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principles therein contained, as embracing the only doc-sentatives of the Democracy of Arkansas be instructed to trine which can preserve the integrity of the Union and retire from said Convention, and refuse to aid in the selection the equal rights of the States, "expressly rejecting any of any candidate whomsoever by said Convention.
4th. That the unity of the Democratic party and the safety interpretation thereof favoring the doctrine known as
of the South demands the adoption of the two-thirds rule by Squatter Sovereignty," and that we will continue to ad
the Charleston Convention of the Democracy of the United bere to and abide by the principles and doctrines of the States, and that our delegates to said Convention be required Virginia and Kentucky resolutions of 1798 and 1799 and to insist upon and maintain the adoption thereof as an indisMr. Madison's report relative thereto.
pensable necessity. 2d. That it is the right of every citizen to take his
In accordance with the instructions containcd in resoluproperty, of any kind, including slaves, into the common tion 3d above, one of the undersigned had the honor, on territory belonging equally to all the States of the Con- the second day of the session of this Convention, to offer Iederacy, and to have it protected there under the Federal to the consideration of this Convention the following resa Constitution. Neither Congress nor a Territorial Legisla- lution, viz. : tare, nor any human power, has any authority, either “Resolved. That the Convention will not proceed to nomi: directly or indirectly, to impair these sacred rights; and nate a candidate for the Presidency until the Platform shall they having been affirmed by the decision of the Supreme have been made"Court in the Dred Scott case, we declare that it is the Which said resolution was passed by the Convention with duty of the Federal Government, the common agent of all great unanimity. Subsequently, the Committee on Resothe States, to establish such government, and enact such lutions and Platform, appointed by the Convention, in aclaws for the Territories, and so change the same, from cordance with the usages and customs of the Democratic time to time, as may be necessary to insure the protection party of the United States, agreed upon and reported to and preservation of these rights, and prevent every in this Convention a platform of principles, recognizing the fringement of the same. The affirmation of this principle principle contained in the*resolutions of the Democracy of of the duty of Congress to simply protect the rights of pro- Arkansas, above recited, and fully asserting the equal perty, is nowise in conflict with the heretofore established rights of the Southern States in the common Territories of and well-organized principles of the Democratic party, the United States, and the duty of the Federal Governthat Congress does not possess the power to legislate ment to protect those rights when necessary, according to Slavery into the Territories, or to exclude it therefrom. the usages and customs of the Democracy of the United
Recognizing these declarations of principles as instruc- States, as developed by the practice of said Democracy astions to us for our government in the National Convention, sembled in Convention on former occasions, and in strict and believing that a repudiation of them by all the accordance, as is believed by the undersigned, with the Northern States, except the noble States of Oregon and compact and agreement made by and between the California, the whole vote of which is more than doubtful Democrats of the several States, upon which the Conin the ensuing Presidential election, demand from us our ventions of the Democracy of the United States were unqualified disapproval.
agreed first to be founded, and assented to by the The undersigned do not deem this the place or time to several Southern States. The report and determination discuss the practical illustration that has been given of the of the Committee on Platform became and was henceforirrepressible conflict between the Northern and Southern ward the platform of the Democracy of the United States, that has prevailed in this Convention for the last States, and this Convention had no duty to perform in re
lation thereto but to receive, confirm and publish the It is sufficient to say that, if the principles of the same, and cause it to be carried into effect wherever in Northern Democracy are properly represented by the the respective States the Democracy were able to enforce opinion and action of the majority of the delegates from their decrees at the ballot box. that section on this floor, we do not hesitate to declare The undersigned are confirmed in this opinion by that their principles are not only not ours, but, if adhered reference not only to the history of the past, which to and enforced by them, will destroy this Union.
shows that in all instances the sovereignty of the States, In consideration of the foregoing facts, we cannot and not the electoral votes of the States, las uniformly remain in the Convention. We consequently respectfully been represented in the Committee on Platforms, and withdraw, leaving no one authorized to cast the vote of the that the report of the Committee has invariably been State of Texas.
registered as the supreme law of the Democratic party by Guy M. Bryan, Chairman; F. R. Lubbock, F. S. Stock- unanimous consent of the entire Convention, without dale, E. Greer, H. R. Runnells, Wm. B. Ochiltree, M. W. changing or in any manner altering any part or portion Covey, Wm. H. Parsons, R. Ward, J. F. Crosby.
