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and other impediments which obstruct to be inapplicable to that part of the them, in order to put that part of the river for a lapse of time necessary for the river and the said parts of the sea in the repayment of the debt in question. best state for navigation, is maintained in The following Article, having for its its present composition. The duration of object to protect effectually the works that Commission is fixed for a further and establishments, as well as the

staff, of period of twelve years, counting from the European Commission of the Danube, April 24, 1871, that is to say, till April 24, is then proposed by the Plenipotentiary of 1883, being the term of the redemption of Austria-Hungary and adopted by the the loan contracted by that Commission, Conference:under the guarantee of Germany, AustriaHungary, France, Great Britain, Italy,

ARTICLE VII. and Turkey.

All the works and establishments of After Article VI. of the Draft of Treaty, now become Article V. in consequence of

every kind created by the European Com.

mission in execution of the Treaty of the alterations made in the other Articles, has been read, the Plenipotentiary of

Paris of 1856, or of the present Treaty, Turkey announces that he has come to

shall continue to enjoy the same neutrality

which has hitherto protected them, and an understanding with the other Representatives of the co-Riverain Powers on

which shall be equally respected for the

future, under all circumstances, by the the subject of an amendment to be proposed to it.

High Contracting Parties. The benefits The amendment in question having

of the immunities which result therefrom

shall extend to the whole administrative been agreed to by the Conference, Article V. is thus worded :

and engineering staff of the Commission. It is, however, well understood that the

provisions of this Article shall in no way ARTICLE Y.

affect the right of the Sublime Porte to The conditions of the re-assembling

send, as heretofore, its vessels of war into of the Riverain Commission, established

the Danube in its character of territorial

Power. by. Article XVII. of the Treaty of Paris of March 30, 1856, shall be fixed by a pre

Article VIII. of the Draft is adopted

verbatim as Article VIII. of the Treaty. vious understanding between the Riverain Powers, without prejudice to the clause In consequence of the arrival of the relative to the three Danubian Princi.

Plenipotentiary of France, Articles IX. palities; and in so far as any modification

and X. of the Draft of Treaty are supof Article XVII. of the said Treaty may

pressed and replaced by the following be involved, this latter shall form the

formal Article : subject of a special Convention between

ARTICLE IX. the co-signatory Powers. Referring next to Article VII. of the

The present Treaty shall be ratified, Draft of Treaty, now become Article VI., and the ratifications shall be exchanged Musurus Pasha announces that he has

in the space of six weeks, or sooner if also come to an understanding with his possible. co-Riverain colleagues as to a new form to be given to that Article. The wording The Articles of the Treaty having thus which he proposes, and which is adopted been decided on, the Plenipotentiaries of by the Conference, is as follows :

Russia and Turkey announce that they full assent to the proposal of their two Pasha, speaking in the name of the colleagues.

have received authority from their respecARTICLE VI.

tive Courts to conclude a Convention to

abrogate the stipulations of that signed The Powers possessing the shores of at Paris on the jeth March, 1856, relative that part of the Danube wbere the to the number and force of the vessels of Cataracts and the Iron Gates offer im- war of the Riverain Powers in the Black pediments to navigation reserving to Sea. They propose to communicate this themselves to come to an understanding Convention to the Conference, and to with the view of removing those impedi. exchange the ratifications of it on the ments, the High Contracting Parties same day as those of the Treaty, so that recognize from the present moment their mention may be made thereof in the same right to levy a provisional tax on vessels Certificate of Exchange. of commerce of every flag which may The other Plenipotentiaries, being of henceforth benefit thereby, until the ex- opinion that a Convention concluded and tinction of the debt contracted for the ratified in the manner mentioned will execution of the works; and they declare have the same force and validity as if it Article XV. of the Treaty of Paris of 1856 were annexed to the Treaty, give their M. JULES FAVRE, French Minister of the idea of a Conference, at which the Foreign Affairs, addressed the follow- question could be discussed, was adopted ing circular to the French Diplomatic without difficulty. The place of France Agents abroad :

Members of the Conference, proposes to A copy of the Treaty (that of Great express to Earl Granville the thanks and Britain) having been prepared during the feelings of gratitude of all the Plenipotensitting, is brought in; and after having tiaries for the enlightened and courteous been read and found in due form, is signed manner in which, in his capacity as by the Plenipotentiaries, who at the same President, he has directed the labours of time affix to it the seals of their arms. the Conference, and for the spirit of con

It is agreed that the Conference shall ciliation of which he has secured the meet to-morrow at half-past 3 o'clock for prevalence during the whole course of its the signature of the other copies of the deliberations. Treaty.

