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more to nominate candidates for President and result was the triumphant election of Harrison Vice-President. The Hon. Andrew Stevenson, and Tyler, Van Buren receiving the electoral of Virginia, was chosen president, with half a vote of only seven States; dozen vice-presidents and four secretaries. A
New-Hampshire, 7 ; Virginia, 23; South Carolina, 11; rule was adopted that two-thirds of the whole Illinois, 5; Alabama, 7; Missouri, 4 ; and Arkansas, & number of votes should be necessary to make a Total, 60. nomination or to decide any question connected South Carolina refused to vote for Richard M. therewith. On the first ballot for President, Johnson for Vice-President, throwing away her Mr. Van Buren was nominated unanimously, re- 11 votes on Littleton W. Tazewell, of Virginia. ceiving 265 votes. For Vice-President, Richard Harrison and Tyler received the votes of the M. Johnson, of Kentucky, received 178, and following States : William C. Rives, of Virginia, 87. Mr. Johngon, having received more than two-thirds of necticut, 8; 'Vermont, ?; New-York. 42 ; New-Jersey, 8:
Maine, 10; Massachusetts, 14; Rhode Island, 4; Conall the votes cast, was declared duly nominated Pennsylvania, 30; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 10; North as the candidate for Vice-President. This Con. Carolina, 15; Georgia, 11 ; Kentucky, 15; Tennessee, 15; vention adopted no platform.
Ohio, 21; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi, 4; Indiana, 9; Michigan, 8-Total, 234.
THE OPPOSITION IN 1836.
ABOLITION CONVENTION,–1839. In 1835, Gen. Wm. H. Harrison, of Ohio, was
A Convention of Abolitionists was held at nominated for President, with Francis Granger, for Vice-President, by a Whig State Convention Warsaw, N. Y., on the 13th of November, 1839, at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and also by a
which adopted the following: Democratic Anti-Masonic Convention held at Resoloed, That, in our judgment, every consideration the same place. A Whig State Convention in of duty and expediency which ought to control the Maryland also nominated Gen. Harrison for Pre-of the U. 8. to organize a distinct and independent poli.
action of Christian freemen, requires of the Abolitionists sident, with John Tyler, of Virginia, for Vice. tical party, embracing all the necessary means for nomiGen. H. also received nominations in New York, nating candidates for office and sustaining them by Obio and other States.
public suffrage. Hugh L. White, of Tennessee was nominated The Convention then nominated for Presi. by the Legislatures of Tennessee and Alabama, dent James G. Birney, of New York, and for as the Opposition or Anti-Jackson candidate ; Vice-President Francis J. Lemoyne, of Penn. while Mr. Webster was the favorite of the Oppo- sylvania. These gentlemen subsequently de. sition in Massachusetts, and Willie P. Mangum, clined the nomination. Nevertheless they of N. C. received the 'vote of S. C., 11. The received a total of 7,609 votes in various Free result of the contest of 1836 was the election States. of Mr. Van Buren, who received the electoral votes of the States of
DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, Maine, 10; New Hampshire, 7; Rhode Island, 4; Con
1840. necticut, 8; New York, 42; Pennsylvania, 80; Virginia, 28; North Carolina, 15; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi, 4;
A Democratic National Convention met at Illinois, 5; Alabama, 7; Missouri, 4; Arkansas, 3; Michi- Baltimore, May 5th, 1840, to nominate candi. gan, 8—Total 170.
dates for President and Vice-President. DeleGen. Harrison received the votes of
gates were present from the States of Maine, Vermont, 7; New-Jersey, 8; Delaware, 8; Maryland, New-Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode 10; Kentucky, 15; Ohio, zi ; and Indiana, 9-Total, 78. Island, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania,
Hugh L. White received the vote of Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, 11, and Tennessee, 15: total, 26. Mr. Webster Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, received the vote of Massachusetts, 14. Indiana, Missouri, Michigan, and Arkansas.
Gov. William Carroll, of Tennessee, presided, WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION,--1839. and the Convention, before proceeding to the A Whig National Convention representing ing platform—viz.:
nomination of candidates, adopted the followtwenty-one States met at Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. 4, 1839. James Barbour, of Virginia, presided, limited powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and
1. Resowed, That the Federal Government is one of and the result of the first ballot was the nomina- the grants of power shown therein ought to be strictly tion of Gen. William H. Harrison, of Ohio, who construed by all the departments and agents of the received 148 * votes to 90 for Henry Clay, and government, and that it is inexpedient and dangerous to
exercise doubtful constitutional powers. 16 for Gen. Winfield Scott. John Tyler, of 2. Resolved, that the Constitution does not confer Virginia, was unanimously nominated as the upon the General Government the power to commence Whig candidate for Vice-President. The Con- or carry on a general system of internal improvement.
