfer of the counties of Berkley and
Aod helpless as animalcules on the surface of a Jefferson from Virginia to West Virginia was agreed
floating globule, we are ever striving to see, to ex to by both branches of Congress. The following
plore, and to mark our way through the "starry were among the subjects that engaged their atten.
dust” of infinite space.

Strong and devoted tion ihe past week.
minds have piled up upreadable tomes, the re-

SENATE.-A message was received from the Presi.
sult of their life-long studies and observations, the provisional governors, and other important pa.

dent, transmitting copies of his correspondence with
yet few, save the professional and the initiated, pers in relation to reconstruction, which was re-
attempt to invade the recondite sanctuary offerred to the committee on that subject. A resolu-
their deposit.

tion empowering the Secretaries of War and the
Thus, the immense amount of knowledge, Navy to establish sanitary cordons, to prevent the
general and special, true and fictitious, salutary the Committee on Commerce ; one was adopted in-
and detrimental, the record of which is already structing the Committee on Foreign Affairs to re-
in existence, has grown in:o an insurmountable I port a bill for the appointment of a commission of

61 90

35 00
20 00

70

5.00

Central School Reader....

75
75

1.16

60
10

610

131 N. Seventh St.

310tr.

M. LOUISE CLANCY,

two medical officers—one from the army and one: Bojournal of John Comly, (600 pages).

200KS FOR SALE:-Journal of Hugh Judge, price.....
from civil life—to examine the subject of cholera Friends' Miscellany, (originally 12 vols.,) 4th vol. out of print, 8.00

$2.00
preventives, and to attend the cholera cougress in History of Delaware County, Penna., containing interesting
Europe. A petition to grant the widow of our late accounts of early Friends, with engravings: 580 pages... 3.00
President the amount of salary for the wbole term Conversations, Discussions, and Anecdotes, by Thomas story 1.00
for which he was elected was reported from the Com- The New Testament, Marot's edition, fine clear type....... 1.00
mittee on Finance. The joint resolution to amend Comly's Reader,....50 cents.

Bellangee's Journal,
the Constitution on the subject of representatives Memoir of Priscilla Cadwallader, 60.

&

Do. Penn, $1.25 and $2.00
was several times under discussion.

History of Frienas, vol. 1st
House.- A letter was received from the Governor Education in the Society of Friends.

Foulke's Friends' Almanacs for 1866.
of North Carolina, accepting lands donated by the

EMMOR COMLY, No. 131 North 7th St., Phila.
United States Congress in 1862, for founding agri.
cultural colleges, but it was refused on the ground WANTEDet in situation, by ac liemalean eacher qualified to
that they did not recognize the Government of North years' experience. Friends School preferred. Good recommende
Carolina. A partial report was made from the Com-ations if required. Address or apply to Emmor COMLY,

310xt pmfp510.
mittee on Reconstruction, relating to Arkansas, Mis.
sissippi, Alabama and Georgia. A bill to amend WMA HLASOCK, General Furnishing Ondertaker, No 18 North
and continue in force the freedmen's bureau law, and every requisite for Funerals furnished.
was introduced and referred. A bill for the trans Being entrusted with the orersight of “Fair Hill" Burial
fer of the Smithsonian library was referred to the Ground, - Funerals, and all other business connected with the

311, 1y. Was mp.
Committee on the Library. The Senate bill to pro- ground, will be promptly attended to.

CEW ARTICLES.–The Graduated Measure and Funnel com.
tect all persons in their civil rights, &c., after much N
debate, was recommitted to the Judiciary Committee. Machines, the Clutch Brace, which does not require the bitts to

bined, Russ' Scissor Sharpeners, Spring Scissors for Sewing
INDIAN Affairs.-An important treaty between be fitted or notched, the Vegetable Slicer, for beets, cucumbers,
the Creek Nation aud the United States was signed &c. For sale at the Hardware Store of

TRUMAN & Shaw,
on the 3d inst., at the office of Indian Affairs. The

No. 835 (Eight Thirty Five) Market St., below Ninth.
Creeks, among other stipulations, cede the west half
of their large domain, admit their emancipated ne-

THESTER ACADEMY.-A Boarding and Day School for both
C'

Sexes, Broad St., Chester, Pa. Every branch of a solid Enge
groes to equal and civil rights, convey the right of Lisb Education is taught in this Academy, together with Latin,
way to construct a railroad through their country, the studies is insisted upon, and especial care will be taken to
and also agree to such legislation on the part of Con- educate the morals as well as the intellect of the pupils. A Prio
gress as may be necessary to establish a judicial sys- mary Department is connected with tho School. Pupils can enter

at any time.
tem in the Indian territory, and a general council,

Please send for a Circular.
with defined legislative powers, composed of dele-

GEORGE GILBERT, Principal.

THOMAS GILBERT,
gates from each nation.

2 w 13t 5wm wnfnd.

Assistants.

Š
A new treaty was consummated between the
United States and the Shawnee nation of Kansas, J. Peaches, Apples Onions, sweet Potatoes, Round Potatoen

in ,
their principal chief, Charles Bluejacket, beading Butter, Poultry, Egge, Dried Fruits, and every description of
the delegation. Treaties are also being prepared Country Procluce. Omce No. 125. Delaware Avenue Market,
and will soon be completed with the Cherokees, Philadelphia. Consignments solicited, and orders for shipping
Choctaws and Chickasaws, the Seminoles, and two

21013tvlvozp.
bands of the Chippewas, of Lake Superior, the
Borsfoot band and those of the Lac du Flambeau. WA Street, lohe square from Germantown Depot,

Philadelphia
The FREEDMEN. --The superintendent of the freed. Business in any part of the Country attended to promptly, and at
men's village bas been instructed by General Howard City rates.

2mno3 xmpp.

S. F. BALDERSTON & Son.
to divide the Arlington estate, lying east of the road,
into five-acre lots, to be rented on written agree Ksion of this institution will commence on the last Third day

ENNETT -
ments to the freedmen; the rent to be paid at each of Second month, 1866. Inquire for Circular of
harvesting of the crop. Fifteen acres on the west

Evan T. SWAYNE, Principal.
side of the road are assigned to be divided and ALL PAPERI WALL PAPERI

WA

Reduced to 125, 18 and 20
rented in the same manner; about twenty acres to

cents. Gold and Glazed Paper Hangings reduced.
be cultivated as a garden by the dependents of Window Shades and Fixtures, of neat designs and all sizes.

Work done in Country. Call at
freedmen's village. This estate is not confiscated

E. S. Johnston's

UNION SQUARE DEPOT,
property, and therefore cannot revert to the heirs at

No. 1033 Spring Garden St. below 11th, Phila
the death of the owner, but it was sold for taxes,

LIFE AND
and purchased by the Government for the purpose to THE

promptly attended to.

2 3 3m. 430, vmo.

Liper

wm 9t fain.

PROVIDENT

TRUST COMPANY

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PHILADELPHIA.-Incorporated by the State of Pennsyl
which it is now being applied.

vania, 3d mo. 22, 1865. Insures lives, allows interest on deposits
General C. H. Howard has issued a special and grants annuities. Capital, $150,000.
order restoring to Joseph Forrest bis prop-

Directors-Samuel R. Shipley, Jeremiah Hacker,

Joshua II. Morris, Richard Wood,
erty, held by the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen,

Richard Cadbury, Henry Haines,
etc., in St. Mary's county, Maryland, except the

T. Wistar Brown, Wm. C. Longstreth.
Sand-gates farm," so-called, of 1,100 acres, being

Charles W. Coffin.

ROWLAND PARRF, Actuary. SAMUEL R. SAIPLEY, President.
nine separate tracts of land containing 1,915 acres,

Office-No. 111 South Fourth Street.
more or less, so bject to the provisions of Circulars W. WILBERFOROE WISTAR, General Agent, at the office of the
Nos. 3, 15 and 20. of the freedmen's bureau.

Company.
The Assistant commissioner of the freedmen's BELOR GIRLO. "The Fall and Winter Terin of this healthfully

BOARDING-SCBOOL
bureau for the State of Georgia informs the bureau and beautifully located Institution, will commence 10th mo. 2
that " the condition of tbe freedmen is commendable. 1865, and continue in session twenty-eight weeks,
They are all at work under Government contracts." For details see Circular, to obtain wbich, addross the Principale,
The assistant commissioner of the freedmen's Attleboro' P. O., Bucks county, Pa.

