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any difference. It is simple truth to say that such over-estimates seem to have been quite common on both sides.

I shall be personally obliged to any one, no matter on what side he served, who will furnish me with trustworthy data for the correction of any misstatement embodied in this work. If such correction shall dictate a revision of any harsh judgment on friend or foe, it will be received and conformed to with profound gratitude. My convictions touching the origin, incitements, and character, of the War from which we have so happily emerged, are very positive, being the fruits of many years' almost exclusive devotion to National affairs; but my judgments as to occurrences and persons are held subject to modification upon further and clearer presentments of facts. It is my purpose to revise and correct the following pages from day to day as new light shall be afforded; and I ask those who may feel aggrieved by any statement I shall herein have given to the public, to favor me with the proofs of its inaccuracy. Unwilling to be drawn into controversy, I am most anxious to render exact justice to each and all.

The subject of Reconstruction (or Restoration) is not within the purview of this work, and I have taken pains to avoid it so far as possible. The time is not yet for treating it exhaustively, or even historically; its importance, as well as its immaturity, demand for its treatment thoughtful hesitation as well as fullness of knowledge. Should I be living when the work is at length complete, I may submit a survey of its nature, progress, and results: meantime, I will only avow my undoubting faith that the same Divine Benignity which has guided our country through perils more palpable if not more formidable, will pilot her safely, even though slowly, through those which now yawn before her, and bring her at last into the haven of perfect Peace, genuine Fraternity, and everlasting Union-a Peace grounded on reciprocal esteem; a Fraternity based on sincere, fervent love of our common country; and a Union cemented by hearty and general recognition of the truth, that the only abiding security for the cherished rights of any is to be found in a full and hearty recognition of Human Brotherhood as well as State sisterhood-in the establishment and assured maintenance of All Rights for All.

New York, July 21, 1866.

H. G.

INDEX BY CHAPTERS.

L Texas and New Mexico in 1862...... 17

Twiggs's Treason-Texas State Convention passes

Ordinance of Secession-Surrender of the Regulars

--Their Loyalty and Sufferings-New Mexico re-

peals Act legalizing Slavery-Canby in command-

Prepares to hold New Mexico-Sibley Brigade-

Fort Craig-Sibley declines to attack-Battle of

Valverde-Heroisin and Death of McRae-Fight

at Apache Pass-Rebels occupy Santa Fé-They

abandon New Mexico.

II. Missouri and Arkansas in 1862...... 26

Price returns to Missouri-Guerrilla Operations-

Rains and Stela routed-Capture of Milford-Price

retreats to Arkansas-Sigel's Retreat from Benton-

ville-Battle of Pea Ridge-Rebels defeated-The

War among the Indians-Fight at the Cache-

Guerrilla operations-Fight at Newtonia-Hind-

man driven into Arkansas-Cooper routed at

Maysville Battle of Prairie Grove."

III Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama in

1862-Forts Henry and Donelson

-Pittsburg Landing.

Battle of Mill Spring-Capture of Fort Henry-

Naval Bombardment of Fort Donelson-Gen. Pil-

low's Sortie-Countercharge of Lew Wallace and

C. F. Smith-Escape of Floyd and Pillow-Surren-

der by Buckner-Retreat of Sidney Johnston from

the Cumberland across the Tennessee-Nashville

recovered-Columbus, Ky.-New Madrid-Island

No. 10-Fort Pillow-Memphis-First Siege of

Vicksburg-Grant moves up the Tennessee to Pitts-

burg Landing-Sidney Johnston advances from

Corinth, Miss-Assails Gra: t's front near Shiloh

Church-Sherman and MeCiernand driven-Grant

borne back-Buell and Lew Wallace arrive-The

Rebels driven-Losses-Halleck takes Corinth-

Mitchel repossesses Huntsville and most of North

IV. Burnside's Expedition to N. Carolina. 73

Roanoke Island carried-Elizabeth city submits-

Defenses of Newbern stormed-Newbern surren-

dered-Fort Macon reduced-Fight at South Mills

-Foster advances to Kinston-Fails to carry

Goldsboro'.

V. Butler's Expedition to the Gulf-Cap-

ture of New Orleans.

Gen. B. F. Butler concentrates 15,000 men on Ship
Island-Capt. Farragut at the mouths of the Mis-
sissippi-Assails and passes Forts Jackson and St.
Philip Destroys the Rebel Flotilla-Pushes on to
New Orleans-The Forts surrender to Capt. Porter
-Gasconade of Mayor Monroe-New Orleans suc-
eumbs-Butler convinces the Rebels that he is
wanted there--General Order No. 28-Execution
of Mumford-Farragut and Gen. Williams ascend
the River to Vicksburg-Baffled there-Breckin-
ridge attacks Baton Rouge-Williams killed-
Rebels repulsed-Ram Arkansas destroyed-Weit-
zel reduces the Lafourche country-Flanders and
Hahn chosen to Congress-Butler superseded by
Banks Butler's parting Address-Jeff. Davis dis-
antisfied with his policy.

81

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Fitz John Porter worsts Branch at Mechanicsville
-McClellan partially across the Chickahominy-
Baule of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines-McClellan
reenforced, but still grumbles and hesitates-Stone-
wall Jackson joins Lee-A. P. Hill attacks our
right at Mechanicsville-Battle of Gaines's Mill-
Fitz John Porter worsted-McClellan retreats to
the James- Fight at Glendale, or White Oak

Swamp Bridge-Rebels attack, and are repelled
with loss at Malvern Hill-McClellan retreats to
Harrison's Bar-Hooker returns to Malvern-
McClellan withdraws to Fortress Monroe, and em-
barks his Army for Alexandría.

PAGE

VIII. Gen. Pope's Virginia Campaign......172

Pope appointed to command the forces of Fremont,

Banks, and McDowell-Advances to the Rapidan

Banks worsted by Jackson at Cedar Mountain-

Pope retreats across the Rappahannock-Jackson

flanks his right-Strikes the Railroad in his rear

at Bristow-Seizes Manassas Junction--Compelled

to retreat Longstreet hurrying to his rescue-

Jackson worsts King-Two Days Battle of Gaines-

ville and Groveton, or Second Bull Run - Pope

driven back on Centerville Jackson flanks his

right, and attacks Kearny at Chantilly-Pope re-

treats to the defenses of Washington, and gives

place to McClellan-His Losses-McClellan's fail-

ure to support Pope-His Correspondence with

Lincoln, Halleck & Co.

IX. Lee's Invasion of Maryland in 1862..193

McClellan crosses the Potomac, and advances to

Frederick-Address to Maryland-McClellan fol-

lows to Frederick-Lee's plans discovered-He is

intent on the capture of Harper's Ferry-McClellan

fights and beats his rear-guard at Turner's Gap-

Franklin drives Howell Cobb out of Crampton's

Gap-Miles surrenders Harper's Ferry, with 12,000

men, to Stonewall Jackson-McClellan follows

Lee to the Antietam-Battle of Antietam or Sharps.

burg-Losses-Lee retreats across the Potomac-

Porter follows-McClellan hesitates to pursue-

J. E. B. Stuart raids around his Army-McClellan

moves down to the Rappahannock-Is relieved by

Burnside.

X. Tennessee-Kentucky-Mississippi-

Bragg's Invasion-Corinth.......212

Bragg crosses the Tennessee and Cumberland-

Kirby Smith routs M. D. Manson and Nelson at

Richmond, Ky.- Bragg captures 4,000 men at

Munfordsville-Advances to Frankfort, and inau-

gurates Richard Hawes as Governor of Kentucky-

Buell follows him from the Tennessee to Bardstown

and Springfield-Battle of Perryville-Bragg re-

treats out of Kentucky by Cumberland Gap-Rose-

crans fights Price at fuka-Price retreats to Ripley,

Miss-Van Dorn assails Rosecrans at Corinth-Is

beaten off with great slaughter-Van Dorn pursued

to Ripley-Losses.

XI. Slavery in the War-Emancipation...232

Patrick Henry on Federal Power over Slavery-

Edmund Randolph-John Quincy Adams-Joshua

R. Giddings-Mr. Lincoln-Gov. Seward-Gen.

Butler-Gen. Fremont-Gen. T. W. Sherman-Gen.

Wool-Gen. Dix-Gen. Halleck-Gen. Cameron-

His Report revised by President Lincoln-Seward

to McClellan-Gen. Burnside-Gen Buell-Gen.

Hooker-Gen. Sickles-Gen. McCook-Gen. Double-

day-Gen. Williams-Col. Anthony-Gen. Hunter

-Overruled by the President-Gen. McClellan on

the Negro-Horace Greeley to Lincoln-The Re-

sponse-Do. to the Chicago Clergymen-Lincoln's

First Proclamation of Freedom-The Elections of

1862-Second Proclamation of Freedom-Edward

Everett on its Validity.

XII. Slavery and Emancipation in Congress. 256

E. R. Potter on Emancipation by War-Lincoln

for colonizing the Blacks-Congress forbids Mill-

tary Officers returning Fugitives from Slavery-

Abolishes Slavery in the District of Columbia-

Lincoln proposes, and Congress enacts, Compen-

sated Emancipation-Prohibits Slavery in the Ter-

ritories-Confiscates the Slaves of Rebels-Opens

Diplomatic Intercourse with Liberia and Hayti-

Requires Equality in Education and Punishment

between Whites and Blacks-Right of Search on

the African Const conceded-Fugitive Slave Act

repealed-Confinement of suspected Slaves in Fed-

eral Jails forbidden-Coastwise Slave-Trade for-

bidden-Color no Impediment to giving Testimony.

XIII. Rosecrans's Winter Campaign, 1862-3.270

The Army of the Ohio at Bowling Green-Reorgan-

ized by Rosecrans-Morgan's Raids-Surprise of

Moore at Hartsville-Our Advance from Nash-

ville-Battle of Stone River, near Murfreesboro'-

Bragg retreats-Cavalry Raids on our rear-Innes's

Defense of Lavergne-Losses -Forrest routed by

Sullivan at Parker's Cross-Roads-Morgan captures Elizabethtown-Gen. H. Carter's Raid into East Tennessee-Wheeler raids down the Tennessee to Fort Donelson-Beaten off by Col. Harding -Van Dorn captures 1,500 Unionists at Spring Hill -Col. A. S. Hall defeats Morgan at Vaught's Hill -Gordon Granger repulses Van Dorn at Franklin -Col. A. D. Streight raids into Northern Georgia -Is overpowered and captured near Rome.

PAGE

XIV. Siege and Capture of Vicksburg....286 Position and Importance of Vicksburg-Grant moves against it from Lagrange-Advances to Oxford, Miss.-Van Dorn captures Holly SpringsMurphy's Cowardice-Grant compelled to fall back-Hovey and Washburn on the ColdwaterGen. Wm. T. Sherman embarks 30,000 men at Memphis-Debarks on the Yazoo, north of Mem phis--Com. Porter's Gunboats-Sherman storms the Yazoo Bluffs-Repulsed at all points with heavy loss-Attempts to flank by Drumgould's Bluff-Is baffled-Superseded by Gen. McClernand -Who invests and captures the Post of ArkansasGen. Grant assumes command-Debarks-Digging the Canal-Proves an Abortion-Yazoo Pass Expedition-Stopped at Greenwood-Compelled to return-Grant tries the Sunflower route-Baffled again The Queen of the West raids up Red River

Disabled and abandoned-The Indianola captured by the Webb and Queen of the West-The Indianola blown up in a panic-The Webb flees up Red River-Grant moves down the MississippiCom. Porter runs the Vicksburg Batteries-Grierson's Raid to Baton Rouge-Porter attacks the Batteries at Grand Gulf-Grant crosses at Bruinsburg --Sherman feints on Haines's Bluff-Crosses the Mississippi at Hankinson's Ferry-Fight at Port Gibson-Fight at Raymond-Fight at and capture of Jackson-Battle of Champion Hills-Fight at the Big Black-Haines's Bluff abandoned-Vicks burg invested-General Assault repulsed--The Siege vigorously pressed-Pemberton calls a parley-Surrenders-Grant drives Jo. Johnston from Jackson-Fight at Milliken's Bend-Holmes asBails Helena, and is routed.

XV. Texas and Louisiana in 1863-Capture of Port Hudson...

.322

Galveston-Retaken by Com. Renshaw-Surprised by Magruder, and carried-Our Fleet disabled and beaten-Disaster at Sabine Pass-The Alabama captures the Hatteras-Gen. Banks in command at New Orleans-Clearing the Atchafalaya-Fight at Carney's Bridge-Farragut passes the Batteries at Port Hudson-Banks returns to Berwick's Bay-Advances to Opelousas and Alexandria, La-Moves thence to Bayou Sara, and crosses the Mississippi-Invests Port HudsonCombined Attack on its Defenses-Repulsed with a loss of 2,000-Bank: presses the Siege-Second Attack-The Rebel supplies exhausted-Gardner surrenders-Dick Taylor surprises Brashear City -Fighting at Donaldsonville-Franklin attacks Sabine Pass, and is beaten off-Dana surprised at Morganzia-Burbridge surprised near Opelonsas -Gen. Banks embarks for the Rio Grande-Debarks at Brazos Santiago, and takes Brownsville -Capture of Aransas Pass and Pass Cavallo Fort Esperanza abandoned-Indianola in our handsBanks returns to New Orleans

XVI. Army of the Potomac under Burnside and Hooker-Fredericksburg -Chancellorsville..

Gen. Burnside in command in Virginia-Crosses the Rappahannock-Attacks Lee's Army, strongly posted on the Southern Heights-Is repulsed with heavy loss-Recrosses the River-A fresh Advance arrested by the President-The Mud March -Rebel Raids in Virginia-Burnside gives place to Hooker-Stoneman's Raid on Lee's rearHooker crosses the Rappahannock, and advances to Chancellorsville-His right wing turned and shattered by Jackson-Pleasanton checks the Enemy-Jackson mortally wounded-Desperate fighting around Chancellorsville-Hooker stunned Our Army recoils-Sedgwick storms Marye's Heights-Strikes Lee's Rear-Is driven across the River-Hooker récrosses also-Stoneman's Raid a Failure-Longstreet assails Peck at Suffolk-Is beaten off with loss.

