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flag. They then rode away, and were might come after that we had been succeeded by a few Hussars, commanded already plundered. Even then I found it by a young officer, who rode into our difficult to get bis staff officer to put courtyard, and finding my father there, down the right quantity. an old man and a clergyman, at once put That morning and sereral afterwards a pistol to his breast, and ordered him to many little sundries were missed from the have all our horses brought up instantly rooms which the officers, fourteen in that he migbt choose the best; fortunately, number, had occupied during the night. however, he rejected them all as not being Colonel Vo Rosenberg and another, good enough, and contented himself with either an officer or an orderly, had slept ordering us to bring him three bottles of in a room usually occupied by an English our best wine, with which he finally with- friend staying with us, Mr. David Cannon. drew :-all this though we earnestly called In the morning Mr. Cannon missed the his attention to our flag and nationality. following articles: a drinking flask, a pair
In the evening Colonel Von Rosenberg of plated spurs (convenient on the march, returned with his troops, and his first as they require little cleaning), one, if not proceeding, after turning us nearly all, two, fannel shirts, and a piece of soap. ladies included, out of our rooms, which My brother's worked slippers and handhe and his officers at once occupied, was kerchief were also stolen, as were some to order me, after I should have their down quilts and pillow slips, &c. Let me dinner ready, to have soup prepared for say, en passant, that it is amusing to see twenty men also. As I was unable to English papers, in speculating on the have this done, the provisions I had in chances of the war, lay stress on the fact the castle not being enough, Colonel Von that the Germans came into France inRosenberg threatened to put my father sufficiently clad—a small consideration and me under arrest, but as I defied him with troops who, like Falstaff's, find linen to do so, he did not proceed beyond threats. enough (and woollen too) on every hedge, During the officers' dinner, though I had or rather in every body's drawers. At them served with ordinary and good Bor. Salbris, Nonan, Sheillay, and the other deaux wine, they called me in and de- stations on the Ligne du Centre, in this manded six bottles of champagne. As neighbourhood, they have ransacked all there were only women servants in the the houses, and taken every thing they house, of course frightened and excited wish for their comfort and luxury. In by this invasion, my brother and I were our stables, the soldiers had turned out our obliged to go and fetch them this our. horses, broken down the stalls, stolen five selves—similarly with tea, and afterwards or six bridles, halters, whips, spurs, horsewith blankets, feather beds, fires in each rug and roller, &c. room, &c., for these gentlemen were con- Next day, the 9th instant, came twelve tented with nothing short of luxury in cuirassiers of, I think, the 9th Regiment, their newly-appropriated quarters, and commanded by Lieutenant Von Spalding. seemed to take a pleasure in giving us The soldiers rode into our courtyard, and the utmost trouble they could. Finally, demanded oats and cognac, while the they ordered breakfast for early morning officer went and sat in the auberge of the and went to bed.
village. In vain I showed the receipt for In the meantime their men bad broken all the oats I had had taken from me open the doors of our granaries, and had the day before. The soldier or non-comtaken all the oats stored for our horses for missioned officer in command (named the winter, and a great portion of our Fluch, as the officers afterwards told us) hay, stabling some of their horses in the proceeded to menaces to make me produce hay-shed, so as to waste as much as they oats that I had not. Finding menaces took. On my remonstrating with the useless, he struck me two violent blows on Colonel, he had said this was quite right, the side of the head with the flat of his and that the fault was mine in not having drawn sword; finding that useless, he opened the doors, which, by the way, I made a lunge to run me through the would have done if I could have been in body, which I avoided, and escaped several places at once on their arrival, for through the stables, fortunately open, while from the first I offered no opposition to the cuirassier turned his fury upon my their demands as long as I could satisfy father and Mr. Cannon, who were present. them. Next morning they rode away, Meantime I went down to the village after making us serve them at breakfast to complain to the officer in command, who as before, though their orderlies were in certainly did reprimand the soldier, but the house ; and I had to run after the who did not refrain from robbing one of Colonel to get a receipt for the hay and our farms of poultry half an hour afteroats they had taken, simply as a precau- wards, with the same man, though he had tion, to be able to show to those that given me his word of honour, before wit. nesses, that the soldier should be punished.
