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OBITUARY

OF

EMINENT PERSONS DECEASED IN 1871.

January

versies with respect to various points in English grammar.

The Dean's little

book on New Testament synonyms is a DEAN ALFORD.

collection of gems of infinite value to the

Christian student. He died at Canter. THE Very Rev. Henry Alford, D.D., Dean bury on the 12th of January, after a brief of Canterbury, critic, poet, and divine, illness. was born in London, in 1810, the son of respectable parents. His early education

PAUL BEDFORD. he received at Ilminster Grammar School, and its completion at Trinity College, The facts of the career of this old Cambridge, where he gained a scholar. “ Adelphi favourite” are few and of no ship and took his B.A. and M.A. degrees. remarkable interest. Born in Bath about In 1834 he was elected a Fellow of his 1798, he appears to have taken early to college, and in the following year ap- the dramatic profession, and to have pointed Vicar of Wymeswold, Leicester- served his novitiate upon the stage of his sbire. In 1841 he preacbed the Hulsean native town. Thence he proceeded to Lectures at Cambridge, and became Exa- other provincial theatres. It was on miner of Logic and Moral Philosophy in November 2, 1824, that his name first the University of London. In 1853 he figured on a London play-bill. On that was appointed Incumbent of Quebec- night he came out at Drury Lane as Hawstreet Chapel, where he gained high re- thorn in “ Love in a Village,” Mrs. Bed. putation by his eloquent preaching; and ford appearing as Rosetta. Even Genese, in 1857 was recommended by Lord Pal- the most indefatigable of theatrical chromerston for the Deanery of Canterbury. niclers, does not deem either husband or Dean Alford's literary efforts date from wife worthy of more notice than the the time of his University career. In simple remark that they both came from 1831 he published at Cambridge his first Dublin and played the parts in question. volume, “Poems, and Poetical Frag. From the Lane, Paul Bedford passed ments ;” in 1835, “ The School of the shortly afterwards to the Garden, where Heart, and other Poems," in two vo- his good voice did fair, though not brillumes; and, in 1841, “Chapters on the liant, service in the operatic parts, more Poets of Greece.” In 1841 he also pro- especially as Caspar in “ Der Freischutz.” duced the first part of a very important In 1839 he was a member of the Adelphi and highly-esteemed work—his edition of

company, and in the month of October of the Greek Testament, the compilation of that year he achieved the greatest success which occupied him nearly twenty years. of his life by his performance of Blueskin Of late years he contributed articles on in Mr. Buckstone's clever adaptation of religious and literary topics to the Con. Mr. Harrison Ainsworth's famous novel temporary Review, Good Words, and of “Jack Sheppard.” With this one other periodicals, and took part in contro- character, in which the song of "Jolly

He was

Nose” afforded a favourable opportunity COLONEL SIR PROBY THOMAS for the display of his vocal abilities

CAUTLEY, K.C.B. Paul's fame became thoroughly identified, and upon the stage he was Blueskin ever Sir Proby Cautley was distinguished in afterwards. For many a long year he more departments than one. was a prominent member of Mr. Webster's employed in the field in 1820 and 1821 in company, “hunting in couples," to use a reducing numerous forts in Oude. In sporting phrase, first with Mr. Wright, 1825-26 he served at the siege of Bhurtand more recently with Mr. J.L. Toole, pore, and was afterwards employed as a to whose faithful friendship he was civil engineer on the Eastern Jumma largely indebted. On his departure from Canal in the North-Western Provinces of the Adelphi he bad to take refuge in the India. Subsequently he was the projector “ Hall by the Sea” and other kindred and designer of the Ganges Canal Works, places of musical entertainment, where he which were opened in April 1854. On sung his once comical songs with very his return to England he was made a tragic effect. He died in London on the K.C.B., and in 1858 he was selected to fill 11th.

one of the new seats in the Indian Coun.

cil, which he held till 1868, when he re. REV. HENRY CASWALL. tired into private life after a service of 50 This divine, Vicar of Figheldean, Wilts,

years. To geological and palæontological

science he rendered valuable services was a man whose career ran somewhat

during a long residence by the Sewalik out of the beaten track of country clergymen's existence. The son of an English

Hills. Colonel Cautley's contributions to

the proceedings of the Asiatic Society of clergyman, the Rev. R. C. Caswall, he

Bengal and to the Geological Society of was born at Yateley, Hampshire, in 1810;

London, including some which were the and after having received his early educa

joint productions of himself and his inti. tion at a grammar school in Essex, he

mate friend and fellow-labourer, the late took his degrees of B.A. and M.A. at

Hugh Falconer, extend from 1826 over a Kenyon College, Ohio, in the United

period of more than 20 years. The GeoStates. Having been ordained on the

logical Society in 1837 awarded their other side of the Atlantic, he was for

Woollaston gold medal in duplicate to some years engaged as a parochial clergy

these brothers in Sewalik discoveries. man and also as a professor of theology in the land of his adoption and in Canada : and on returning to England in 1842 he SIR WILLIAM DENISON. found that in order to hold a parochial cure or preferment in the land of his Sir W. Denison was brother of the birth, it was necessary to obtain the pass- Speaker of the House of Commons and of ing of a special Act of Parliament in his the late Bishop of Salisbury. He was a favour. Nothing daunted, he set about man of remarkable energy, and in addithe work; obtained a private Act, re. tion to his military scientific learning, moving the disabilities attaching to his having belonged to the Royal Engineers, ordination in the States, and not very he possessed great administrative abililong afterwards was nominated by the'late ties. He had occupied many high apBishop (Denison) to the vicarage of Fig. pointments in the colonies. heldean. Subsequently he was made a pointed lieutenant-governor of Van Dieprebendary of Salisbury, and elected man's Land in June 1846, when he reproctor in Convocation for the diocese. In ceived the distinction of knighthood. He 1854 he received the honorary degree of was subsequently governor-general of New M.A. from the University of Oxford, and South Wales, and was governor of Madras that of D.D. from Trinity College, Hart

from November 1860 to March 1866, and ford, Connecticut, United States. Mr. was temporarily governor-general of India Caswall's name is well known as the from the death of the Earl of Elgin to the author of works on “America and the arrival of Sir John Lawrence in January American Church," the “City of the 1864. He was the third son of the lato Mormons," the “Prophet of the Nine- Mr. John Denison, M.P., of Ossington teenth Century," the “ Jerusalem Cham- Hall, Notts. He was married to a ber,” a “Pilgrimage to Canterbury," daughter of Admiral Sir William Phipps « Scotland and the Scottish Church," Hornby, K.C.B. He entered the army in “ The Western World Revisited,” “The 1826, and became a colonel in the Royal Martyr of the Pongas,” “The American Engineers on September 20, 1860. Sir Cburch and the American Union," and William Denison was created a Knight other publications, all more or less of a Commander of the Bath (of the Civil religious character.

Division) in 1856.

He was ap

SIR HENRY DURAND.