XVII. Lee's Army on Free Soil-Gettysburg.

.342

.367

Lee silently flanks Hooker's right, and moves northward-Cavalry Fight near Fairfax-Milroy, at Winchester, surprised and driven over the Potomac, with heavy loss-Cavalry encounters along the Blue Ridge-Jenkins raids to Chambersburg-Lee crosses the Potomac-Hooker and Halleck at odds-Hooker relieved- Meade in command-Ewell at York-Collision of vanguards at Gettysburg-Reynolds killed-Unionfets outnumbered and driven-Howard halts on Cemetery Hill-Sickles comes up-Hancock takes command-Meade arrives-Both Armies concen

trated-Sickles driven back with loss-Rebel Advance checked-Night falls-Rebel Grand Charge led by Pickett-Terribly repulsed-Lee retreatsHeavy losses-Feeble pursuit by Sedgwick-Lee halts at Williamsport-Meade hesitates-Lee gets across the Potomac-Kilpatrick routs the Rebel rear-guard-Meade crosses at Berlin, and moves down to the Rappahannock-Fight at Manassas Gap-Dix's Advance on Richmond-Pleasanton crosses the Rapidan-Lee flanks Meade, who retreats to Centerville-Warren worsts A. P. Hill -Lee retires across the Rappahannock-Imboden surprises Charlestown-Gen. D. A. Russell storms Rappahannock Station, capturing 1,600 prisoners -Meade crosses the Rapidan-Affair of Mine Run-Toland's raid to Wytheville-Averill's to Lewisburg-Fight at Droop Mountain.

PAGE

XVIII. The Chattanooga Campaign........404 Morgan's Raid through Kentucky into Indiana and Ohio-He is surrounded, routed, and captured -His Imprisonment and Escape-Rosecrans advances from Murfreesboro' by Shelbyville and Tullahoma, to the Tennessee at BridgeportBragg flanked out of Chattanooga-Rosecrans eagerly pursues-Bragg concentrates at Lafayette, and turns upon his pursuers-Rosecrans concentrates on the Chickamauga-Desperate battle there -Rosecrans, worsted, retreats to ChattanoogaLosses-Rosecrans superseded--Pegram's raid into Kentucky-Saunders's into East TennesseeBurnside crosses the Cumberland MountainsKnoxville liberated-Burnside retakes Cumberland Gap, with 2,000 prisoners-Longstreet impelled by Bragg against him-Wolford struck at Philadelphia, Tenn.-Fight at Campbell's StationBurnside withdraws into Knoxville-Longstreet besieges and assaults-Is repulsed with loss — Raises the Siege and retreats-Grant relieves Rosecrans-Hooker and Slocum hurried to the Tennessee-Wheeler's and Roddy's raids-Grant reaches Chattanooga-Hooker crosses the TennesseeFight at Waubatchie-Sherman arrives from Vicksburg-Grant impels attacks on Bragg by Granger, Hooker, and Sherman-Hooker carries Lookout Mountain-Bragg, on Mission Ridge, attacked from all sides and routed-His BulletinHooker pursues to Ringgold-Cleburne checks him in a gap in White Oak Ridge-Sherman and Granger dispatched to Knoxville-Losses at Mission Ridge.

XIX. The War in Missouri and Arkansas, in 1863.

.446

Marmaduke attacks Springfield, Mo.-Is repulsed -Again at Hartsville-Waring routs him at Batesville, Ark.-The Sam Gaty captured-Fayetteville attacked by Cabell - Marmaduke assails Cape Girardean McNeil repels him-Coffey assails Fort Blunt-Standwatie repulsed at Cabin Creek -Coffey repulsed by Catherwood, at Pineville, Mo.-Quantrell's Arson and Butchery at Lawrence, Kansas-Gen. Steele moves on Little Rock -Fight at Bayou Metea-Davidson defeats Marmaduke at Bayou Fourche-Price abandons Little Rock to Steele-Blunt's Escort destroyed by Quantrell-Col. Clayton defeats Marmaduke at Pine Bluff-Gen. E. B. Brown defeats Cabell and Coffey at Arrow Rock-McNeil chases them to Clarksville-Standwatie and Quantrell repulsed by Col. Phillips at Fort Gibson-Sioux Butcheries in Minnesota-Gen. Sibley routs Little Crow at Wood Lake-500 Indians captured and tried for murder -Gen. Pope in command-Sibley and Sully pursue and drive the Savages-Gen. Conner in Utah -Defeats Shoshonees on Bear River-Enemies vanish.

XX. The Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida in 1862-3-Siege of Charleston..455 Siege and Capture of Fort Pulaski by GillmoreSinking of Stone Fleet in Charleston HarborCom. Dupont sweeps down the Coast to St. Augustine-Union Movement at Jacksonville-Pensacola and Jacksonville abandoned-Edisto Island relinquished-Gen. Hunter attacks Secession ville, and is repulsed-Gen. Brannan threatens the Savannah Railroad-Fight at Coosawhatchie-Dostruction of the Nashville-Dupont repulsed at Fort McAllister-The Isaac Smith lost near Legaréville-Iron-clad Raid from Charleston-The Mercedita and Keystone State disabled-Beauregard and Ingraham proclaim the Blockade of Charleston raised-Dupont with his Iron-clads attacks Fort Sumter, and is repulsed-Col. Montgomery's Raid up the Combahee-The Atlanta comes out from Savannah-Capt. Rogers, in the Weehawken, disables and captures her-Gen. Gillmore seizes half of Morris Island-Gen. Strong assaults Fort Wagner, and is bloodily repulsed-Gillmore opens Trenches-The 'Swamp Angel' talks to Charleston-The Rebels driven out of Fort Wagner -Com. Stephens assaults Fort Sumter-Charleston bombarded from Wagner-Foundering of the Weehawken-D. H. Hill repelled at NewbernAttacks Washington, N. C.-Is driven off by Foster-Fight at Gum Swamp.