All the Plenipotentiaries readily and (Signed) BERNSTORFF. unanimously accept this proposal, and APPONYI.

decide that it shall be recorded in the BROGLIE.

Protocol of the sitting.
GRANVILLE.

Earl Granville expresses his deep grati.
CADORNA. tude to the Plenipotentiaries for the
BRUNNOW. friendly expressions which have been
MUSURUS. addressed to him in their name by the

Ottoman Ambassador. On his part he is

anxious to state how much he appreciates PROTOCOL No. 6.

the conciliatory spirit by which all his Sitting of March 14, 1871,

colleagues in the Conference have been

animated since the commencement of The Protocol of the fifth sitting is read their sittings, and how sensible he is of and approved. The various copies of the the consideration and indulgence which Treaty having been compared with that has always been shown to him. which was signed at tbe preceding sitting, The present Protocol is read and and having been found in due form, the approved. Plenipotentiaries proceeded to affix their

(Signed) BERNSTORFF. signatures and the seals of their arms to

APPONYI, them.

BROGLIE. The Conference decides that the ex.

GRANVILLE. change of the ratifications of the Treaty

CADORNA. shall take place in six copies.

BRUNNOW. At the end of the Conference, Musurus

MUSURUS.

IX.

FRANCE AND THE CONFERENCE.

in that Conference was marked out. But

could she think of occupying it at a mo"Paris, January 12, 1871.

ment when she was entirely absorbed by “Sir,—The Government has hitherto the defence of her territory ? Such was felt it right to maintain a strict reserve the grave question which the Govern. in respect of the negotiations which have ment has had to consider under the cir. been set on foot for a revision of the cumstances which I am about briefly to Treaties of 1856. That such revision, recount. It was by a despatch, dated should it be necessary, belongs exclusively Tours, 11th of November, received in to the Powers which were signatories of Paris on the 17th, that the Minister for those Treaties is a truth so evident that it Foreign Affairs was informed by M. de is needless to dwell upon it. There can Chaudordy, of Prince Gortschakoff's Cir. be no doubt upon the point. Thus, when cular. This intelligence was communione of those Powers demanded a modifi. cated to him by a telegram from our cation of the Conventions which were Minister at Vienna in the following equally binding npon all the signatories, terms :- The Russian Minister yester

serve.

day made a communication from which it of Foreign Affairs, following as well as appears that his Government considers the imperfection and the delays in com. itself as no longer bound by the stipula. munication allowed him to do the negotions of the Treaties of 1856. On the tiations entered upon at Tours, and con. same day, November 17th, the Minister tinued afterwards at Bordeaux, bad inti. of Foreign Affairs replied to M. de Chau- mated to M. de Chaudordy that the dordy, recommending the strictest re- Government had decided that if regu.

We had up to that time received larly invited France would send a repreno official communication, and we were sentative to the Conference at London, bound to confine ourselves to a policy of but with the condition that England, observation, at the same time without which had sent it a verbal invitation, omitting to maintain on all occasions our would undertake to obtain the necessary formal right to take part in a resolution safe conduct for its representative if he which, without our participation, would were selected in Paris. This arrangebe absolutely devoid of value. Europe ment was accepted by the English Cabicould not entertain any other view, and net. M. de Chaudordy informed the in the conversations and notes which have Minister of Foreign Affairs of it in a debeen interchanged between the various spatch, dated Bordeaux, December 26th, Powers and ourselves it has always been 1870, received on the 8th of January. understood that France was a necessary He informed him at the same time that party to the deliberation, and that she the Delegation of the Government had would be invited to join in it. I should hold selected him as the fitting representative myself guilty of an unpardonable indis- of France at the Conference. This comcretion if I were now to reveal the details munication was confirmed by the follow. of these pourparlers. Our effort has been ing letter written by Lord Granville on to take advantage of the friendly disposi. the 29th of December, and transmitted to tions which have been manifested towards us on the 10th of the present month us, and to bring the representatives of through the medium of the United States' the Powers to acknowledge that, without Minister :deserting or in any way detracting from the extreme importance which the discus- « LORD GRANVILLE TO HIS EXCELsion of the Treaties of 1856 would have

LENCY THE MINISTER FOR FOREIGN for us, yet we were bound upon entering AFFAIRS AT PARIS. the Conference to introduce yet another discussion of a most important character