Member of the Governor-General's Coun

cil. It was reserved, however, for the In Major-General Sir Henry Marion sound judgment of the Earl of Mayo to Durand, K.C.S.I., C.B., Lieutenant-Go- do full justice to Sir Henry Durand, and vernor of the Punjaub, who was killed by to appoint him to an office second in ima fall from an elephant as he was enter- portance only to his own—the governing the frontier principality of Tonk, in ment of the Punjaub. Durand's commis. India, on the 1st of January, India lost sions bear date as follow :-Second Lieuone of the ablest of her trained statesmen, tenant, 1828; Lieutenant, 1835; Captain, one of the bravest of her soldiers, and one 1844; Brevet Major, 1849; Brevet Lieuof the most energetic of her administra. tenant-Colonel, 1854; Lieutenant-Colonel, tors. He was born in 1812, and received 1858; Colonel, 1861; Major-General, his education at Addiscombe, where his 1867. He received the decoration of C.B. high attainments procured him a com- 1858, and of K.C.S.I. 1867. Sir Henry mission as second lieutenant in the Bengal married, first, 1843, Mary, daughter of Engineers, the highest military branch in Mr. John M.Caskell; and, secondly, the East India Company's service, in 1859, Emily Augusta, widow of the Rev. June 1828. He became lieutenant April Henry S. Polehampton (the well-known 20, 1835, and accompanied the army un- chaplain at Lucknow during the mutiny). der General Sir John Keane during the He had received the bronze star for Ma. Afghanistan campaign in 1839, and at the harajpore, and medal with two elasps for commencement of the campaign showed a Chillianwallah and Goojerat, and also a military spirit of future eminence. He medal for his services in Central India; was present at Sir John Keane's capture and the Duke of Argyll, in his despatch of. Ghuznee, where the commander-in- to the Governor-General, while expressing chief first encountered Prince Hyder, son his deep regret at the lamentable occurof Dost Mahomed, who, with a garrison rence, adds, “the life of such a man is an of 3500 Afghans, defended the fortress

example to the service.” and citadel, which were of formidable strength, and able to sustain a prolonged

THE DUCHESS DE FRIAS. defence. When before the enemy it was found that the siege train was left at Can.

This lady, born Victoria Balfe, second dahar. To quote General St. Vincent daughter of Michael Balfe, the composer, Eyre's "Retrospect of the Afghan War,” died at Madrid, on January 22, from the &c., recently circulated, —"At this crisis effects of nervous rheumatic fever. The an officer of Bengal Engineers came to the duchess, who made her debut at the Royal rescue with the happy proposal to blow Italian Opera in London, in 1857, and open the only accessible gate with gun

sang with great success in that and the powder. This was successfully accom- two following seasons, was originally plished, in the partial obscurity of early married to Sir John Crampton, from dawn, by a party of sappers, headed by whom she was divorced in 1863. Lieutenant Durand, of the Bengal Engineers, who volunteered for the duty, and

SIR GEORGE HAYTER. who is believed to have originated the idea.” His subsequent services with the Sir George Hayter, K.S.L., died at his army in India had extended over several residence in the Marylebone-road, on of the most brilliant campaigns, and dur- January at the age of seventy-eight. ing the terrible mutiny. He served in He was the son of Mr. Charles Hayter, the Gwalior campaign of 1843-44, and professor of perspective to her Royal was present at the battle of Maharajpore. Highness the Princess Charlotte of He served in the Punjab campaign of Wales. During his early professional 1845-6, including the battles of Chil- studies at the Royal Academy he gained lianwallah and Goojerat, for which he was two medals and other distinctions, and in made brevet major. Soon after he was 1815 was appointed painter of miniatures transferred to the Indian Civil Service, and portraits to the Princess Charlotte of and just before the mutiny broke out was Wales and her husband the Prince Leoappointed political agent at Indore. At pold (the late King of the Belgians). He that crisis, by his active exertions, he diligently studied at Rome for three years, drove back Tantia Topee, and saved South- and then took up his residence in London ern India.

When the rebellion was as historical and portrait painter, in which quelled, Durand returned to England, and branch of art he obtained the highest sat for three years at the council of the rank, having gained the position of prinSecretary of State for India. Returning cipal painter in ordinary and portrait to the East, he became Foreign Secretary painter to the Queen. The late Sir George at Calcutta, and afterwards Military Hayter was made member of the Academy

of St. Luke, in Rome, in 1818; member of building is unfavourable to effect. His the Imperial Academy of Parma, in 1826 ; finest work of a monumental kind-and a member of the Academies of Bologna, very grave, dignified, and impressive work Florence, and Venice, in 1828; Knight of it is—is his colossal standing statue of the Lion and Sun of Persia, in 1829, &c. James Watt, at Birminghain, a work of He was author of several works on art, art in every way worthy of the subject, among others of the appendix to the and deserving to rank with Chantrey's “Hortus Ericæus Woburnensis," on the famous monumental figure. After the classification of colours, with a nomen- James Watt, Mr. Munro's two most imclature. Sir George Hayter was thrice portant public statues are the Queen married.

