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seamen, (one mortally,) four boys and 21 marines 1812. (with the killed, just half the number on board) D.’ wounded; and, of her supernumeraries, one commander, (John Marshall,) one lieutenant, (James Saunders,) captain Wood, aide-de-camp to general Hislop, one master's mate, (William Brown,) and nine seamen also wounded : total, 22 killed and 102 wounded; two mortally, five dangerously, 52 severely, and 43 slightly. The midshipman Keele was not killed outright, Anecbut .."the day following. He was only, thirteen of years of age, and it was the first time he had ever; been at sea. . He had his leg amputated, and ..., anxiously inquired, soon after the action was over, the if the ship had struck. Seeing a ship's colour spread. over him, the gallant youth grew uneasy, until he was convinced it was an english flag. The following is the account, which Mr. Humble, the boatswain, gave of himself at the court-martial : “I was down about an hour, when I got my arm put a little to rights by a tourniquet being put on it—nothing else; my hand was carried away, and my arm wounded about the elbow. I put my arm into the bosom of my shirt, and went up again, when I saw the enemy ahead of us, repairing his damages. I had my orders from lieutenant Chads, before the action began, to cheer up the boarders with my pipe, that they might make a clean spring in boarding.” The Constitution received several shot in her Dahull, and also in her masts, particularly her fore and . " mizen masts; but these, the mainmast especially, losso. were far too stout even to require fishing in conse. . quence. Out of her eight boats, it is acknowledged tution. that the ship, when the action ended, had only one leftin a state to take the water; a tolerable proof that her damages were by no means so trifling as was afterwards represented by the Americans. From the same cause, the loss on board the Constitution, although stated by commodore Bainbridge at only nine killed and 25 wounded, must have been quite as much as WOL. VI. - O

1812: the british official account makes it: 10 men killed, ‘5. her fifth lieutenant, Mr. John C. Aylwin, (the same who was wounded as master in the Guerrière's action,) and four men mortally wounded, the commodore wounded slightly, and about 42 others, most of them severely. Having none of her men absent in prizes, the Constitution had on board her full complement, besides two or three supernumeraries; making 477 men and three (as we shall say, although one only, a lad of 17, was seen) boys. By, adding about 100 men to the Guerrière's crew, the “ Comparative force” in her action will suffice to refer to on the present occasion.* ... . The Constitution captured the Java certainly, but ... in so discreditable a manner, that, had the latter been action, manned with a well-trained crew of 320 men, no doubt remains in our mind, and we have considered the subject seriously, that, notwithstanding her vast superiority of force, the american frigate must either have succumbed or have fled. Indeed, if american report be worth attending to, captain Bainbridge, once during the heat of the action, had an idea of resorting to the latter alternative; but his first lieutenant, Mr. Parker, (a native of Great Britain, we have been informed, E) succeeded in dissuading him from the measure. Disap- If, on coming on board the Constitution, the suro. viving british officers were surprised at the immense the force, both in matériel and personnel, to which they †. had so long been opposed, the american officers, on board boarding the Java, were mortified at seeing the little .." screwed-up ship, (her sides tumbled in so, that she appeared, at the gangways, scarcely wider than the Hornet,) which had given them so much trouble to take. The thing, however, was done; and it only remained, by arts which none know better than Americans how to practise, to swell the victory into

* See p. 150. of His name does not appear in the “Register” of 1816.

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one of the grandest triumphs that any nation, except 1812. America, had hitherto gained. To

Lieutenant Parker, the prize-master of the Java, Java is having reported to the commodore her disabled. condition, received orders, as soon as he had removed " the prisoners and their baggage, to set the ship on “” fire. This tedious service, with only one boat to perform it, being at length accomplished, the Java, on the forenoon of the 31st, was set on fire; and the Constitution retired to a distance to avoid the effects of the explosion. Now occurred a curious scene on board the Constitution. . . The Java was burning without the customary emblem of her newly-acquired national character. Not finding, as he had expected, an american flag among the Java's signals, and deeming it unnecessary, owing to the present distance between the ships, to send for one, lieutenant Parker left the Java burning without any colours at all. Scarcely had commodore Bainbridge recovered from the rage into which this, in point of national etiquette, very serious event had thrown him, than one of the two or three deserters, that had already entered on board the Constitution, informed him, that the Java had an immense quantity of specie in her hold. After a while some of the late officers of the Java, pitying the acuteness of his feelings, assured the american captain, that the cases contained neither gold nor silver, but copper. -