thereof. It is asserted, as a part of our traditional policy, and confidently believed, that the Democracy of tho
United States, by a peculiar system of checks and Mr. Burrow, of Arkansas, read the following balances, formed after the fashion of the Federal Govern
ment, were contracted and bound themselves to fully protest.
recognize the sovereignty of the States in making the
platform, and the population or masses of the States in Hox. CALEB CUSHING,
naming the candidate to be placed on the platform. That President of Charleston Conoontion :
many States have been uniformly allowed to vote the full The undersigned, delegates accredited by the Demo- strength of their electoral college in these Conventions cracy of Arkansas to represent said Democracy in the when it was well known that said States never heretofore, Convention of the Democracy of the United States, assem
and probably would never hereafter give a single elecbled on the 230 April, 1860, beg leave to submit the follow-toral vote at the polls to the candidate which they had so ing protest, against certain actions of this Convention, large a share in nominating, cannot be accounted for on and statement of the causes which, in their opinion, require any other principle than that it was intended only as a them to retire from this Convention:
recognition of the sovereignty and equality of said States. 1st. The Convention of the Democracy of the State of
Would it be right at this time for the numerical majoArkansas, convened at Little Rock on the 2d day of April, rity to deprive all the Black Republican States repre1860, passed among other things, the following resolutions, sented on this floor of their representation, which by yiz. :
custom they have so long enjoyed, simply because it is Ist. Resolved, We the Democracy of Arkansas, through our
now evident that they are or will be unable to vote the representatives in Convention assembled, proclaim our confi. Democratic ticket in the next Presidential election ? dence in the virtue and intelligence of the people, and un- By common consent we say that a reckless numerical abated faith in the principles of the Democracy.
majority should not be thus allowed to tread under foot 20. We re-affirm the political principles enunciated in the the vested rights of those States and well established Cincinnati platform by the Democracy of the United States
usages and customs of the party. in June, 1856, and assert as illustrative thereof, that neither Congress nor a Territorial Legislature, whether by direct
If thus it be wrong for the numerical majority to legislation or by legislation of an indirect and unfriendly char: deprive the Black Republican States of this long vested acter, possesses the power to annul or impair the constitutional right, how much more unjust is it for the numerical rights of any citizen of the United States to take his slave pro- majority to deprive all the States of their vested right perty into the common Territories, and there hold and enjoy to make and declare the platform in the usual and judiciary and executive power do not possess the means to in customary manner ? and when we call to mind that the sure protection to constitutional rights in a Territory-and if numerical majority resides chiefly in the Black Republic the Territorial Govern:nent should fail or refuse to provide can States, to whom the South has uniformly accorded the necessary remedies for that purpose, it will be the duty of so large a privilege, in naming candidates who were Congress to supply the deficiency.
alone to be elected by Southern votes, we have much 3d. That the representatives of the Democracy of Arkansas reason to believe that he to whom you gave an inch. in the Charleston Convention be instructed to insist upon the
seems emboldened thereby to demand an eil. recognition by said Convention of the purpose hereinbefore declared, prior to balloting for any candidate for the Presi. The undersigned beg leave to state that many patriotic dency; and if sald_Convention refuse to recognize the rights States' Right Democrats in the South, have long conof the south in the Territories of the United States, the repro- tended that these Conventions of the Democracy, repre
creed and the candidate.
senting in fact the whole consolidated strength of the by the Democratic party as a unit. (Cheers.) He wished Union, acting through party sympathy upon the indivi- to consult with other Southern men as to the best course dual members of society, would ultimate in a despotic, to be pursued—(cheers)-reserving to himself the right to colossal centralism, possessed of power to override and decide the question, which he would do in a few hours. destroy at its will and pleasure the constitutions and His heart and all the feelings of his nature were with those reserved rights of any and all the States. The South, Southern men who had seen proper to leave the Convenbowever, has heretofore felt safe because of the checks tion; but, at the same time, he hesitated between his per. and balances imposed upon the machinery of the Con- sonal feelings and his duty to his own people. If he could ventions. The South felt that where she retained an get a good sound Southern man for President, he would be equal power to write the creed of faith, she could trust willing to take him on this platform. (Cheers.) her Northern sisters, with their immense populations, to name the candidate; and all would alike support the The Georgia delegation asked leave to retire
for consultation, which was granted. The undersigned, well knowing the hostility of the Northern masses toward the “peculiar institutions" of
Messrs. Bayard and Whiteley, two of the six the South, and calling to mind the relative numbers of delegates from Delaware, retired from the Conthe Northern and Southern States, assert with confidence vention and joined the seceders. that no Southern State in the Union would ever have
Mr. Saulsbury, (U. S. Senator,) of Delaware, consented to surrender, so abjectly and hopelessly, all their fortunes to the numerical majority who have just stated his reason for not retiring with his colDow voted to set aside the Platform, unless upon the full leagues, and the Convention adjourned. assurance that the States were entitled by agreement to On Tuesday, May 1st, the President stated make and establish the creed of faith and prescribe the the regular order of business to be the motions part of the numerical majority-this violation of the well to reconsider, and the motions to lay the moestablished usage and custom of the party-drive us to the tions to reconsider on the table, by which the conclusion that we cannot longer safely trust the fortunes various resolutions constituting the Platform majority in a Convention, where all the Black Republic were adopted. Pending the determination of cans of the Union, the immense populations of Massa- these questions, yesterday evening, the chairchusetts, New-York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, and other Northern States, are fully represented, on the one side, tions of privilege, under which their delegations
man of several of the delegations rose to questhe other. Had these populations adhered strictly to retired from the hall. When the Convention the usages and customs of the party, longer association adjourned the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. us in the face, and we are 'admonished of our duty to Merrick) was upon the floor. stand upon our reserved rights.