8. Resowed, That the Constitution does not confer vention adopted no platform of principles; but authority upon the Federal Government, directly or in. the party in conducting the memorable cam- directly, to assume the debts of the several States, conpaign of 1840, assailed the Administration of tracted for local internal improvements or other State Mr. Van Buren for its general mismanagement purposes ; nor would such assumption be just or exof public affairs and its profligacy, and the 4. Resolved, That justice and sound policy forbid the
Federal Government to foster one branch of industry to * Ballots were repeatedly taken in coinmittee throughout two the detriment of anothor, or to cherish the interest of or three days; but as no candidate received a majority, it was one portion to the injury of another portion of our comonly reported to the convention that the committee had not been mon country-that every citizen and every section of able to agree on a candidate to be presented to the convention. Finally, the delegates from New York and other states which the country has a right to demand and insist upon az bad supported Gen. Scott, generally went over to Gen. Harrison, equality of rights and privileges, and to complete and who thus received a majority, when the result was declared, as ample protection of persons and property from domestic above.
violence or foreign aggression,
5. Resoloed, That it is the duty of every branch of Government, and discriminating with special reference the government to enforce and practice the most rigid to the Protection of the Domestic Labor of the country economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no -the Distribution of the proceeds from the sales of the more revenue ought to be raised than is required to de- Public Lands—a single term for the Presidency-a refray the necessary expenses of the government.
form of executive usurpations-and generally such an ad 6. Resoloed, That Congress has no power to charter a | ministration of the affairs of the country, as shall impart United States Bank, that we believe such an institution to every branch of the public service the greatest practione of deadly hostility to the best interests of the coun. cable efficiency, controlled by a well-regulated and wise try, dangerous to our republican institutions and the economy. liberties of the people, and calculated to place the busi
The contest resulted in the choice of the ness of th country within the control of a co money power, and above the laws and the will of the Democratic candidates (Polk and Dallas,) who people.
received 170 electoral votes as follows: Maine, 7. Resolved, That Congress has no power, under the 9; New-Hampshire, 6; New-York, 36; Penninstitutions of the several States; and that such States sylvania, 26; Virginia, 17; South Carolina, are the sole and proper judges of everything pertaining 9; Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 6; to their own afairs, not prohibited by the Constitution; Louisiana, 6; Indiana, 12; Illinois, 9; Missouri, Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to 17; Arkansas, 3 ; Michigan, 5—176. take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to For Clay and Frelinghuysen : Vermont, 6; lead to the most alarming and dangerous consequences, Massachusetts, 12; Rhode Island, 4; Connectidiminish the happiness of the people, and endanger the cut, 6; New-Jersey, 7; Delaware, 3 ; Maryland, stability and permanency of the Union, and ought not to 8; North Carolina, 11; Tennessee, 13; Ken. be countenanced by any friend to our Political Institu- tucky, 12; Ohio, 23—105.
8. Resoloed, That the separation of the moneys of the government from banking institutions is indispensable | DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, for the safety of the funds of the government and the
1844. rights of the people. 9. Resoloed, That the liberal principles embodied by
A Democratic National Convention assembled Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, and sanc. at Baltimore on the 27th May, 1844, adopted the tioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land two-third rule and, after a stormy session of three nation, have ever been cardinal principles in the Demo- days, James K. Polk, of Tennessee, was nomicratic faith: and every attempt to abridge the present nated for President, and Silas Wright, of New privilege of becoming citizens, and the owners of soil York, for Vice-President. Mr. Wright declined among us, ought to be resisted with the same spirit the nomination, and George M. Dallas, of Pennwhich swept the Alien and Sedition Laws from our statute book.
sylvania, was subsequently selected to fill the The Convention then unanimously nominated second place on the ticket. Mr. Van Buren for reëlection as President; but, The ballotings for President were as follows: there being much diversity of opinion as to the proper man for Vice-President, the following
1st. 2d. 3rd. 4th. 5th. 6th. 7th. 8th, 9th. preamble and resolution were adopted:
M. Van Buren.... 146 127 121 111 103 101 99 104
83 94 92 105 107 116 123 114 29 Whereas, Several of the States which have nominated Martin Van Buren as a candidate for the Presidency, James Buchanan.. have put in nomination different individuals as candi.
