Page images
PDF
EPUB
[graphic]
[graphic]

ONGST an enslaved people, obliged to have recourse to foreign presses n for their books of religion, it is less to be wondered at that we find so publications on general subjects, than that we find any at all. The whole nber of the Greeks, scattered up and down the Turkish empire and where, may amount, at most, to three millions; and yet, for so scanty umber, it is impossible to discover any nation with so great a proportion books and their authors, as the Greeks of the present century. "Ay," say the generous advocates of oppression, who, while they assert the orance of the Greeks, wish to prevent them from dispelling it, "ay, these are mostly, if not all, ecclesiastical tracts, and consequently good nothing." Well, and pray what else can they write about? It is asant enough to hear a Frank, particularly an Englishman, who may use the government of his own country; or a Frenchman, who may abuse ry government except his own, and who may range at will over every losophical, religious, scientific, sceptical, or moral subject; sneering at Greek legends. A Greek must not write on politics, and cannot touch science for want of instruction; if he doubts, he is excommunicated and mned; therefore his countrymen are not poisoned with modern philohy; and as to morals, thanks to the Turks! there are no such things. hat then is left him, if he has a turn for scribbling? Religion, and holy graphy: and it is natural enough that those who have so little in this life ould look to the next. It is no great wonder, then, that in a catalogue w before me of fifty-five Greek writers, many of whom were lately living, t above fifteen should have touched on any thing but religion. The talogue alluded to is contained in the twenty-sixth chapter of the fourth lume of Meletius's Ecclesiastical History. From this I subjoin an extract those who have written on general subjects; which will be followed by me specimens of the Romaic.

LIST OF ROMAIC AUTHORS. *

Neophitus, Diakonos (the deacon) of the Morea, has published an extensive grammar, and also some political regulations, which last were left unfinished at his death.

Prokopius, of Moscopolis (a town in Epirus), has written and published a catalogue of the learned Greeks.

Seraphin, of Periclea, is the author of many works in the Turkish language, but Greek character; for the Christians of Caramania, who do not speak Romaic, but read the character.

Eustathius Psalidas, of Bucharest, a physician, made the tour of England for the purpose of study (xάgv μalnoɛws): but though his name is enumerated, it is not stated that he has written any thing.

Kallinikus Torgeraus, Patriarch of Constantinople: many poems of his are extant, and also prose tracts, and a catalogue of patriarchs since the last taking of Constantinople.

Anastasius Macedon, of Naxos, member of the royal academy of Warsaw. A church biographer.

Demetrius Pamperes, a Moscopolite, has written many works, particularly "A Commentary on Hesiod's Shield of Hercules," and two hundred tales (of what is not specified), and has published his correspondence with the celebrated George of Trebizond, his contemporary.

Meletius, a celebrated geographer; and author of the book from whence these notices are taken.

Dorotheus, of Mitylene, an Aristotelian philosopher: his Hellenic works are in great repute, and he is esteemed by the moderns (I quote the words of Meletius) μετὰ τὸν Θουκυδίδην καὶ Ξενοφώντα ἄριστος Ελλήνων. Ι add further, on the authority of a well-informed Greek, that he was so famous amongst his countrymen, that they were accustomed to say, if Thucydides and Xenophon were wanting, he was capable of repairing the loss.

Marinus Count Tharboures, of Cephalonia, professor of chemistry in the academy of Padua, and member of that academy, and those of Stockholm and Upsal. He has published, at Venice, an account of some marine animal, and a treatise on the properties of iron.

Marcus, brother to the former, famous in mechanics. He removed to St. Petersburg the immense rock on which the statue of Peter the Great was fixed in 1769. See the dissertation which he published in Paris, 1777. George Constantine has published a four-tongued lexicon. George Ventote; a lexicon in French, Italian, and Romaic.

There exist several other dictionaries in Latin and Romaic, French, &c.; besides grammars, in every modern language, except English.

Amongst the living authors the following are most celebrated †:— Athanasius Parios has written a treatise on rhetoric in Hellenic. Christodoulos, an Acarnanian, has published, in Vienna, some physical treatises in Hellenic.

It is to be observed that the names given are not in chronological order, but consist of some selected at a venture from amongst those who flourished from the taking of Constantinople to the time of Meletius.

†These names are not taken from any publication.

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »