Mine Wastes: Characterization, Treatment and Environmental Impacts
Springer Science & Business Media, 09 հլս, 2010 թ. - 400 էջ
This book is not designed to be an exhaustive work on mine wastes. It aims to serve undergraduate students who wish to gain an overview and an understanding of wastes produced in the mineral industry. An introductory textbook addressing the science of such wastes is not available to students despite the importance of the mineral industry as a resource, wealth and job provider. Also, the growing imp- tance of the topics mine wastes, mine site pollution and mine site rehabilitation in universities, research organizations and industry requires a textbook suitable for undergraduate students. Until recently, undergraduate earth science courses tended to follow rather classical lines, focused on the teaching of palaeontology, cryst- lography, mineralogy, petrology, stratigraphy, sedimentology, structural geology, and ore deposit geology. However, today and in the future, earth science teachers and students also need to be familiar with other subject areas. In particular, earth science curriculums need to address land and water degradation as well as rehabili- tion issues. These topics are becoming more important to society, and an increasing number of earth science students are pursuing career paths in this sector. Mine site rehabilitation and mine waste science are examples of newly emerging disciplines. This book has arisen out of teaching mine waste science to undergraduate and graduate science students and the frustration at having no appropriate text which documents the scienti?c fundamentals of such wastes.
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acid mine drainage adsorption alkaline AMD waters Appl Geochem aquifers areas arsenic bacteria buffering calcite carbon chemical chemistry clay coal concentrations contamination coprecipitation Cravotta deposits discharge disposal dissolution elements elevated Environment Australia environmental impacts erosion extraction Fe2+ Fe3+ geochemistry gold ground water heap leach heap leach piles heavy metals hydrometallurgical hydroxides impoundment iron isotopes Jambor jarosite Lottermoser materials melanterite mercury metalloids metals and metalloids mineral processing mineralogical mobility monitoring neutral occur open pit organic oxidation oxygen particles pH values phosphate phosphogypsum phosphoric acid plants ponds pore waters potential precipitation process water production pyrite pyrite oxidation radiation radioactive radionuclides radon reactions reduce rehabilitation release result salts secondary minerals sediments seepage silicates slag soils solid soluble solution stream sulfate sulfide minerals sulfide oxidation sulfidic wastes sulfuric acid surface waters tailings dams techniques tion treatment uranium uranium mining waste dumps waste repositories waste rock dumps waste rock piles weathering wetlands