J. C. Calhoun.. dates for Vice-President, thus indicating a diversity of opinion as to the person best entitled to the nomination; Com. Stewart...
Levi Woodbury and whereas some of the said States are not represented James K. Polk....
44 283 in this Convention, therefore, Resoloed, That the Convention deem it expedient at
Mr. Van. Buren's name was withdrawn after the present time not to choose between the individuals the Sth ballot. in nomination, but to leave the decision to their Republican fellow-citizens in the several States, trusting that
The plaiform adopted by the Convention was before the election shall take place, their opinions will the same as that of 1840, with the following become so concentrated as to secure the choice of a additions : Vice-President by the Electoral College.
Resoloed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands
ought to be sacredly applied to the national objects speciWHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1844. fied in the Constitution, and that we are opposed to the
A Whig National Convention assembled in laws lately adopted, and to any law for the Distribution Baltimore, on the_lst of May, 1844, in which in policy and repugnant to the Constitution.
of such proceeds among the States, as alike inexpedient every State in the Union was represented. Am- Resolved, That we are decidedly opposed to taking brose Spencer, of New-York, presided, and Mr. from the President the qualified veto power by which he Clay was nominated for President by acclama- sufficient to guard the public interest, to suspend the tion. For Vice-President, there was some di passage of a bill, whose merits cannot secure the apversity of preference, and Mr. Frelinghuysen, of proval of two-thirds of the Senate and House of RepreN. J., was nominated on the third ballot as fol. sentatives, until the judgment of the people can be ob
tained thereon, and which has thrice saved the Ameri. lows:
can People from the corrupt and tyrannical domination of the Bank of the United States,
Resoloed, That our title to the whole of the Territory of
3rd, Oregon is clear and unquestionable; that no portion of the T. Frelinghuysen, N. J.,..... 101
same ought to be ceded to England or any other power; John Davis, Mass.,..
and that the reoccupation of Oregon and the reannexMillard Fillmore, N. Y.,......
ation of Texas at the earliest practicable period are John Sergeant, Pa.,.
great American measures, which this Convention recom
mends to the cordial support of the Democracy of the Total,... 275
274 The principles of the party were briefly summed up in the following resolve, which was LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENadopted by the Convention :
TION, 1843. Resowed, That these principles may be summed as comprising a well regulated National currency-a Tariff
The Liberty Party National Convention met for revenue to defray the necessary expenses of the at Buffalo, on the 30th of August. Leicester
29 89 88 82 26 25 21
2d, 118 74
83 53 38
King, of Ohio, presided, and James G. Birney, of Florida, or on the high seas, are unconstitutional, and all Michigan, was unanimously nominated for Pre- attempts to hold men as property within the limits of ex
clusive national jurisdiction, ought to be prohibited by law. sident, with Thomas Morris, of Ohio, for Vice
Resoloed, That the provision of the Constitution of the President. Among the resolves adopted were United States, which confers extraordinary political the following:
powers on the owners of slaves, and thereby constitut
ing the two hundred and fifty thousand slaveholders in Rosolood, That human brotherhood is a cardinal prin the Slave States a privileged aristocracy; and the prodple of true Democracy, as well as of pure Christianity, vision for the reclamation of fugitive slaves from service, which spurns all inconsistent limitations; and neither are Anti-Republican in their character, dangerous to the the political party which repudiates it, nor the political liberties of the people, and ought to abrogated. ystem which is not based upon it, can be truly Demo- Resoloed, That the practical operation of the second Tatic or permanent.
of these provisions, is seen in the enactment of the act Resolved, That the Liberty Party, placing itself upon of Congress respecting persons escaping from their mashis broad principle, will demand the absolute and un- ters, which act, if the construction given to it by the qualified divorce of the General Government from Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Prigg ilavery, and also the restoration of equality of rights, 08. Pennsylvania be correct, nullifies the habeas corpus among men, in every State where the party exists, or acts of all the States, takes away the whole legal security may exist.
of personal freedom, and ought therefore to be immediResoloed, That the Liberty Party has not been organ, ately repealed. ised for any temporary purpose by interested politicians, Resolved, That the peculiar patronage and support but has arisen from among the people in consequence of hitherto extended to Slavery and Slaveholding, by the
conviction, bourly gaining ground, that no other party General Government, ought to be immediately with in the country represents the true principles of American drawn, and the example and influence of National liberty, or the true spirit of the Constitution of the authority ought to be arrayed on the side of Liberty and United States.
