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is double that distance. Trails had to be opened for three-fourths of the distance travelled, involving great labor in cutting, grading, and bridg. ing to make the route practicable for pack-mule transportation. The water-courses were numerous and rapid, rendering the fords frequent and dangerous; and a slight rise of many of the streams would have made them impassable but for the timely precaution of building bridges at small streams and ferry boats at the river crossings. Many of the trails opened are now travelled routes to the mines then and since discovered, which are rapidly developing that section of the country, where almost every valley of any extent affords facilities for agricultural pur. suits.

In collating the results of the survey, reports upon the geology, botany, and natural history of the country reconnoitred were prepared, and complete maps, on a large scale, made of the entire boundary and the adjacent country. A general map has also been made, showing the extent of the country traversed. And to facilitate the survey of the public lands, photographic duplicates of the detailed sheets, showing each monument on the boundary line, with its geographical position, were furnished to the General Land Office. Photographic duplicates of the detailed sheets of the water boundary have also been made and furnished the Depart. ment of State in illustration of the question of the boundary channel. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL,

Commissioner Northwest Boundary Survey. Hon. WILLIAM H. SEWARD,

Secretary of State.

A.-Statement of erpenses of running and marking the northroest boundary line between the United States and the British Possessions bounding on Washington

Territory, to December 31, 1868.

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$1,047 00 $1,076 92 $3,642 47 $2,877 99 $946 70 4,447 27 $15 00 $1,506 12 $377 50 2,799 96 65 10 2, 217 98 2 00

1, 159 48 1, 330 71 3, 076 49 162 251, 134 41

1,593 69

468 12 266 29 117 25 2, 119 45 335 00 110 28 182 32

40 45

8 00
1,912 02 498 10 1,983 54 1,328 33 4,628 20 12 00 126 14 655 00
2, 807 25 9 00 931 151, 465 47 50 00 77 88 46 79 1, 195 00 $118 36
3, 747 07 8 00 451 101, 390 00 5 00 187 25 148 27 490 00 200 48
4, 259 43

396 00 4,816 391, 122 56 1,720 23 114 30 3,431 634,087 08 876 88
3,315 19 140 50 1, 631 56 2,754 20 100 50 15 62 551 41 7,951 77 3, 359 33
15, 761 68 322 259,058 161,795 32 39 00

257 80 1, 947 00 2,088 99
9, 768 52 238 984,729 93 592 00 110 12 2,094 70 345 36 1,318 75 1, 227 71
1, 929 31 219 002, 804 06 80 59 882 75 2 50 2,067 12 695 65 453 53
2, 863 83 426 75 11, 180 25 11,524 29 62 92 1, 118 47 784 922, 524 00 1,711 54
21, 709 49 15 00 738 592, 410 78 424 33

47 503, 960 75 119 65
21, 790 70 1, 105 40 1, 251 06 10,878 97 23 50 30 00 64 88 8, 720 75 3, 091 61
3, 498 44 728 50
1,041 23 374 45 168 00 151 87 18 00

1, 109 25
990 95 1,950 65 575 31 1, 844 19 129 69 433 40 76 00

242 50
6,500 57 1, 196 25 988 45 695 33 160 88 216 62 26 00
425 75

41 13 21 00 352 30
28 85 66 83 310 50
45 69 255 76

150 00
48 85 357 30
24 80 211 56

109 88 176 27
96 77

9 50 387 27
38 76 248 85

236 26
64 03 228 60

533 75
40 12 251 76

219 46
27 20 265 32

391 30 38 65 293 64

275 40 * One-half expenses of building the Initial Monument at Point Roberts.

$2,549 66
21,358 59
26, 901 99
15, 189
10, 105 39
18,812 33
20, 147 10
16, 754 6L
28, 182 41
28, 042 07
38,627 02
29, 810 69
13, 076 92
37, 642 03
26, 631 59
62, 345 49
13, 763 28
14, 945 56
17,852 81
8,963 00
6, 366 01
5, 480 70
6, 454 50
5,432 87
4,965 06
8, 940 00
5, 397 54
5, 536 28
5, 717 50
5, 412 80
5,300 50
4,971 39
4,772 96
3, 840 52
3,885 30
3,994 16
3,616 54

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Statement of expenses of running and marking the northwest boundary line, &c.-Continued.

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$3, 603 48

1866, 2d quarter.

3d quarter.

4th quarter
1867, 1st quarter

2d quarter
3d quarter.

4th quarter
1862, 1st quarter

2d quarter
3d quarter.
4th quarter

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3, 201 84

266,061 44 $110, 023 04 $11, 884 95 $48, 521 44 $41, 051 17 15,300 19 14,704 01 $10,953 90 $33, 923 35'$14,599 83 $4, 697 49 $20, 383 57 $2,085 1! 594, 189 49

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Year and guar

checks.

Pay of officers and assistants.

Pay of employés.

Instruments and

stationery.

fuel, rent of office, Quarters,

&c.

Camp and garri.

son equipage.

saddles, blank Horses,

ets, &c.

Miscellaneous

items.

U. S. Coast Survey vessels and parties.

Boats, oars, &c.

Forage.

1857, 20 qr

4th gr... 1858, 3d gr

4th qr 1859, 1st qr....

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30 qr
4th gr

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$700 00

60 00
60 00
666 64
1, 301 14

750 00
3,798 96

115 00
347 84

430 50
1, 196 73

180 00

910 60
20, 866 61

4 00
135 00
90 00
92 03
580 00
2, 867 21

1, 374 91

$22 70

440 60 596 84 18, 855 91

1860, 1st qr....

4th qr.
1861, 3d gr
1862, 4th qr.
1864, 2d qr
1865, 1st qr.

3d qr
1866, 4th qr..
1867, 1st qr..

ter.

3d qr

20 qr

2d qr 3d qr

$16 25

4 CO* 135 00

3,715 70 3,786 96 50 00 Disbursed..

266, 061 44 110, 023 04
Refunded
3,715 70 3, 786 96

50 00
Actual expense 3,715 70 262, 274 48 109, 973 04

90 00
92 00
580 00
$2, 742 21

125 00
3, 202 62 1 00 784 70 2,742 21 647 34 19, 436 51

16 25

248 41
$11, 884 95 48,521 44 11,051 17 15, 300 19 14, 704 01 10,953 90 333, 923 35 $14,599 83 4, 697 49 20.383 57
3, 202 62
1 06 784 70 2, 742 21 647 34 19, 436 51

16 25 248 44
11, 884 95 45, 318 82 41,050 17 14,515 49 11,961 80 10,3C6 56 14, 186 84 14, 599 63 4,681 24 20, 135 13

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* Error in voucher and amount refunded. Refunded by Lieutenant Jno. G. Parke, chief astronomer and surveyor, being amount of pay received from army appropriation.

Voucher disallowed and withdrawn. NOTE.—The premiums received on checks drawn on the assistant treasurer of the United States at New York are deducted from the gross amount of disbursements only, which explains the discrepancy of $3,715 70 in adding up the items of actual expenses. The actual amount of appropriations expended in the work is, as hereinbefore stated, $559,037 26.

Statement of the finances of the Northwest Boundary Commission on the 1st of January, 1969, 1st and 2d appropriations, for $71,000 each..

8142, 000 00 3d appropriation, for fiscal year ending June 30, 1859

71,000 00 4th appropriation, for fiscal year ending June 30, 1860.

150,000 00 5th appropriation, for fiscal year ending June 30, 1861.

150,000.00 6th appropriation, for fiscal year ending June 30, 1866.

13, 250 00 7th appropriation, for fiscal year ending June 30, 1867

13, 11000 8th appropriation, for fiscal year ending June 30, 1868...

28. 070 00 Expended by the Boundary Commission as per statement above.

567, 430 00

8559, 037 26 Requisition of the quartermaster department account of the Boundary Commission. 29 00 Requisition of internal revenue department, part of taxes on salaries, withheld..... 466 89

559,533 15 Balance on hand, deposited with the Treasurer of the l'nited States

5, 931 ce deposited with the assistant treasurer United States, New York. 965 17

6, 896 85

B.--List of persons composing the United States northwest boundary commission, as organized

by act of Congress approred August 11, 1856, with statement of salaries, &c.

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$8 00 8 00

Archibald Campbell. Commissioner.

The President of the Feb. 14, 1857 $3,000 † John J. Parke..... Chief astronomerand surveyor. S. United States and Feb. 14, 1857

3,000
confirmed by the

Senate.
G. Clinton Gardner.. Asst. astronomer and surveyor.. The President of the Feb. 28, 1857 1,800

United States.
Wm. J. Warren.... Secretary to commissioner... The commissioner .. April 9, 1857 *2,000
1 John J. Major Clerk to chief astronomer and Chief astronomer March 6,1857 *1, 200
surveyor.

and surveyor.

4 00

# John G. Parke received from the commissioner the difference between his pay as chief astronomer and surveyor, and as an officer of the army. Resigned December 9, 1864. Subsistence while in the field.

Extract from instructions of the Secretary of State, dated February 25, 1857. “Your annual compensation will be $3,000; that of the chief astronomer the same; and that of the assistant astronomer $1,800, exclusive of necessary personal expenses and actual cost of travel. The former of these, according to usage, may be commuted at the following rates, viz: For the commissioner and chief astronomer, ss per diem each; and for the assistant astronomer, $4 per diem. You may also, at your discretion, allow to chiefs of parties and other assistants employed by you, a commutation of their personal expenses not exceeding $2 per day. All other assistants and employés will be allowed at your discretion, in addition to their pay, their subsistence and actual travelling expenses."

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