« London, December 29, 1870. which should not be met by a plea of in- «• Monsieur le Ministre,-M. de Chancompetency. However, it must be ad- dordy has informed Lord Lyons that your mitted that while fully sharing this view Excellency was proposed to represent the Delegation at Tours has always been France at the Conference which it has of opinion that we should accept the invi. been agreed to hold in London, concerntation of Europe if it should be addressed ing the Neutralization of the Black Sea, to us. Summing up this opinion, M. de and he has at the same time requested me Chaudordy wrote on his despatch of the to obtain a safe conduct which will enable 10th of December, “The Delegation is your Excellency to pass through the Prusof opinion, after having examined with sian lines. I immediately requested Count me all the despatches, that we should Bernstorff to apply for the safe conduct, join the Conference, even without a pre- and to transmit it to your Excellency by vious promise or a subsequent armistice.' a German officer despatched with a flag The opinion of the members of the Dele. of truce. M. de Bernstorff yesterday ingation has never changed. M. Gambetta formed me that a safe conduct would be strongly expresses it in his last despatch placed at your Excellency's disposition from the 31st of December, 1870, to the whenever it should be applied for by an 3rd of January, 1871. Addressing the officer sent from Paris to the German Minister of Foreign Affairs he writes, head-quarters, seeing that satisfaction • You must be on the point of quitting had not been given for the officer bearing Paris to repair to the Conference at Lon- a flag of truce upon whom the French had don, if as I am assured England has suc- fired. I have been informed by M. Tissot ceeded in obtaining a safe conduct for that much time would elapse before this you. I can imagine the pangs which you information could be transmitted to you will experience in leaving Paris and our by the Delegation at Bordeaux, and I colleagues. I can hear the expression of have consequently suggested to Count your grief and your early refusals, and Bernstorff another means by which it yet I must tell you in the interest of our could reach you, by taking advantage of cause it must be so. Before M. Gam- the opportunity offered by the chargé betta had written these lines the Minister d'affaires of the United States to acquaint you with what has passed. It had been is directing upon our city. For a week agreed that the Conference shall assemble past, suddenly, without warning to the this week, but in order to afford time for inoffensive inhabitants and neutrals, the the arrival of the French Plenipotentiary, Commander-in-Chief of the Prussian the day of meeting has been fixed for the Army showers his murderous projectiles 3rd of January. I trust that your Excel. upon our buildings. It seems that he lency will authorize M. Tissot to represent selects in preference our hospitals, our you at the first meeting, at which I will schools, our churches, our benevolent inplace upon the order of the day only stitutions. Women are killed in their questions of form, and, if your Excellency beds, children in the arms of their parents is in a position to inform me of your or under the eyes of their teachers. Yesarrival, I would propose to adjourn the terday we accompanied to their last restConference for a week to obtain the valu. ing places five little coffins of young pupils able advantage of your experience. I crushed under the weight of a shell trust that your Excellency will permit me weighing 200lbs. The church, where their to take the opportunity of expressing my remains were blessed by the priest and gratification at entering upon personal watered by the tears of their parents, tesrelations with yourself, and the pleasure tified by its walls, shattered even at I shall have in seeing you in London. night, to the fury of the assailants. I “I have the honour, &c., know not how long these inhuman mea“GRANVILLE.' sures will continue. Useless for the at.

tack, they are only an act of depredation • Being called upon by the despatch, the and murder destined to excite terror. Government could not, without abdicat- Our brave population of Paris feels its ing the rights of France, reject the invi. courage increase with the danger. Firm, tation which it received in her name. irritated, resolute, it is indignant and does Undoubtedly it might be objected that, not bend. It means more than ever to for France, the moment is not favourable fight and conquer, and we mean it also. for a discussion respecting the neutrality I cannot think of separating myself from of the Black Sea. But it is precisely because it at this crisis. Perhaps our protests at this supreme moment France is fighting addressed to Europe, the protest of the for her honour and her existence that the Ambassadors present in Paris, will soon official proposition made to the French put an end to it. Till then England will Republic by the European Cabinets ac- understand that my place is in the midst quires an exceptional importance. It is of my fellow-citizens. This is what I exa tardy commencement of justice, an plained to the Foreign Minister of Great engagement which cannot be retracted. Britain in the reply which is subjoined, It consecrates with the authority of pub- and which fitly closes this statement:lic law the change of reign, and brings upon the scene where the destinies of the