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XXI. The Political History of 1863....

Lord Lyons on Democratic' Peace'-Spring Elections of 1863-Conscription ordered, first by Rebel, next by Union Congress - Judge Woodward pronounces the latter unconstitutional-Suspension of Habeas Corpus-Military Arrest and Conviction of Vallandigham-Democrats of Albany thereon-President Lincoln's Response-Ohio Democratic Convention's Resolves-Vallandigham nominated for Governor-Convention demand his Release-President Lincoln's ReplyThe New York Journalists on the Freedom of the Press Ex-President Pierce's Fourth of July Oration-Gov. Seymour's ditto-The Draft Riots in New York-Árson, Devastation, and MurderGov. Seymour's Speech-He demands a stoppage of the Draft-President Lincoln's Reply-The Autumn Elections-The Draft adjudged validThe Government sustained by the People.

XXII. Negro Soldiery....

PAGE

.484

..511

Negroes in the Revolutionary Armies-Royal At-
tempts to win them to the British side-The War
of 1812-Gen. Jackson at New Orleans-Negro
soldiering suppressed in 1861-Gen. Hunter di-
rects a recruiting of Blacks-Gov. Wickliffe's In-
quiry-Gen. Hunter's Response-Saxton author-
ized to arm Negroes-Gen. Phelps's Black recruit-
ing in Louisiana-Gen. Butler thereon-Jeff.
Davis on Butler and Phelps together-Congress
orders a general enrollment, regardless of Color-
Democratic Denunciation thereof-Gov. Andrew,
of Mass., raises two Black Regiments-New York,
by ber Loyal League, follows the Example-Reb-
el employment of Negroes in War-Beauregard
and Jeff. Davia on Federal arming of Blacks-The
Confederate Congress punishes it with Death-
President Lincoln threatens Retaliation-Garrett
Davis, S. S. Cox & Co. denounce the arming of
Blacks-Adjt.-Gen. Thomas engages in the work
-His Speech at Lake Providence-Gen. Banks's
Order-Negro recruiting goes ahead-Efficiency
of Black Soldiers.

XXIII. The War along the Coast in 1864..528
Organization of the XXXVIIIth Congress-
Lincoln's proffer of Amnesty-Gillmore and Sey-
mour in Florida-Finnegan defeats Seymour at
Olustee-Rebel Salt-Works in Florida destroyed
-Union Convention at Jacksonville-Union Re-
pulse at Bloody Bridge, S. C.-Pickett assails
Newbern, N. C.-Hoke besieges Wessella in
Plymouth-The Rebel ram Albemarle disables
our Vessels-Wessells surrenders-The Albemarle
fights our Fleet off the mouth of the Roanoke-
Is beaten off by them-Blown up by Lt. Cushing
-Plymouth retaken-Wild's Raid into Camden
County.

XXIV. The War beyond the Mississippi in 1864. ......536

Banks in New Orleans-Porter's Fleet in the
Mississippi-Captures Fort De Russy-Our Army
and Fleet advance to Alexandria-Both move up
Red River-Banks presses on toward Shreve
port-Col. Gooding's Fight Our Advance routed
by Kirby Smith at Sabine Cross-Roads-Emory
checks the Rebel Pursuit at Pleasant Grove-
Fierce and indecisive Battle at Pleasant Hill-
Banks retreats to Grand Ecore-Porter works
and fights his way down the River-Banks fights
and drives Bee at Cane River-Return of Army
and Fleet to Alexandria-Lt. Col. Bailey engi-
neers our Yeasels over the Rapids-Union Loss
of three Vessels at Dunn's Bayou-Texas Coast
nearly abandoned-Banks retreats to Simmsport
-Fight at Manaura-Cotton Operations on Red
River Steele's Advance from Little Rock-
Fight at Prairie d'Anne-Steele enters Camden
-Union Disaster at Marks's Mills-Steele re-
treate-Attacked by Kirby Smith at Jenkins's
Ferry-Rebels repulsed -Steele, burning his
Trains, escapes to Little Rock-Gen. Carr worsts
Shelby at St. Charles-Col. Brooks fights Dob-
bins at Big Creek-Shelby captures the 54th Illi-
nois-Union State Convention in Arkansas-
Steele's Inefficiency-Rosecrans in command in
Missouri-Arrests the Chiefs of the Sons of Lib-
erty Price's last Invasion-Hugh Ewing with-
stands him at Pilot Knob-Retreats to Rolla-
Rebel uprising-Price threatens St. Louis-Ap-
pears before Jefferson City-Gen. Mower follows
him from Arkansas-Rebels capture Glasgow-
Price at Lexington-Fights Blunt on the Little
Blue-Fights Curtis on the Big Blue-Escapes
southward, by Little Santa Fe-Pleasanton routs
him on the Little Osage-Blunt routs him at
Newtonia-Curtis chases him to Fayetteville,

Ark.