Mary, now in Westminster Hall, in which

the difficulties of a costume singularly ill DR. MAYO.

adapted to sculpture are boldly and suc.

cessfully encountered, and a graceful The death of Thomas Mayo, M.D., fountain nymph in marble, erected by the F.R.S., formerly president of the College late Marquis of Lansdowne, in Berkeleyof Physicians, and a distinguished writer square. on medical subjects, occurred at Corsham on January 13. He was born in London

LORD FREDERICK PAULET. in 1790, being a son of the late John Mayo, M.D., and after receiving a preliminary MajorGeneral Lord Frederick Paulet, education in Westminster School, pro- C.B., officer of the Legion of Honour, and ceeded to Oxford, where he became a Knight of the Medjidie, Colonel of the Fellow of Oriel College, and took the 32nd Foot, Equerry and Comptroller of degree of M.D. in 1818. In the following the Household of H.R.H. the Duchess of year he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Cambridge, died on the 1st inst. at his College of Physicians of London, and in residence at the Albany. His lordship 1856 he was made president of that insti. had just undergone a surgical operation, tution. Dr. Mayo acted for many years and was considered to be going on most as physician to the Marylebone Infirmary. favourably. Lord Frederick was the His principal works are “ Elements of the youngest of the eight children of Charles Pathology of the Mind," 1838 ; “ Clinical Ingoldsby, thirteenth Marquis of Win. Facts and Reflections,” 1847; “ Outlines chester, by his wife Anne, second daughter of Medical Proof Revised,” 1850; and a of the late Mr. John Andrews, of Shotney treatise “On Medical Testimony and Hall, Northumberland, and was born May Evidence in Cases of Lunacy, with Essays | 12, 1810, consequently was aged sixty on Soundness of Mind," 1854.

years. He entered the army as lieutenant

in the Coldstream Guards in June 1826, ALEXANDER MUNRO.

and served with that distinguished corps,

in the Eastern campaign of 1854, and up The young sculptor Munro, who died at to May 26, 1855, and was with his regi. Cannes on the 1st instant, had long been ment at the battles of Alma, Balaklava, in such bad health, that his recovery was and Inkerman, and during the siege of generally regarded as hopeless by his many Sebastopol. He had recently served on and attached friends. He had no rival in the Staff in North America, having comthe graceful and fanciful treatment of manded the Brigade of Guards sent to that children. His portrait busts of women country in 1861. were distinguished for their refined and delicate sentiment. Above all, be was

JOHN ABEL SMITH. pre-eminently successful in his portraits in high and low relief-perhaps the most John Abel Smith, Esq., M.A., J.P., late difficult style in the range of sculpture. M.P. for Chichester, died on the 7th inst., But though his special power lay in the at Kippington, near Sevenoaks, Kent. range of the delicate and graceful, and The lamented gentleman, distinguished found the most palpable and readiest ex- alike for the benevolence of his nature pression in the portraiture or idealization and the liberality of his political prinof children and women, it would be very ciples, was the head of the great banking unfair to forget Mr. Munro's many con- firm of Smith, Payne, and Co. He was tributions to sculpture of a graver and born in 1801, the eldest son of John manlier kind. His statues of Hippocrates, Smith, Esq., of Blendon Hall, Kent, a Galileo, Davy, and James Watt in the banker in London, and M.P. for Bucks. Oxford Museum are remarkable for pic- He was educated at Christ College, Camturesqueness, concentration, and charac. bridge, where he graduated in 1824. In ter, though the scale of the figures ren. 1830 he entered the House of Commons dered necessary by the conditions of the as member for Midhurst, and sat subsequently for Chichester, from 1831 to 1859, the Conservative party he was created a and again from 1863 to 1868. A staunch baronet of the United Kingdom in July and consistent Liberal, he took an eager 1846. In 1860 he received permission to part in the great Reform legislation of accept and wear the Hanoverian Order, 1832, and was one of the chief advocates which was conferred for distinguished for the admission of Jews into Parlia- services with the German Legion during ment.

the Peninsular war.