Free Labor. Rosowed, That the Liberty Party has not been organ. Resoloed, That the practice of the General Governied merely for th overthrow of slavery; its first de ment, which prevails in the Slave States, of employing cided effort must, indeed, be directed against slavehold. Slaves upon the public works, instead of free laborers, ing as the grossest and most revolting manifestation of and paying aristocratic masters, with a view to secure or despotism, but it will also carry out the principle of reward political services, is utterly indefensible and equal rights into all its practical consequences and ap- ought to be abandoned. plications, and support every just measure conducive to Resolved, That freedom of speech, and of the press, individual and social freedom.
and the right of petition, and the right of trial by jury, Resolved, That the Liberty Party is not a sectional are sacred and inviolable; and that all rules, regulaparty but a national party; was not originated in a de- tions and laws, in derogation of either are oppressive, un. sire to accomplish a single object, but in a comprehen. constitutional, and not to be endured by free people. sive regard to the great interests of the whole country; Resobed, That we regard voting in an eminent de is not a new party, nor a third party, but is the party gree, as a moral and religious duty, which, when exerof 1776, reviving the principles of that memorable era, cised, should be by voting for those who will do all in and striving to carry them into practical application. their power for Immediate Emancipation. Rosoled, That it was understood in the times of the
Resoloed, That this Convention recommend to the Declaration and the Constitution, that the existence of friends of Liberty in all those Free States where any in. slavery in some of the States, was in derogation of the equality of rights and privileges exists on account of principles of American Liberty, and a deep stain upon color, to employ their utmost energies to remove all such the character of the country, and the implied faith of the remnants and effects of the Slave system. Btates and the Nation was pledged, that slavery should Whereas, The Constitution of these United States is never be extended beyond its then existing limits, but a series of agreements, covenants, or contracts between should be gradually, and yet, at no distant day, wholly the people of the United States, each with all and all sbolished by State authority.
with each ; and Resoloed, That the faith of the States and the Nation
Whereas, It is a principle of universal morality, that hus pledged, was most nobly redeemed by the voluntary the moral laws of the Creator are paramount to all Abolition of Slavery in several of the States, and by the human laws; or, in the language of an Apostle, that sdoption of the Ordinance of 1787, for the government we ought to obey God rather than men;" and, of the Territory northwest of the river Ohio, then the only Whereas, The principle of common law-that any Territory in the United States, and consequently the only contract, covenant, or agreement, to do an act deroga'erritory subject in this respect to the control of Congress tory to natural right, is vitiated and annulled by its inby which Ordinance Slavery was forever excluded from herent immorality-has been recognized by one of the the vast regions which now compose
the States of Ohio, justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, who Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and the Territory of Wiscon- in a recent case expressly holds that "any contract sin, and an incapacity to bear up any other than freemen, that rests upon such a basis is void;" and, was impressed on the soil itself.
Whereas, The third clause of the second section of Resolved, That the faith of the States and Nation the fourth article of the Constitution of the United thus pledged, has been shamefully violated by the omis- States, when construed as providing for the surrender of sion on the part of many of the States, to take any a Fugitive Slave, does " rest upon such a basis," in that measures whatever for the Abolition of slavery within it is a contract to rob a man of a natural right-namely, their respective limits ; by the continuance of slavery his natural right to his own liberty; and is, therefore, in the District of Columbia, and in the Territories of absolutely void. Therefore, Louisiana and Florida ; by the Legislation of Congress ; Resowed, That we hereby give it to be distinctly by the protection afforded by national legislation and understood by this nation and the world, that, as abolinegotiation to slaveholding in American vessels, on the tionists, considering that the strength of our cause lies aigh seas, employed in the coastwise Slave Trafic; and in its righteousness, and our hope for it in our conformity by the extension of slavery far beyond its original to the laws of God, and our respect for the RIGHTS OF limits, by acts of Congress, admitting new Slave States MAN, we owe it to the Sovereign Ruler of the universe, as into the Union.