XXV. Gen. Grant's Advance on Richmond. 562

Grant made Lieutenant-General-His Concep-
tion of the War-Assumes command-Army of
the Potomac reorganized-Kilpatrick's Raid to
Richmond-Col. Dahlgren killed-Grant crosses
the Rapidan-Battle of the Wilderness-Grant

pushes on to Spottsylvania C. H.-Heavy, indecisive fighting-Hancock storms the Enemy's Lines, capturing Maj.-Gen. Ed. Johnson and 3,000 Men-Sheridan's Raid to RichmondDeath of J. E. B. Stuart-Butler moves against Richmond by the James-W. F. Smith fights D. H. Hill at Port Walthall Junction-Beauregard arrives from Charleston-Attacks Butler on the James-More Fighting there-Kautz's first Raid -Three Union Gunboats blown up-Grant moves by his Left to the North Anna-Hancock and Wright across-Burnside repulsed-Fighting on both Wings-Lee's Position impregnable -Grant moves by his Left to the Chickahominy -Reenforced by W. F. Smith from Butler's Position-Bloody Repulse at Cold Harbor-Sheridan's Raid to Louisa C. H.-Grant moves by his Left across the James, below Richmond--Recrosses for his Overland Advance-Butler impels Gillem and Kautz against Petersburg-W. F. Smith's Corps follows-Failures to carry it General Assault repulsed-Meade's costly Advance to the Weldon Railroad-Wilson's and Kautz's expensive Raid to Burkesville-Butler pontoons the James--Sheridan fights on the Peninsula--Miles carries an Outpost at Deep Bottom-Burnside's Mine-Hancock on our Left, Gregg on our Right, advance, and are both worsted-Warren seizes and holds the Weldon Railroad-Hill defeats Hancock at Reams's Station-Warren advances to and over the Squirrel Level Road-Butler assaults and carries Fort Harrison--Field fails to retake it-Meade advances to Hatcher's Run-Egan routs HethHancock repels Wade Hampton-Hancock retires-Losses of the Campaign-Criticisms.

XXVI. West Virginia and North of the Rapidan in 1864..

FAGE

.598

Sam Jones captures Beers at Jonesville-Rosser takes Petersburg-Averill hits him at Springfield-Sigel's defeat at Newmarket-Averill worsted at Wytheville-Crook's Fight near Dublin Station--Hunter's victory at PiedmontHe takes Staunton, and advances to Lynchburg -Retreats across the Alleghanies-Early chases Sigel out of Virginia--Wallace beaten on the Monocacy Early threatens WashingtonWright repulsed by Early-Avery worsted near Winchester-Early deleats Crook-Chambersburg burned by McCausland-Col. Stough routed at Oldtown-Sheridan appointed to command-Beats Early at Opequan- Routs him at Fisher's Hill-Devastates the ValleyThe Richmond Whig on Retaliation Early surprises Crook at Cedar Creek - Sheridan transforms defeat into victory-Losses.

XXVII. Between Virginia and the Mississippi, 1863-4......

.615

Phillips's Raid to Grenada-McPherson ad-
vances from Vicksburg-Forrest's Raid to Jack-
son-W. T. Sherman's Advance to Meridian-
Sovy Smith's Failure-Osband's Fight at Yazoo
City-Palmer's Advance to Dalton-Forrest
takes Union City-Repulsed by Hicks at Padu-
cah-Assaults and carries Fort Pillow-Butch-
ery after Surrender-Sturgis routed by Forrest
at Guntown-A. J. Smith worsts Forrest at
Tupelo Forrest's Raid into Memphis-Fights
at) Bean's Station, Charleston, Mossy Creek,
Dandridge, and Maryville, East Tennessee →→
Morgan's last Raid into Kentucky-Hobson's
Surrender Burbridge strikes Morgan at Mt.
Sterling, and routs him near Cynthiana-Mor-
gan killed-Burbridge beaten at Saltville, Va.
-Attempt on Johnson's Island.

XXVIII. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign.....625

Strength of Sherman's and Jo. Johnston's Ar-
mies-Sherman flanks Johnston out of Dalton
-Hooker takes Resaca-Jeff. C. Davis takes
Rome-Fight at Pumpkin-vine Creek-At
New Hope Church-At Dallas- Allatoona
Pass won--Gen, Polk killed-Rebel Repulse at
Kulp House-Sherman assaults Kenesaw, and
is repulsed with a loss of 3,000-Flanks John-
ston out of it-Passes the Chattahoochee-
Hood relieves Johnston-Rousseau defeats Clan-
ton-Hood strikes our left heavily, and is
repulsed-Strikes more heavily, and is badly
worsted-Stoneman's wretched Raid to Macon

He surrenders-Hood strikes our right at
Proctor's Creek-Is badly beaten by Howard
and Logan-Kilpatrick's Raid around Atlanta
--Sherman moves by his right behind Atlanta
-Howard beats Hardee at Jonesboro'-J. C.
Davis repeats the lesson-Hood abandons At-
lanta-Sherman enters-Orders it cleared of
inhabitants Pillow raids to Lafayette-
Wheeler to Dalton and through Southern Ten-
nessee-Jeff. Davis at Macon-Hood flanks
Sherman French attacks Allatoona - Corse
beats him off-Hood crosses Sand Mountain-
Thomas intrusted with the defense of Tennes-
see-Sherman turns southward.