We declare, therefore, that we believe our mission to this Convention at an end :
Mr. Benning of Georgia.-Mr. President: On yesterday 1st. Because the numerical majority have usurped the afternoon the delegation from Georgia obtained the leave prerogatives of the States in setting aside the Platform of the Convention to retire for the purpose of consulting made by the States, and have thus unsettled the basis of as to the course they would pursue in consequence of the this Convention, and thereby permanently disorganized action taken by the Convention in the previous part of Its constitution. Its decrees, therefore, become null and the day. They retired, and they have since been engaged void.
in consultation. They have considered the questions in20. Because we were positively instructed by the volved, with as much maturity and care as they could be Democracy of Arkansas to insist on the recognition of stow upon them, and they have come to a conclusion as to the equal rights of the South in the common Territories, the course they ought to pursue. That conclusion is con and protection to those rights by the Federal Gov- tained in two resolutions which I hold in my hand, and ernment, prior to any nomination of a candidate ; and which I will now read to the Convention. as this Convention has refused to recognize the principle required by the State of Arkansas, in her popular morning, our Chairman be requested to state to the President
Resolved, That, upon the opening of the Convention this Convention first, and twice subsequently re-asserted by that the Georgia delegation, after mature deliberation, have Arkansas, together with all
her Southern sisters, in the re- felt it be their duty, under existing circumstances, not to par: port of a Platform to this Convention; and as we cannot ticipate further in the deliberations of the Convention, and serve two masters, we are determined first to serve the that, therefore, the delegation withdraw. Lord our God. We cannot ballot for any candidate Resolved, That all who acquiesce in the foregoing resolution whatsoever.
sign the same, and request the Convention to enter it on their 8d. In retiring, we deny to any person, or persons, (Signed) any right whatever to cast hereafter, in this Convention, JUNIUS WINGFIELD,
HENRY L. BENNING, either our vote or the vote of Arkansas on any proposi- HENRY R. JACKSON,
P. TRACY, tion which may, or can, possibly come up for considera
J. M. CLARK,
JEFFERSON N. LAXAR, tion. The Delegates of Arkansas cannot take any part
Wx. M. SLAUGHTER,
EDMOND J. MCGEBER, JOHN A. JONES,
GEO. HILLYER, in placing a sound candidate on an unsound platform,
DAVID C. BARROW,
MARK JOHNSTON, because it would disgrace any sound Southern man who
JAS. J. DIAMAN,
EDWARD R. HARDEN, would consent to stand on such a platform; and, as a A. FRANKLIN HILL,
JOHN H. LUMPKIN, Squatter Sovereignty Platform has been adopted, we ED. L. STROHECKBR,
G. G. FAIR, believe good faith and honor requires that the Chief of 0. C. GIBSON,
HENRY 0. THOMAS,
W. J. JOHNSON. no part or lot in such misfortune, nor do we believe that The undersigned, delegates from Georgia, having voted to we can safely linger under the shade of the upas tree, the meeting of the delegation against withdrawing from the this day planted certainly.
Convention, yet, believe, under the instructions contained in P. JORDAN, the resolution of the Georgia Convention, that the
vote of the majority should control our motion, and we therefore with B. BURROW,
L. H. DRISCOE. Mr. Burrow stated, after reading the paper, that the gentlemen who had signed represented or thirty-four de'egates in that Convention from the State
This paper is signed by twenty-six out of the thirty-three both wings of the State—all its public men, its of Georgia. hopes, it character, and its fortunes.