a proof of our allegiance to Him, in all our civil relations Resolved, That the fundamental truths of the Declara- and offices, whether as private citizens or as public tion of Independence, that all men are endowed by their functionaries sworn to support the Constitution of the Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which are United States, to regard and to treat the third clause of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, was made the the fourth article of that instrument, whenever applied fundamental law of our National Government, by that to the case of a fugitive slave, as utterly null and void, amendment of the Constitution which declares that no and consequently as forming no part of the Constitution person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property, of the United States, whenever we are called upon ol without due process of law.
sworn to support it. Resolved, That we recognize as sound, the doctrine Resolved, That the power given to Congress by the maintained by slaveholding jurists, that slavery is constitution, to provide for calling out the militia to against natural rights, and strictly local, and that its ex. suppress insurrection, does not make it the duty of the Istence and continuance rests on no other support than Government to maintain Slavery by military force, much State Legislation, and not on any authority of Congress. less does it make it the duty of the citizens to form a
Resolved, That the General Government has, under part of such military force. When freemen unsheath the the Constitution, no power to establish or continue sword it should be to strike for Liberty, not for Despot Blavery anywhere, and therefore that all treaties and ism. aoks of Congress establishing, continuing or lavoring Resoloed, That to preserve the peace of the citizens, and støvery in the District of Columbia, in the Torritory of secure the blessings of freedom, the Legislature of each of
3d. 133 74
97 43 22 4 2
1st. .115 .109
the Free States ought to keep in force suitable statutes proposition. This appeal was also laid on the rendering it penal for any of its inhabitants to transport,
table. or aid in transporting from such State, any person sought, to be thus transported, merely because subject After Gen. Taylor had been nominated, Mr. to the slave laws of any other State; this remnant of in. Charles Allen, of Massachusetts, offered the dependence being accorded to the Free States,
by the following: decision of the Supreme Court, in the case of Prigg 08. the State of Pennsyivania.
Rosoloed, That the Whig Party, through its representatives here, agrees to abide by the nomination of Gen.
Zachary Taylor, on condition that he will accept the WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1848. nomination as the candidate of the Whig Party, and
adhere to its great fundamental principles--no extenA Whiy National Convention met at Phila- sion of slave territory-no acquisition of foreign terri delphia, on the 7th of June, 1848, over which tory by conquest-protection to American industry, and
opposition to Executive usurpation. John M. Morehead, of North Carolina, presided. After a rather stormy session of three days, lution out of order, and no further notice was
The president immediately decided the reso. Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, was nominated for President, and Millard Fillmore, of taken of it.
After the nomination for Vice-President had New-York, for Vice-President. Gen. Taylor been made, Mr. McCullough, of New-Jersey, was nominated on the fourth ballot, as follows:
offered the following:
Resoloed, That Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana,
and Millard Fillmore, of New-York, be, and they are Taylor
hereby unanimously nominated as the Whig candidates Clay.
for President and Vice-President of the United States,
Mr. D. R. Tilden, of Ohio, proposed the folClayton.
lowing, expressing the opinion that some such McLean.....
declaration by the Convention would be neces
sary, in order to secure the vote of Ohio for Total..........
the nominee : Mr. Fillmore was nominated for Vice-Presi
Resoloed, That while all power is denied to Congress, dent on the second ballot, by the following under the Constitution, to control, or in any way inter: vote :
fere with the institution of Slavery within the several States of this Union, it nevertheless has the power and it is the duty of Congress to prohibit the introduction or
existence of Slavery in any territory now possessed, or M. Fillmore..
which may hereafter be acquired, by the United States. Scattering..
This resolution, like all others affirming Whig
or Anti-Slavery principles, was ruled out of Total.
order, and laid on the table. A motion was Of the scattering vote cast on the first ballot, made to divide Mr. McCullough’s resolve, so George Evans, of Maine, received 6; T. M. T. that the vote could be taken separately on McKennen, of Pa., 13; Andrew Stewart, of Pa., President and on Vice-President, when, after 14; and John Sergeant, of Pa., 6.
„discussion, the resolve was withdrawn. The Convention adopted no Platform of Mr. Hilliard, of Alabama, offered a resolve Principles. After it had been organized, and a indorsing Gen. Taylor's letter to Captain Alliresolution offered to go into a ballot for candi- son, which, meeting opposition, was withdrawn; dates for President and Vice-President, Mr. so the Convention adjourned without passing Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio, moved to amend any resolves having reference to Whig prinas follows:
ciples, the issues before the country, or of con. Resoloed, That no candidate shall be entitled to recurrence in the nominations. ceive the nomination of this Convention for President or Vice-President, unless he has given assurances that he will abide by and support the nomination; that if
RATIFICATION MEETING AT PHILA. nominated he will accept the nomination; that he will consider himself the candidate of the Whigs, and use
DELPHIA. all proper influence to bring into practical operation the principles and measures of the Whig Party.
On the evening of the last day of the session This resolution met with decided opposition, 9th June), a ratification meeting was held at and the president ruled it out of order, from Philadelphia
, at which Gov. Wm. F. Johnston, which decision Mr. Campbell appealed, and in a
of Pa., presided, and at which speeches were speech contended that it was strictly in order to delivered by Governor Morehead, Gen. Leslie define what sort of candidate should be voted Coombs, of Ky., and several others, and at: for, and to declare that none but sound Whigs which the following resolves, reported by W. S. should receive important nominations at the Price, of Pennsylvania, were adopted : hands of a Whig National Convention. The 1. Resoloed, That the Whigs of the United States,
here assembled by their Representatives, heartily ratify appeal was tabled.
the nominations of Gen. Zachary Taylor as President, * Mr. Fuller, of New York, offered the follow- and Millard Fillmore as Vice-President of the United ing:
States, and pledge themselves to their support. Resoloed, That as the first duty of the representatives whig Candidate for President, we are glad to discover
2. Resoloed, That in the choice of Gen. Taylor as the of the Whig Party is to preserve the principles and in- sympathy with a great popular sentiment throughout this tegrity of the party, the claims of no candidate can be nation-a sentiment which, having its origin in admiraconsidered by this Convention unless, such candidate tion of great military success, has been strengthened by stands pledged to support, in good faith, the nominees and to be the exponent of Whig Principles.
the development, in every action and every words of
sound conservative opinions, and of true fidelity to the The president ruled this resolution out of great example of former days, and to the principles of: order, and Mr. Fuller appealed, insisting that the Constitution as administered by its founders. co true Whig could reasonably object to his I voted in 1844, bs would have voted the Whig ticket
gives us the assurance—and no better is needed from a May. Andrew Stevenson of Va., presided. consistent and truth-speaking man- that his heart was New-York had sent a double delegation: (“Barnwith us at the crisis of our political destiny, when Henry Clay was our candidate and when not only whig prin- burners” for Van Buren and Hunkers for Dick. diples were well defined and clearly asserted, but Whig inson). The Convention decided to admit both with us then is with us now, and we have a soldier's word delegations, which satisfied neither, and both of honor, and a life of public and private virtue, as the declined to take part in the proceedings. The security.
two-third rule was adopted, and Gen. Lewis Cass 4. Resoloed, That we look on Gen. Taylor's adminis- was nominated for President on the 4th ballot tration of the Government as one conducive of Peace, Prosperity and Union. Of Peace-because no one bet: as follows: [170 votes necessary to a choice.] ter knows, or has greater reason to deplore, what he has
Ist. 2d. geen sadly on the field of victory, the horrors of war, Cass..
179 and especially of a foreign and aggressive war. or| Woodbury of N. H... 53 56 53 88 Prosperity-now more than ever needed to relieve the Buchanan....
54 40 83 nation from a burden of debt, and restore industry-Calhoun... agricultural, manufacturing and commercial — to its Dallas.. accustomed and peaceful functions and influences. Of Worth..
5 Union-because we have a candidate whose very posi- Butler of Ky. tion as a Southwestern man, reared on the banks of the great stream whose tributaries, natural and artificial,
The first ballot for Vice-President resulted as embrace the whole Union, renders the protection of the follows: interests of the whole country his first trust, and whose William 0. Butler...... 114 William R. King....... 29 varied duties in past life have been rendered, not on the John A. Quitman...... 74 James J. McKay......
18 soil, or under the flag of any State or section, but over John Y. Mason
24 Jefferson Davis........
1 the wide frontier, and under the broad banner of the Nation.
