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1813, to repair immediately to him. The Amelia then
‘F.C. bore away for Tamara to reconnoitre the enemy.
Aré- At 2 h. 30 m. P. M. the two french frigates were
* observed to interchange signals; and at 3 h. 20 m.
* the Aréthuse weighed and made sail on the starboard
... tack, with a moderate breeze at south-south-west.
to . The Amelia thereupon shortened sail, and hauled to
j" the wind on the same tack as the Aréthuse. In a
from few minutes the latter tacked to the westward, to
i.e., avoid a shoal, and the Amelia did the same. At 6
P. M. the Aréthuse bore from the Amelia north-
north-east distant six miles; at which time the Rubis,
as supposed, but probably the Serra, was observed
to have her topsails hoisted. At 6 h. 30 m. P. M.
the north end of Tamara bore from the Amelia east-
south-east distant five leagues. At 8 P. M. the
Amelia lost sight of the Aréthuse; and at 8 h. 30m.,
in order to keep off shore during the night, captain
Irby tacked to the south-south-west, with the wind
now from the westward. At 6. h. 45 m. A. M. on the
7th the Amelia discovered the Aréthuse about eight
miles off in the south-east; but a calm, which came
on at 8 A.M., kept both frigates stationary. At noon
a light breeze sprang up from the west-north-west:
whereupon the Aréthuse stood towards the Amelia,
on the larboard tack, under all sail; the latter
making sail also, in the hope to draw the Aréthuse
from her consort, still supposed to be in a condition
to follow and assist her.
The At 5 P.M., finding the wind beginning to fall, and
... conceiving that he had drawn the Aréthuse to a
in... sufficient distance from her consort, captain Irby
... shortened sail, wore round, and, running under his
... three topsails with the wind on the starboard quar-
mencester, steered to pass, and then to cross the stern of,
the Aréthuse; who was standing, under the same
sail, close hauled on the larboard tack. To avoid
being thus raked, captain Bouvet, at 7 h. 20 m,
P. M., tacked to the south-west, and hoisted his

colours; as the Amelia previously had hers. It was

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now a fine moonlight night, with the wind very mo- 1813. derate, and the sea nearly as smooth as a millpond. Fo At 7 h. 45 m., just as the Amelia had arrived within pistol-shot upon her starboard or weather bow, the Aréthuse opened her fire; which was immediately returned. After about three broadsides had been Amelia exchanged, the main topsail of the Amelia, in conse-à." quence of the braces having been shot away, fello: aback. Owing to this accident, instead of crossing" her opponent as she intended, the Amelia fell on board of her; the jib-boom of the Aréthuse carrying away the Amelia's jib and stay, and the french ship's bumpkin or anchor-flook, part of the british ship's larboard forecastle barricade. The Aréthuse now opened a heavy fire of musketry from her tops and mast-heads, and threw several hand-grenades upon the Amelia's decks, hoping, in the confusion caused by such combustibles, to succeed in an attempt to board; for which purpose several of the Aréthuse's men had stationed themselves in her fore rigging. A man was now seen Anecon the spritsail yard of the Aréthuse, making strenu- *:::: ous efforts to get on board the Amelia, Scarcely loss. had the poor fellow called out, “ For God’s sake's j don't fire, I am not armed,” when a musket-ball *. from a british marine dropped him in the water. It" was afterwards ascertained, that one of the crew of the Aréthuse, a Hamburgher, had formerly belonged to the Amelia, having been taken out of one of her prizes on the coast of Spain and forced to enter on board the french frigate. It appears that the man was so desirous to get back to his ship, that he requested a settler at the Isle de Los to secrete him till an opportunity offered of his reaching Sierra-Leone. The probability therefore is, that the man, so shot, while upon the spritsail yard of the Aréthuse, was the unfortunate Hamburgher. Finding that, owing in a great degree to the steady and well-directed fire kept up by the Amelia's marines, her object could not be accomplished,