« Paris, Jan. 10. world are being contested the free nation, free despite her wounds, in place of the M. le Comte,- I received only tochief who led her to her danger or of the day, the 10th of January, at nine p.m., pretenders who sought to dispose of her. through the Minister of the United Besides, who does not feel that, admitted States, the letter which your Excellency to face the representatives of Europe, has done me the honour of writing to me, France has an incontestable right to lift dated the 20th of December, 1870, up her voice? Who can arrest her when, whereby I am informed that you have relying upon the eternal rules of justice, requested Count Bernstorff to place at she will defend the principles which guar- my disposal the safe conduct necessary antee her independence and her dignity ? for my passing through the Prussian She will abandon none which we have lines and attending, as representative of maintained. Our programme is un- France, the Conference which is to be changed, and Europe, who invites those opened at London. I thank your Excelwho framed it, knows well that they are lency for this communication, and for the bound and are prepared to maintain it. kindness shown me in facilitating the There was no room, therefore, for hesita. Accomplishment of the duty imposed on tion, and the Government would have It is, however, difficult for me to committed a grave fault in rejecting the depart immediately from Paris, which for overture which was made to it. But eight days has been given up to the horwhile recognizing that fact, it thought, rors of a bombardment carried on against with myself, that the Minister for Foreign its inoffensive population, without the Affairs could not, without some reason of warning which is usual according to the paramount importance, quit Paris in the law of nations. I do not feel it right to midst of a bombardment which the enemy abandon my fellow-citizens at the moment

me.

when they are victims of this violence. facts of the same kind, much more nu. Moreover, the communications between merous, imputable to Prussian sentinels, Paris and London are by the act of the on which facts, however, he had never Commander-in-Chief of the besieging thought of relying for the purpose of inarmy so slow and uncertain that I cannot, terrupting the exchange of ordinary relanotwithstanding my good wishes, reply tions. Count Bismarck seems to have to your appeal in the terms of your de- admitted, at least partially, the justice of spatch. You kindly informed me that the these observations, for this very day be Conference would meet on the 3rd of charged the United States' Ambassador January, and would then probably ad- to inform me that, reserving respective journ for a week. Apprised of this on inquiries, he re-establishes relations by the evening of the 10th, I could not parlementaires. There is no necessity, profit by your invitation in proper time. then, for a French officer to repair to the Moreover, Count Bismarck, while allowing Prussian Head-Quarters, and I am about the letter to reach me, has not accom- to enter into communication with the panied it with a safe conduct, which is, United States' Ambassador in order to however, indispensable. He requests that procure the safe conduct which you have a French_officer should repair to the kindly obtained. As soon as I have this Prussian Head-Quarters to seek the safe document in my hands and the situation conduct, availing himself of complaints of Paris permits, I shall proceed to Lon. which he addressed to the Governor of don, sure beforehand of not invoking in Paris on the occasion of an incident com- vain in the name of my Government the plained of by a parlementaire on the 23rd principles of right and morality which of December, and Count Bismarck adds Europe has so great an interest in causthat, until satisfaction has been given ing to be respected. him, the Prussian Commander-in-Chief

"Accept, &c., forbids any communication by parlemen

« JULES FAVRE.' taires. I do not inquire whether such a resolution, contrary to the laws of “ I beg you, Sir, to bring this despatch war, would not be the absolute negation to the knowledge of the Government to of superior rights which necessity and which you are accredited. It is fit that humanity have always maintained for Europe should be enlightened on our inthe benefit of belligerents. I content tentions and our acts ; it is to its equity myself with remarking to your Excel- that we submit them. lency that the Governor of Paris promptly

“Accept, &c., ordered an inquiry into the fact cited "The Minister of Foreign Affairs, by Count Bismarck, and in announcing

“JULES FAVRE." this to him brought to his knowledge

X.

THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON.

(Signed at Washington, the 8th May, 1871.) H&R Britannic Majesty and the United a Member of Parliament, a Companion of States of America, being desirous to pro- the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, vide for an amicable settlement of all causes &c. ; Sir Edward Thornton, Knight Com. of difference between the two countries, mander of the Most Honourable Order of have for that purpose appointed their re- the Bath, Her Majesty's Envoy Extraspective Plenipotentiaries,—that is to say, ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary Her Britannic Majesty on her part has to the United States of America ; Sir appointed as her High Commissioners and John Alexander Macdonald, Knight ComPlenipotentiaries the Right Hon. George mander of the Most Honourable Order of Frederick Samuel, Earl de Grey and the Bath, a Member of Her Majesty's Privy Earl of Ripon, Viscount Goderich, Baron Council for Canada, and Minister of JusGrantham, a Baronet, a Peer of the tice and Attorney General of Her MaUnited Kingdom, Lord President of Her jesty's Dominion of Canada; and MonMajesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, tague Bernard, Esq., Chichele Professor Knight of the Most Noble Order of the of International Law in the University of Garter, &c.; the Right Hon. Sir Stafford Oxford ; and the President of the United Henry Northcote, Baronet, one of Her States has appointed on the part of the Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, United States as Commissioners in a Joint

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