I have now, Mr. President, discharged the duty which
has been intrusted to me by my delegation. Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas, as Chairman of the Arkansas The majority of the Georgia delegation then retired delegation, desired to say a single word to go along with from the hall. the paper which had been read. It was his desire that that Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas.--I do not desire to detata portion of the Arkansas delegation who had concluded to this Convention for a moment. On yesterday evening I leave the Convention should have paused until the delega- stated to the Convention that I should come here this tion could have had a consultation. Why did he hesitate? morning and tell them what was my conclusion, and what It was because he conceived that the stability of the Union was the conclusion of the portion of the delegation from itself was involved in the action taken here by the the State of Arkansas which then thought proper to reSouthern representatives.
main in the Convention. We are now ready to take that He had been taught from childhood to believe that if step which our judgment dictates to be right. In accord. the Union was to be preserved at all, it was to be preserved' ance with our duty here, we wanted time to pause and
to the Convention :
consider calmly with our sister Southern States, in rela- | tories, by inaction, unfriendly legislation or otherwise, should Hon to the proper course to be pursued. We have calmly endanger the tenure of such property, or discriminate against and with deliberation considered the matter, and we be it by withholding that protection given to other species of pro lieve it to be an imperative duty which we owe to the perty in the Territories, it is the duty of the General Govern.
ment to interpose, by the active exertion of its constitutional South, and we are ready to take our course.
to secure the rights of the slaveholder. Now, sir, I desire to appeal to Virginia, the mother of States, and the mother of Democracy, and to ask them
The principles enunciated in the foregoing resolution whether the principle contained in the majority report of are guaranteed to us by the Constitution of the United this Convention, signed
by seventeen States, is right or is States, and their unequivocal recognition by the Demowrong? Did you indorse it, or did you not?
cracy of the Union we regard as essential, not only to the that the gentleman had no right to make sectional appeals in both of the series of resolutions presented to the ConMr. Smith, of Wisconsin, raised the question of order, integrity of the party, but to the safety of the States whose
interests are directly involved. They have been embodied in this Convention.
Mr. Johnson.—I desire to do no such thing. I do not vention by a majority of the States of the Union, and have understand the principles of the majority report to be been rejected by a numerical vote of the delegates.
The Convention has, by this vote, refused to recognize sectional. I understand them to be national. But, Mr. President, I only desire, in behalf of a portion of the dele: the fundamental principles of the Democracy of the state gates, to say that we came here with a view to stand by in obedience to a high sense of duty, to withdraw from
we have the honor to represent, and we feel constrained, we have found the Convention acting in violation of those its deliberations, and unanimously to enter our solemn principles, we feel ourselves compelled to retire from the protest against its action. Hall. I will only remark in conclusion, that the Vice-Pre- the minutes of the Convention, and beg leave to express
We ask that the communication may be spread upon sident from my State has been charged with presenting our appreciation of the justice and dignity which have & protest on the part of a portion of our declaration.
characterized your action as its presiding officer. Mr. Terry, of Arkansas, then read the following paper
[Signed,] A. MOUTON,
E. LAWRENCE, To the Hon. CALEB CUSHING, President:
A. TALBOT, The undersigned, Delegates from Arkansas, ask permis- RICHARD TAYLOR,
B. W. PEARCE, sion to make the following statement: We have, thus far, EMILE LASERE,
R. A. HUNTER, abstained from taking any active part in the measures F. H. Hatch,
D. D. WITHERS. which were consummated on yesterday, in this Convention, by the withdrawal, in whole or in part, of several leave to annex the following statement, viz. :
The undersigned, in explanation of their position, beg Southern States. We have counseled our Southern friends
Whilst we took the same view with our colleagues, that to patience and forbearance; and, while we were con the platform of principles, as adopted by this Convention, scious of causes sufficient to induce them to this step, yet was not what was expected by Louisiana, and desired by we still hoped some more auspicious event would transpire ourselves, as sufficient to guard the
rights of that State, that would avert its necessity. Nothing has occurred to and of the whole South, under the Constitution, are now palliate these causes. Hence we cannot besitate in our unwilling precipitately to retire from the Convention, course, and therefore ask permission to withdraw and sur- until all hope of accommodation shall have been ex. render to our State the high trust reposed in us. To you, hausted, and until the last moment had arrived, at sir, who have with so much ability presided over our which, in justice to our own honor, and the interest and deliberations, and meted out justice with an even hand, we dignity of our own State, we would be forced to retire. We, part with sorrow. Hoping that the cloud which now hangs therefore, were opposed to the retirement of the delegaover our beloved country may be dispelled, and her coun- tion at the time it was made ; but believing that the sels directed by some statesman like yourself—able, honest, I other members of the delegation were actuated by the just and true.
