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sul wrote to France for permission to close the bargain; and having obtained it, sent the information to the Arab. The man, so poor as to possess only a few rags to cover his body, arrived with his magnificent courser. He dis mounted, but appeared to be greatly agitated by contende ing emotions.
12. Looking first at the gold, and then at his mare. he heaved a deep sigh, and exclaimed; “ To whom is it, I am going to surrender theo? To Europeans ! who will tie thee close; who will beat thee; who will render thee
; miserable! Return with me, my beauty, my jewel, and rejoice the hearts of my children !” As he pronouncet the last words, he sprung upon her back; and, in a few moments, was out of sight.
The Ouran-Outang. 1. The ape called the Ouran-Outang, approaches in external appearance nearer to the human form, than any other brute; and from this circumstance, it has sometimes obtained the appellation of “ Man of the Woods.” This animal is of different sizes, from three to seven feet. In general, its stature is less than that of a man; but its strength and agility are much greater.
2. Travellers who have seen various kinds of these animals, in their native solitudes, give surprising relations of their force, their swiftness, their address, and their feroci. ty. They are found in many parts of Africa, in the EastIndies, in Madagascar, and Borneo. In the last of these places, the people of quality course them as we do the stag; and this sort of hunting is one of the favourite amusements of the king himself.
3. The skin of the Quran-Outang is hairy, his eyes are sunk in his head, his countenance is stern, and all his lineaments, though resembling those of man, are harsh and blackened by the sun. He sleeps under trees, and build a hut to protect himself against the sun and the rains When the negrues have left a fire in the woods, he comes near, and warms himself by the blaze. He has not, however, sense and skill sutlicient to keep the flame alive by feeding it with fuel.
4. These animals often go together in companies; and if they happen to meet one of the human species, remote from succour, they seldom show him favour. Sometimes, however, they spare those who fall into their hands. Á negro boy was carried off by one of them, and lived with them upwards of a year.
5. On his escape and return home, he described many of them as being larger than men; and he said that they never attempted to injure him. They frequently attack the elephant : they beat him with clubs, and oblige him to leave that part of the forest which they claim as their own.When one of these animals dies, the rest cover the body with leaves and branches.
6. The manners of the Quran-Outang, when in confinement, are gentle, and, for the most part, harmless, perfectly devoid of that disgusting ferocity so conspicuous in some of the larger baboons and monkeys. It is mild and docile, and may be taught to perform with dexterity a variety of entertaining actions. Vosmaer's account of one of these animals, which was brought into Holland in the year 1776, and lodged in the menagerie of the prince of Orange, is so exceedingly curious, that we shall present the reader with an extract from it.
7. “ This animal showed no symptoms of fierceness and malignity. It was fond of being in company, and appeared to be very sensible of the kindness of those who had the care of it. Often when they retired, it would throw itself on the ground, as if in despair, uttering lamentable cries, and tearing in pieces the linen within its reach. Its keeper having been accustomed to sit near it on the ground, it frequently took the hay off its bed, and laid it by its side, and seemed by all its actions to invite him to be seated
8. “ Its usual manner of walking was on all-fours, but it could also walk on its two hind-feet only. It ate almost every thing that was given to it; but its chief food was bread, roots, and all sorts of fruit, especially strawberries. When presented with strawberries on a plate, it was ex tremely pleasant to see the animal take them up one by one, with a fork, and put them into its mouth, holding at the same time the plate in the other hand.
9. “ Its common drink was water; but it also very wil.
lingly drank all sorts of wine, and particularly Malaga. After drinking, it wiped its lips; and after eating, if presented with a toothpick, it would use it in a proper man
On shipboard, it ran freely about the vessel, played with the sailors, and went, like them, into the kitchen for its mess.
At the approach of night, it lay down to sleep, and prepared its bed, by shaking well the hay on which it slept, and putting it in proper order. It would then carefully draw
the coverlet. This animal lived only seven months after it had been brought into Holland.”
10. The Ouran-Outang, described by Buffon, exhibited a still greater degree of sagacity. It walked upon two legs, even when it carried burdens. Its air was melancholy, and its deportment grave. Unlike the baboon and the monkey, whose motions are violent and appetites capricious, whose fondness for mischief is remarkable, and whose obedience proceeds only from fear, this animal was slow in its motions, and a look was sufficient to keep it in awe
11. I have seen it, says Buffon, give its hand to show the company to the door: I have seen it sit at table, unfold its napkin, wipe its lips, make use of the spoon and the fork to carry victuals to its mouth; pour out its drink into a glass, and touch glasses when invited; take a cup and saucer, lay them on the table, put in sugar, pour out its tea, leave it to cool, and then drink it.