(Inclosure 2 in No. 2.) I have omitted to state that the same
(Translation.) man had previously struck my brother, ordering him to bring wine, and calling
The Undersigned, L. E. J. Deschamps, him a swine. My brother had returned
Mayor of La Ferté Imbault, Canton of the compliment, but not brought him the Salbris (Loire et Cher), France, certifies wine.
and attests that Mr. Robert William One Prussian officer had been heard to Kirby, son, born in this Commune, is an remark of us in the village, “ They think
English citizen, and has never been nathat their filthy rag of an English colour”
turalized a Frenchman, any more than (which he called by an obscene name)
his father, or any member of his family. " will protect them, but they will find
I further declare, on the honour of my themselves very much mistaken;" and all soul and conscience, that I have known the rest of them seem to have acted with Mr. Kirby well enough, and for a long the same feeling, except, let me state it to
time, to know that he is incapable of his honour, one staff officer, the Baron von attesting a false fact, and that he has Treskow, who also did good service in
always been in this Commune a model to protecting the property in the village. all the inhabitants of delicacy, sentiments On Saturday, the 10th, two parties of
of honour, humanity, and probity. Uhlans arrived and searched for oats in
In faith of which I have deliverered our granaries, though assured by us that these presents, which I certify to be exact there were none left; and again our
before God and man. horses were inspected, but not considered
The Mayor, good enough to rob us of. The Uhlans
(Signed) LOUIS DESCHAMPS. generally, throughout, spoke to us lance and pistol in hand.
No. 3. About the 13th they retreated from EARL GRANVILLE TO LORD LYONS. this neighbourhood, and we have seen no more of them here, though they have Foreign Office, January 11, 1871. been pillaging as far as Salleris, and there
My Lord,-I have received your Exis continual danger of their return. cellency's despatch of the 6th instant,
I trust your lordship will excuse the length of this statement. I have con
enclosing a letter from Mr. Kirby, an
English gentleman established with his sidered that the minutest details had a
fainily at La Ferté Imbault, complaining certain importance, as regarding British of the conduct of the German troops in persons and property. M. le Préfet de
making requisitions on his property; and Loire-et-Cher has kindly undertaken to I have to instruct you to acquaint that forward you our complaint, which I would
gentleman that, much as Her Majesty's have despatched sooner had I known that
Government regret the inconvenience and communication was possible.
loss to which he and his family were Though we are any thing but rich, we exposed, it is out of their power to interthink less of the pecuniary loss we have fere to obtain any redress for him, inassustained than of the insults offered to
much as foreigners residing in a country ourselves and our nationality; at the same which is the seat of war are equally liable time, I may as well state that from the
with the natives of this country to have above occurrences we do not lose less than
requisitions levied on their property by 4000 francs, the deterioration of our stock
the belligerents. from the loss of our hay and oats in a
I am, &c. year of such scarcity being considered.
(Signed) GRANVILLE. We leave the whole question of reparation, without reserve, in your lordship’s hands,
No. 4. feeling confident that you will exact whatever is possible and adequate.
MR. CONSUL BERNAL TO EARL GRANI beg that your lordship will, if you should think fit, do me the honour to have this published in the principal Eng.
(Received January 24.) lish journals.
My Lord, I have the honour to enclose (Signed) ROBERT WILLIAM KIRBY. herewith copy of a statement made by
Mr. Lawrence Smith, master of the EngVu par nous, Maire de la Ferté Imbault, lish barque “Theresa,” respecting the Canton de Salbris, pour légalisation de la alleged wilful destruction by the German signature de Mr. Robert William Kirby troops of a house and furniture belonging apposéé ci-dessus.
to him at St. Ouen, about fourteen miles La Ferté Imbault, le 29 Décembre, 1870. below Rouen.
(Signé) Louis DESCHAMPS. Mr. Smith was absent from home at the
time the occurrences are alleged to have statement made by Lawrence Smith, a taken place.
British subject, respecting the alleged I have, &c.
wilful destruction of a house and furni(Signed) FREDERIC BERNAL. ture belonging to him by the German
troops at St. Ouen, about fourteen miles (Inclosure in No. 4.)
from Rouen; and, in reply, to convey to
you his lordship’s wishes that you should, Protest of Mr. Lawrence Smith, Master
if possible, personally inquire into the of the English Barque “ Theresa," truth of the alleged facts, and report to against the wanton destruction by fire him the result of your investigations. of his house and property at St. Ouen, a
I am, &c. town about fourteen miles from Rouen,
(Signed) ENFIELD. on the Honfleur side of the Seine. On December 15, 1870, about 500
No. 6. Prussian soldiers arrived at St. Ouen, a
CONSUL BERNAL TO EARL GRANVILLE. village about a mile from La Bouville. Though the English flag was flying, thirty
(Received Feb. 6.) one soldiers were quartered on me for the
Havre, Feb. 3, 1871. night, whom I had to feed at my own
My Lord,-I have the honour to acexpense. On December 17 sixty Prussian
knowledge the receipt of Lord Enfield's soldiers came to my house and robbed me
despatch of the 31st ultimo, conveying to of all my provisions, corn, straw, and farm
me your lordship’s wishes that I should, if stock. They left on the 18th. The same
possible, personally inquire into the truth evening a party of four were quartered on
of the facts alleged by Captain Smith reus for the night. On December 31 sixty
specting the destruction of his property at Prussian soldiers were again quartered at
St. Ouen by the German forces. There my house until the following day. On
would be no means of my personally inJanuary 4, 1871, about seven o'clock in
quiring into the truth of his statement the morning, about sixty Prussian soldiers
without visiting the locality, but I had a surrounded my house. My family had
conversation with him on the subject, and previously retired to the cellars.