At about 3 P. M. the Java exploded ; and that Blows evening the Constitution, having quite refitted her-š. self, made sail for St.-Salvador. Although entirely usion dismasted, the Java was not in such a damaged states". in the lower part of her hull, but that the crew of a vador. british frigate would have refitted her sufficiently for the voyage to America. But why did not commodore Bainbridge take her with him into that port? He carried thither, as a prize, the english schooner Eleanor; and the Hornet went in there with her recapture, the William. There is a mystery about the destruction of the Java, which we cannot pene

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1812. Dec.

Shameful treatment of Java's IIlene

trate. Shortly after the Constitution had made sail
from the scene of her exploit, her consort, the Hornet,
hove in sight. Another british frigate to a certainty
Here was a scene of bustle and confusion. The
swearing and blustering of the officers, and the free-
and-easy nonchalance of the men, almost made the
british officers smile notwithstanding their recent
misfortunes. At length the Hornet approached near
enough to be recognised, and some degree of order
was restored. *
The manner in which the Java's men were treated
by the american officers reflects upon the latter the
highest disgrace. The moment the prisoners were
brought on board the Constitution, they were hand-
cuffed. Admitting that to have been justifiable as a
measure of precaution, what right had the poor
fellows to be pillaged of almost every thing they
ossessed? True, lieutenant-general Hislop got
i. his valuable service of plate, and the other
british officers were treated civilly. Who would
not rather that the governor's plate, at this very
time, was spread out upon commodore Bainbridge's
sideboard, than that british seamen, fighting bravely
in their country’s cause, should be put in fetters, and
robbed of their little all? What is all this mighty
generosity but a political juggle, a tub thrown to
the whale? ... Mr. Madison says to his officers,
“Never mind making a display of your generosity,
where you know it will be proclaimed to the
world. If you lose any thing by it, I'll take care
congress shall recompense you twofold. Such con-
duct, on the part of an american officer of rank, will
greatly tend to discredit the british statements as
to any other acts of yours not so proper to be made
public, and will serve, besides, as an imperishable
record of the national magnanimity and honour.”
One object the Constitution's officers missed by their
cruelty. Three only of the Java's men would enter
with them : the remainder treated with contempt
their reiterated promises of high pay, rich land, and

liberty. Partly as a compliment for restoring his 1812. plate, and partly to induce commodore Bainbridge not to put into effect his threatened intention of retaining lieutenant Chads as a hostage for the due observance of the terms on which the other officers and men were about to be paroled, lieutenant-general Hislop presented the former with an elegant sword. On the 3d of January, in the morning, the Con-Con: stitution and Hornet arrived at St.-Salvador; where ...; lay the William, recaptured by the latter. On that: same day the commodore disembarked the prisoners ..." received out of the Java, 355 in number, and captain . Lawrence landed the 20 officers and men whom he hihad found on board the William ; making a total, ..." out of the original crew of the Java, of 375, or, with spectthe 22 killed, of 397, men and boys. The death of . captain Lambert and of one seaman, and the delivery ers. up, to the governor of St.-Salvador, of nine portuguese seamen, reduced the number of prisoners out of the two prizes to 364. But the number paroled by commodore Bainbridge is officially reported by himself at 361. How is this 2 Why the commodore states, that he allowed “ three passengers, o characters, to land without any restraint.” ut who were these “three passengers, private characters,” so generously exempted from parole 2 No others, it would seem, than the three sailors of the Java, who had been fools enough to enter the american service. To deduct them from the amount of prisoners received, would be making the Java's complement appear three men short of what, by a proper arrangement of the figures, it could be proved to have been. To confess the fact, would never do. Therefore, the whole of the Java's passengers, naval, military, and civil, were paroled as “officers, petty officers, seamen, marines and boys,” and the hiatus made by the three traitors was cleverly filled up by three nominal “passengers, private characters, whom the commodore did not consider prisoners of war, and permitted to land without any

restraint;” and of whom, of course, no further - 2 2 >

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