No choice. Gen. Butler was unanimously nomi5. Resolved, That standing, as the Whig Party does, nated on the third ballot. on the broad and firm platform of the Constitution,
The Convention adopted the following platbraced up by all its inviolable and sacred guarantees and compromises, and cherished in the affections form : because protective of the interests of the people, we are proud to have, as the exponent of our opinions, one
who their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the
1. Resolved, that the American Democracy place is pledged to construe it by the wise and generous rules discriminating justice of the American people. which Washington applied to it, and who has said, (and
2. Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feano Whig desires any other assurance) that he will make ture of our political creed, which we are proud to mainWashington's Administration the model of his own.
tain before the world, as the great moral element in a 6. Resolved, That as Whigs and Americans, we are form of government springing from and upheld by the proud to acknowledge our gratitude for the great mili- popular will: and we contrast it with the creed and tary services which,
beginning at Palo Alto, and ending practice of federalism, under whatever name or form, at Buena Vista, first awakened the American people to which seeks to palsy the will of the constituent, and a just estimate of him who is now our Whig Candidate. which conceives no imposture too monstrous for the In the discharge of a painful duty-for his march into
popular credulity. the enemy's country was a reluctant one; in the com
3. Resolved, Therefore, that, entertaining these views mand of regulars at one time, and volunteers at another, and of both combined; in the decisive though punctual assembled in general convention of the States, coming
the Democratic party of this Union, through the delegates discipline of his camp, where all respected and beloved together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the dochim; in the negotiation of terms for a dejected and trines and faith of a free representative government and desperate enemy; in the exigency of actual conflict, appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of when the balance was perilously doubtful-we have their intentions, renew and reassert before the American found him the same-brave, distinguished and conside- people, the declaration of principles avowed by them, rate, no heartless spectator of bloodshed, no trifler with human life or human happiness; and we do not know presented their candidates for the popular suffrage.
on a former occasion, when in general convention, they which to admire most, his heroism in withstanding the assaults of the enemy in the most hopeless fields of Then follow resolutions 1, 2, 3, 4, of Platforms Buena Vista-mourning in generous sorrow over the of 1840 and '44. The 5th resolution is that of graves of Ringgold, of Clay, or of Hardin-or in giving 1840 with an addition about providing for war in the heat of battle terms of merciful capitulation to a vanquished foe at Monterey, and not being ashamed to debts, and as amended, reads as follows: avow that he did it to spare women and children, help- Resoloed, That it is the duty of every branch of the less infancy, and more helpless age, against whom no government to enforce and practice the most rigid econ. American soldier ever wars. Such a military man, omy in conducting our public affairs, and that no more whose triumphs are neither remote nor doubtful, whose revenue ought to be raised than is required to defray virtues these trials have tested, we are proud to make the necessary expenses of the government, and for the our Candidate.
gradual but certain extinction of the debt created by 7. Resolved, That in support of such a nomination we the prosecution of a just and necessary war, after peaceask our Whig friends throughout the nation to unite, ful relations shall have been restored. to co-operate zealously, resolutely, with earnestness in behalf of our Candidate, whom calumny cannot reach, The next (Anti-National Bank and pro.Sub. and with respectful demeanor to our adversaries, whose Treasury) was amended by the addition of the Candidates have yet to prove their claims on the grati- following: tude of the nation.
And that the results of Democratic Legislation, in this This election resulted in the choice of the and all other financial measures upon which issues have Whig Candidates, as follows:
been made between the two political parties of the counTaylor and Fillmore-Vermont, 6; Massachusetts, 12 ; | all parties, their soundness, safety and utility in all
try, have demonstrated to candid and practical men of Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New-York, 86 ; New business pursuits. Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 26; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 8; North Carolina, 11 ; Georgia, 10; Lousiana, 6; Ten."
Here follow resolutions 7, 8, 9, of the platnessee, 13; Kentucky, 12; Florida, 3–163.
form of 1840, which we omit. Cass and Butler-Mainé, 9; New-Hampshire, 6; Virginia, 17 ; South Carolina, 9; Alabama, 9; Mississippi,
Resoloed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands ought 6; Ohio, 23, Indiana, 12; Illinois, 9 ; Missouri, 7; Ar to be sacredly applied to the National objects specified kansas, 3 ; Michigan, 8; Texas, 4; Iowa, 4: Wisconsin, I in the Constitution; and that we are opposed to any 4-187.
law for the distribution of such proceeds among the States as alike inexpedient in policy and repuguant to
the Constitution. DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1848.
Resoloed, That we are decidedly opposed to taking
from the President the qualified veto power, by which he The Democratic National Convention for is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply
sufficient to guard the public interests, to suspend the 1848, assembled in Baltimore on the 22d of passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the ap