the impression left on my mind was that minutes afterwards the Prussians fired a
he was telling a true story. He gave the volley of musketry into the cellar, and my
same account of the circumstances to Mr. family only escaped death by being in a
Vice-Consul Wagner at Honfleur, and to smaller cellar at right angles to the en- Commander Crozier, of Her Majesty's ship trance. Mrs. Smith, as soon as the firing
“ Helicon,” who likewise, I believe, saw ceased, rushed out with a child in her
Mrs. Smith and her children. Captain arms, and the remaining portion of the
Smith sailed with his vessel, the “Theresa," family followed. The troops then broke
for the Tyne two days ago.
His address all the windows, destroyed the furniture, is, « Care of Messrs. Bell and Dunn, of and, making a pile of the débris, they set
Queen-street, Newcastle-on-Tyne." fire to it and the house. They refused to
I have, &c. allow linen or any thing to be taken away, (Signed) FREDERIO BERNAL. even burning all our wearing apparel. They took away all the things they could
No. 7. carry. The English flag, which was hoisted, was first ordered to be taken down. MESSRS. BELL AND DUNN TO EARL Every thing in the cellar was also burnt;
GRANVILLE. two of my children were frost-bitten badly
(Received Feb. 9.) through the family having been driven
8, Queen-street, Newcastle-on-Tyne, away half-dressed, with bare feet, into the
Feb. 8, 1871. nearest wood, where they had, without sufficient clothing, to remain three hours
Honoured Sir,—We respectfully beg to in the snow.
I estimate my loss at 20001. ask your lordship, on behalf of Captain sterling.
L. Smith of the English ship “ Theresa," (Signed) LAWRENCE SMITI.
who had his house burned and furniture destroyed in France on the 4th January
last, and his wife and family most cruelly No. 5.
ill-treated, without the slightest provocaVISCOUNT ENFIELD TO CONSUL BERNAL. tion, by the Prussian soldiers (the parti
culars of which outrage would be forwarded Foreign Office, Jan. 31, 1871.
to your lordship by Her Majesty's Consul Sir,-1 am directed by Earl Granville at Havre), if your lordship has received to acknowledge the receipt of your de. any reply from the Prussian Government spatch of the 23rd instant, enclosing a on this matter, and if they have agreed
to pay him the compensation which he petitioners, knowing Great Britain was a claims.
neutral Power, considered their property Captain Smith arrived in the Tyne with safe and themselves exempt from requisihis ship on Saturday last, with his family tions and billeting; that since the 15th on board, and as lie will require to leave September, 1870, we have had heavier again shortly, he will at once have to requisitions, a greater number in propormake arrangements to leave his family tion of your Majesty's soldiers billeted here, and as they have lost every thing upon us, and more grievous impositions they possessed, even to their very clothes, than the French have been subjected to; the Prussians refusing to allow them to that unless your Most Gracious Majesty, take sufficient to cover the children, driving by a timely exercise of your royal clethem into the woods almost naked, of mency, interpose on our behalf, complete which fact your lordship will have been
inevitable. already informed. He is very anxious to And your petitioners, as in duty bound, know if any reply has yet been received,
will ever pray: and for your lordship's information begs (Signed) Thomas CARTER. to state that Captain Smith, having had to
JOHN PALMER. go through the country from Havre to
JOSEPH SPINK. near La Douille to get to his family, he
WILLIAM BALCHIN. did not, although making inquiries, hear
J. BARTHOLOMEW. of a single similar case to his own, where
JOSEPI ASHMAN. they had acted with such wanton cruelty,
JOSEPH JACOBS. and in the face of such facts is compelled
ED. FLATMAN. to think that it was owing to the fact that
THOMAS HUDSON. they were English subjects that they were
JOHN BAYNES. treated thus barbarously.
WILLIAM PLANNER. We have received from all classes, and
S. THOMAS. from all parts, expressions of the greatest
M. EYRE. sympatby, all trusting the Prussians will
JOHN CUNNINGTON. at least be made to pay Captain Smith for
John BALDRICK, the loss of property received, if no com
HENRY KENDALL WOOD. pensation for the injury done to his family;
T. PAGE. and soliciting the favour of your lord
W. BOOTH. ship’s early reply, we are, &c.
MR. WEST TO EARL GRANVILLE. No. 8.
(Received Feb. 26.) MR. ODO RUSSELL TO EARL GRANVILLE.
Paris, Feb. 24, 1871. (Received Feb. 13.)