same high motives which governed our own opinions, and FRANCIS TERRY, Vice-President.
desiring our State to present a firm, undivided front, we J. P. JOHNSON, Ch'n of Delegation.
being in the minority of the delegation, were willing to F. W. HOADLEY, Secretary.
yield, and did yield, our opinions to the judgment of the CHARLESTON, May 18t, 1860.
J. A. McHATTON, The Tennessee Delegation asked and obtained
CHARLES JONES, leave to retire for consultation.
CHARLESTON, S. O,, May 1, 1860. The Delegation from Virginia, and portions
A VOICE FROM GEORGIA. of the Delegations from Kentucky, North Carolina and Maryland, had leave to retire for con- Mr. Gaulden, of Georgia, addressed the Con. sultation
vention, giving his reasons for not retiring with Mr. Flournoy, of Arkansas.--May I be indulged in one
his colleagues, as follows: remark? My voice is “Never give up the ship"-ap
MR. PRESIDENT, AND FELLOW DEMOCRATS: As I stated to plause) though the fearful storm rages around us you a few moments ago, I have been confined to my though she may have lost some spars and masts--though room by severe indisposition, but, learning of the comshe may have some cracked ribs. Sir, for myself, I will motion and the intense excitement which were existing be one of that gallant crew who, though the storm rages, upon the questions before this body, I felt it to be my though the spars and masts are gone, though ribs be broken duty, feebla as I was, to drag myself out to the meeting I will, until the noble vessel be swallowed up by the de- of my delegation, and when there I was surprised to vouring waves, continue to unite with them in the reite find a large majority of that delegation voting to secede rated cry of “Live, live the Republic !" (Great applause.) | at once from this body. I disagree with those gentle
Mr. President, I am a Southern man. Yes, sir, I have been reared amidst the institution. All I have is the pro- South upon any of the great questions which interest
I regret to disagree with my brethren from the duct of slave labor. I believe the institution a patriarchal our common country. I am a Southern States' Rights one, and beneficial alike to master and slave. The bread man; I am an African Slave-trader. I am one of which supports my own wife and tender babe is the pro- those Southern men who believe that Slavery is right, duct of slave labor. I trust, then, that, like Cæsar's wife, morally, religiously, socially, and politically. (Applause.) I am" above suspicion."
I believe that the institution of Slavery has done more for this country, more for civilization, than all other
interests put together. I believe if it were in the power TO THE Hon. CALEB CUSHING,
of this country to strike down the institution of Slavery, President of the Democratic Convention : it would put civilization back 200 years. Holding, then, SIR: The undersigned delegates from the State of this position,
that Slavery is right in the point of view i Lonisiana, in withdrawing from the Convention, beg leave ment our whole rights in this regard. I believe that the
have stated, I would demand of the General Govern. to make the following statement of facts :
On the 6th day of March, 1860, the Democracy of General Government by the Constitution never had any Louisiana assembled in State Convention at Baton Rouge, right to legislate upon this subject. I believe that our and unanimously adopted the following declaration of Government was a confederation of States for certain
specified objects with limited powers; that the domestio their principles :
relations of each State are to be and should be left to Resolved, that the Territories of the United States belong to themselves; that this eternal Slavery question has been the several states as their common property, and not to indi. the bone of contention between the North and South, property in slaves; and as such, the owner thereof is entitled to which if kept in the halls of Congress must break up this carry his slaves into any Territory in the United States ; to hold Government. I am one of those who believe in nonthem there as property : and in case the people of the Terri- I intervention, either in the States or the Territories.