12. All this it would do without any other instigation than the signs or commands of its master, and often of its own accord. It was gentle and inoffensive: it even approached strangers with respect; and came rather to receive caresses than to offer injuries. It was particularly fond of comfits, which every body was ready to give it ; but as it had a defluxion upon the breast, so much sugar contributed to increase the disorder, and to shorten its life. It continued at Paris but one summer, and died in London.
13. We are told by Pyrard, that the Ouran-Outangs are found at Sierra Leona ; where they are strong and well formed, and so industrious, that, when properly trained and fed, they work like servants; that, when ordered, they pound any substances in a mortar; and that they are frequently sent to fetch water, in small pitchers, from the rivers. After filling the pitchers, they carry them on their heads to the door of the dwelling; but if they are not soon
taken off, the animals suffer them to fall to the ground When they perceive the pitcher to be overturned and bra ken, they utter loud lamentations.
14. The form and organs of this animal bear so near a resemblance to those of men, that we are surprised to find them productive of so few advantages. The tongue, and all the organs of the voice, are sinilar, and yet the animal is dumb; the brain is formed in the same manner as that of man, and yet the creature wants reason; an evident proof, as Buffon finely observes, that no arrangement of matter will give mind; and that the body, how nicely soever formed, is formed to very limited ends, when there is not infused a soul to direct its operations.
The four seasons. 1. Who is this beautiful virgin that approaches, clothed in a robe of light green? She has a garland of flowers on her head, and flowers spring up wherever she sets her foot. The snow which covered the fields, and the ice which was in the rivers, melt away when she breathes upon
them. 2. The young lambs frisk about her,and the birds warble in their little throats to welcome her coming; and when they see her, they begin to choose their mates, and to build their nests. Youths and maidens, have you seen this beautiful virgin? If you have, tell me who is she, and what is her name.
1. Who is this that comes from the south, thinly clad in a light transparent garment ? Her breath is hot and suliry; she seeks the refreshment of the cool shade; she seeks the clear streams, the crystal brooks, to bathe her languid limbs. The brooks and rivulets fly from her, and are dried up at her approach. She cools her parched lips with ber ries, and the grateful acid of fruits; the seedy melon, the sharp apple, and the red pulp of the juicy cherry, which are poured out plentifully around her.
2. The tanned haymakers welcome her coming; and the sheepshearer, who clips the fleeces sounding shears. When she comes, let me lie under the thick shade of a spreading beech tree ;-let me walk wiib her in the early morning, when the dow is yet upon the grass ;--let me wander with her in the soft twilight, when the shepherd shuts his fold, and the star of evsning appears. Who is she that comes from the south? Youths, and maidens, tell me, if you know, who is she, and what is her
tus flock with his
1. Wnio is he that comes with sober pace, stealing upon us unawares ? His garments are red with the blood of the grape, and his temples are bound with a sheat of ripe wheat. His hair is thin and begins to tall, and the auburn is mixed with mournful gray. He shakes the brown nuts from the tree.
2. He winds the horn, and calls the hunters to their sport. The gun sounds. The trembling partridge and the beautiful pheasant flutter, bleeding in the air, and fall dead at the sportsman's feet. Who is he that is crowned with the wheat-sheaf? Youths and maidens, tell me, if you now, who is he, and what is his name.
1. Who is he that comes from the north, clothed in furs and warın wool? He wraps liis cloak close about him. His head is baid; his beard is made of sharp icicles. He loves the blazing fire, high piled upon the hearth. He binds skates to his feet, and skims over the frozen lakes. His breath is piercing and cold, and no little flower dares to peep above the surface of the ground, when he is by.
2. Whatever he touches tums to ice. If he were to strike you with his cold hand, you would be quite stiff and dead, like a piece of marble. Youths and maidens, do you see him? He is coming fast upon us, and soon he will be here. Tell me, if you know, who is he, and what is his
Divine Providence. 1. TRE glorious sun is set in the west; the night-dews fall; and the air which was sultry, becomes cool. The flowers fold up their coloured leaves: they fold themselves ur, and hang their heads on the slender stalk. The chickens are gathered under the wing of the hen, and are at rest