My Lord,,Repeated applications are Versailles, Feb. 9, 1871.
now being made to Her Majesty's EmMy Lord,—The enclosed petition from bassy on the part of British subjects, the English residents at Chantilly has
whose property has been destroyed during been forwarded to me by Mr. Robert the war, for indemnity for their losses. Coningsby, the able correspondent of the
They wish to be informed of the decision Echo, for presentation to the Emperor of
of Her Majesty's Government respecting Germany; but as I am not in a position
their supposed claims, and are most imto do so without your lordship's sanction,
portunate in the matter. I send it home for your lordship’s perusal
Under these circumstances, I venture to and decision.
apply to your lordship for instructions as I have, &c.
to the answer which I am to return to (Sigued) ODO RUSSELL.
I have, &c.,
(Signed) L. S. SACKVILLE WEST. (Inclosure in No. 8.) Petition.
No. 10. To His Imperial and Royal Majesty EARL GRANVILLE TO MR. WEST.
William I., Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia, at Versailles.
Foreign Office, March 1, 1871. The humble Petition of the Undersigned
Sir,- I have consulted the law officers British Subjects resident at Chantilly
of the Crown upon the point submitted to (Oise).
me in your despatch of the 24th Feb. Most respectfully showeth,- That your
ruary, as to the claims of British subjects
I am, &c.
to be indemnified for the loss of property and family there, by which proceeding he during the war; and I have now to has so incorporated himself into the terriacquaint you that I am advised by them tory of France as to render it unavoidable that Her Majesty's subjects resident in that his family and property should be France, whose property has been destroyed exposed, like those of native citizens of during the war, cannot expect to be com- France resident in the same district, to pensated, on the ground of their being the evils incident to a state of war. But, British subjects, for losses which the as the case is at present represented, the necessities of war have brought upon destruction of the property in question them in common with French subjects. would appear to have been an act of I am, &c.
wanton violence on the part of the Prus(Signed) GRANVILLE. sian troops resulting from lax discipline,
and not provoked by any misconduct on No. 11.
the part of the occupants of the house or
farm. If this assumption be correct, the EARL GRANVILLE TO MR. ODO RUSSELL.
case would be distinguishable from those Foreign Office, March 2, 1871. in which the distinction of property is an Sir,- I return to you herewith the
inevitable incident of war; and I am letter from Mr. Coningsby, and the peti
therefore of opinion that you may bring tion from the English residents at Chan
the facts to the notice of the German tilly, which you enclosed in your despatch
Goverment, and express the hope that of the 9th ultimo,
they will think fit to direct an inquiry to Her Majesty's Government are of
be made by the military authorities, and
if the statement of Mr. Lawrence Smith opinion that you might request Count Bismarck to submit the petition to the
should prove to be truthful, that they gracious consideration of his Imperial
will, as an act of justice, award compen. Majesty the Emperor of Germany; but,
sation for injuries wantonly inflicted on in doing so, you should state that Her
him and upon his family. Majesty's Government make no claim for
(Signed) GRANVILLE. the petitioners to be exempted as British subjects from the evils incident to a state of war to which all other persons resident
No. 13. in France are exposed, but that they trust LORD LYONS TO EARL GRANVILLE. that, as an act of justice, it will not be
(Received March 17.) permitted that heavier burdens should be imposed on the subjects of a neutral
Paris, March 15, 1871. Power than are, in fact, imposed on the My Lord,—I have the honour to enenemies of Germany.
close herewith copy of a letter which I I am, &c,
have received from Mrs. Ashburnham, (Signed) GRANVILLE.
complaining of the destruction and pil. lage of her
property at Versailles by the No. 12.
I have informed Mrs. Ashburnham that EARL GRANVILLE TO LORD A. LOFTUS.
the question whether the proprietor of Foreign Office, March 4, 1871. her lodging can enforce the payment of My Lord,- I enclose to you herewith
the last six months' rent appears to be copies of correspondence on the subject
one which must be decided by the French of the destruction, by Prussian troops, of
law. a house and property at St. Ouen, near
I have, &c. Rouen, belonging to a British subject
(Signed) Lyons. named Lawrence Smith, under circumstances which would seem to call for in
(Inclosure in No. 16.) vestigation on the part of the Prussian
MRS. ASHBURNHAM TO LORD Lyons. military authorities. Her Majesty's Government do not con
1, Rue Comte de l’Eguerre, Bruges, sider that, in strict right, they would be
Belgique. entitled to claim compensation from the Prussian Government for the destruction
March 10, 1871. of Mr. Smith's property, as it would seem My Lord, - With many apologies for that, though an Englishman, he has be- intruding upon your valuable time, percome the proprietor of a house and farm mit me to lay before you my very anxious at St. Ouen, and has established his wife position. Having suffered very seriously
from the recent occupation of Versailles I Nos. 4, 5, 6, and 7.
by the Prussians, I am informed that for