XXIX. The War on the Ocean-Mobile

Bay..

The Confederate Navy-Their TorpedoesBritish-built Privateers-The Sumter - The Alabama-The Florida-Seizure of the Chesspeake--The Tallahassee-The Olustee-The Chickamauga-Capt. Collins seizes the Florida in Bahia Harbor-Gov. Seward on Rebel belligerency The Georgia-Fight of the Kearsarge and Alabama-Criticisms thereon-Farragut before Mobile-Bombards and passes Fort Morgan-The Rebel ram Tennessee fights our fleet-Is captured-Fort Powell blown upFort Gaines surrenders-Fort Morgan succumbs -Mobile sealed up.

PAGE

641

XXX. Political Mutations and Results-
Presidential Canvass of 1864..654
State Elections reflect the varying phases of
the War-Kentucky Unionism Lincoln to
Hodges Lincoln at Gettysburg Fremont
nominated for President-Radical Platform-
Union National Convention-Its Platform-Lin-
coln and Johnson nominated-Johnson's Letter
-A Season of Gloom-The National Finances
during the War-National Debt-Currency De-
preciation-Peace Overtures at Ningara and at
Richmond-Davis inflexible-Chicago Demo-
cratic Convention- Peace' Utterances-The
Platform-McClellan and Pendleton nominated
-National victories stimulate popular dissent

-Gen. McClellan tries to hedge - Seward's
Criticisms Fremont declines-The Autumn
Elections Maryland free-Death of Roger B.
Taney-Lincoln elected-The Soldiers' Vote-
The XXXVIIIth Congress Lincoln's last
Message Slavery prohibited by Constitutional
Amendment Peace Overtures at Richmond,
and Negotiations in Hampton Roads-Lincoln's
Second Inaugural.

XXXI. Hood's Tennessee Campaign.....677

Forrest's last Raid-Captures Athens, Ala-
Is chased out of Tennessee by Rousseau-Hood
presses Gordon Granger at Decatur- Crosses
the Tennessee at Florence-Thomas retires on
Nashville Hood follows-Fighting at Duck
River and at Spring Hill-Schofield makes a
stand at Franklin- Bloody drawn battle-
Heavy Rebel loss-Pat. Cleburne killed-
Thomas strong in Nashville-Fights around
Murfreesboro'--A Cold Week-Thomas assumes
the Offensive-Steedman strikes on our left-
A. J. Smith, Johnson, and Wilson on our right
-Col. Post storms Montgomery Hill -T. J.
Wood and A. J. Smith carry first line of
Rebel defenses-Overton's Hill stormed and
taken-Rebels routed and pursued to Franklin
-Their losses-Hood chased across the Ten-
nessee-Lyon's feebie Raid-Stoneman in East
Tennessee-Gillem routs Duke, and then Vaughn
-Breckinridge driven into North Carolina-
Saltville captured-Thomas's Captures-Hood
relieved.

XXXII. Sherman's Great March.. .......689 His Army in Northern Georgia-Concentrated at Atlanta-He moves southward- Fight at Lovejoy's-Kilpatrick before Macon-Slocum at Milledgeville-Howard at SandersvilleKilpatrick at Waynesboro'-Fights WheelerBlair at Millen-Hazen at Statesboro'-Fight at the Ogeechee-Blair crosses at Fort ArgyleSlocum crosses at Louisville-Sherman approaches Savannah-Hazen storms Fort McAllister-Sherman hears from Foster and Dahlgren-Starts for Hilton Head-Hardee evacuates Savannah-Sherman's losses and captures in Georgia-Correspondence with Lincoln-Dana's, Davidson's, and Grierson's Raids — Grierson's Victory at Egypt-Hatch worsted at Honey Hill-Foster occupies Pocotaligo-Sherman enters South Carolina-Pushes for the EdistoHorrible Roads-Fight near Branchville-Kilpatrick at Aiken-Blair fights and wins near Orangeburg-Fight at the Congaree-Hood's remnant, under Cheatham, pass our left-Columbia surrendered - Great Conflagration-Sherman's and Wade Hampton's accounts of itHardee evacuates Charleston and its defenses -Pollard's account of its devastation-Our Flag raised on Forts Sumter, Ripley, and Pinckney Sherman's Foraging-His Bummers 'Fight at Williston's Station-Atkins's repulse -Sherman at Winnsboro'-Blair at CherawOccupies Fayetteville, N. C.-Hampton surprises Kilpatrick-Is beaten off-Slocum attacked by Hardee at Averysboro'-Rebels recoil -Jo. Johnston strikes Slocum at BentonvilleIndecisive Fighting-Johnston decamps-Sherman enters Goldsboro'- Butler and Weitzel's Expedition to Fort Fisher-The Powder ShipPorter's Bombardment-Butler returns to the James-Grant dissatisfied-Expedition sent back under Terry-Fort Fisher invested-Bom