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1813, the Aréthuse threw all aback and dropped clear, ‘F.C. In doing this, her spritsail yard knocked lieutenant Amon, William Reeve, who had been invalided from, the fails on Kangaroo sloop, from the break of the forecastle ... into the waist. Setting her main topgallant and time middle staysails, (her jib for the time being disabled,) the Amelia endeavoured again to get her head towards the bow of the Aréthuse. The Amelia at length did so, but, in attempting a second time to cross her antagonist, a second time fell on board of her; and the two ships now swang close alongside, the muzzles of their guns almost touching. This was at about 9 h. 15 m. P. M., and a scene of great mutual slaughter ensued. The two crews snatched the spunges out of each other's hands through the portholes, and cut at one another with the broadsword. The Amelia's men now attempted to lash the two frigates together, but were unable, on account of the heavy fire of musketry kept up from the Aréthuse's decks and tops; a fire that soon nearly cleared the Amelia's quarterdeck of Capt. both officers and men. Among those who fell on o, the occasion were the first and second lieutenants, wound- (John James Bates and John Pope,) and a lieu* tenant of marines. Captain Irby was also severely wounded, and obliged to leave the deck to the command of the third lieutenant, George Wells; who, shortly afterwards, was killed at his post, and Mr. Anthony De Mayne, the master, took the command. Ships The mutual concussion of the guns at length .." forced the two frigates apart; and, in the almost draw calm state of the weather, they gradually receded ...” from each other, with, however, their broadsides still ... mutually bearing, until 11 h. 20 m. P. M.; when both * combatants, being out of gun-shot, ceased firing. Each captain thus describes this crisis. Captain Irby says: “When she (the Aréthuse) bore up, having the advantage of being able to do so, leaving us in an ungovernable state, &c.” Captain Bouvet says: “At eleven o'clock the fire ceased on both

sides; we were no longer within fair gun-shot, and 1818. the enemy, crowding sail, abandoned to us the field F.C.' of battle.”—“A onze heures, le feu cessa de part et d'autre; nous n'étions plus à bonne portée, et Pennemi se couvrit de voiles, nous abandomnant le champ de bataille.” The damages of the Amelia, although, chiefly Daon account of the smooth state of the sea, they did . not include a single fallen spar, were very serious; o the frigate's masts and yards being all badly wounded,..., her rigging of every sort cut to pieces, and her hull much shattered. But her loss of men will best show how much the Amelia had suffered. Of her proper crew of 265 men, and 30 (including, as if 18 were not already enough, 12 established supernumerary) boys, and her 54 supernumerary men and boys, composed chiefly of the Daring's crew, the Amelia had her three lieutenants, (already named,) second lieutenant of marines, (Robert G. Grainger) lieutenant Pascoe, late commander of the Daring, one midshipman, (Charles Kennicott,) the purser of the Thais, (John Bogue, of his second wound,) 29 seamen, seven marines, and three boys killed, her captain, (severely,) lieutenant Reeve, invalided from the Kangaroo sloop, the master, (already named,) first lieutenant of marines, (John Simpson,) purser, (John Collman,) boatswain, (John Parkinson, dangerously,) one master's mate, (Edward Robinson,) four midshipmen, (George Albert Rix, Thomas D. Buckle, George Thomas Gooch, and Arthur Beever,) 56 seamen, (two mortally,) 25 marines, (three mortally,) and three boys wounded ; total, 51 killed and died of their wounds, and '90 wounded, dangerously, severely, and slightly. The Aréthuse, as well as her opponent, left off.” action with her masts standing; but they were all o

* Mon. April 29. An english translator of captain Bouvet's thuse letter has rendered “Nous n'étions plus a bonne portée" by “We were no longer in good condition.” See Naval Chronicle, vol. xxix. p. 385.

1813.

Feb.

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more or less wounded, and her rigging was much
cut. Her hull must also have suffered considerably;
as her acknowledged loss, out of a crew, including
the boat's crew of the Rubis, of at least 340 men and
boys, amounted to 31 killed, including 11 of her
officers, and 74 wounded, including nearly the whole
of her remaining officers. -
The guns of the Amelia (late french Proserpine”)

in too were the same as those mounted by the Java, with

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an additional pair of 32-pounder carronades, or 48 guns in all. The guns of the Aréthuse were the same, in number and caliber, as the Java mounted when captured as the french Renommée. F. Although the total of men and boys on board the Amelia would be 349, yet, if we are to allow for the number of her men that were unable to attersd their quarters, and for the feeble state of many of the remainder, among whom, including the Daring's, there were nearly 40 boys, 300 will be an ample allowance. The Aréthuse has been represented to have had a crew of 375 or 380 men, but we do not believe she had a man more of her proper crew than 330; making, with the boat's crew of the Rubis, 340. The Aréthuse was the sister-frigate of the Renommée: consequently the tonnage of the Java will suffice.

COMPARATIVE FORCE OF THE COMBATANTS.

AMELIA. "I AR#THUSE.
e No. 24 22
Broadside-guns. . . . . . . . . . lbs. 549 463
Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No. 3OO 34O
Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . tons 1059 1073

Here was a long and bloody action between two (taking guns , and men together) nearly equal opponents, which gave a victory to neither. Each combatant withdrew exhausted from the fight; and each, as is usual in the few cases of drawn battles that have occurred, claimed the merit of having forced the other to the measure. But it

marks on the action.

* See vol. i. p. 174. t See p. 31.

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