ISRAEL J. GRAHAME,
bureau for the State of Texas reports that "the

Jane P. GRAHAYE,

Principale
freedmen are self-supporting, and that they have al-
ready shown a disposition to equal, if not surpass, PRINTED BY MERRIHEW & SON,
tbe laboring ch.188 of white med."

BOOK, PAMPBLET AND GENERAL JOB PRINTERS, 243 Arch 8t.

8:26 om 110 aw

85 tf. axnaw.

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

"TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE."

VOL. XXIII.

PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 24, 1866.

No. 3.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
OF FRIENDS.

CONTENTS.

Extracts from Clarkson's Portraiture of Quakerism"....... 33 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESBED AND PAYMENTS The Revelation of the Spirit...

35 MADE TO A Little at a Time........

87 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, A Foretaste of Heaven.....

37 At Pablication Office, No. 131 North Seventh Street, Social Reading in the Home Cirlele.

39 SECOND DOOR ABOVE CHERRY. EDITORIAL

40 TERMS:-PAY ABLE IN ADVANCE.

OBITUARIES
The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per
indum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

Letter about the Freed-poople.....
Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.
The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where
Gibbons' Review of " A Declaration," &c.

43 It is rec:ived, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. POETRY.......... AGENTS.- Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

An Address on the Limits of Education.
Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
ITEMS.

47
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.

EXTRACTS FROM CLARKSON'S “PORTRAITURE) is acquired. In the second, namely, of desires, OF QUAKERISM."

quietness is attained. In the third, of thoughts, *(Continned from page 18.)

internal recollection is gained. By not speakI have hitherto confined myself to those ing, not desiring, and not thinking, one arrives Meetings of the Quakers, where the minister is at the true and perfect mystical silence, where said to have received impressions from the God speaks with the soul, communicates him. Spirit of God, with a desire of expressing them, self to it, and in the abyss of its own depth, and where, if he expresses them, he ought to teaches it the most perfect and exalted wisdeliver them to the congregation as the pictures dom.” of his will; and this, as accurately as the mir Many people of other religious societies, if ror represents the object that is set before it. they were to visit the meetings of the Quakers There are times, bowever, as I mentioned in while under their silent worship, would be apt the last section, when either no impressions may to consider the congregation as little better than be said to be felt

, or, if any are felt, there is stocks or stones, or at any rate as destitute of DO concomitant impulse to uiter them. In this that life and animation which constitute the case no person attempts to speak: for to speak essence of religion. They would have no idea or to pray, where the heart feels no impulse that a people were worsbipping God, whom they to do it, would be, in the opinion of the Qua- observed to deliver nothing from their lips. It kers, to mock God, and not to worship bim in does not follow, however, because nothing is spirit and in truth. They sit therefore in si- said, that God is not worshipped. The Quakers, lence, and worship in silence; and they not on the other hand, contend, that these silent only remain silent the whole time of their meet- meetings form the sublimest part of their worings, but many meetings take place, and these ship. The soul, they say, can have intercourse sometimes in suo session, when not a word is with God. It can feel refreshment, joy, and uttered.

comfort, in bim. It can praise and adore bim; Michael de Molinos, who was chief of the and all this, without the intervention of á sect of the Quietists, and whose “Spiritual word. Guide" was printed at Venice in 1685, speaks This power of the soul is owing to its con- . thus: “ There are three kinds of silence; the stitution or nature. “It follows,” says the first is of words, the second of desires, and the learned Howe, in bis “Living Temple," that third of thoughts. The first is perfect; the having formed this his more excellent creature second is more perfect; and the third is most according to his own more express likeness; perfect. In the first, that is, of words, virtuel stamped it with the more glorious characters of

:

34

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

his living image; given it a nature suitable to his prayer, which wants not to be clothed in words, own, and thereby made it capable of rational that God may better know our desires. He reand intelligent converse with him, he hath it gards not the service of our lips, but the ineven in his power to maintain a continual ward disposition of our hearts." converse with this creature, by agreeable Monro, before quoted, speaks to the same communications, by letting in upon it the vital effect, in bis Just Measures of the Pious Instibeams and influences of his own light and tutions of Youth. “ The breathings of a relove, and receiving back the return of its grate collected soul are not noise or clamor. The ful acknowledgments and praises: wherein it is language in which devotion loves to vent itself, manifest he should do no greater thing than is that of the inward man, which ia secret and he hath done. For who sees not that it is a silent, but yet God bears it, and makes gramatter of no greater difficulty to converse with, cious returns unto it. Sometimes the pions than to make a reasonable creature ? Or who ardors and sensations of good souls are such as would not be ashamed to deny, that he who they cannot clotbe with words. They feel what hath been the only author of the soul of man, they cannot express. I would not, however, and of the excellent powers and faculties be- be thought to insinuate, that the voice and longing to it, can more easily sustain that which words are not to be used at all. It is certain he hath made, and converse with his creature that public and common devotions cannot be suitably to the way, wherein he hath made it performed without them; and that even in capable of his converse ?

private, they are not only very profitable, but That worship may exist without the inter- sometimes necessary. What I here aim at is, vention of words, on account of this constitu- that the youth should be made sensible, that tion of the soul, is a sentiment which has been words are not otherwise valuable than as they espoused by many pious persons who were not are images and copies of what passes in the Quakers. Thus the ever memorable John hidden man of the heart; especially considering Hales, in his Golden Remains, expresses him that a great many, who appear very angelical self : “Nay, one thing I koow more, that the in their devotions, if we take our measures of prayer which is the most forcible, transcends, them from their voice and tone, do soon, after and far exceeds, all power of words. For St. these intervals of seeming seriousness are over, Paul, speaking unto us of the most effectual return with the dog to the vomit, and give kiud of prayer, calls it sighs and groans, that' palpable evidences of their earthliness and sencannot be expressed. Nothing cries so loud suality; their passion and their pride." in the ears of God, as the sighing of a con- Again-"I am persuaded, says he, that it trite and earnest heart.”

would be vastly advantageous for the youth, if “It requires not the voice, but the mind; care were taken to train them up to this method not the stretching of the hard, but the inten- of prayer ; that is, if they were taught frequenttion of the beart; not any outward shape or car- ly to place themselves in the divine presence, riage of the body, but the inward behavior of and there silently to adore their Creator, Rethe understanding. How then can it slacken deemer and Sanctifier. For hereby they would your worldly business and occasione, to mix become habitually recollected. Devotion would them with sighs and groans, which are the most be their element; and they would know, by exeffectual prayer?”

perience, what our blessed Savour and his great Dr. Gell, before quoted, says"Words con- Apostle meant, when they enjoin us to pray ceived only in an earthly mind, and uttered without ceasing. It was, I suppose, by some out of the memory by man's voice, which make such method of devotion as I am now speaking a noise in the ears of flesh and blood, are not, of, that Enoch walked with God ; that Moses nor can be accounted a prayer, before our father saw him that is invisible; that the royal Psalmwhich is in Heaven."

ist set the Lord always before him; and that Dr. Smaldridge, bishop of Bristol, has the our Lord Jesus himself continued whole nights following expressions in his sermons: “Prayer in prayer to God. No man, I believe, will imdoth not consist either in the bending of our agine that his prayer, during all the space in knees, or the service of our lips, or the lifting which it is said to have continued, was alto. up of our hands or eyes to heaven, but in the gether vocal. When he was in his agony elevation of our souls towards God. These in the garden, he used but a few words. His outward expressions of our inward thoughts are vocal prayer then consisted only of one petinecessary in our public, and often expedient in tion, and an act of pure resignation thrice reour private devotions; but they do not make peated. But I hope all will allow, that bis deup the essence of prayer, which may truly and votion lasted longer than while he was employed acceptably be performed, where these are want in the uttering a few sentences.” ing.

These meetings then, which are usually deAnd be says afterwards, in other parts of his nominated silent, and in which, though not a work-" Devotion of mind is itself a silent word be spoken, it appears from the testimony

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