(Applause.) I am not in favor of breaking up this Gov- buy better negroes for $50 apiece. (Great laughter.) ernment upon an impracticable issue, upon a mere Now, unquestionably, it is to the interest of Virginia to theory. I believe that this doctrine of protection to break down the African slave-trade when she can sell Slavery in the Territories is a mere theory, a mere ab- her negroes at $2,000. She knows that the African slave straction. (Applause.) Practically, it can be of no con. trade would break up her monopoly, and hence her om sequence to the South, for the reason that the infant has jection to it. If any of you Northern Democrats—for I been strangled before it was born. (Laughter.) You have more faith in you than I have in the Carpet-Knight have cut off the supply of Slaves; you have crippled the Democracy of thy South-will go home with me to my institution of Slavery in the States by your unjust laws, | plantation in Georgia, but a little way from here, I will and it is mere folly and madness now to ask for protec- show you some darkies that I bought in Maryland, some tion for a nonentity, for a thing which is not there. We that I bought in Virginia, some in Delaware, some in have no slaves to carry to these Territories. We can Florida, some in North Carolina, and I will also show never make another Slave State with our present supply you the pure African, the noblest Roman of them all of slaves. But if we could, it would not be wise, for the (Great laughter.) Now, Fellow-Democrats, my feeble reason, that if you make another Slave State from our health and failing voice, admonish me to bring the few new Territories with the present supply of slaves, you remarks I have to make to a close. (Cries of " Go on will be obliged to give up another State, either Maryland, go on.") I am only sorry that I am not in a better con Delaware, or Virginia, to Free Soil upon the North. dition than I am to vindicate before you to-day the Now, I would deal with this question, fellow-Democrats, words of truth, of honesty, and of right, and to show as a practical one. When I can see no possible practical you the gross inconsistencies of the South in this regard good to result to the country from demanding legislation I came from the First Congressional District of the Stata upon this theory, I am not prepared to disintegrate and of Georgia. I represent the African Slave-trade inter dismember the great Democratic party of this Union. Iests of that section. (Applause.) I am proud of the believe that the hopes of this country depend upon the position I occupy in that respect. I believe that the maintenance of the great Democratic party North. It African slave-trader is a true missionary, and a true is no trouble for a man to be a saint in Heaven,
Christian (applause), and I have pleaded with my dele " When the devil was sick,
gation from Georgia to put this issue squarely to the The devil a monk would be:
Northern Democracy, and say to them, Are you pre The devil got well,
pared to go back to first principles, and take off your But devil a monk was he." (Great laughter.) unconstitutional restrictions, and leave this question to
be settled by each State? Now do this, fellow-citizens, We, the Democracy of the South, are mere carpet- and you will have peace in the country. But so long as knights. It is no trouble for us to be Democrats. (Ap- your Federal Legislature takes jurisdiction of this ques plause and laughter.) When I look to the Northern tion, so long will there be war, so long will there be illDemocrats, I see them standing up there and breasting blood, so long will there be strife, until this glorious the tide of fanaticism, oppression, wrong, and slander, Union of ours shall be disrupted and go out in blood with which they have to contend. I view in these men and night forever. I advocate the repeal of the laws types of the old ancient Romans ; I view in them all that prohibiting the African Slave-trade, because
I believe it is patriotic and noble; and, for one, I am not willing to to be the true Union movement. I do not believe that cut loose from them. (Great cheering.) I say, then, sections whose interests are so different as the Southern that I will hold on to my Democratic friends of the and Northern States can ever stand the shocks of fanatiNorth to the last day of the week-late in the evening. cism, unless they be equally balanced.' I believe by re(Great laughter.) I am not willing to present to them a opening this trade, and giving us negroes to populate the half issue of this sort. I am not willing to disintegrate, Territories, that the equilibrium of the two sections will dismember, and turn them over to the ruthless hands of be maintained. But if the South lies supinely by, and the thieving Black Republicans of the North. I would allows the people of the North to people all the Terri. ask my friends of the South to come up in a proper stories, until we come to be a bopeless fraction in the spirit, ask our Northern friends to give us all our rights, Government, then that gallant band of Democrats North and take off the ruthless restrictions which cut off the may in vain attempt to stay the torrent that will roll supply of slaves from foreign lands. As a matter of down upon us. It will not be in your power to do it. It right and justice to the South, I would ask the Democracy should be the object of the South now to say to the North: of the North to grant us this thing, and I believe they Let us have all our rights in this matter; let us take off have the patriotism and honesty to do it, because it is these restrictions against the African Slave-trade, and right in itself. I tell you, fellow-Democrats, that the leave it to each State to settle for itself. Then we would African Slave-trader is the true Union man. (Cheers and want no protection, and then I would be willing to let laughter.) I tell you that the Slave-trading of Virginia you have as much Squatter Sovereignty as you wish is more immoral, more unchristian in every possible Give us an equal chance, and I tell you the institution point of view, than that African Slave-trade which goes of Slavery will take care of itself. We will give you all to Africa and brings a heathen and worthless man here, the Squatter Sovereignty that the North can desire, Me makes him a useful man, Christianizes him, and sends Douglas, or anybody else, if you will take off the uncon. him and his posterity down the stream of time to join in stitutional restrictions on the Slave-trade and the the blessings of civilization, (Cheers and laughter.) negroes come. Then, gentlemen, we should proceed Now, fellow-Democrats, so far as any public expression harmoniously, go on to prosper and prospering, until of the State of Virginia—the great Slave-trading State the last trump of God should sound; until time was of Virginia-has been given, they are all opposed to the merged in the ocean of eternity. (Applause.) I say, African Slavet-rade.
Fellow-Democrats, that I remained here because I have Dr. Reed of Indiana.-I am from Indiana, and I am in great faith in the Northern Democracy. If I am forced favor of it.
to part with you, it will be with a bleeding heart. I Mr. Gaulden-Now, gentlemen, we are told, upon know not exactly what position I occupy here (laugh high authority, that there is a certain class of men who ter), for the majority of my delegation have voted to strain at a gnat and swallow a camel. Now, Virginia, secede. We came here instructed to vote as a unit which authorizes the buying of Christian men, separat- Whether the minority are bound to go out with the ing them from their wives and children, from all the re majority is a question which I have not yet fully deter. lations and associations amid whom they have lived for mined in my own mind, but at any rate, I told them this years, rolls up her eyes in holy horror when I would go to morning, and I tell them now, I will not go out yet;
1 Africa, buy a savage, and introduce him to the blessings intend to stay here; I intend to hold on to the great of civilization and Christianity. (Cheers and laughter.) Democratic Party of the Union so long as I can consist
Mr. Rynders of N. Y.-You can get one or two re-ently with honor and propriety, for I believe that if we cruits from New-York to join with you.
break up in a row here, and the Democratic Party of The President.-The time of the gentleman has ex- the country is destroyed, this Union falls as certainly as pired. (Cries of “Go on! Go on !")
the sun rises and sets. 'I warn you, seceders, if your The President-stated that if it was the unanimous action here to-day should have the effect of dismember. wish of the Convention, the gentleman could proceed. ing and destroying the great Democratic Party of the
Mr. Gaulden.--- Now, Fellow-Democrats, the slave- North, that you destroy this Government beyond all frade in Virginia forms a mighty and powerful reason question (applause); and the Union falls, and falls forfor its opposition to the African slave-trade, and in this ever! Now, I ain not a disunionist. I love this Union remark I do not intend any disrespect to my friends for the memories of the past and for the hopes of the from Virginia. Virginia, the Mother of States and of future. (Applause.) The blood of my ancestors was statesmen, the Mother of Presidents, I apprehend may poured out around this city and throughout the South to err as well as other mortals. I am afraid that her error rear aloft the proud banner of our glorious Union. I, as in this regard lies in the promptings of the almighty dol. an humble descendant of theirs, feel bound to maintain lar. It has been my fortune to go into that noble old this Union and the Constitution so long, and no longer State to buy a few darkies, and I have had to pay from than I can do it honorably and justly to myself and my $1,000 to $2,000 a head, when I could go to Africa and I country. But I do not yet despair of the Republic. Eige Douglas.
tertaining, as I do, such profound respect, nay, almost On the 3d of May, and the 10th day of the Veneration for the justice of the Democracy of the North, I will yet stand by you for a time. Ta will do ali session, Mr. Russell, of Virginia, offered the that in me lies to heal these differences. I trust that the following: result of our deliberations will be the nomination of
Resoloed, That when this Convention adjourns to-day such a man as will give peace to the country and suc.
it adjourn to re-asseinble at Baltimore, Md., on Monday cess to the great Democratic National Party of the Union. (Great applause.)
the 18th day of June, and that it be respectfully recom.
mended to the Democratic party of the several States te The Convention having decided to proceed to make provision for supplying all vacancies in their re
Convention when it shall reballot for President, at 4 P.m.; Wm. Howard, spective delegations to th
assemble. (Applause.) of Tennessee, moved that two-thirds (202) of a full Convention (303) be required to nominate, After the failure of attempts to change the which, after much discussion and confusion, was place of meeting to New-York, Philadelphia, adopted-141 to 112—as follows:
etc., and also to change the time to a later peYeas :- Maine, 3 ; Massachusetts, 81; Connecticut, 21; riod, the resolve was adopted-195 to 55—as New-York, 35; New Jersey, 51; Pennsylvania, 173; Dela follows: ware, 2 ; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; South Carolina, 1; Missouri, 44; Tennessee, 11; Ken- YEAS:-Maine, 5; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; tacky, 11 ; Minnesota, 13; California, 4; Oregon, 3–141. Massachusetts, 10; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New.
NAYS :-Maine, 5; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; York, 35; New-Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 234; Maryland, Massachusetts, 41; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 34; 5; Virginia, 141; Arkansas, 1 ; Missouri, 6; Tennessee, New Jersey, 11 ; Pennsylvania, 91; Maryland, 2; Ar- 7; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11 ; Michigan, 6; Wiskansas, 1; Missouri, 41; Tennessee, 1; Kentucky, 1; consin, 5; Iowa 4, Minnesota, 4; California 3–195. Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wis
Nays:-Maine, 3; Connecticut, 3; New-Jersey, 5; consin, 3; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 21-112.
Pennsylvania, 3; Maryland, 3 ; Virginia, £; North-CaroCandidates were put in nomination, and the lina, 14, Missouri, 8; Tennessee, 5; Kentucky, 2—55. Convention proceeded to ballot, as follows: Gen. Cushing. the President, made a brief
speech, and the Convention adjourned to meet again in Baltimore, on the 18th of June succeeding.
SECEDERS. 1st Ballot 1451 35 42 7 12
The retiring delegates met at St. Andrew's 2...
Hall, and were waited on with manifestations of 8
1481 42 36 6 12 6 4. 149 371 411 5 12 6
sympathy by a portion of the Wood Delegation, 5. 149 374 41 5 12 6
from New York, who, however, were not in. 6 1494 391 41 3 12 7
vited or admitted to seats. The seceders or7
150 384 41 4 11 6 S. 354 404 4 11 6
ganized by the appointment of Senator James 9 1504 41 394 1
A. Bayard, of Delaware, as Chairman, and, after 10.
much animated discussion, adopted the follow11.
391 88 4 12 64 12. 150$ 397 38 12 6
ing Platform: 18 1494 391 283 1 12 20
Resowed, That the Platform adopted by the Demo14. 150 41 27 12 207
cratic party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following 15.
explanatory Resolutions : 16. 150 42 26 12 201 1
First, That the Government of a Territory organized 17. 150 42 26 12 20+ 1
by an act of Congress, is provisional and temporary; 18. 150 414 26 1 12 201
and, during its existence, all citizens of the United States 19. 150) 414 26 1 12 207 1
have an equal right to settle with their property in the 20 150 42 26 $ 12 20+ 1
Territory without their rights, either of person or pro21 1501 411 26 $ 12 20+ 1
perty, being destroyed or impaired by Congressional or 22
Second, That it is the duty of the Federal Government, 24. 411 25 17 12
in all its departments, to protect when necessary the 25. 41} 25 11 12
rights of persons and property in the Territories, and 26. 414 25 12 12 9
wherever else its Constitutional authority extends. 27 42 25 12 12 8
Third, That when the settlers in a Territory having 23 1511 42 25 124 12 8
an adequate population form a State Constitution in 29 1511 42
pursuance of law, the right of sovereignty commences, 30.
and, being consummated by admission into the Union, 81
they stand on an equal footing with the people of other 32. 152 474 22 3 11 51
States ; and the State thus organized ought to be admite 83. 152 47; 22 3 11 147 1
ted into the Federal Union, whether its Constitution pro84.
hibits or recognizes the institution of Slavery.
Fourth, That the Democratic party are in favor of the 86. 1511 43 22 41 12 13 1
acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms as shall 87.
be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain, at the 88.
earliest practicable moment. 89. 151} 664 16 5
Fifth, That the enactments of State Legislatures to 40
defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, 41 151+ 664 16
are hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, 42 1511 664 16 5
and revolutionary in their effect. 43
Sixth, That the Democracy of the United States re-
cognize it as the imperative duty of this Government to 45.
protect the naturalized citizen in all his rights, whether 46
at home or in foreign lands, to the same extent as its 47
native-born citizens. 48 1514 657 16
Whereas, one of the greatest necessities of the age, in 49 151) 651 16
a Political, Commercial, Postal and Military point of 50
view, is a speedy communication between the Pacific and 51 151} 657 16
Atlantic coasts. Therefore, be it 52.
Resolved, That the Democratic party do hereby pledge B3
themselves to use every means in their power to secure 1517 61 201
the passage of some bill to the extent of the Constitutional 65. 1514 654 16
authority of Congress for the construction of a Pacific 56..
Railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, 67 1514 65° 16
at the earliest practicable mcmnat,
151$ 151$ 1513 1514