barded by the Fleet-The Sailors' assault-Repulsed-Gen. Ames assaults from the land side -Desperate Fighting-The Fort carried-Losses -Explosion of Magazine-Gen. Schofield ar rives-Advances on Wilmington Fight at Town Creek-Fort Anderson evacuated-Hoke retreats-Burns Vessels and Stores-Wilmington given up-Advance to Kinston-Upham surprised at Southwest Creek-Hoke strikes out Is repulsed, and retreats-Schofield enters Goldsboro'.

PAGI

XXXIII. The Rëpossession of Alabama...716
Wilson at Eastport, Miss.-Crosses the Tennes-
Bee, and moves southward-Routs Roddy at
Montevallo Hurries Forrest from Boyle's Creek
-Charges over the defenses of Selma, and takes
2,700 Prisoners-Montgomery surrenders-La-
grange routs Buford-Wilson takes Columbus,
Ga., by Assault-Lagrange charges and captures
Fort Tyler-Wilson in Macon-Cuxton cap-
tures Tuskaloosa-Zigzags to Macon-Canby
in New Orleans-Advances on Mobile-Steele
moves up from Pensacola-Routs Clanton at
Mitchell's Creek-Spanish Fort besieged-Its
garrison driven out-Desperate assault on
Blakely-The Works carried, with 3,000 pris-
oners-Mobile evacuated-Fate of the ram W.
H. Webb.

XXXIV. Fall of Richmond-End of the
War....

Grant passive-Rebel attempt to arm Negroes
-Warren's advance to the Meherrin-Raid of
the Rebel gunboats-Fight at Dabney's Mil—
Our left on Hatcher's Run-Rosser's Raid to
Beverly-Capture of Kelly and Crook-Sheri-
dan up the Valley-Annihilates Early at
Waynesboro-Captures Charlottesville-Fails
to cross the James above Richmond-Crosses
below, and reaches Grant-Gordon surprises
Fort Steedman-Is repulsed at Fort Haskell-
Surrender of 2,000 Rebels-Meade counter-as-
saults-Graut directs a General Advance by our
left-Griffin's Fight at the White Oak Road-
Sheridan advances to Five Forks-Falls back
to Dinwiddie C. H.-Lee strikes Warren heavi-
ly-Is successful, but finally stopped-Sheridan
again pushed back to Dinwiddie C. H.-Repels
his assailants-Warren hurried to his support
-Rebels recoil-Sheridan again advances to
Five Forks, and attacks-Warren's corps or-
dered to strike Enemy's left flank-Combined
Attack completely successful- Pickett routed
and driven westward-Warren superseded by
Sheridan-Our guns reopen on Petersburg-
General assault along our front-Forts Gregg
and Alexander carried-Miles dislodges the
enemy at Sutherland's Depot-Longstreet joins
Lee-Heth repulsed-A. P. Hill killed-Lee
notifies Davis that Richmond must be evacuated
-The Confederacy fires and quits that City-
Weitzel enters it unopposed-Captures of pris-
oners and arms-The news flashed over the

loyal States Universal rejoicings-Connecticut Election-Petersburg abandoned-Lee concentrates at Chesterfield C. H.-Retreats westward by Amelia C. H.-Sheridan heads him off from Danville, at Jetersville-Davies strikes his train at Paine's Cross-Roads-Lee hastening westward-Crook strikes him in flank-La repulsed-Custer strikes his train at Sailor's Creek, and destroys 400 wagons-Ewell cut off, and, after a fight, compelled to surrender -Ord strikes Lee's van near Farmville-Is repulsed, and Gen. Read kled-Lee crosses the Appomattox at Farmville-His Desperate Condition-Grant proposes a surrender — Humphreys attacks Lee, and is bloodily repulsed Lee resumes his flight-Sheridan heads him at Appomattox C. H.-Last Charge of the Army of Virginia-Correspondence between Lee and Grant-Lee Surrenders-Parting with his Soldiers-His Army dissolved.

724

XXXV. Death of President Lincoln-Peace.746 The President at City Point-He enters Richmond-Letter to Weitzel-Recruiting stopped -Celebration at Fort Sumter-The President assassinated by J. Wilkes Booth-Gov. Seward murderously assaulted by Payne Powell-Accession of Andrew Johnson to the PresidencyOffers rewards for arrest of Jefferson Davis and others-Stoneman's Raid into North Carolina-Sherman's Arrangement with Jo. Johnston-Repudiated by the Government-Reasons therefor Johnston surrenders Dick Taylor ditto-Dissolution of the Confederacy-Flight and Capture of Davis-Kirby Smith's voice still for War-Sheridan's Expedition-The Rebellion's final collapse-Career of the Shenandoah-Grant's Parting Address to his Soldiers -Dissolution of our Armies.

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