Constitutional History of the United States as Seen in the Development of American Law: A Course of Lectures Before the Political Science Association of the University of Michigan
G.P. Putnam's sons, 1889 - 296 էջ
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Constitutional History of the United States: As Seen in the Development of ...
Thomas McIntyre Cooley
Ամբողջությամբ դիտվող - 1889
adopted Amendment American appear applied appointed argument arising asserted authority Bank cause Chief Chief-Justice Circuit Court citizens claim conclusion Congress considered Constitution construction contract controversy course decided decisions delivered departments depends determined dissented duty effect enforce established executive exercise existence express extent fact Federal courts follow force give given grant ground held Howard important independent individual interest involved issue judges judgment judicial power judiciary jurisdiction Justice legislative legislature limits Marshall matters means ment Michigan nature necessary never objects opinion party passed persons Peters political presented President principles prohibited protection provisions question reason received referred regarded relations Reports respect result rule seems settled sovereignty statutes suit Supreme Court TANEY thought tion treaty tribunal true Union United validity Virginia void Wheaton writ written York
Էջ 94 - We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the government are limited, and that its limits are not to be transcended. But we think the sound construction of the Constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in I the manner most beneficial to the people.
Էջ 262 - that the laws of the several States, except where the Constitution, treaties, or statutes of the United States shall otherwise require or provide, shall be regarded as rules of decision in trials at common law in the courts of the United States, in cases where they apply.
Էջ 114 - As men whose intentions require no concealment, generally employ the words which most directly and aptly express the ideas they intend to convey, the enlightened patriots who framed our Constitution, and the people who adopted it, must be understood to have employed words in their natural sense, and to have intended what they have said.
Էջ 80 - The constitution is either a superior, paramount law, unchangeable by ordinary means, or it is on a level with ordinary legislative acts, and, like other acts, is alterable, when the legislature shall please to alter it. If the former part of the alternative be true, then a legislative act contrary to the constitution, is not law; if the latter part be true, then written constitutions are absurd attempts on the part of the people to...
Էջ 97 - If the States may tax one instrument, employed by the government in the execution of its powers, they may tax any and every other instrument. They may tax the mail; they may tax the mint; they may tax patent rights; they may tax the papers of the custom house ; they may tax judicial process ; they may tax all the means employed by the government, to an excess which would defeat all the ends of government. This was not intended by the American people. They did not design to make their government dependent...
Էջ 91 - But a constitution is framed for ages to come, and is designed to approach immortality as nearly as human institutions can approach it. Its course cannot always be tranquil. It is exposed to storms and tempests, and its framers must be unwise statesmen indeed, if they have not provided it...
Էջ 80 - The question, whether an act, repugnant to the constitution, can become the law of the land, is a question deeply interesting to the United States; but, happily, not of an intricacy proportioned to its interest. It seems only necessary to recognize certain principles, supposed to have been long and well established, to decide it.
Էջ 81 - ... what is expressly forbidden, such act, notwithstanding the express prohibition, is in reality effectual. It would be giving to the legislature a practical and real omnipotence, with the same breath which professes to restrict their powers within narrow limits. It is prescribing limits, and declaring that those limits may be passed at pleasure.
Էջ 155 - The experience of all ages and nations, I believe, demonstrates that the work done by slaves, though it appears to cost only their maintenance, is in the end the dearest of any.