SIR WILLIAM VERNER, BART.
The above-named venerable and gallant

February
baronet died on January 20. He was the
younger of the five sons of Mr. James

MR. A. APPLEGATH. Verner, of Church Hill, county Armagh, by Jane, daughter of the Rev. Henry Mr. Augustus Applegath, who died on Clarke, of Anasammery, county Armagh, the 14th of this month, was known as the and was born October 25, 1782. For originator of some important improve. many years his father sat in the Irish

ments in the art of printing. He was Parliament for the county of Armagh. the inventor of the composition-ball and The late baronet married, October 19, composition-roller, and afterwards of the 1819, Harriet, only child of the late steam printing-press. For his invention Colonel Hon. Edward Wingfield, son of of bank-notes that could not be forged he Richard, third Viscount Powerscourt, by received from the Bank authorities the whom he bad surviving issue two sons sum of 18,0001. He also invented a and several daughters. Early in life he machine for printing six colours at once. served with the 7th Hussars in Spain and The patent for the steam-press was in the Portugal. He was with his regiment joint" names of Cowper and Applegath. under General Sir John Moore during the The first book printed by steam was memorable retreat to Corunna, and served “Waterton's Wondercap.” Mr. Appleunder the Duke of Wellington up to the gath subsequently established great silk close of the war, having been present at and print works at Crayford and Dartthe battles of Orthes, the Pyrenees, and ford. Toulouse. He served also with the 7th Light Dragoons, under Lieut.-Colonel Sir

GENERAL ROBERT DOUGLAS, C.B. Edward Kerrison, during the campaign of Waterloo, as senior captain of the regi- General Douglas died at Claygate, near ment, and was severely wounded in the Esher, on February 10, aged ninety-three. head and slightly in the arm at Waterloo, He was the eldest son of General Douglas, the first from à musket-shot, the latter R.A., commandant at Woolwich. The from the sabre of a cuirassier. He ob- deceased entered the Royal Regiment of tained his promotion as major for dis- Artillery, as second lieutenant, November tinguished gallantry on the field of battle. 1, 1796, and became lieutenant September He obtained the rank of lieutenant-colonel 1, 1798. He served at the capture of the in the army in 1826, when he retired from Danish and Swedish West India Islands the service. He was elected member of in 1801, and in the expedition to the the House of Commons for the county of north of Germany of 1805-6. He served Armagh after the passing of the first also in the Peninsular campaign from Reform Bill in 1832, and uninterruptedly February 1812 to March 1814. He was represented the county up to the last rewarded with the gold cross for his ser. general election, when he declined coming vices at Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, forward owing to the infirmities attendant and Nivelle, having commanded a field. upon his advanced years. He was a Con- battery, and the silver war-medal with servative in politics, was deputy grand- one clasp for San Sebastian. master of the Orange association, and had always taken a prominent part in the

MRS. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE. defence of Protestantism in Ireland. Owing to his zealous political feeling he After a brief illness, this accomplished was struck off the commission of the peace lady died at her residence in Shaftesbury by Lord Normanby, for giving at a public Street, Kensington, on Sunday morning, dinner the toast, “ The Battle of the February 26. After the loss of her disDiamond,” but was subsequently restored. tinguished husband she came to Europe, Colonel Verner, during the lord-lieute- and with her family resided for some time nancy of the Duke of Richmond, served in Dresden. There she prepared for the as aide-de-camp to his Excellency. In press her very interesting notes of travel, recognition of his constant adherence to and notices of several of the picture gal.

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